Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Hab"ita*kle (?), n [F. habitacle dwelling place, binnacle, L. habitaculum dwelling place. See Binnacle, Habit, v.] A dwelling place.
Ha`bi`tan" (?), n. Same as Habitant, 2.
General met an emissary . . . sent . . . to ascertain the feelings of the habitans or French yeomanry.
Hab"it*ance (?), n. [OF. habitance, LL. habitania.] Dwelling; abode; residence. [Obs.]
Habi"it*an*cy (?), n. Same as Inhabitancy.
Hab`it*ant (?), n. [F. habitant. See Habit, v.t]
1. An inhabitant; a dweller.
2. [F. pron. ()] An inhabitant or resident; -- a name applied to and denoting farmers of French descent or origin in Canada, especially in the Province of Quebec; -- usually in plural.
The habitants or cultivators of the soil.
Hab`i*tat (?), n. [L., it dwells, fr. habitare. See Habit, v. t.]
1. (Biol.) The natural abode, locality or region of an animal or plant.
2. Place where anything is commonly found.
This word has its habitat in Oxfordshire.
Hab`i*ta"tion (?), n. [F. habitation, L. habi()atio.]
1. The act of inhabiting; state of inhabiting or dwelling, or of being inhabited; occupancy.
2. Place of abode; settled dwelling; residence; house.
The Lord . . . blesseth the habitation of the just.
Prov. iii. 33.
Hab"ita`tor (?), n. [L.] A dweller; an inhabitant. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
Hab`it*ed (?), p. p. & a.
1. Clothed; arrayed; dressed; as, he was habited like a shepherd.
2. Fixed by habit; accustomed. [Obs.]
So habited he was in sobriety.
3. Inhabited. [Archaic]
Another world, which is habited by the ghosts of men and women.
Ha*bit"ual (?; 135), a. [Cf. F. habituel, LL. habituals. See Habit, n.]
1. Formed or acquired by habit or use.
An habitual knowledge of certain rules and maxims.
2. According to habit; established by habit; customary; constant; as, the habiual practice of sin.
It is the distinguishing mark of habitual piety to be grateful for the most common and ordinary blessings.
Syn. -- Customary; accustomed; usual; common; wonted; ordinary; regular; familiar.
-- Ha*bit"u*al*ly, adv. -- Ha*bit"u*al*ness, n.
Ha*bit"u*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Habituated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Habituating (?).] [L. habituatus, p. p. of habituare to bring into a condition or habit of body: cf. F. habituer. See Habit.]
1. To make accustomed; to accustom; to familiarize.
Our English dogs, who were habituated to a colder clime.
Sir K. Digby.
Men are first corrupted . . . and next they habituate themselves to their vicious practices.
2. To settle as an inhabitant. [Obs.]
Sir W. Temple.
Ha*bit"u*ate (?), a. Firmly established by custom; formed by habit; habitual. [R.]
Ha*bit`u*a"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. habituation.] The act of habituating, or accustoming; the state of being habituated.
Hab"i*tude (?), n. [F., fr. L. habitudo condition. See Habit.]
1. Habitual attitude; usual or accustomed state with reference to something else; established or usual relations.
The same ideas having immutably the same habitudes one to another.
The verdict of the judges was biased by nothing else than heir habitudes of thinking.
2. Habitual association, intercourse, or familiarity.
To write well, one must have frequent habitudes with the best company.
3. Habit of body or of action.
It is impossible to gain an exact habitude without an infinite umber of acts and perpetual practice.
Ha`bi`tu`e" (?), n. [F., p. p. of habituer. See Habituate.] One who habitually frequents a place; as, an habitué of a theater.
Hab"i*ture (?; 135), n. Habitude. [Obs.]
Hab"i*tus (?), n. [L.] (Zoöl.) Habitude; mode of life; general appearance.
Ha"ble (?), a. See Habile. [Obs.]
Hab"nab (?), adv. [Hobnob.] By chance. [Obs.]
Hach"ure (?), n. [F., fr. hacher to hack. See Hatching.] (Fine Arts) A short line used in drawing and engraving, especially in shading and denoting different surfaces, as in map drawing. See Hatching.
Ha`ci*en"da (? or ?), n. [Sp., fr. OSp. facienda employment, estate, fr. L. facienda, pl. of faciendum what is to be done, fr. facere to do. See Fact.] A large estate where work of any kind is done, as agriculture, manufacturing, mining, or raising of animals; a cultivated farm, with a good house, in distinction from a farming establishment with rude huts for herdsmen, etc.; -- a word used in Spanish-American regions.
<-- 2. The main residence of a hacienda
Hack (?), n. [See Hatch a half door.]
1. A frame or grating of various kinds; as, a frame for drying bricks, fish, or cheese; a rack for feeding cattle; a grating in a mill race, etc.
2. Unburned brick or tile, stacked up for drying.
Hack, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hacked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hacking.] [OE. hakken; akin to D. hakken, G. hacken, Dan. hakke, Sw. hacka, and perh. to E. hew. Cf. Hew to cut, Haggle.]
1. To cut irregulary, without skill or definite purpose; to notch; to mangle by repeated strokes of a cutting instrument; as, to hack a post.
My sword hacked like a handsaw.
2. Fig.: To mangle in speaking.
Hack, v. i. To cough faintly and frequently, or in a short, broken manner; as, a hacking cough.
1. A notch; a cut.
2. An implement for cutting a notch; a large pick used in breaking stone.
3. A hacking; a catch in speaking; a short, broken cough.
Dr. H. More.
4. (Football) A kick on the shins.
Hack saw, a handsaw having a narrow blade stretched in an iron frame, for cutting metal.
Hack (?), n. [Shortened fr. hackney. See Hackney.]
1. A horse, hackneyed or let out for common hire; also, a horse used in all kinds of work, or a saddle horse, as distinguished from hunting and carriage horses.
2. A coach or carriage let for hire; particularly, a a coach with two seats inside facing each other; a hackney coach.
On horse, on foot, in hacks and gilded chariots.
3. A bookmaker who hires himself out for any sort of literary work; an overworked man; a drudge.
Here lies poor Ned Purdon, from misery freed,
Who long was a bookseller's hack.
4. A procuress.
Hack, a. Hackneyed; hired; mercenary.
Hack writer, a hack; one who writes for hire. A vulgar hack writer."
Hack, v. t.
1. To use as a hack; to let out for hire.
2. To use frequently and indiscriminately, so as to render trite and commonplace.<-- = hackney? -->
The word remarkable" has been so hacked of late.
J. H. Newman.
Hack, v. i.
1. To be exposed or offered or to common use for hire; to turn prostitute.
2. To live the life of a drudge or hack.
Hack"a*more (?), n. [Cf. Sp. jaquima headstall of a halter.] A halter consisting of a long leather or rope strap and headstall, -- used for leading or tieing a pack animal. [Western U.S.]
Hack"ber`ry (?), n. (Bot.) A genus of trees (Celtis) related to the elm, but bearing drupes with scanty, but often edible, pulp. C. occidentalis is common in the Eastern United States.
Hack"bolt` (?), n, (Zoöl.) The greater shearwater or hagdon. See Hagdon.
Hack"buss (?), n. Same as Hagbut.
Hack"ee (?), n. (Zoöl.) The chipmunk; also, the chickaree or red squirrel. [U.S.]
Hack"er (?), n. One who, or that which, hacks. Specifically: A cutting instrument for making notches; esp., one used for notching pine trees in collecting turpentine; a hack.
Hack"er*y (?), n. [Hind. chakrā.] A cart with wooden wheels, drawn by bullocks. [Bengal]
Hac"kle (?), n. [See Heckle, and cf. Hatchel.]
1. A comb for dressing flax, raw silk, etc.; a hatchel.
2. Any flimsy substance unspun, as raw silk.
3. One of the peculiar, long, narrow feathers on the neck of fowls, most noticeable on the cock, -- often used in making artificial flies; hence, any feather so used.
4. An artificial fly for angling, made of feathers.
Hac"kle, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hackled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hackling (?).]
1. To separate, as the coarse part of flax or hemp from the fine, by drawing it through the teeth of a hackle or hatchel.
2. To tear asunder; to break in pieces.
The other divisions of the kingdom being hackled and torn to pieces.
Hac"kly (?), a. [From Hackle]
1. Rough or broken, as if hacked.
2. (Min.) Having fine, short, and sharp points on the surface; as, the hackly fracture of metallic iron.
Hack"man (?), n.; pl. Hackmen (). The driver of a hack or carriage for public hire.
Hack"ma*tack` (?), n. [Of American Indian origin.] (Bot.) The American larch (Larix Americana), a coniferous tree with slender deciduous leaves; also, its heavy, close-grained timber. Called also tamarack.
Hack"ney (?), n.; pl. Hackneys (#). [OE. haceney, hacenay; cf. F. haquenée a pacing horse, an ambling nag, OF. also haquenée, Sp. hacanea, OSp. facanea, D. hakkenei, also OF. haque horse, Sp. haca, OSp. faca; perh akin to E. hack to cut, and orig. meaning, a jolting horse. Cf. Hack a horse, Nag.]
1. A horse for riding or driving; a nag; a pony.
2. A horse or pony kept for hire.
3. A carriage kept for hire; a hack; a hackney coach.
4. A hired drudge; a hireling; a prostitute.
Hack"ney, a. Let out for hire; devoted to common use; hence, much used; trite; mean; as, hackney coaches; hackney authors. Hackney tongue."
<-- also hackneyed -->
Hack"ney, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Hackneyed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Hackneying.]
1. To devote to common or frequent use, as a horse or carriage; to wear out in common service; to make trite or commonplace; as, a hackneyed metaphor or quotation.
Had I lavish of my presence been,
So common-hackneyed in the eyes of men.
2. To carry in a hackney coach.
Hack"ney*man (?), n.; pl. Hackneymen (). A man who lets horses and carriages for hire.
Hack"ster (?), n. [From Hack to cut.] A bully; a bravo; a ruffian; an assassin. [Obs.]
Hac"que*ton (?), n. Same as Acton. [Obs.]
Had (?), imp. & p. p. of Have. [OE.had, hafde, hefde, AS. hæfde.] See Have.
Had as lief, Had rather, Had better, Had as soon, etc., with a nominative and followed by the infinitive without to, are well established idiomatic forms. The original construction was that of the dative with forms of be, followed by the infinitive. See Had better, under Better.
And lever me is be pore and trewe.
[And more agreeable to me it is to be poor and true.]
C. Mundi (Trans. ).
Him had been lever to be syke.
[To him it had been preferable to be sick.]
For him was lever have at his bed's head
Twenty bookes, clad in black or red, . . .
Than robes rich, or fithel, or gay sawtrie.
Gradually the nominative was substituted for the dative, and had for the forms of be. During the process of transition, the nominative with was or were, and the dative with had, are found.
Poor lady, she were better love a dream.
You were best hang yourself.
Beau. & Fl.
Me rather had my heart might feel your love
Than my unpleased eye see your courtesy.
I hadde levere than my scherte,
That ye hadde rad his legende, as have I.
I had as lief not be as live to be
In awe of such a thing as I myself.
I had rather be a dog and bay the moon,
Than such a Roman.
I had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness.
Had"der (?), n. Heather; heath. [Obs.] Burton.
Had"die (?), n. (Zoöl.) The haddock. [Scot.]
Had"dock (?), n. [OE. hadoc, haddok, of unknown origin; cf. Ir. codog, Gael. adag, F. hadot.] (Zoöl.) A marine food fish (Melanogrammus æglefinus), allied to the cod, inhabiting the northern coasts of Europe and America. It has a dark lateral line and a black spot on each side of the body, just back of the gills. Galled also haddie, and dickie.
Norway haddock, a marine edible fish (Sebastes marinus) of Northern Europe and America. See Rose fish.
Hade (?), n. [Cf. heald inclined, bowed down, G. halde declivity.]
1. The descent of a hill. [Obs.]
2. (Mining) The inclination or deviation from the vertical of any mineral vein.
Hade, v. i. (Mining) To deviate from the vertical; -- said of a vein, fault, or lode.
Ha"des (?), n. [Gr. + to see. Cf. Un-, Wit.] The nether world (according to classical mythology, the abode of the shades, ruled over by Hades or Pluto); the invisible world; the grave.
And death and Hades gave up the dead which were in them.
Rev. xx. 13 (Rev. Ver. ).
Neither was he left in Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption.
Acts ii. 31 (Rev. Ver.).
And in Hades he lifted up his eyes, being in torments.
Luke xvi.23 (Rev. Ver.).
Hadj (?), n. [Ar.hajj, fr. hajja to set out, walk, go on a pilgrimage.] The pilgrimage to Mecca, performed by Mohammedans.
Hadj"i (?), n. [Ar. hāj&imac;. See Hadj.]
1. A Mohammedan pilgrim to Mecca; -- used among Orientals as a respectful salutation or a title of honor.
G. W. Curtis.
2. A Greek or Armenian who has visited the holy sepulcher at Jerusalem.
Had`ro*sau"rus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. "adro`s thick + say^ros lizard.] (Paleon.) An American herbivorous dinosaur of great size, allied to the iguanodon. It is found in the Cretaceous formation.
Hæc*ce`i*ty (?), [L. hæcce this.] (Logic) Literally, this-ness. A scholastic term to express individuality or singleness; as, this book.
Hæma- or, Hæmato- or, Hæmo-
Hæm"a- ( or ), Hæm"a*to- ( or ), Hæm"o- ( or ). [Gr. ai^"ma, blood.] Combining forms indicating relation or resemblance to blood, association with blood; as, hæmapod, hæmatogenesis, hæmoscope.
&hand; Words from Gr. () are written hema-, hemato-, hemo-, as well as hæma-, hæmato-, hæmo-.
Hæm"a*chrome (? ∨ ?), n. [Hæma- + Gr. color.] (Physiol. Chem.) Hematin.
Hæm`a*cy"a*nin (?), n. [Hæma- + Gr. a dark blue substance.] (Physiol. Chem.) A substance found in the blood of the octopus, which gives to it its blue color.
&hand; When deprived of oxygen it is colorless, but becomes quickly blue in contact with oxygen, and is then generally called oxyhæmacyanin. A similar blue coloring matter has been detected in small quantity in the blood of other animals and in the bile.
Hæm`a*cy*tom"e*ter (?), n. [Hæma + Gr. a hollow vessel + -meter.] (Physiol.) An apparatus for determining the number of corpuscles in a given quantity of blood.
Hæ"mad (?), adv. [Hæma- + L. ad toward.] (Anat.) Toward the hæmal side; on the hæmal side of; -- opposed to neurad.
Hæmadrometer or, Hæmadremometer
Hæm`a*drom"e*ter (? or ?), Hæm`a*dre*mom"e*ter (?), n. Same as Hemadrometer.
Hæm`a*drom"e*try (?),Hæm`a*dro*mom"e*try (?), n. Same as Hemadrometry.
Hæm`a*drom"o*graph (?), n. [Hæma- + Gr. course + -graph.] (Physiol.) An instrument for registering the velocity of the blood.
Hæmadynameter or Hæmadynamometer
Hæ`ma*dy*nam"e*ter (? or ?) Hæ`ma*dy`na*mom"e*ter (? or ?), Same as Hemadynamometer.
Hæma*dy*nam"ics (), n. Same as Hemadynamics.
Hæ"mal (?), a. [Gr. blood.] Pertaining to the blood or blood vessels; also, ventral. See Hemal.
Hæm`a*phæ"in (?), n. [Hæma- + Gr. dusky.] (Physiol.) A brownish substance sometimes found in the blood, in cases of jaundice.
Hæm"a*pod (? or ?), n. [Hæma + -pod.] (Zoöl.) An hæmapodous animal.