Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Hope (?), v. t.
1. To desire with expectation or with belief in the possibility or prospect of obtaining; to look forward to as a thing desirable, with the expectation of obtaining it; to cherish hopes of.
We hope no other from your majesty.
[Charity] hopeth all things.
1 Cor. xiii. 7.
2. To expect; to fear. [Obs.] I hope he will be dead."
&hand; Hope is often used colloquially regarding uncertainties, with no reference to the future. I hope she takes me to be flesh and blood."
Hope"ful (?), a.
1. Full of hope, or agreeable expectation; inclined to hope; expectant.
Men of their own natural inclination hopeful and strongly conceited.
2. Having qualities which excite hope; affording promise of good or of success; as, a hopeful youth; a hopeful prospect. Hopeful scholars."
-- Hope"ful*ly, adv. -- Hope"ful*ness, n.
Hope"ite (?), n. [Named after Professor Hope, of Edinburgh.] (Min.) A hydrous phosphate of zinc in transparent prismatic crystals.
1. Destitute of hope; having no expectation of good; despairing.
I am a woman, friendless, hopeless.
2. Giving no ground of hope; promising nothing desirable; desperate; as, a hopeless cause.
The hopelessword of never to return"
Breathe I against thee, upon pain of life.
3. Unhoped for; despaired of. [Obs.]
-- Hope"less*ly, adv. -- Hope"less*ness, n.
Hop"er (?), n. One who hopes.
Hop"ing*ly, adv. In a hopeful manner.
Hop"lite (?), n. [Gr. , fr. tool, weapon: cf. F. hoplite.] (Gr. Antiq.) A heavy-armed infantry soldier.
Hop"-o'-my-thumb" (?), Hop"-thumb", n. A very diminutive person. [Colloq.]
Hopped (?), p. a. Impregnated with hops.
Hop"per (?), n. [See 1st Hop.]
1. One who, or that which, hops.
2. A chute, box, or receptacle, usually funnel-shaped with an opening at the lower part, for delivering or feeding any material, as to a machine; as, the wooden box with its trough through which grain passes into a mill by joining or shaking, or a funnel through which fuel passes into a furnace, or coal, etc., into a car.
3. (Mus.) See Grasshopper, 2.
4. pl. A game. See Hopscotch.
5. (Zoöl.) (a) See Grasshopper, and Frog hopper, Grape hopper, Leaf hopper, Tree hopper, under Frog, Grape, Leaf, and Tree. (b) The larva of a cheese fly.
6. (Naut.) A vessel for carrying waste, garbage, etc., out to sea, so constructed as to discharge its load by a mechanical contrivance; -- called also dumping scow.
Bell and hopper (Metal.), the apparatus at the top of a blast furnace, through which the charge is introduced, while the gases are retained. -- Hopper boy, a rake in a mill, moving in a circle to spread meal for drying, and to draw it over an opening in the floor, through which it falls. -- Hopper closet, a water-closet, without a movable pan, in which the receptacle is a funnel standing on a draintrap. -- Hopper cock, a faucet or valve for flushing the hopper of a water-closet.
Hop"per*ings (?), n. (Gold Washing) Gravel retaining in the hopper of a cradle.
Hop`pes*tere" (?), a. An unexplained epithet used by Chaucer in reference to ships. By some it is defined as dancing (on the wave)"; by others as opposing," warlike."
T. R. Lounsbury.
Hop"pet (?), n.
1. A hand basket; also, a dish used by miners for measuring ore. [Prov. Eng.]
2. An infant in arms. [Prov. Eng.]
Hop"ping (?), n. The act of one who, or that which, hops; a jumping, frisking, or dancing.
Hopping Dick (Zoöl.), a thrush of Jamaica (Merula leucogenys), resembling the English blackbird in its familiar manners, agreeable song, and dark plumage.
Hop"ping, n. [See 3rd Hop.] A gathering of hops.
Hop"ple (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hoppled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hoppling (?).] [From Hop; cf. Hobble.]
1. To impede by a hopple; to tie the feet of (a horse or a cow) loosely together; to hamper; to hobble; as, to hopple an unruly or straying horse.
2. Fig.: To entangle; to hamper.
Dr. H. More.
Hop"ple, n. A fetter for horses, or cattle, when turned out to graze; -- chiefly used in the plural.
Hop"ple*bush` (?), n. Same as Hobblebush.
Hop"po (?), n. (a) A collector of customs, as at Canton; an overseer of commerce. (b) A tribunal or commission having charge of the revenue derived from trade and navigation. [China]
Hoppo men, Chinese customhouse officers.
Hop"scotch` (?), n. A child's game, in which a player, hopping on one foot, drives a stone from one compartment to another of a figure traced or scotched on the ground; -- called also hoppers.
Hop"-thumb` (?), n. See Hop-o'-my-thumb.
Hop"yard` (?), n. A field where hops are raised.
Ho"ral (?), a. [L. horalis, fr. hora hour. See Hour.] Of or pertaining to an hour, or to hours.
Ho"ra*ly (?), adv. Hourly. [Obs.]
Ho"ra*ry (?), a. [LL. horarius, fr. L. hora hour: cf. F. horaire. See Hour.]
1. Of or pertaining to an hour; noting the hours.
2. Occurring once an hour; continuing an hour; hourly; ephemeral.
Horary, or soon decaying, fruits of summer.
Sir T. Browne.
Horary circles. See Circles.
Ho*ra"tian (?), a. Of or pertaining to Horace, the Latin poet, or resembling his style.
Horde (?), n. [F. horde (cf. G. horde), fr. Turk. ord, ordī, camp; of Tartar origin.] A wandering troop or gang; especially, a clan or tribe of a nomadic people migrating from place to place for the sake of pasturage, plunder, etc.; a predatory multitude.
Hor*de"ic (?), a. [L. hordeum barley.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, barley; as, hordeic acid, an acid identical or isomeric with lauric acid.
Hor"de*in (?), n. [L. hordeum barley.] (Chem.) A peculiar starchy matter contained in barley. It is complex mixture. [R.]
Hor*de"o*lum (?), n. [NL., fr. L. hordeolus, dim. of hordeum barley.] (Med.) A small tumor upon the eyelid, resembling a grain of barley; a sty.
Hor"dock` (?), n. An unidentified plant mentioned by Shakespeare, perhaps equivalent to burdock.
Hore (?), a. Hoar. [Obs.]
Hore"hound` (?), n. [OE. horehune, AS. hārhune; hār hoar, gray + hune horehound; cf. L. cunila a species of organum, GR. , Skr. kny to smell.] (Bot.) A plant of the genus Marrubium (M. vulgare), which has a bitter taste, and is a weak tonic, used as a household remedy for colds, coughing, etc. [Written also hoarhound.]
Fetid horehound, ∨ Black horehound, a disagreeable plant resembling horehound (Ballota nigra). -- Water horehound, a species of the genus Lycopus, resembling mint, but not aromatic.
Ho*ri"zon (?), n. [F., fr. L. horizon, fr. Gr. (sc. ) the bounding line, horizon, fr. to bound, fr. boundary, limit.]
1. The circle which bounds that part of the earth's surface visible to a spectator from a given point; the apparent junction of the earth and sky.
And when the morning sun shall raise his car
Above the border of this horizon.
All the horizon round
Invested with bright rays.
2. (Astron.) (a) A plane passing through the eye of the spectator and at right angles to the vertical at a given place; a plane tangent to the earth's surface at that place; called distinctively the sensible horizon. (b) A plane parallel to the sensible horizon of a place, and passing through the earth's center; -- called also rational ∨ celestial horizon. (c) (Naut.) The unbroken line separating sky and water, as seen by an eye at a given elevation, no land being visible.
3. (Geol.) The epoch or time during which a deposit was made.
The strata all over the earth, which were formed at the same time, are said to belong to the same geological horizon.
4. (Painting) The chief horizontal line in a picture of any sort, which determines in the picture the height of the eye of the spectator; in an extended landscape, the representation of the natural horizon corresponds with this line.
Apparent horizon. See under Apparent. -- Artificial horizon, a level mirror, as the surface of mercury in a shallow vessel, or a plane reflector adjusted to the true level artificially; -- used chiefly with the sextant for observing the double altitude of a celestial body. -- Celestial horizon. (Astron.) See def. 2, above. -- Dip of the horizon (Astron.), the vertical angle between the sensible horizon and a line to the visible horizon, the latter always being below the former. -- Rational horizon, and Sensible horizon. (Astron.) See def. 2, above. -- Visible horizon. See definitions 1 and 2, above.
Hor`i*zon"tal (?), a. [Cf. F. horizontal.]
1. Pertaining to, or near, the horizon. Horizontal misty air."
2. Parallel to the horizon; on a level; as, a horizontalline or surface.
3. Measured or contained in a plane of the horizon; as, horizontal distance.
Horizontal drill, a drilling machine having a horizontal drill spindle. -- Horizontal engine, one the piston of which works horizontally. -- Horizontal fire (Mil.), the fire of ordnance and small arms at point-blank range or at low angles of elevation. -- Horizontal force (Physics), the horizontal component of the earth's magnetic force. -- Horizontal line (Descriptive Geometry & Drawing), a constructive line, either drawn or imagined, which passes through the point of sight, and is the chief line in the projection upon which all verticals are fixed, and upon which all vanishing points are found. -- Horizontal parallax. See under Parallax. -- Horizontal plane (Descriptive Geometry), a plane parallel to the horizon, upon which it is assumed that objects are projected. See Projection. It is upon the horizontal plane that the ground plan of the buildings is supposed to be drawn. -- Horizontal projection, a projection made on a plane parallel to the horizon. -- Horizontal range (Gunnery), the distance in a horizontal plane to which a gun will throw a projectile. -- Horizontal water wheel, a water wheel in which the axis is vertical, the buckets or floats revolving in a horizontal plane, as in most turbines.
Hor`i*zon*tal"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. horizontalité.] The state or quality of being horizontal.
Hor`i*zon"tal*ly, adv. In a horizontal direction or position; on a level; as, moving horizontally.
Hor`mo*go*ni"um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. a chain + generation.] (Bot.) A chain of small cells in certain algæ, by which the plant is propogated.
Horn (?), n. [AS. horn; akin to D. horen, hoorn, G., Icel., Sw., & Dan. horn, Goth. ha\'a3rn, W., Gael., & Ir. corn, L. cornu, Gr. , and perh. also to E. cheer, cranium, cerebral; cf. Skr. çiras head. Cf. Carat, Corn on the foot, Cornea, Corner, Cornet, Cornucopia, Hart.]
1. A hard, projecting, and usually pointed organ, growing upon the heads of certain animals, esp. of the ruminants, as cattle, goats, and the like. The hollow horns of the Ox family consist externally of true horn, and are never shed.
2. The antler of a deer, which is of bone throughout, and annually shed and renewed.
3. (Zoöl.) Any natural projection or excrescence from an animal, resembling or thought to resemble a horn in substance or form; esp.: (a) A projection from the beak of a bird, as in the hornbill. (b) A tuft of feathers on the head of a bird, as in the horned owl. (c) A hornlike projection from the head or thorax of an insect, or the head of a reptile, or fish. (d) A sharp spine in front of the fins of a fish, as in the horned pout.
4. (Bot.) An incurved, tapering and pointed appendage found in the flowers of the milkweed (Asclepias).
5. Something made of a horn, or in resemblance of a horn; as: (a) A wind instrument of music; originally, one made of a horn (of an ox or a ram); now applied to various elaborately wrought instruments of brass or other metal, resembling a horn in shape. Wind his horn under the castle wall." Spenser. See French horn, under French. (b) A drinking cup, or beaker, as having been originally made of the horns of cattle. Horns of mead and ale." Mason. (c) The cornucopia, or horn of plenty. See Cornucopia. Fruits and flowers from Amalthæa's horn." Milton. (d) A vessel made of a horn; esp., one designed for containing powder; anciently, a small vessel for carrying liquids. Samuel took the hornof oil and anointed him [David]." 1 Sam. xvi. 13. (e) The pointed beak of an anvil. (f) The high pommel of a saddle; also, either of the projections on a lady's saddle for supporting the leg. (g) (Arch.) The Ionic volute. (h) (Naut.) The outer end of a crosstree; also, one of the projections forming the jaws of a gaff, boom, etc. (i) (Carp.) A curved projection on the fore part of a plane. (j) One of the projections at the four corners of the Jewish altar of burnt offering. Joab . . . caught hold on the horns of the altar." 1 Kings ii. 28.
6. One of the curved ends of a crescent; esp., an extremity or cusp of the moon when crescent-shaped.
Wears a wan circle round her blunted horns.
7. (Mil.) The curving extremity of the wing of an army or of a squadron drawn up in a crescentlike form.
Sharpening in mooned horns
8. The tough, fibrous material of which true horns are composed, being, in the Ox family, chiefly albuminous, with some phosphate of lime; also, any similar substance, as that which forms the hoof crust of horses, sheep, and cattle; as, a spoon of horn.
9. (Script.) A symbol of strength, power, glory, exaltation, or pride.
The Lord is . . . the horn of my salvation.
Ps. xviii. 2.
10. An emblem of a cuckold; -- used chiefly in the plural. Thicker than a cuckold's horn."
Horn block, the frame or pedestal in which a railway car axle box slides up and down; -- also called horn plate. -- Horn of a dilemma. See under Dilemma. -- Horn distemper, a disease of cattle, affecting the internal substance of the horn. -- Horn drum, a wheel with long curved scoops, for raising water. -- Horn lead (Chem.), chloride of lead. -- Horn maker, a maker of cuckolds. [Obs.] Shak. -- Horn mercury. (Min.) Same as Horn quicksilver (below). -- Horn poppy (Bot.), a plant allied to the poppy (Glaucium luteum), found on the sandy shores of Great Britain and Virginia; -- called also horned poppy. Gray. -- Horn pox (Med.), abortive smallpox with an eruption like that of chicken pox. -- Horn quicksilver (Min.), native calomel, or bichloride of mercury. -- Horn shell (Zoöl.), any long, sharp, spiral, gastropod shell, of the genus Cerithium, and allied genera. -- Horn silver (Min.), cerargyrite. -- Horn slate, a gray, siliceous stone. -- To haul in one's horns, to withdraw some arrogant pretension. [Colloq.]<-- = to pull in one's horns --> -- To raise, ∨ lift, the horn (Script.), to exalt one's self; to act arrogantly. 'Gainst them that raised thee dost thou lift thy horn?" Milton. -- To take a horn, to take a drink of intoxicating liquor. [Low]
<-- blow one's own horn. To call attention to one's own accomplishments. opposed to "hide one's light under a bushel" -->
Horn (?), v. t.
1. To furnish with horns; to give the shape of a horn to.
2. To cause to wear horns; to cuckold. [Obs.]
Horn"beak` (?), n. A fish. See Hornfish.
Horn"beam` (?), n. [See Beam.] (Bot.) A tree of the genus Carpinus (C. Americana), having a smooth gray bark and a ridged trunk, the wood being white and very hard. It is common along the banks of streams in the United States, and is also called ironwood. The English hornbeam is C. Betulus. The American is called also blue beech and water beech.
Hop hornbeam. (Bot.) See under Hop.
Horn"bill` (?), n. (Zoöl.) Any bird of the family Bucerotidæ, of which about sixty species are known, belonging to numerous genera. They inhabit the tropical parts of Asia, Africa, and the East Indies, and are remarkable for having a more or less horn-like protuberance, which is usually large and hollow and is situated on the upper side of the beak. The size of the hornbill varies from that of a pigeon to that of a raven, or even larger. They feed chiefly upon fruit, but some species eat dead animals.