Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
2. Drawn out or extended in time; continued through a considerable tine, or to a great length; as, a long series of events; a long debate; a long drama; a long history; a long book.
3. Slow in passing; causing weariness by length or duration; lingering; as, long hours of watching.
4. Occurring or coming after an extended interval; distant in time; far away.
The we may us reserve both fresh and strong
Against the tournament, which is not long.
5. Extended to any specified measure; of a specified length; as, a span long; a yard long; a mile long, that is, extended to the measure of a mile, etc.
6. Far-reaching; extensive. Long views."
7. (Phonetics) Prolonged, or relatively more prolonged, in utterance; -- said of vowels and syllables. See Short, a., 13, and Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 22, 30.
&hand; Long is used as a prefix in a large number of compound adjectives which are mostly of obvious meaning; as, long-armed, long-beaked, long-haired, long-horned, long-necked, long-sleeved, long-tailed, long- worded, etc.
In the long run, in the whole course of things taken together; in the ultimate result; eventually. -- Long clam (Zoöl.), the common clam (Mya arenaria) of the Northern United States and Canada; -- called also soft-shell clam and long-neck clam. See Mya. -- Long cloth, a kind of cotton cloth of superior quality. -- Long clothes, clothes worn by a young infant, extending below the feet. -- Long division. (Math.) See Division. -- Long dozen, one more than a dozen; thirteen. -- Long home, the grave. -- Long measure, Long mater. See under Measure, Meter. -- Long Parliament (Eng. Hist.), the Parliament which assembled Nov. 3, 1640, and was dissolved by Cromwell, April 20, 1653. -- Long price, the full retail price. -- Long purple (Bot.), a plant with purple flowers, supposed to be the Orchis mascula. Dr. Prior. -- Long suit (Whist), a suit of which one holds originally more than three cards. R. A. Proctor. -- Long tom. (a) A pivot gun of great length and range, on the dock of a vessel. (b) A long trough for washing auriferous earth. [Western U.S.] (c) (Zoöl.) The long-tailed titmouse. -- Long wall (Coal Mining), a working in which the whole seam is removed and the roof allowed to fall in, as the work progresses, except where passages are needed. -- Of long, a long time. [Obs.] Fairfax. -- To be, ∨ go, long of the market, To be on the long side of the market, etc. (Stock Exchange), to hold stock for a rise in price, or to have a contract under which one can demand stock on or before a certain day at a stipulated price; -- opposed to short in such phrases as, to be short of stock, to sell short, etc. [Cant] See Short. -- To have a long head, to have a farseeing or sagacious mind.
Long (?), n.
1. (Mus.) A note formerly used in music, one half the length of a large, twice that of a breve.
2. (Phonetics) A long sound, syllable, or vowel.
3. The longest dimension; the greatest extent; -- in the phrase, the long and the short of it, that is, the sum and substance of it.
Long, adv. [AS. lance.]
1. To a great extent in apace; as, a long drawn out line.
2. To a great extent in time; during a long time.
They that tarry long at the wine.
Prov. xxiii. 30.
When the trumpet soundeth long.
Ex. xix. 13.
3. At a point of duration far distant, either prior or posterior; as, not long before; not long after; long before the foundation of Rome; long after the Conquest.
4. Through the whole extent or duration.
The bird of dawning singeth all night long.
5. Through an extent of time, more or less; -- only in question; as, how long will you be gone?
Long, prep. [Abbreviated fr. along. See 3d Along.] By means of; by the fault of; because of. [Obs.] See Along of, under 3d Along.
Long, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Longed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Longing.] [AS. langian to increase, to lengthen, to stretch out the mind after, to long, to crave, to belong to, fr. lang long. See Long, a.]
1. To feel a strong or morbid desire or craving; to wish for something with eagerness; -- followed by an infinitive, or by after or for.
I long to see you.
Rom. i. 11.
I have longed after thy precepts.
Ps. cxix. 40.
I have longed for thy salvation.
Ps. cxix. 174.
Nicomedes, longing for herrings, was supplied with fresh ones . . . at a great distance from the sea.
2. To belong; -- used with to, unto, or for. [Obs.]
The labor which that longeth unto me.
Lon"gan (?), n. (Bot.) A pulpy fruit related to the litchi, and produced by an evergreen East Indian tree (Nephelium Longan).
Lon`ga*nim"i*ty (?), n. [L. longanimitas; longus long + animus mind: cf. F. longanimité.] Disposition to bear injuries patiently; forbearance; patience.
Long"-armed` (?), a. Having long arms; as, the long-armed ape or gibbon.
Long"beak` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The American redbellied snipe (Macrorhamphus scolopaceus); -- called also long-billed dowitcher.
Long"boat` (?), n. (Naut.) Formerly, the largest boat carried by a merchant vessel, corresponding to the launch of a naval vessel.
Long"bow` (?), n. The ordinary bow, not mounted on a stock; -- so called in distinction from the crossbow when both were used as weapons of war. Also, sometimes, such a bow of about the height of a man, as distinguished from a much shorter one.
To draw the longbow, to tell large stories.
Long"-breathed` (?), a. Having the power of retaining the breath for a long time; long-winded.
Long"-drawn` (?), a. Extended to a great length.
The cicadæ hushed their long-drawn, ear-splitting strains.
G. W. Cable.
Longe (?), n. [Abbrev. fr. allonge. See Lunge.]
1. A thrust. See Lunge.
2. The training ground for a horse.
Longe, n. (Zoöl.) Same as 4th Lunge.
Long"er (?), n. One who longs for anything.
Lon*ge"val (?), a. Long-loved; longevous.[R.]
Lon*gev"i*ty (?), n. [L. longaevitas. See Longevous.] Long duration of life; length of life.
The instances of longevity are chiefly amongst the abstemious.
Lon*ge"vous (?), a. [L. longaevus; longus long + aevum lifetime, age. See Long, and Age.] Living a long time; of great age.
Sir T. Browne.
Long"hand` (?), n. The written characters used in the common method of writing; -- opposed to shorthand.
Long"head"ed (?), a. Having unusual foresight or sagacity. -- Long"-head`ed*ness, n.
Long"horn` (?), n. (Zoöl.) A long-horned animal, as a cow, goat, or beetle. See Long-horned.
Long"-horned` (?), a. (Zoöl.) [Obs.] Having a long horn or horns; as, a long-horned goat, or cow; having long antennæ, as certain beetles (Longicornia).
Lon"gi*corn (?), a. [L. longus long + cornu horn: cf. F. longicorne.] (Zoöl.) Long-horned; pertaining to the Longicornia. -- n. One of the Longicornia.
Lon`gi*cor"ni*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. longus long + cornu horn.] (Zoöl.) A division of beetles, including a large number of species, in which the antennæ are very long. Most of them, while in the larval state, bore into the wood or beneath the bark of trees, and some species are very destructive to fruit and shade trees. See Apple borer, under Apple, and Locust beetle, under Locust.
Lon`gi*lat"er*al (?), a. [L. longus long + lateralis lateral, fr. latus side.] Having long sides especially, having the form of a long parallelogram.
Nineveh . . . was of a longilateral figure, ninety-five furlongs broad, and a hundred and fifty long.
Sir T. Browne.
Lon*gil"o*quence (?), n. [L. langus long + loquentia a talking.] Long-windedness.
American longiloquence in oratory.
Lon*gim"a*nous (?), a. [L. longus long + manus hand.] Having long hands.
Sir T. Browne.
Lon*gim"e*try (?), n. [L. longus long + -metry: cf. F. longimétrie.] The art or practice of measuring distances or lengths.
Long"ing (?), n. An eager desire; a craving; a morbid appetite; an earnest wish; an aspiration.
Put on my crown; I have
immortal longings in me.
Long"ing*ly, adv. With longing.
Lon*gin"qui*ty (?), n. [L. longinquitas, fr. longinquus extensive, remote, fr. longus long.] Greatness of distance; remoteness. [R.]
Lon"gi*palp (?), n. [F. longipalpe, fr. L. longus long + F. palpe a feeler, a palp.] (Zoöl.) One of a tribe of beetles, having long maxillary palpi.
Lon"gi*pen"nate (?), a. [L. longus long + E. pennate.] (Zoöl.) Having long wings, or quills.
Lon`gi*pen"nes (?), n. pl. [NL., from L. longus long + penna wing.] (Zoöl.) A group of longwinged sea birds, including the gulls, petrels, etc.
Lon`gi*pen"nine (?), a. (Zoöl.) Of or pertaining to the Longipennes; longipennate.
Lon`gi*ros"ter (?), n.; pl. L. Longirostres (#), E. Longirosters (#). [L. longus long + rostrum beak: cf. F. longirostre.] (Zoöl.) One of the Longirostres.
Lon`gi*ros"tral (?), a. (Zoöl.) Having a long bill; of or pertaining to the Longirostres.
Lon`gi*ros"tres (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. longus long + rostrum beak.] (Zoöl.) A group of birds characterized by having long slender bills, as the sandpipers, curlews, and ibises. It is now regarded as an artificial division.
Long"ish (?), a. Somewhat long; moderately long.
Lon"gi*tude (?), n. [F., fr. L. longitudo, fr. longus long.]
1. Length; measure or distance along the longest line; -- distinguished from breadth or thickness; as, the longitude of a room; rare now, except in a humorous sense.
Sir H. Wotton.
The longitude of their cloaks.
Sir. W. Scott.
Mine [shadow] spindling into longitude immense.
2. (Geog.) The arc or portion of the equator intersected between the meridian of a given place and the meridian of some other place from which longitude is reckoned, as from Greenwich, England, or sometimes from the capital of a country, as from Washington or Paris. The longitude of a place is expressed either in degrees or in time; as, that of New York is 74° or 4 h. 56 min. west of Greenwich.
3. (Astron.) The distance in degrees, reckoned from the vernal equinox, on the ecliptic, to a circle at right angles to the ecliptic passing through the heavenly body whose longitude is designated; as, the longitude of Capella is 79°.
Geocentric longitude (Astron.), the longitude of a heavenly body as seen from the earth. -- Heliocentric longitude, the longitude of a heavenly body, as seen from the sun's center. -- Longitude stars, certain stars whose position is known, and the data in regard to which are used in observations for finding the longitude, as by lunar distances.
Lon`gi*tu"di*nal (?), a. [Cf. F. longitudinal.]
1. Of or pertaining to longitude or length; as, longitudinal distance.
2. Extending in length; in the direction of the length; running lengthwise, as distinguished from transverse; as, the longitudinal diameter of a body.
Lon`gi*tu"di*nal, n. A railway sleeper lying parallel with the rail.
Lon`gi*tu"di*nal*ly, adv. In the direction of length.
Long"legs` (?), n. (Zoöl.) A daddy longlegs.
Long"-lived` (?), a. Having a long life; having constitutional peculiarities which make long life probable; lasting long; as, a long-lived tree; they are a longlived family; long-lived prejudices.
1. With longing desire. [Obs.]
2. For a long time; hence, wearisomely.
Long"mynd rocks" (?). (Geol.) The sparingly fossiliferous conglomerates, grits, schists, and states of Great Britain, which lie at the base of the Cambrian system; -- so called, because typically developed in the Longmynd Hills, Shropshire.
Long"ness, n. Length.
Long"nose` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The European garfish.
Long" prim"er (?). (Print.) A kind of type, in size between small pica and bourgeois.
&hand; This line is printed in long primer.
Long"shanks` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The stilt.
Long"shore` (?), a. [Abbrev. from alongshore.] Belonging to the seashore or a seaport; along and on the shore. Longshore thieves."
Long"shore`man (?), n.; pl. Longshoremen (#). [Abbrev. fr. alongshoreman.] One of a class of laborers employed about the wharves of a seaport, especially in loading and unloading vessels.
Long"-sight (?), n. Long-sightedness
Long"-sight`ed (?), a.
1. Able to see objects at a great distance; hence, having great foresight; sagacious; farseeing.
2. Able to see objects distinctly at a distance, but not close at hand; hypermetropic.
1. The state or condition of being long-sighted; hence, sagacity; shrewdness.
2. (Med.) See Hypermetropia.
Long"some (?) a. [AS. langsum.] Extended in length; tiresome. [Obs.] Bp. Hall. Prior. -- Long"some*ness, n. [Obs.] Fuller.
Long"spun` (?), a. Spun out, or extended, to great length; hence, long-winded; tedious.
The longspun allegories fulsome grow,
While the dull moral lies too plain below.
Long"spur` (?), n. [So called from the length of the hind claw.] (Zoöl.) Any one of several species of fringilline birds of the genus Calcarius (or Plectrophanes), and allied genera. The Lapland longspur (C. Lapponicus), the chestnut-colored longspur (C. ornatus), and other species, inhabit the United States.
Long"-stop` (?), n. (Cricket) One who is set to stop balls which pass the wicket keeper.
Long"-suf`fer*ance (?), n. Forbearance to punish or resent.
Long"-suf`fer*ing, n. Bearing injuries or provocation for a long time; patient; not easily provoked.
The Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth.
Ex. xxxiv. 6.
Long"-suf`fer*ing, n. Long patience of offense.
Despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering?
Rom. ii. 4.
Long"tail` (?), n. An animal, particularly a log, having an uncut tail. Cf. Curtail. Dog.
&hand; A longtail was a gentleman's dog, or the dog of one qualified to bunt, other dogs being required to have their tails cut.
Cut and longtail, all, gentlefolks and others, as they might come.
Long"-tongue` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The wryneck.
Long"-tongued` (?), a.
1. Having a long tongue.
2. Talkative; babbling; loquacious.
Lon"gu*lite (?), n. [L. longus long + -lie.] (Min.) A kind of crystallite having a (slender) acicular form.
Long"-waist`ed (?), a.
1. Having a long waist; long from the armpits to the armpits to the bottom of the waist; -- said of persons.
2. Long from the part about the neck or shoulder, or from the armpits, to the bottom of the weist, or to the skirt; -- said of garments; as, a long-waisted coat.
Long"ways` (?), adv. Lengthwise.
Long"-wind"ed (?), a. Long-breathed; hence, tediously long in speaking; consuming much time; as, a long-winded talker. -- Long"-wind"ed*ness, n.
A tedious, long-winded harangue.
Long"wise` (?), adv. Lengthwise.
Loo (?), n. [For older lanterloo, F. lanturelu, lanturlu, name of the game; orig., the refrain of a vaudeville.] (a) An old game played with five, or three, cards dealt to each player from a full pack. When five cards are used the highest card is the knave of clubs or (if so agreed upon) the knave of trumps; -- formerly called lanterloo. (b) A modification of the game of all fours" in which the players replenish their hands after each round by drawing each a card from the pack.