Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Mur"der*er (?), n.
1. One guilty of murder; a person who, in possession of his reason, unlawfully kills a human being with premeditated malice.
2. A small cannon, formerly used for clearing a ship's decks of boarders; -- called also murdering piece. [Obs.]
Mur"der*ess, n. A woman who commits murder.
Mur"der*ment (?), n. Murder. [Obs.]
Mur"der*ous (?), a. Of or pertaining to murder; characterized by, or causing, murder or bloodshed; having the purpose or quality of murder; bloody; sanguinary; as, the murderous king; murderous rapine; murderous intent; a murderous assault. Murderous coward." Shak. -- Mur"der*ous*ly, adv.
Syn. -- Bloody; sanguinary; bloodguilty; bloodthirsty; fell; savage; cruel.
Mur"dress (?), n. A battlement in ancient fortifications with interstices for firing through.
Mure (?), n. [L. murus; or F. mur, fr. L. murus. Cf. Munition.] A wall. [Obs.]
Mure, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Mured (?).] [F. murer, L. murare. See Mure, n.] To inclose in walls; to wall; to immure; to shut up.
The five kings are mured in a cave.
John. x. (Heading).
Mu"ren*ger (?), n. One who had charge of the wall of a town, or its repairs.
Mu"rex (?), n.; pl. Murices (#). [L., the purple fish.] (Zoöl.) A genus of marine gastropods, having rough, and frequently spinose, shells, which are often highly colored inside; the rock shells. They abound in tropical seas.
Mu*rex"an (?), n. [From Murexide.] (Chem.) A complex nitrogenous substance obtained from murexide, alloxantin, and other ureids, as a white, or yellowish, crystalline which turns red on exposure to the air; -- called also uramil, dialuramide, and formerly purpuric acid.
Mu*rex"ide (?), n. [L. murex the purple fish, purple.] (Chem.) A crystalline nitrogenous substance having a splendid dichroism, being green by reflected light and garnet-red by transmitted light. It was formerly used in dyeing calico, and was obtained in a large quantities from guano. Formerly called also ammonium purpurate.
Mu*rex"o*\'8bn (?), n. (Chem.) A complex nitrogenous compound obtained as a scarlet crystalline substance, and regarded as related to murexide.
Mu"ri*ate (?), n. [See Muriatic.] (Chem.) A salt of muriatic hydrochloric acid; a chloride; as, muriate of ammonia.
&hand; This term, as also the word muriatic, was formerly applied to the chlorides before their true composition was understood, and while they were erroneously supposed to be compounds of an acid with an oxide. Muriate and muriatic are still occasionally used as commercial terms, but are obsolete in scientific language.
Mu"ri*a`ted (?), a.
1. Put in brine.
2. (Chem.) Combined or impregnated with muriatic or hydrochloric acid.
3. (Photog.) Prepared with chloride of silver through the agency of common salt.
Mu`ri*at"ic (?), a. [L. muriaticus pickled, from muria brine: cf. F. muriatique.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, sea salt, or from chlorine, one of the constituents of sea salt; hydrochloric.
Muriatic acid, hydrochloric acid, HCl; -- formerly called also marine acid, and spirit of salt. See hydrochloric, and the Note under Muriate.
Mu`ri*a*tif"er*ous (?), a. [Muriatic + -ferous.] (Old Chem.) Producing muriatic substances or salt. [Obs.]
Mu"ri*cate (?), Mu"ri*ca`ted (?), a. [L. muricatus, fr. murex a pointed rock or stone.] Formed with sharp points; full of sharp points or of pickles; covered, or roughened, as a surface, with sharp points or excrescences.
Mu"ri*coid (?), a. [Murex + -oid.] (Zoöl.) Like, or pertaining to, the genus Murex, or family Muricidæ.
Mu*ric"u*late (?), a. Minutely muricate.
Mu"ride (?), n. [L. muria brine.] (Old Chem.) Bromine; -- formerly so called from its being obtained from sea water.
Mu"ri*form (?), a. [L. murus a wall + -form.] (Bot.) Resembling courses of bricks or stones in squareness and regular arrangement; as, a muriform variety of cellular tissue.
Mu"rine (?), a. [L. murinus, from mus, muris, mouse: cf. F. murin.] (Zoöl.) Pertaining to a family of rodents (Muridæ), of which the mouse is the type.
Mu"rine, n. (Zoöl.) One of a tribe of rodents, of which the mouse is the type.
Mu"rin*ger (?), n. See Murenger.
Murk (?), a. [See Murky.] Dark; murky.
He can not see through the mantle murk.
J. R. Drake.
Murk, n. Darkness; mirk. [Archaic]
Murk, n. The refuse of fruit, after the juice has been expressed; marc.
Murk"i*ly (?), adv. Darkly; gloomily.
Murk"i*ness, n. The state of being murky.
Murk"y (?), a. [Compar. Murkier (?); superl. Murkiest.] [OE. mirke, merke, AS. myrce, mirce; akin to Icel. myrkr, Dan. & Sw. mörk.] Dark; obscure; gloomy. The murkiest den."
A murky deep lowering o'er our heads.
Mur"lins (?), n. (Bot.) A seaweed. See Baddrelocks.
Mur"mur (?), n. [F. murmure: cf. L. murmur. CF. Murmur, v. i.]
1. A low, confused, and indistinct sound, like that of running water.
2. A complaint half suppressed, or uttered in a low, muttering voice.
Some discontents there are, some idle murmurs.
Mur"mur, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Murmured (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Murmuring.] [F. murmurer, L. murmurare, murmurari, fr. murmur murmur; cf. Gr. to roar and boil, said of water, Skr. marmara a rustling sound; prob. of imitative origin.]
1. To make a low continued noise, like the hum of bees, a stream of water, distant waves, or the wind in a forest.
They murmured as doth a swarm of bees.
2. To utter complaints in a low, half-articulated voice; to feel or express dissatisfaction or discontent; to grumble; -- often with at or against. His disciples murmured at it."
John vi. 61.
And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron.
Num. xiv. 2.
Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured.
1 Cor. x. 10.
Mur"mur, v. t. To utter or give forth in low or indistinct words or sounds; as, to murmur tales.
The people murmured such things concerning him.
John vii. 32.
Mur`mur*a"tion (?), n. [L. murmuratio.] The act of murmuring; a murmur. [Obs.]
Mur"mur*er (?), n. One who murmurs.
Mur"mur*ing, a. & n. Uttering murmurs; making low sounds; complaining. -- Mur"mur*ing*ly, adv.
Mur"mur*ous (?), a. [Cf. L. murmuriosus, OF. murmuros.] Attended with murmurs; exciting murmurs or complaint; murmuring. [Archaic or Poetic]
The lime, a summer home of murmurous wings.
Mur"ni*val (?), n. [Perh. fr. F. mornifle a game at cards.] In the game of gleek, four cards of the same value, as four aces or four kings; hence, four of anything. [Obs.] [Written also mournival.]
Mur"phy (?), n. A potato. [Humorous]
Murr (?), n. [Prob. abbrev. from murrain.] A catarrh. [Obs.]
Mur"rain (?), n. [OE. moreine, OF. morine, fr. OF. morir, murir, 8die, L. mori, moriri.] (Far.) An infectious and fatal disease among cattle.
A murrain on you, may you be afflicted with a pestilent disease. Shak.
Mur"rain, a. Having, or afflicted with, murrain.
Mur"ray*in (?), n. (Chem.) A glucoside found in the flowers of a plant (Murraya exotica) of South Asia, and extracted as a white amorphous slightly bitter substance.
Murre (?), n. (Zoöl.) Any one of several species of sea birds of the genus Uria, or Catarractes; a guillemot.
&hand; The murres are allied to the auks, and are abundant on the northern coasts of Europe and America. They often breed in large communities on the projecting ledges of precipituous cliffs, laying one or two large eggs on the bare rocks.
Murre"let (?), n. [Murre + -let.] (Zoöl.) One of several species of sea birds of the genera Synthliboramphus and Brachyramphus, inhabiting the North Pacific. They are closely related to the murres.
Mur"rey (?), n. [OF. morée a dark red color, mor blackish brown, fr. L. morum mulberry, blackberry, or fr. Maurus a Moor. Cf. Mulberry, Moor, Morelle.] A dark red color. -- a. Of a dark red color.
Mur"rhine (?), a. [L. murrhinus, fr. murrha: cf. F. murrhin.] Made of the stone or material called by the Romans murrha; -- applied to certain costly vases of great beauty and delicacy used by the luxurious in Rome as wine cups; as, murrhine vases, cups, vessels.
Murrhine glass, glassware made in imitation of murrhine vases and cups.
Mur"ri*on (?), a. [See Murrain.] Infected with or killed by murrain. [Obs.]
Mur"ri*on, n. A morion. See Morion.
Mur"ry (?), n. (Zoöl.) See Muræna.
Murth (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] Plenty; abundance. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
Mur"ther (?), n. & v. Murder, n. & v. [Obs. or Prov.] The treason of the murthering."
Mur"ther*er (?), n. A murderer. [Obs. or Prov.]
Mur"za (?), n. One of the hereditary nobility among the Tatars, esp. one of the second class.
&hand; This word must not be confounded with the Persian Mirza, though perhaps of the same origin.
Mus (?), n.; pl. Mures (#). [L., a mouse.] (Zoöl.) A genus of small rodents, including the common mouse and rat.
Mu"sa (?), n.; pl. Musæ (#). [NL., fr. Ar. mauz, mauza, banana.] (Bot.) A genus of perennial, herbaceous, endogenous plants of great size, including the banana (Musa sapientum), the plantain (M. paradisiaca of Linnæus, but probably not a distinct species), the Abyssinian (M. Ensete), the Philippine Island (M. textilis, which yields Manila hemp), and about eighteen other species. See Illust. of Banana and Plantain.
Mu*sa"ceous (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or resembling, plants of the genus Musa.
Mus"al (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Muses, or to Poetry. [R.]
Mu*sang" (?), n. (Zoöl.) A small animal of Java (Paradoxirus fasciatus), allied to the civets. It swallows, but does not digest, large quantities of ripe coffee berries, thus serving to disseminate the coffee plant; hence it is called also coffee rat.
Mu"sar (?), n. An itinerant player on the musette, an instrument formerly common in Europe.
Mu"sard (?), n. [F., fr. muser to loiter, trifle. See Muse, v. i.] A dreamer; an absent-minded person. [Obs.]
Rom. of R.
Mus"ca (?), n.; pl. Muscæ (#). [L., a fly.]
1. (Zoöl.) A genus of dipterous insects, including the common house fly, and numerous allied species.
&hand; Formerly, a large part of the Diptera were included under the genus Musca.
2. (Astron.) A small constellation situated between the Southern Cross and the Pole.
Muscæ volitantes (). [L., flying flies.] (Med.) Specks or filaments apparently seen moving or glinding about in the field of vision. Their appearance is often a symptom of disease of the eye, or of disorder of the nervous system.
Mus"ca*del` (?), n. [It. moscadello, moscatello, LL. muscatellum or muscadellum (sc. vinum), fr. muscatellus nutmeglike, dim. of muscatus smelling like musk, muscatum and muscata (sc. nux) nutmeg: cf. F. muscadelle, fr. Italian. See Musk and cf. Moschatel, Muscardin, Muscat, Nutmeg.] See Muscatel, n.
Quaffed off the muscadel.
Mus"ca*dine (?), n. [See Muscadel.]
1. (Bot.) A name given to several very different kinds of grapes, but in America used chiefly for the scuppernong, or southern fox grape, which is said to be the parent stock of the Catawba. See Grapevine.
2. (Bot.) A fragrant and delicious pear.
3. (Zoöl.) See Muscardin.
Northern muscadine (Bot.), a derivative of the northern fox grape, and scarcely an improvement upon it. -- Royal muscadine (Bot.), a European grape of great value. Its berries are large, round, and of a pale amber color. Called also golden chasselas.
Mus*ca"les (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. muscus moss.] (Bot.) An old name for mosses in the widest sense, including the true mosses and also hepaticæ and sphagna.
Mus"cal*longe (?), n. (Zoöl.) See Muskellunge.
Mus"car*din (?), n. [F., fr. muscadin a musk-scented lozenge, fr. muscade nutmeg, fr. L. muscus musk. See Muscadel.] (Zoöl.) The common European dormouse; -- so named from its odor. [Written also muscadine.]
Mus`car*dine" (?), n. [F.] A disease which is very destructive to silkworms, and which sometimes extends to other insects. It is attended by the development of a fungus (provisionally called Botrytis bassiana). Also, the fungus itself.
Mus*car"i*form (?), a. [L. muscarium fly brush + -form.] Having the form of a brush.
Mus*ca"rin (?), n. (Physiol. Chem.) A solid crystalline substance, C5H13NO2, found in the toadstool (Agaricus muscarius), and in putrid fish. It is a typical ptomaine, and a violent poison.
Mus"cat (?), n. [F. See Muscadel.] (Bot.) A name given to several varieties of Old World grapes, differing in color, size, etc., but all having a somewhat musky flavor. The muscat of Alexandria is a large oval grape of a pale amber color. [Written also muskat.]
Mus"ca*tel` (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or designating, or derived from, a muscat grapes or similar grapes; a muscatel grapes; muscatel wine, etc.
1. A common name for several varieties of rich sweet wine, made in Italy, Spain, and France.
2. pl. Finest raisins, dried on the vine; sun raisins."
[Variously written moscatel, muscadel, etc.]
Musch"el*kalk` (?), n. [G., from muschel shell + kalk limestone.] (Geol.) A kind of shell limestone, whose strata form the middle one of the three divisions of the Triassic formation in Germany. See Chart, under Geology.
Mus"ci (?), n. pl. [L. muscus moss.] (Bot.) An order or subclass of cryptogamous plants; the mosses. See Moss, and Cryptogamia.
Mus*cic"a*pine (?), a. [L. musca a fly + capere to catch.] (Zoöl.) Of or pertaining to the Muscicapidæ, a family of birds that includes the true flycatchers.
Mus"cid (?), n. Any fly of the genus Musca, or family Muscidæ.
Mus"ci*form (?), a. [Musca + -form.] (Zoöl.) Having the form or structure of flies of the genus Musca, or family Muscidæ.
Mus"ci*form, a. [Muscus + -form.] (Bot.) Having the appearance or form of a moss.
Mus"cle (?), n. [F., fr. L. musculus a muscle, a little mouse, dim. of mus a mouse. See Mouse, and cf. sense 3 (below).]
1. (Anat.) (a) An organ which, by its contraction, produces motion. See Illust. of Muscles of the Human Body, in Appendix. (b) The contractile tissue of which muscles are largely made up.
&hand; Muscles are of two kinds, striated and nonstriated. The striated muscles, which, in most of the higher animals, constitute the principal part of the flesh, exclusive of the fat, are mostly under the control of the will, or voluntary, and are made up of great numbers of elongated fibres bound together into bundles and inclosed in a sheath of connective tissue, the perimysium. Each fiber is inclosed in a delicate membrane (the sarcolemma), is made up of alternate segments of lighter and darker material which give it a transversely striated appearance, and contains, scattered through its substance, protoplasmic nuclei, the so-called muscle corpuscles.
The nonstriated muscles are involuntary. They constitute a large part of the walls of the alimentary canal, blood vessels, uterus, and bladder, and are found also in the iris, skin, etc. They are made up of greatly elongated cells, usually grouped in bundles or sheets.
2. Muscular strength or development; as, to show one's muscle by lifting a heavy weight. [Colloq.]
3. [AS. muscle, L. musculus a muscle, mussel. See above.] (Zoöl.) See Mussel.
Muscle curve (Physiol.), contraction curve of a muscle; a myogram; the curve inscribed, upon a prepared surface, by means of a myograph when acted upon by a contracting muscle. The character of the curve represents the extent of the contraction.