Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Mal"le*cho (?), n. Same as Malicho.
Mal*lee" bird` (?). (Zoöl.) [From native name.] The leipoa. See Leipoa.
Mal"le*mock (?), Mal"le*moke (?), n. (Zoöl.) See Mollemoke.
Mal"len*ders (?), n. pl. (Far.) Same as Malanders.
Mal*le"o*lar (?), a. [See Malleolus.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the malleolus; in the region of the malleoli of the ankle joint.
Mal*le"*o*lus (?), n.; pl. Malleoli (#). [L., dim. of malleus hammer.]
1. (Anat.) A projection at the distal end of each bone of the leg at the ankle joint. The malleolus of the tibia is the internal projection, that of the fibula the external.
2. A layer, " a shoot partly buried in the ground, and there cut halfway through.
Mal"let (?), n. [F. maillet, dim. of mail. See Mall a beetle.] A small maul with a short handle, -- used esp. for driving a tool, as a chisel or the like; also, a light beetle with a long handle, -- used in playing croquet.
Mal"le*us (?), n.; pl. Mallei (#). [L., hammer. See Mall a beetle.]
1. (Anat.) The outermost of the three small auditory bones, ossicles; the hammer. It is attached to the tympanic membrane by a long process, the handle or manubrium. See Illust. of Far.
2. (Zoöl.) One of the hard lateral pieces of the mastax of Rotifera. See Mastax.
3. (Zoöl.) A genus of bivalve shells; the hammer shell.
Mal*loph"a*ga (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. a lock of wool + to eat.] (Zoöl.) An extensive group of insects which are parasitic on birds and mammals, and feed on the feathers and hair; -- called also bird lice. See Bird louse, under Bird.
Mal*lo"tus (?), n. [NL., fr Gr. fleecy.] (Zoöl.) A genus of small Arctic fishes. One American species, the capelin (Mallotus villosus), is extensively used as bait for cod.
Mal"low (?), Mal"lows (?), n. [OE. malwe, AS. mealwe, fr. L. malva, akin to Gr. mala`chh; cf. mala`ssein to soften, malako`s soft. Named either from its softening or relaxing properties, or from its soft downy leaves. Cf. Mauve, Malachite.] (Bot.) A genus of plants (Malva) having mucilaginous qualities. See Malvaceous.
&hand; The flowers of the common mallow (M. sylvestris) are used in medicine. The dwarf mallow (M. rotundifolia) is a common weed, and its flattened, dick-shaped fruits are called cheeses by children. Tree mallow (M. Mauritiana and Lavatera arborea), musk mallow (M. moschata), rose mallow or hollyhock, and curled mallow (M. crispa), are less commonly seen.
Indian mallow. See Abutilon. -- Jew's mallow, a plant (Corchorus olitorius) used as a pot herb by the Jews of Egypt and Syria. -- Marsh mallow. See under Marsh.
Mal"low*wort` (?), n. (Bot.) Any plant of the order Malvaceæ.
Malm (?), Malm"brick` (?), n. [Cf. AS. mealm sand.] A kind of brick of a light brown or yellowish color, made of sand, clay, and chalk.
Mal"ma (?), n. (Zoöl.) A spotted trout (Salvelinus malma), inhabiting Northern America, west of the Rocky Mountains; -- called also Dolly Varden trout, bull trout, red-spotted trout, and golet.
<-- Insert: Illustr. of Malma (Salvelinus malma) -->
Mal"mag (?), n. [F., from native name in Madagascar.] (Zoöl.) The tarsius, or spectral lemur.
Malm"sey (?), n. [OE. malvesie, F. malvoisie, It. malvasia, malavagia, fr. Malvasia, or Napoli di Malvasia, in the Morea.] A kind of sweet wine from Crete, the Canary Islands, etc.
Mal`nu*tri"tion (?), n. [Mal- + nutrition.] (Physiol.) Faulty or imperfect nutrition.
Mal*ob`ser*va"tion (?), n. [Mal- + observation.] Erroneous observation.
J. S Mill.
Mal*o"dor (?), n. An Offensive to the sense of smell; ill-smelling. -- Mal*o"dor*ous*ness. n.
Mal"o*nate (?), a. (Chem.) At salt of malonic acid.
Ma*lon"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid produced artifically as a white crystalline substance, CH2.(CO2H)2, and so called because obtained by the oxidation of malic acid.<-- (Org. Chem.) a dicarboxylic acid -->
Mal"o*nyl (?), n. [Malonic + -yl.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon radical, CH2.(CO)2, from malonic acid.
<-- divalent, a diacyl radical -->
Mal*pi"ghi*a (?), n. [NL. See Malpighian.] (Bot.) A genus of tropical American shrubs with opposite leaves and small white or reddish flowers. The drupes of Malpighia urens are eaten under the name of Barbadoes cherries.
Mal*pi`ghi*a"ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a natural order of tropical trees and shrubs (Malpighiaceæ), some of them climbing plants, and their stems forming many of the curious lianes of South American forests.
Mal*pi"ghi*an (?), a. (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or discovered by, Marcello Malpighi, an Italian anatomist of the 17th century.
Malhighian capsules ∨ corpuscles, the globular dilatations, containing the glomeruli or Malpighian tufts, at the extremities of the urinary tubules of the kidney. Malpighian corpuscles of the spleen, masses of adenoid tissue connected with branches of the splenic artery.
Mal`po*si"tion (?), n. [Mal- + position.] A wrong position.
Mal*prac"tice (?), n. [Mal- + practice.] Evil practice; illegal or immoral conduct; practice contrary to established rules; specifically, the treatment of a case by a surgeon or physician in a manner which is contrary to accepted rules and productive of unfavorable results. [Written also malepractice.]
Malt (?), n. [AS. mealt; akin to D. mout, G. malz, Icel., Sw., & Dan. malt, and E. melt. &root;108. See Melt.] Barley or other grain, steeped in water and dried in a kiln, thus forcing germination until the saccharine principle has been evolved. It is used in brewing and in the distillation of whisky.
Malt, a. Relating to, containing, or made with, malt.
Malt liquor, an alcoholic liquor, as beer, ale, porter, etc., prepared by fermenting an infusion of malt. -- Malt dust, fine particles of malt, or of the grain used in making malt; -used as a fertilizer. Malt dust consists chiefly of the infant radicle separated from the grain." Sir H. Davy. -- Malt floor, a floor for drying malt. -- Malt house, ∨ Malthouse, a house in which malt is made. -- Malt kiln, a heated chamber for drying malt.
Malt, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Malted: p. pr. & vb. n. Malting.] To make into malt; as, to malt barley.
Malt, v. i. To become malt; also, to make grain into malt.
Mal"ta*lent (?), n. [F. See Malice, and Talent.] Ill will; malice. [Obs.]
Rom. of R. Spenser.
Mal*tese" (?), a. Of or pertaining to Malta or to its inhabitants. -- n. sing. & pl. A native or inhabitant of Malta; the people of Malta.
Maltese cat (Zoöl.), a mouse-colored variety of the domestic cat. -- Maltese cross. See Illust. 5, of Cross. -- Maltese dog (Zoöl.), a breed of small terriers, having long silky white hair. The breed originated in Malta.
Mal"tha (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. .]
1. A variety of bitumen, viscid and tenacious, like pitch, unctuous to the touch, and exhaling a bituminous odor.
2. Mortar. [Obs.]
Mal*thu"sian (?), a. Of or pertaining to the political economist, the Rev. T. R. Malthus, or conforming to his views; as, Malthusian theories.
&hand; Malthus held that population tends to increase faster than its means of subsistence can be made to do, and hence that the lower classes must necessarily suffer more or less from lack of food, unless an increase of population be checked by prudential restraint or otherwise.
Ma*thu"sian, n. A follower of Malthus.
Mal*thu"sian*ism (?), n. The system of Malthusian doctrines relating to population.
Malt"in (?), Malt"ine (?), n. (Physiol. Chem.) The fermentative principle of malt; malt diastase; also, a name given to various medicinal preparations made from or containing malt.
Malt"ing (?), n. The process of making, or of becoming malt.
Malt"man (?), n.; pl. Maltmen (). A man whose occupation is to make malt.
Mal*ton"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, maltose; specif., designating an acid called also gluconic or dextronic acid. See Gluconic.
Malt"ose` (?), n. [From Malt.] (Physiol. Chem.) A crystalline sugar formed from starch by the action of distance of malt, and the amylolytic ferment of saliva and pancreatic juice. It resembles dextrose, but rotates the plane of polarized light further to the right and possesses a lower cupric oxide reducing power.
Mal*treat" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Maltreated; p. pr. & vb. n. Maltreating.] [Mal- + treat: cf. F. maltraiter.] To treat ill; to abuse; to treat roughly.
Mal*trea"ment (?), n.; [Cf. F. maltraitement.] Ill treatment; ill usage; abuse.
Malt"ster (?), n. A maltman.
Malt"worm` (?), n. A tippler. [R.]
Malt"y (?), a. Consisting, or like, malt.
Ma"lum (?), n.; pl. Mala (#). [L.] An evil. See Mala.
Mal*va"ceous (?), a. [L. malvaceus, from malva mallows. See Mallow.] (Bot.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a natural order of plants (Malvaceæ), of which the mallow is the type. The cotton plant, hollyhock, and abutilon are of this order, and the baobab and the silk-cotton trees are now referred to it.
Mal`ver*sa"tion (?), n. [F., fr. malverser to be corrupt in office, fr. L. male ill + versari to move about, to occupy one's self, vertere to turn. See Malice, and Verse.] Evil conduct; fraudulent practices; misbehavior, corruption, or extortion in office.
Mal"ve*sie (?), n. Malmsey wine. See Malmsey. A jub of malvesye."
Man (?), n. [Abbrev. fr. mamma.] Mamma.
Ma*ma" (?), n. See Mamma.
Mam"a*luke (?), n. Same as Mameluke.
Mam"e*lon (?), n. [F.] A rounded hillock; a rounded elevation or protuberance.
Mam`e*lu"co (?), n. [Pg.] A child born of a white father and Indian mother. [S. Amer.]
Mam"e*luke (?), n. [F. mamelouk, cf. Sp. mameluco, It. mammalucco; all fr. Ar. mamlk a purchased slave or captive; lit., possessed or in one's power, p. p. of malaka to possesses.] One of a body of mounted soldiers recruited from slaves converted to Mohammedanism, who, during several centuries, had more or less control of the government of Egypt, until exterminated or dispersed by Mehemet Ali in 1811.
Mam"il*la`ted (?), a. See Mammillated.
Mam*ma" (?), n. [Reduplicated from the infantine word ma, influenced in spelling by L. mamma.] Mother; -- word of tenderness and familiarity. [Written also mama.]
Tell tales papa and mamma.
Mam"ma (?), n.; pl. Mammæ (#). [L. mamma breast.] (Anat.) A glandular organ for secreting milk, characteristic of all mammals, but usually rudimentary in the male; a mammary gland; a breast; under; bag.
Mam"mal (?), n.; pl. Mammals (#). [L. mammalis belonging to the breast, fr. mamma the breast or pap: cf. F. mammal.] (Zoöl.) One of the Mammalia.
Age of mammals. See under Age, n., 8.
Mam*ma"li*a (?), n. pl. [NL., from L. mammalis. See Mammal.] (Zoöl.) The highest class of Vertebrata. The young are nourished for a time by milk, or an analogous fluid, secreted by the mammary glands of the mother.
&hand; Mammalia are divided into threes subclasses; --
I. Placentalia. This subclass embraces all the higher orders, including man. In these the fetus is attached to the uterus by a placenta.
II. Marsupialia. In these no placenta is formed, and the young, which are born at an early state of development, are carried for a time attached to the teats, and usually protected by a marsupial pouch. The opossum, kangaroo, wombat, and koala are examples.
III. Monotremata. In this group, which includes the genera Echidna and Ornithorhynchus, the female lays large eggs resembling those of a bird or lizard, and the young, which are hatched like those of birds, are nourished by a watery secretion from the imperfectly developed mammæ.
Mam*ma"li*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Mammalia or mammals.
Mam`ma*lif"er*ous (?), a. [Mammal + -ferous.] (Geol.) Containing mammalian remains; -- said of certain strata.
Mam`ma*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to mammalogy.
Mam*mal"o*gist (?), n. [Cf. F. mammalogiste.] One versed in mammalogy.
Mam*mal"o*gy (?), n. [Mamma breast + -logy: cf. f. mammalogie.] The science which relates to mammals or the Mammalia. See Mammalia.
Mam"ma*ry (?), a. [Cf. F. mammaire.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the mammæ or breasts; as, the mammary arteries and veins.
Mam*mee" (?), n. [Haytian mamey.] (Bot.) A fruit tree of tropical America, belonging to the genus Mammea (M. Americana); also, its fruit. The latter is large, covered with a thick, tough ring, and contains a bright yellow pulp of a pleasant taste and fragrant scent. It is often called mammee apple.
Mam"mer (?), v. i. [Cf. G. memme coward, poltroon.] To hesitate; to mutter doubtfully. [Obs.]
Mam"met (?), n. [See Mawmet.] An idol; a puppet; a doll. [Obs.]
Mam"met*ry (?), n. See Mawmetry. [Obs.]
Mam"mi*fer (?), n. [NL. See Mammiferous.] (Zoöl.) A mammal. See Mammalia.
Mam*mif"er*ous (?), a. [Mamma breast + -ferous: cf. F. mammif\'8are.] Having breasts; of, pertaining to, or derived from, the Mammalia.
Mam"mi*form (?), a. [Mamma breast + -form: cf. F. mammiforme.] Having the form of a mamma (breast) or mammæ.
Mam*mil"la (?), n.; pl. Mammilæ (#). [L., dim. of mamma a breast.] (Anat.) The nipple.
Mam"mil*la*ry (?), a. [Cf. F. mammilaire. See Mammilla.]
1. Of or pertaining to the mammilla, or nipple, or to the breast; resembling a mammilla; mammilloid.
2. (Min.) Composed of convex convex concretions, somewhat resembling the breasts in form; studded with small mammiform protuberances.
Mam"mil*late (?), Mam"mil*la`ted (?), a. [See Mammilla.]
1. Having small nipples, or small protuberances like nipples or mammæ.
2. (Zoöl.) Bounded like a nipple; -- said of the apex of some shells.
Mam*mil"li*form (?), a. [Mammil + -form.] Having the form of a mammilla.
Mam"mil*loid (?), a. [Mammilla + -oid.] Like a mammilla or nipple; mammilliform.
Mam"mock (?), n. [Ir. & Gael. mam a round hill + -ock.] A shapeless piece; a fragment. [Obs.]
Mam"mock, v. t. To tear to pieces. [Obs.]
Mam"mo*dis (?), n. [F. mamoudis, fr. Hind. mahm&umac;dī a muslin.] Coarse plain India muslins.
Mam*mol"o*gy (?), n. [Mamma + -logy.] Mastology. See Mammalogy.
Mam"mon (?), n. [L. mammona, Gr. riches, Syr. mamnā; cf. Heb. matmn a hiding place, subterranean storehouse, treasury, fr. tāman to hide.] Riches; wealth; the god of riches; riches, personified.
Ye can not serve God and Mammon.
Matt. vi. 24.
Mam"mon*ish, a. Actuated or prompted by a devotion to money getting or the service of Mammon.
Mam"mon*ism (?), n. Devotion to the pursuit of wealth; worldliness.
Mam"mon*ist, n. A mammonite.
Mam"mon*ite (?), n. One devoted to the acquisition of wealth or the service of Mammon.
Mam`mon*i*za"tion (?), n. The process of making mammonish; the state of being under the influence of mammonism.
Mam"mon*ize (?), v. t. To make mammonish.
Mam*mose" (?), a. [L. mammosus having large breasts, mamma breast.] (Bot.) Having the form of the breast; breast-shaped.