Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
4. (Anat.) To fill (a vessel, cavity, or tissue) with a fluid or other substance; as, to inject the blood vessels.
In*jec"tion (?), n. [L. injectio : cf.F. injection.]
1. The act of injecting or throwing in; -- applied particularly to the forcible throwing in of a liquid, or aëriform body, by means of a syringe, pump, etc.
2. That which is injected; especially, a liquid medicine thrown into a cavity of the body by a syringe or pipe; a clyster; an enema.
3. (Anat.) (a) The act or process of filling vessels, cavities, or tissues with a fluid or other substance. (b) A specimen prepared by injection.
4. (Steam Eng.) (a) The act of throwing cold water into a condenser to produce a vacuum. (b) The cold water thrown into a condenser.
Injection cock, ∨ Injection valve (Steam Eng.), the cock or valve through which cold water is admitted into a condenser. -- Injection condenser. See under Condenser. -- Injection pipe, the pipe through which cold water is through into the condenser of a steam engine.
In*ject"or (?), n.
1. One who, or that which, injects.
2. (Mach.) A contrivance for forcing feed water into a steam boiler by the direct action of the steam upon the water. The water is driven into the boiler by the impulse of a jet of the steam which becomes condensed as soon as it strikes the stream of cold water it impels; -- also called Giffard's injector, from the inventor.
<-- fuel injector -- a device for actively injecting fuel into an internal combustion engine -->
In*jel"ly (?), v. t. To place in jelly. [R.]
In*join" (?), v. t. [Obs.] See Enjoin.
In*joint (?), v. t. [Pref. in- in + joint.] To join; to unite. [R.]
In*joint, v. t. [Pref. in- in + joint.] To disjoint; to separate. [Obs.]
In`ju*cun"di*ty (?), n. [L. injucunditas. See In- not, and Jocund.] Unpleassantness; disagreeableness. [Obs.]
In*ju"di*ca*ble (?), a. Not cognizable by a judge. [Obs.]
In`ju*di"cial (?), a. Not according to the forms of law; not judicial. [R.]
In`ju*di"cious (?), a. [Pref. in- not + judicious; cf. F. injudicieux.]
1. Not judicious; wanting in sound judgment; undiscerning; indiscreet; unwise; as, an injudicious adviser.
An injudicious biographer who undertook to be his
editor and the protector of his memory.
2. Not according to sound judgment or discretion; unwise; as, an injudicious measure.
Syn. -- Indiscreet; inconsiderate; undiscerning; incautious; unwise; rash; hasty; imprudent.
In`ju*di"cious*ly, adv. In an injudicious manner.
In`ju*di"cious*ness, n. The quality of being injudicious; want of sound judgment; indiscretion.
In*junc"tion (?), n. [L. injunctio, fr. injungere, injunctum, to join into, to enjoin. See Enjoin.]
1. The act of enjoining; the act of directing, commanding, or prohibiting.
2. That which is enjoined; an order; a mandate; a decree; a command; a precept; a direction.
For still they knew,and ought to have still remembered,
The high injunction,not to taste that fruit.
Necessary as the injunctions of lawful authority.
3. (Law) A writ or process, granted by a court of equity, and, insome cases, under statutes, by a court of law,whereby a party is required to do or to refrain from doing certain acts, according to the exigency of the writ.
&hand; It is more generally used as a preventive than as a restorative process, although by no means confined to the former.
Wharton. Daniell. Story.
In"jure (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Injured (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Injuring.] [L. injuriari, fr. injuria injury, perh. through F. injurier to insult, in OF. also, to injure; or perhaps fr. E. injury, or F. injure injury. See Injury.] To do harm to; to impair the excellence and value of; to hurt; to damage; -- used in a variety of senses; as: (a) To hurt or wound, as the person; to impair soundness, as of health. (b) To damage or lessen the value of, as goods or estate. (c) To slander, tarnish, or impair, as reputation or character. (d) To impair or diminish, as happiness or virtue. (e) To give pain to, as the sensibilities or the feelings; to grieve; to annoy. (f) To impair, as the intellect or mind.
When have I injured thee? when done thee wrong?
Syn. -- To damage; mar; spoil; harm; sully; wrong; maltreat; abuse; insult; affront; dishonor.
In"jur*er (?), n. One who injures or wrongs.
In*ju"ri*a (?), n.; pl. Injurie (#). [L.] (Law) Injury; invasion of another's rights.
In*ju"ri*ous (?), a. [L. injuriousus, injurius; cf. F. injurieux. See Injury.]
1. Not just; wrongful; iniquitous; culpable. [Obs.]
Till the injurious Roman did extort
This tribute from us, we were free.
2. Causing injury or harm; hurtful; harmful; detrimental; mischievous; as, acts injurious to health, credit, reputation, property, etc.
Without being injurious to the memory of our English Pindar.
Syn. -- Harmful; hurtful; pernicious; mischievous; baneful; deleterious; noxious; ruinous; detrimental.
In*ju"ri*ous*ly, adv. In an injurious or hurtful manner; wrongfully; hurtfully; mischievously.
In*ju"ri*ous*ness, n. The quality of being injurious or hurtful; harmfulness; injury.
In"ju*ry (?), n.; pl. Injuries (#). [OE. injurie, L. injuria, fr. injurius injurious, wrongful, unjust; pref. in- not + jus,juris, right,law,justice: cf. F. injure. See Just, a.] Any damage or violation of, the person, character, feelings, rights, property, or interests of an individual; that which injures, or occasions wrong, loss, damage, or detriment; harm; hurt; loss; mischief; wrong; evil; as, his health was impaired by a severe injury; slander is an injury to the character.
For he that doeth injury shall receve that he did evil.
Wyclif(Col. iii. 25).
Many times we do injury to a cause by dwelling on trifling arguments.
Riot ascends above their loftiest towers,
And injury and outrage.
&hand; Injury in morals and jurisprudence is the intentional doing of wrong.
Syn. -- Harm; hurt; damage; loss; impairment; detriment; wrong; evil; injustice.
In*jus"tice (?), n. [F. injustice, L. injustitia. See In- not, and Justice, and cf. Unjust.]
1. Want of justice and equity; violation of the rights of another or others; iniquity; wrong; unfairness; imposition.
If this people [the Athenians] resembled Nero in their extravagance, much more did they resemble and even exceed him in cruelty and injustice.
2. An unjust act or deed; a sin; a crime; a wrong.
Cunning men can be guilty of a thousand injustices without being discovered, or at least without being punished.
Ink (?), n. (Mach.) The step, or socket, in which the lower end of a millstone spindle runs.
Ink, n. [OE. enke, inke, OF. enque, F. encre, L. encaustum the purple red ink with which the Roman emperors signed their edicts, Gr. , fr. burnt in, encaustic, fr. to burn in. See Encaustic, Caustic.]
1. A fluid, or a viscous material or preparation of various kinds (commonly black or colored), used in writing or printing.
Make there a prick with ink.
Deformed monsters, foul and black as ink.
2. A pigment. See India ink, under India.
&hand; Ordinarily, black ink is made from nutgalls and a solution of some salt of iron, and consists essentially of a tannate or gallate of iron; sometimes indigo sulphate, or other coloring matter,is added. Other black inks contain potassium chromate, and extract of logwood, salts of vanadium, etc. Blue ink is usually a solution of Prussian blue. Red ink was formerly made from carmine (cochineal), Brazil wood, etc., but potassium eosin is now used. Also red, blue, violet, and yellow inks are largely made from aniline dyes. Indelible ink is usually a weak solution of silver nitrate, but carbon in the form of lampblack or India ink, salts of molybdenum, vanadium, etc., are also used. Sympathetic inks may be made of milk, salts of cobalt, etc. See Sympathetic ink (below).
Copying ink, a peculiar ink used for writings of which copies by impression are to be taken. -- Ink bag (Zoöl.), an ink sac. -- Ink berry. (Bot.) (a) A shrub of the Holly family (Ilex glabra), found in sandy grounds along the coast from New England to Florida, and producing a small black berry. (b) The West Indian indigo berry. See Indigo. -- Ink plant (Bot.), a New Zealand shrub (Coriaria thumifolia), the berries of which uield a juice which forms an ink. -- Ink powder, a powder from which ink is made by solution. -- Ink sac (Zoöl.), an organ, found in most cephalopods, containing an inky fluid which can be ejected from a duct opening at the base of the siphon. The fluid serves to cloud the water, and enable these animals to escape from their enemies. See Illust. of Dibranchiata. -- Printer's ink, ∨ Printing ink. See under Printing. -- Sympathetic ink, a writing fluid of such a nature that what is written remains invisible till the action of a reagent on the characters makes it visible.
Ink, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inked (?nkt); p. pr. & vb. n. Inking.] To put ink upon; to supply with ink; to blacken, color, or daub with ink.
Ink"er (?), n. One who, or that which, inks; especially, in printing, the pad or roller which inks the type.
Ink"fish` (?), n. A cuttlefish. See Cuttlefish.
Ink"horn` (?), n. [Ink + horn; cf. F. cornet à encre, G. dintenhorn.] A small bottle of horn or other material formerly used for holding ink; an inkstand; a portable case for writing materials. With a writer's inkhorn by his side."
Ezek. ix. 2.
From his pocket the notary drew his papers and inkhorn.
Ink"horn", a. Learned; pedantic; affected. [Obs.] Inkhorn terms."
Ink"horn`ism (?), n. Pedantry.
Sir T. Wilson.
Ink"i*ness (?), n. [From Inky.] The state or quality of being inky; blackness.
Ink"ing, a. Supplying or covering with ink.
Inking roller, a somewhat elastic roller,used to spread ink over forms of type, copperplates, etc. -- Inking trough ∨ table, a trough or table from which the inking roller receives its ink.
In"kle (?), n. [Prob.the same word as lingle, the first l being mistaken for the definite article in French. See Lingle.] A kind of tape or braid.
In"kle, v. t. [OE. inklen to hint; cf. Dan. ymte to whisper.] To guess. [Prov. Eng.] She inkled what it was."
R. D. Blackmore.
In"kling (?), n. A hint; an intimation.
The least inkling or glimpse of this island.
They had some inkling of secret messages.
In"knee` (?), n. Same as Knock-knee.
In"kneed` (?), a. See Knock-kneed.
In*knot" (?), v. t. To fasten or bind, as with a knot; to knot together.
Ink"stand` (?), n. A small vessel for holding ink, to dip the pen into; also, a device for holding ink and writing materials.
Ink"stone" (?), n. A kind of stone containing native vitriol or subphate of iron, used in making ink.
Ink"y (?), a. Consisting of, or resembling, ink; soiled with ink; black. Inky blots." Shak. Its inky blackness." Boyle.
In*lace" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inlaced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inlacing (?).] [Pref. in- + lace: cf. OE. enlacen to entangle, involve, OF. enlacier, F. enlacer. See Lace, and cf. Enlace.] To work in, as lace; to embellish with work resembling lace; also, to lace or enlace.
In"la*ga"tion (?), n. [Law L. inlagatio, fr. inlagare to restore to law. See In, and Law.] (Old Eng. Law) The restitution of an outlawed person to the protection of the law; inlawing.
In*laid" (?), p. p. of Inlay.
In"land (?), a.
1. Within the land; more or less remote from the ocean or from open water; interior; as, an inland town. This wide inland sea."
From inland regions to the distant main.
2. Limited to the land, or to inland routes; within the seashore boundary; not passing on, or over, the sea; as, inland transportation, commerce, navigation, etc.
3. Confined to a country or state; domestic; not foreing; as, an inland bill of exchange. See Exchange.
In"land, n. The interior part of a country.
In"land, adv. Into, or towards, the interior, away from the coast.
The greatest waves of population have rolled inland from the east.
In"land*er (?), n. One who lives in the interior of a country, or at a distance from the sea.
Sir T. Browne.
In"land*ish, a. Inland. [Obs.]
In*lap"i*date (?), v. t. [Pref. in- in + L. lapis, lapidis, stone.] To convert into a stony substance; to petrity. [R.]
In*lard" (?), v. t. See Inlard.
In*law" (?), v. t. [In + law. Cf. Inlagation.] (Old Eng. Law) To clear of outlawry or attainder; to place under the protection of the law.
<-- In"-law. A person who is related by marriage, as distinguished from a blood relative; esp. mother-in-law, father-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law -->
In*lay" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inlaied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inlaying.] To lay within; hence, to insert, as pieces of pearl, iviry, choice woods, or the like, in a groundwork of some other material; to form an ornamental surface; to diversify or adorn with insertions.
Look,how the floor of heaven
Is thick inlaid with patines of bright gold.
But these things are . . . borrowed by the monks to inlay their story.
In"lay` (?), n. Matter or pieces of wood, ivory, etc., inlaid, or prepared for inlaying; that which is inserted or inlaid for ornament or variety.
Crocus and hyacinth with rich inlay
Broidered the ground.
The sloping of the moonlit sward
Was damask work, and deep inlay
Of braided blooms.
In*lay"er (?), n. One who inlays, or whose occupation it is to inlay.
In*league" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inleagued (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inleaguing (?).] To ally, or form an alliance witgh; to unite; to combine.
With a willingness inleague our blood
With his, for purchase of full growth in friendship.
In*lea"guer (?), v. t. To beleaguer.
In"let (?), n.
1. A passage by which an inclosed place may be entered; a place of ingress; entrance.
Doors and windows,inlets of men and of light.
Sir H. Wotton.
2. A bay or recess,as in the shore of a sea, lake, or large river; a narrow strip of water running into the land or between islands.
3. That which is let in or inland; an inserted material.
&hand; Inlet is also usewd adjectively,as in inlet pipe, inlet valve, etc.
In*light"en (?), v. t. See Enlighten.
In*list" (?), v. t. See Enlist.
In*live" (?), v. t. To animate. [R.]
In*lock" (?), v. t. To lock in, or inclose.
In lo"co (?). [L.] In the place; in the proper or natural place.
In*lu"mine (?), v. t. [Obs.] See Illumine.
In"ly (?), a. [OE. inlich, AS. inlīc. See In.] Internal; interior; secret.
Didst thou but know the inly touch of love.
In"ly, adv. Internally; within; in the heart. Whereat he inly raged."
In"ma*cy (?), n. [From Inmate.] The state of being an inmate. [R.]
In"mate` (?), n. [In + mate an associate.] One who lives in the same house or apartment with another; a fellow lodger; esp.,one of the occupants of an asylum, hospital, or prison; by extension, one who occupies or lodges in any place or dwelling.
So spake the enemy of mankind, inclos'd
In serpent, inmate bad.
In"mate`, a. Admitted as a dweller; resident; internal. [R.] Inmate guests."
In"meats` (?), n.pl. The edible viscera of animals, as the heart, liver, etc.
In*mesh" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Inmeshed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Inmeshing.] To bring within meshes, as of a net; to enmesh.
In*mew" (?), v. t. [Cf.Emmew, Immew.] To inclose, as in a mew or cage. [R.] Inmew the town below."
Beau. & Fl.
In"most` (?), a. [OE. innemest, AS. innemest, a double superlative form fr. inne within, fr. in in. The modern form is due to confusion with most. See In, and cf. Aftermost, Foremost, Innermost.] Deepest within; farthest from the surface or external part; innermost.
And pierce the inmost center of the earth.
The silent, slow, consuming fires,
Which on my inmost vitals prey.
Inn (?), n. [AS. in,inn, house, chamber, inn, from AS. in in; akin to Icel. inni house. See In.]
1. A place of shelter; hence, dwelling; habitation; residence; abode. [Obs.]
Therefore with me ye may take up your inn
For this same night.
2. A house for the lodging and entertainment of travelers or wayfarers; a tavern; a public house; a hotel.
&hand; As distinguished from a private boarding house, an inn is a house for the entertainment of all travelers of good conduct and means of payment,as guests for a brief period,not as lodgers or boarders by contract.
The miserable fare and miserable lodgment of a provincial inn.
3. The town residence of a nobleman or distinguished person; as, Leicester Inn. [Eng.]
4. One of the colleges (societies or buildings) in London, for students of the law barristers; as, the Inns of Court; the Inns of Chancery; Serjeants' Inns.
Inns of chancery (Eng.), colleges in which young students formerly began their law studies, now occupied chiefly by attorneys, solicitors, etc. -- Inns of court (Eng.), the four societies of students and practicers of the law of England" which in London exercise the exclusive right of admitting persons to practice at the bar; also, the buildings in which the law students and barristers have their chambers. They are the Inner Temple, the Middle Temple, Lincoln's Inn, and Gray's Inn.