Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
result(s) from the 1913
Ar"gu*ment (#), n. [F. argument, L. argumentum, fr. arguere to argue.]
1. Proof; evidence. [Obs.]
There is.. no more palpable and convincing argument of the existence of a Deity.
Why, then, is it made a badge of wit and an argument of parts for a man to commence atheist, and to cast off all belief of providence, all awe and reverence for religion?
2. A reason or reasons offered in proof, to induce belief, or convince the mind; reasoning expressed in words; as, an argument about, concerning, or regarding a proposition, for or in favor of it, or against it.
3. A process of reasoning, or a controversy made up of rational proofs; argumentation; discussion; disputation.
The argument is about things, but names.
4. The subject matter of a discourse, writing, or artistic representation; theme or topic; also, an abstract or summary, as of the contents of a book, chapter, poem.
You and love are still my argument.
The abstract or argument of the piece.
[Shields] with boastful argument portrayed.
5. Matter for question; business in hand. [Obs.]
Sheathed their swords for lack of argument.
6. (Astron.) The quantity on which another quantity in a table depends; as, the altitude is the argument of the refraction.
7. (Math.) The independent variable upon whose value that of a function depends.
Brande & C.
Ar"gu*ment (#), v. i. [L. argumentari.] To make an argument; to argue. [Obs.]