Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
result(s) from the 1913
Sen"tence (?), n. [F., from L. sententia, for sentientia, from sentire to discern by the senses and the mind, to feel, to think. See Sense, n., and cf. Sentiensi.]
1. Sense; meaning; significance. [Obs.]
Tales of best sentence and most solace.
The discourse itself, voluble enough, and full of sentence.
2. (a) An opinion; a decision; a determination; a judgment, especially one of an unfavorable nature.
My sentence is for open war.
That by them [Luther's works] we may pass sentence upon his doctrines.
(b) A philosophical or theological opinion; a dogma; as, Summary of the Sentences; Book of the Sentences
3. (Law) In civil and admiralty law, the judgment of a court pronounced in a cause; in criminal and ecclesiastical courts, a judgment passed on a criminal by a court or judge; condemnation pronounced by a judgical tribunal; doom. In common law, the term is exclusively used to denote the judgment in criminal cases.
Received the sentence of the law.
4. A short saying, usually containing moral instruction; a maxim; an axiom; a saw.
5. (Gram.) A combination of words which is complete as expressing a thought, and in writing is marked at the close by a period, or full point. See Proposition, 4.
&hand; Sentences are simple or compound. A simple sentence consists of one subject and one finite verb; as, The Lord reigns." A compound sentence contains two or more subjects and finite verbs, as in this verse: -
He fills, he bounds, connects, and equals all.
Dark sentence, a saving not easily explained.
A king . . . understanding dark sentences.
Dan. vii. 23.
Sen"tence, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Sentenced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Sentencing (?).]
1. To pass or pronounce judgment upon; to doom; to condemn to punishment; to prescribe the punishment of.
Nature herself is sentenced in your doom.
2. To decree or announce as a sentence. [Obs.]
3. To utter sentenciously. [Obs.]