Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
result(s) from the 1913
Lose (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Losing (?).] [OE. losien to loose, be lost, lose, AS. losian to become loose; akin to OE. leosen to lose, p. p. loren, lorn, AS. leósan, p. p. loren (in comp.), D. verliezen, G. verlieren, Dan. forlise, Sw. förlisa, förlora, Goth. fraliusan, also to E. loose, a & v., L. luere to loose, Gr. , Skr. l to cut. &root;127. Cf. Analysis, Palsy, Solve, Forlorn, Leasing, Loose, Loss.]
1. To part with unintentionally or unwillingly, as by accident, misfortune, negligence, penalty, forfeit, etc.; to be deprived of; as, to lose money from one's purse or pocket, or in business or gaming; to lose an arm or a leg by amputation; to lose men in battle.
Fair Venus wept the sad disaster
Of having lost her favorite dove.
2. To cease to have; to possess no longer; to suffer diminution of; as, to lose one's relish for anything; to lose one's health.
If the salt hath lost his savor, wherewith shall it be salted ?
Matt. v. 13.
3. Not to employ; to employ ineffectually; to throw away; to waste; to squander; as, to lose a day; to lose the benefits of instruction.
The unhappy have but hours, and these they lose.
4. To wander from; to miss, so as not to be able to and; to go astray from; as, to lose one's way.
He hath lost his fellows.
5. To ruin; to destroy; as destroy; as, the ship was lost on the ledge.
The woman that deliberates is lost.
6. To be deprived of the view of; to cease to see or know the whereabouts of; as, he lost his companion in the crowd.
Like following life thro' creatures you dissect,
You lose it in the moment you detect.
7. To fail to obtain or enjoy; to fail to gain or win; hence, to fail to catch with the mind or senses; to miss; as, I lost a part of what he said.
He shall in no wise lose his reward.
Matt. x. 42.
I fought the battle bravely which I lost,
And lost it but to Macedonians.
8. To cause to part with; to deprive of. [R.]
How should you go about to lose him a wife he loves with so much passion ?
Sir W. Temple.
9. To prevent from gaining or obtaining.
O false heart ! thou hadst almost betrayed me to eternal flames, and lost me this glory.
To lose ground, to fall behind; to suffer gradual loss or disadvantage. -- To lose heart, to lose courage; to become timid. The mutineers lost heart." Macaulay. -- To lose one's head, to be thrown off one's balance; to lose the use of one's good sense or judgment.
In the excitement of such a discovery, many scholars lost their heads.
-- To lose one's self. (a)
To forget or mistake the bearing of surrounding objects; as, to lose one's self
in a great city. (b)
To have the perceptive and rational power temporarily suspended; as, we lose ourselves in sleep
. -- To lose sight of. (a)
To cease to see; as, to lose sight of
the land. (b)
To overlook; to forget; to fail to perceive; as, he lost sight of the issue
Lose (?), v. i. To suffer loss, disadvantage, or defeat; to be worse off, esp. as the result of any kind of contest.
We 'll . . . hear poor rogues
Talk of court news; and we'll talk with them too,
Who loses and who wins; who's in, who's out.
result(s) from the 1828
LOSE, v.t. looz. pret. and pp. lost.1. To mislay; to part or be separated from a thing, so as to have no knowledge of the place where it is; as, to lose a book or a paper; to lose a record; to lose a dollar or a ducat.2. To forfeit by unsuccessful contest; as, to lose money in gaming.3. Not to gain or win; as, to lose a battle, that is, to be defeated.4. To be deprived of; as, to lose men in battle; to lose an arm or leg by a shot or by amputation; to lose one''s life or honor.5. To forfeit, as a penalty. Our first parents lost the favor of God by their apostasy.6. To suffer diminution or waste of.If the salt hath lost its savor, wherewith shall it be salted? Matt. 5.7. To ruin; to destroy.The woman that deliberates is lost.8. To wander from; to miss, so as not to be able to find; as, to lose the way.9. To bewilder.Lost in the maze of words.10. To possess no longer; to be deprived of; contrary to keep; as, to lose a valuable trade.11. Not to employ or enjoy; to waste. Titus sighed to lose a day.Th'' unhappy have but hours, but these they lose.12. To waste; to squander; to throw away; as, to lose a fortune by gaming, or by dissipation.13. To suffer to vanish from view or perception. We lost sight of the land at noon. I lost my companion in the crowd.Like following life in creatures we dissect, we lost it in the moment we detect.14. To ruin; to destroy by shipwreck, &c. the albion was lost on the coast of Ireland, april 22, 1822. the admiral lost three ships in a tempest.15. To cause to perish; as, to be lost at sea.16. to employ ineffectually; to throw away; to waste. Instruction is often lost on the dull; admonition is lost on the profligate. It is often the fate of projectors to lose their labor.17. to be freed from.His scaly back the bunch has got which Edwin lost before.18. to fail to obtain.He shall in no wise lose his reward. Matt. 5.to lose one''s self, to be bewildered; also, to slumber; to have the memory and reason suspended.
LOSE, v.i. looz. 1. To forfeit any thing in contest; not to win.We''ll talk with them too, who loses and who wins; who''s in, who''s out.2. To decline; to fail.Wisdom in discourse with her loses discountenanced, and like folly shows.