Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
His*tor"ic (?), His*tor"ic*al (?), a. [L. historicus, Gr. : cf. F. historique. See History.] Of or pertaining to history, or the record of past events; as, an historical poem; the historic page. -- His*tor"ic*al*ness, n. -- His*to*ric"i*ty (#), n.
There warriors frowning in historic brass.
Historical painting, that branch of painting which represents the events of history. -- Historical sense, that meaning of a passage which is deduced from the circumstances of time, place, etc., under which it was written. -- The historic sense, the capacity to conceive and represent the unity and significance of a past era or age.
His*tor"ic*al*ly (?), adv. In the manner of, or in accordance with, history.
His*tor"i*cize (?), v. t. To record or narrate in the manner of a history; to chronicle. [R.]
His"to*ried (?), a. Related in history.
His*to"ri*er (?), n. An historian. [Obs.]
His`to*ri*ette" (?), n. [F., dim. of histoire a history.] Historical narration on a small scale; a brief recital; a story.
His*tor"i*ty (?), v. t. [History + -fy.] To record in or as history. [R.]
Thy conquest meet to be historified.
Sir P. Sidney.
His*to`ri*og"ra*pher (?), n. [L. historiographus, Gr. ; history + to write: cf. F. historiographe.] An historian; a writer of history; especially, one appointed or designated to write a history; also, a title bestowed by some governments upon historians of distinction.
His*to`ri*og"ra*pher*ship, n. The office of an historiographer.
His*to`ri*og"ra*phy (?), n. The art of employment of an historiographer.
His*to`ri*ol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. history + -logy.] A discourse on history.
His*to`ri*on"o*mer (?), n. [Gr. history + to distribute.] One versed in the phenomena of history and the laws controlling them.
And historionomers will have measured accurately the sidereal years of races.
His"to*rize (?), v. t. To relate as history; to chronicle; to historicize. [R.]
His"to*ry (?), n.; pl. Histories (#). [L.historia, Gr. 'istori`a history, information, inquiry, fr. 'istwr, "istwr, knowing, learned, from the root of to know; akin to E. wit. See Wit, and cf. Story.]
1. A learning or knowing by inquiry; the knowledge of facts and events, so obtained; hence, a formal statement of such information; a narrative; a description; a written record; as, the history of a patient's case; the history of a legislative bill.
2. A systematic, written account of events, particularly of those affecting a nation, institution, science, or art, and usually connected with a philosophical explanation of their causes; a true story, as distinguished from a romance; -- distinguished also from annals, which relate simply the facts and events of each year, in strict chronological order; from biography, which is the record of an individual's life; and from memoir, which is history composed from personal experience, observation, and memory.
Histories are as perfect as the historian is wise, and is gifted with an eye and a soul.
For aught that I could ever read,
Could ever hear by tale or history.
What histories of toil could I declare!
History piece, a representation in painting, drawing, etc., of any real event, including the actors and the action. -- Natural history, a description and classification of objects in nature, as minerals, plants, animals, etc., and the phenomena which they exhibit to the senses.
Syn. -- Chronicle; annals; relation; narration. -- History, Chronicle, Annals. History is a methodical record of important events which concern a community of men, usually so arranged as to show the connection of causes and effects, to give an analysis of motive and action etc. A chronicle is a record of such events, conforming to the order of time as its distinctive feature. Annals are a chronicle divided up into separate years. By poetic license annals is sometimes used for history.
Justly Cæsar scorns the poet's lays;
It is to history he trusts for praise.
No more yet of this;
For 't is a chronicle of day by day,
Not a relation for a breakfast.
Many glorious examples in the annals of our religion.
His"to*ry, v. t. To narrate or record. [Obs.]
His*tot"o*my (?), n. [Gr. tissue + to cut.] The dissection of organic tissues.
His"to*zyme (?), n. [Gr. tissue + leaven.] (Physiol. Chem.) A soluble ferment occurring in the animal body, to the presence of which many normal decompositions and synthetical processes are supposed to be due.
His"tri*on (?), n. [L. histrio: cf. F. histrion.] A player. [R.]
His`tri*on"ic (?), His`tri*on"ic*al (?), a. [L. histrionicus: cf. F. histronique. See Histrion.] Of or relating to the stage or a stageplayer; befitting a theatre; theatrical; -- sometimes in a bad sense. -- His`tri*on"ic*al*ly, adv.
Tainted with false and histrionic feeling.
His`tri*on"i*cism (?), n. The histronic art; stageplaying.
His"tri*o*nism (?), n. Theatrical representation; acting; affectation.
Sir T. Browne.
His"tri*o*nize (?), v. t. To act; to represent on the stage, or theatrically.
Hit (?), pron. It. [Obs.]
Hit, 3d pers. sing. pres. of Hide, contracted from hideth. [Obs.]
Hit (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hit; p. pr. & vb. n. Hitting.] [OE. hitten, hutten, of Scand. origin; cf. Dan. hitte to hit, find, Sw. & Icel. hitta.]
1. To reach with a stroke or blow; to strike or touch, usually with force; especially, to reach or touch (an object aimed at).
I think you have hit the mark.
2. To reach or attain exactly; to meet according to the occasion; to perform successfully; to attain to; to accord with; to be conformable to; to suit.
Birds learning tunes, and their endeavors to hit the notes right.
There you hit him; . . . that argument never fails with him.
Whose saintly visage is too bright
To hit the sense of human sight.
He scarcely hit my humor.
3. To guess; to light upon or discover. Thou hast hit it."
4. (Backgammon) To take up, or replace by a piece belonging to the opposing player; -- said of a single unprotected piece on a point.
To hit off, to describe with quick characteristic strokes; as, to hit off a speaker. Sir W. Temple. -- To hit out, to perform by good luck. [Obs.] Spenser.
Hit (?), v. i.
1. To meet or come in contact; to strike; to clash; -- followed by against or on.
If bodies be extension alone, how can they move and hit one against another?
Corpuscles, meeting with or hitting on those bodies, become conjoined with them.
2. To meet or reach what was aimed at or desired; to succeed, -- often with implied chance, or luck.
And oft it hits
Where hope is coldest and despair most fits.
And millions miss for one that hits.
To hit on ∨ upon, to light upon; to come to by chance. None of them hit upon the art."
1. A striking against; the collision of one body against another; the stroke that touches anything.
So he the famed Cilician fencer praised,
And, at each hit, with wonder seems amazed.
2. A stroke of success in an enterprise, as by a fortunate chance; as, he made a hit.
What late he called a blessing, now was wit,
And God's good providence, a lucky hit.
<-- esp. A performance, as a musical recording, movie, or play, which achieved great popularity or acclaim. also used of books or objects of commerce which become big sellers -->
3. A peculiarly apt expression or turn of thought; a phrase which hits the mark; as, a happy hit.
4. A game won at backgammon after the adversary has removed some of his men. It counts less than a gammon.
5. (Baseball) A striking of the ball; as, a safe hit; a foul hit; -- sometimes used specifically for a base hit.
<-- 6. A murder performed for hire, esp. by a professional assassin. -->
<-- hit man. (a) a professional murderer, esp. one working for a criminal organization; also, "torpedo" [jargon] (b) (fig.) A slanderer working for political purposes -- See "hatchet man". -->
Base hit, Safe hit, Sacrifice hit. (Baseball) See under Base, Safe, etc.
Hit. adj. having become very popular or acclaimed; -- said of entertainment performances; as, a hit record, a hit movie. -->
Hitch (?), v. t. [Cf. Scot. hitch a motion by a jerk, and hatch, hotch, to move by jerks, also Prov. G. hiksen, G. hinken, to limp, hobble; or E. hiccough; or possibly akin to E. hook.]
1. To become entangled or caught; to be linked or yoked; to unite; to cling.
Atoms . . . which at length hitched together.
2. To move interruptedly or with halts, jerks, or steps; -- said of something obstructed or impeded.
Slides into verse, and hitches in a rhyme.
To ease themselves . . . by hitching into another place.
3. To hit the legs together in going, as horses; to interfere. [Eng.]
Hitch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hitched (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hitching.]
1. To hook; to catch or fasten as by a hook or a knot; to make fast, unite, or yoke; as, to hitch a horse, or a halter.
2. To move with hitches; as, he hitched his chair nearer.
To hitch up. (a) To fasten up. (b) To pull or raise with a jerk; as, a sailor hitches up his trousers. (c) To attach, as a horse, to a vehicle; as, hitch up the gray mare. [Colloq.]
1. A catch; anything that holds, as a hook; an impediment; an obstacle; an entanglement.
2. The act of catching, as on a hook, etc.
3. A stop or sudden halt; a stoppage; an impediment; a temporary obstruction; an obstacle; as, a hitch in one's progress or utterance; a hitch in the performance.
4. A sudden movement or pull; a pull up; as, the sailor gave his trousers a hitch.
5. (Naut.) A knot or noose in a rope which can be readily undone; -- intended for a temporary fastening; as, a half hitch; a clove hitch; a timber hitch, etc.
6. (Geol.) A small dislocation of a bed or vein.
Hitch"el (?), n. & v. t. See Hatchel.
Hithe (?), n. [AS. h. Cf. Hide to conceal.] A port or small haven; -- used in composition; as, Lambhithe, now Lambeth.
Hith"er (?), adv. [OE. hider, AS. hider; akin to Icel. hra, Dan. hid, Sw. hit, Goth. hidr; cf. L. citra on this side, or E. here, he. 183. Cf. He.]
1. To this place; -- used with verbs signifying motion, and implying motion toward the speaker; correlate of hence and thither; as, to come or bring hither.
2. To this point, source, conclusion, design, etc.; -- in a sense not physical.
Hither we refer whatsoever belongeth unto the highest perfection of man.
Hither and thither, to and fro; backward and forward; in various directions. Victory is like a traveller, and goeth hither and thither."
1. Being on the side next or toward the person speaking; nearer; -- correlate of thither and farther; as, on the hither side of a hill.
2. Applied to time: On the hither side of, younger than; of fewer years than.
And on the hither side, or so she looked,
Of twenty summers.
To the present generation, that is to say, the people a few years on the hither and thither side of thirty, the name of Charles Darwin stands alongside of those of Isaac Newton and Michael Faraday.
Hith"er*most` (?), a. Nearest on this side.
Sir M. Hale.
Hith"er*to` (?), adv.
1. To this place; to a prescribed limit.
Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further.
Job xxxviii. 11.
2. Up to this time; as yet; until now.
The Lord hath blessed me hitherto.
Josh. xvii. 14.
Hith"er*ward (?), adv. [AS. hiderweard.] Toward this place; hither.
Marching hitherward in proud array.
Hit"ter (?), n. One who hits or strikes; as, a hard hitter.
Hive (?), n. [OE. hive, huve, AS. hfe.]
1. A box, basket, or other structure, for the reception and habitation of a swarm of honeybees.
2. The bees of one hive; a swarm of bees.
3. A place swarming with busy occupants; a crowd.
The hive of Roman liars.
Hive bee (Zoöl.), the honeybee.
Hive, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hived (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hiving.]
1. To collect into a hive; to place in, or cause to enter, a hive; as, to hive a swarm of bees.
2. To store up in a hive, as honey; hence, to gather and accumulate for future need; to lay up in store.
Hiving wisdom with each studious year.
Hive, v. i. To take shelter or lodgings together; to reside in a collective body.
Hive"less, a. Destitute of a hive.
Hiv"er (?), n. One who collects bees into a hive.
Hives (?), n. [Scot.; perh. akin to E. heave.] (Med.) (a) The croup. (b) An eruptive disease (Varicella globularis), allied to the chicken pox.
Hizz (?), v. i. To hiss. [Obs.]
Ho (?), pron. Who. [Obs.] In some Chaucer MSS.
Ho, Hoa (?), n. [See Ho, interj., 2.] A stop; a halt; a moderation of pace.
There is no ho with them.
Ho, Hoa (?), interj. [Cf. F. & G. ho.]
1. Halloo! attend! -- a call to excite attention, or to give notice of approach. What noise there, ho?"
Ho! who's within?"
2. [Perhaps corrupted fr. hold; but cf. F. hau stop! and E. whoa.] Stop! stand still! hold! -- a word now used by teamsters, but formerly to order the cessation of anything. [Written also whoa, and, formerly, hoo.]
The duke . . . pulled out his sword and cried Hoo!"
An herald on a scaffold made an hoo.
Hoar (?), a. [OE. hor, har, AS. hār; akin to Icel. hārr, and to OHG. h&emac;r illustrious, magnificent; cf. Icel. Hei&edh; brightness of the sky, Goth. hais torch, Skr. k&emac;tus light, torch. Cf. Hoary.]
1. White, or grayish white: as, hoar frost; hoar cliffs. Hoar waters."
2. Gray or white with age; hoary.
Whose beard with age is hoar.
Old trees with trunks all hoar.
3. Musty; moldy; stale. [Obs.]
Hoar, n. Hoariness; antiquity. [R.]
Covered with the awful hoar of innumerable ages.
Hoar, v. t. [AS. hārian to grow gray.] To become moldy or musty. [Obs.]
Hoard (?), n. See Hoarding, 2.
Hoard, n. [OE. hord, AS. hord; akin to OS. hord, G. hort, Icel. hodd, Goth. huzd; prob. from the root of E. hide to conceal, and of L. custos guard, E. custody. See Hide to conceal.] A store, stock, or quantity of anything accumulated or laid up; a hidden supply; a treasure; as, a hoard of provisions; a hoard of money.
Hoard, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hoarded; p. pr. & vb. n. Hoarding.] [AS. hordian.] To collect and lay up; to amass and deposit in secret; to store secretly, or for the sake of keeping and accumulating; as, to hoard grain.
Hoard, v. i. To lay up a store or hoard, as of money.
To hoard for those whom he did breed.
Hoard"er (?), n. One who hoards.
Hoard"ing (?), n. [From OF. hourd, hourt, barrier, palisade, of German or Dutch origin; cf. D. horde hurdle, fence, G. horde, h\'81rde; akin to E. hurdle. &root;16. See Hurdle.]
1. (Arch.) A screen of boards inclosing a house and materials while builders are at work. [Eng.]
Posted on every dead wall and hoarding.
2. A fence, barrier, or cover, inclosing, surrounding, or concealing something.
The whole arrangement was surrounded by a hoarding, the space within which was divided into compartments by sheets of tin.
Hoared (?), a. Moldy; musty. [Obs.]
Hoar"frost` (?), n. The white particles formed by the congelation of dew; white frost. [Written also horefrost. See Hoar, a.]
He scattereth the hoarfrost like ashes.
Ps. cxlvii. 16.
Hoar"hound` (?), n. Same as Horehound.
Hoar"i*ness (?), n. [From Hoary.] The state of being hoary.
Hoarse (?), a. [Compar. Hoarser (?), superl. Hoarsest.] [OE. hors, also hos, has, AS. hās; akin to D. heesch, G. heiser, Icel. hāss, Dan. hæs, Sw. hes. Cf. Prov. E. heazy.]
1. Having a harsh, rough, grating voice or sound, as when affected with a cold; making a rough, harsh cry or sound; as, the hoarse raven.
The hoarse resounding shore.
2. Harsh; grating; discordant; -- said of any sound.
Hoarse"ly, adv. With a harsh, grating sound or voice.
Hoars"en (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hoarsened (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hoarsening.] To make hoarse.
I shall be obliged to hoarsen my voice.
Hoarse"ness (?), n. Harshness or roughness of voice or sound, due to mucus collected on the vocal cords, or to swelling or looseness of the cords.