Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Group"ing (?), n. (Fine Arts) The disposal or relative arrangement of figures or objects, as in, drawing, painting, and sculpture, or in ornamental design.
Grouse (?), n. sing. & pl. [Prob. after the analogy of mouse, mice, fr. the earlier grice, OF. griesche meor hen: cf. F. piegri\'8ache shrike.] (Zoöl.) Any of the numerous species of gallinaceous birds of the family Tetraonidæ, and subfamily Tetraoninæ, inhabiting Europe, Asia, and North America. They have plump bodies, strong, well-feathered legs, and usually mottled plumage. The group includes the ptarmigans (Lagopus), having feathered feet.
&hand; Among the European species are the red grouse (Lagopus Scoticus) and the hazel grouse (Bonasa betulina). See Capercaidzie, Ptarmigan, and Heath grouse. Among the most important American species are the ruffed grouse, or New England partridge (Bonasa umbellus); the sharp-tailed grouse (Pediocætes phasianellus) of the West; the dusky blue, or pine grouse (Dendragapus obscurus) of the Rocky Mountains; the Canada grouse, or spruce partridge (D. Canadensis). See also Prairie hen, and Sage cock. The Old World sand grouse (Pterocles, etc.) belong to a very different family. See Pterocletes, and Sand grouse.
Grouse, v. i. To seek or shoot grouse.
Grou"ser (?), n. (Dredging, Pile Driving, etc.) A pointed timber attached to a boat and sliding vertically, to thrust into the ground as a means of anchorage.
Grout (?), n. [AS. grut; akin to grytt, G. gr\'81tze, griess, Icel. grautr, Lith. grudas corn, kernel, and Z. groats.]
1. Coarse meal; ground malt; pl. groats.
2. Formerly, a kind of beer or ale. [Eng.]
3. pl. Lees; dregs; grounds. [Eng.] Grouts of tea."
4. A thin, coarse mortar, used for pouring into the joints of masonry and brickwork; also, a finer material, used in finishing the best ceilings. Gwilt.
Grout, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Grouted; p. pr. & vb. n. Grouting.] To fill up or finish with grout, as the joints between stones.
Graut"head` (?), n. [Obs.] See Growthead.
Grout"ing, n. The process of filling in or finishing with grout; also, the grout thus filled in.
Grout"nol (?), n. [See Groat, and Noll, n.] [Obs.] Same as Growthead.
Beau. & Fl.
Grout"y (?), a. Cross; sulky; sullen. [Colloq.]
Grove (?), n. [AS. graf, fr. grafan to dig. The original sense seems to have been a lane cut through trees. See Grave, v., and cf. Groove.] A smaller group of trees than a forest, and without underwood, planted, or growing naturally as if arranged by art; a wood of small extent.
&hand; The Hebrew word Asherah, rendered grove in the Authorized Version of the Bible, is left untranslated in the Revised Version. Almost all modern interpreters agree that by Asherah an idol or image of some kind is intended.
Grov"el (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Groveled (?) or Grovelled; p. pr. & vb. n. Groveling or Grovelling.] [From OE. grovelinge, grufelinge, adv., on the face, prone, which was misunderstood as a p. pr.; cf. OE. gruf, groff, in the same sense; of Scand. origin, cf. Icel. gr&umac;fa, in &amac; gr&umac;fu on the face, prone, gr&umac;fa to grovel.]
1. To creep on the earth, or with the face to the ground; to lie prone, or move uneasily with the body prostrate on the earth; to lie fiat on one's belly, expressive of abjectness; to crawl.
To creep and grovel on the ground.
2. To tend toward, or delight in, what is sensual or base; to be low, abject, or mean.
Grov"el*er (?), n. One who grovels; an abject wretch. [Written also groveller.]
Grov"el*ing, a. Lying prone; low; debased. [Written also grovelling.] A groveling creature."
Grov"y (?), a. Pertaining to, or resembling, a grove; situated in, or frequenting, groves.
Grow (?), v. i. [imp. Grew (?); p. p. Grown (); p. pr. & vb. n. Growing.] [AS. grawan; akin to D. groeijen, Icel. groa, Dan. groe, Sw. gro. Cf. Green, Grass.]
1. To increase in size by a natural and organic process; to increase in bulk by the gradual assimilation of new matter into the living organism; -- said of animals and vegetables and their organs.
2. To increase in any way; to become larger and stronger; to be augmented; to advance; to extend; to wax; to accrue.
Winter began to grow fast on.
Even just the sum that I do owe to you
Is growing to me by Antipholus.
3. To spring up and come to matturity in a natural way; to be produced by vegetation; to thrive; to flourish; as, rice grows in warm countries.
Where law faileth, error groweth.
4. To pass from one state to another; to result as an effect from a cause; to become; as, to grow pale.
For his mind
Had grown Suspicion's sanctuary.
5. To become attached of fixed; to adhere.
Our knees shall kneel till to the ground they grow.
Growing cell, or Growing slide, a device for preserving alive a minute object in water continually renewed, in a manner to permit its growth to be watched under the microscope. -- Grown over, covered with a growth. -- To grow out of, to issue from, as plants from the soil, or as a branch from the main stem; to result from.
These wars have grown out of commercial considerations.
-- To grow up, to arrive at full stature or maturity; as, grown up children. -- <-- ##error here in original: duplication of: To grow up --> To grow together, to close and adhere; to become united by growth, as flesh or the bark of a tree severed.
Howells.Syn. -- To become; increase; enlarge; augment; improve; expand; extend.
Grow (?), v. t. To cause to grow; to cultivate; to produce; as, to grow a crop; to grow wheat, hops, or tobacco.
Macaulay.Syn. -- To raise; to cultivate. See Raise, v. t., 3.
Grow"a*ble (?), a. Capable of growth.
Grow"an (?), n. [Cf. Arm. grouan gravel, Corn. grow gravel, sand.] (Mining.) A decomposed granite, forming a mass of gravel, as in tin lodes in Cornwall.
Grow"er (?), n. One who grows or produces; as, a grower of corn; also, that which grows or increases; as, a vine may be a rank or a slow grower.
Growl (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Growled (?); p. pr. & vb. e. Growling.] [D. grollen to grunt, murmur, be angry; akin to G. grollen to be angry.] To utter a deep guttural sound, sa an angry dog; to give forth an angry, grumbling sound.
Growl, v. t. To express by growling.
Growl, n. The deep, threatening sound made by a surly dog; a grumbling sound.
Growl"er (?), n.
1. One who growls.
2. (Zoöl.) The large-mouthed black bass. [Local]
3. A four-wheeled cab. [Slang, Eng.]
Growl"ing*ly, adv. In a growling manner.
Grown (?), p. p. of Grow.
Growse (?), v. i. [Cf. gruesome, grcwsome, and G. grausen to make shudder, shiver.] To shiver; to have chills. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
Growth (?), n. [Icel. gror, gri. See Grow.]
1. The process of growing; the gradual increase of an animal or a vegetable body; the development from a seed, germ, or root, to full size or maturity; increase in size, number, frequency, strength, etc.; augmentation; advancement; production; prevalence or influence; as, the growth of trade; the growth of power; the growth of intemperance. Idle weeds are fast in growth.
2. That which has grown or is growing; anything produced; product; consequence; effect; result.
Nature multiplies her fertile growth.
Growt"head` (?), n. [Lit., greathead.] A lazy person; a blockhead. [Obs.]
Growth"ful (?), a. Having capacity of growth. [R.]
Groyne (?), n. [Obs.] See Groin.
Gro"zing i"ron (?).
1. A tool with a hardened steel point, formerly used instead of a diamond for cutting glass.
2. (Plumbing) A tool for smoothing the solder joints of lead pipe.
Grub (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Grubbed (?), p. pr. & vb. n. Grubbing ().] [OE. grubbin., cf. E. grab, grope.]
1. To dig in or under the ground, generally for an object that is difficult to reach or extricate; to be occupied in digging.
2. To drudge; to do menial work.
Grub, v. t.
1. To dig; to dig up by the roots; to root out by digging; -- followed by up; as, to grub up trees, rushes, or sedge.
They do not attempt to grub up the root of sin.
2. To supply with food. [Slang]
1. (Zoöl.) The larva of an insect, especially of a beetle; -- called also grubworm. See Illust. of Goldsmith beetle, under Goldsmith.
Yet your butterfly was a grub.
2. A short, thick man; a dwarf. [Obs.]
3. Victuals; food. [Slang]
Grub ax ∨ axe, a kind of mattock used in grubbing up roots, etc. -- Grub breaker. Same as Grub hook (below). -- Grub hoe, a heavy hoe for grubbing. -- Grub hook, a plowlike implement for uprooting stumps, breaking roots, etc. -- Grub saw, a handsaw used for sawing marble. -- Grub Street, a street in London (now called Milton Street), described by Dr. Johnson as much inhabited by writers of small histories, dictionaries, and temporary poems, whence any mean production is called grubstreet." As an adjective, suitable to, or resembling the production of, Grub Street.
I 'd sooner ballads write, and grubstreet lays.
Grub"ber, n. One who, or that which, grubs; especially, a machine or tool of the nature of a grub ax, .grub hook, etc.
Grub"bla (?), v. t. & i. [Freq. of grub, but cf. grabble.] To feel or grope in the dark. [Obs.]
Grub"by, a. [From Grub.] Dirty; unclean. [Colloq.]
The grubby game of marbles.
Lond. Sat. Rev.
Grub"by, n. (Zoöl.) Any species of Cottus; a sculpin. [Local, U. S.]
Grub"worm (?), n. (Zoöl.) See Grub, n., 1.
And gnats and grubworms crowded on his view.
Grucche (?), v. i. [See Grudge.] To murmur; to grumble. [Obs.]
What aileth you, thus for grucche and groan.
Grudge (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Grudger (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Grudging.] [OE. grutchen, gruchen, grochen, to murmur, grumble, OF. grochier, grouchier, grocier, groucier; cf. Icel. krytja to murmur, krutr a murmur, or E. grunt.]
1. To look upon with desire to possess or to appropriate; to envy (one) the possession of; to begrudge; to covet; to give with reluctance; to desire to get back again; -- followed by the direct object only, or by both the direct and indirect objects.
Tis not in thee To grudge my pleasures, to cut off my train.
I have often heard the Presbyterians say, they did not grudge us our employments.
They have grudged us contribution.
2. To hold or harbor with malicioua disposition or purpose; to cherish enviously. [Obs.]
That grudge one thought against your majesty !
Grudge (?), v. i.
1. To be covetous or envious; to show discontent; to murmur; to complain; to repine; to be unwilling or reluctant.
Grudge not one against another.
James v. 9.
He eats his meat without grudging.
2. To feel compunction or grief. [Obs.]
1. Sullen malice or malevolence; cherished malice, enmity, or dislike; ill will; an old cause of hatred or quarrel.
Esau had conceived a mortal grudge and eumity against hie brother Jacob.
The feeling may not be envy; it may not be imbittered by a grudge.
2. Slight symptom of disease. [Obs.]
Our shaken monarchy, that now lies . . . struggling againat the grudges of more dreaded calamities.
Syn. -- Pique; aversion; dislike; ill will; hatred; spite. See Pique.
Grudge"ful (?), a. Full of grudge; envious. Grudgeful discontent."
Grud"geons (?), Gur"geons (), n. pl. [Prob. from P. grugir to craunch; cf. D. gruizen to crush, grind, and E. grout.] Coarse meal. [Obs.]
Gruddg"er (?), n. One who grudges.
Grudg"ing*ly, adv. In a grudging manner.
Grudg"ing*ness, n. The state or quality of grudging, or of being full of grudge or unwillingness.
Gru"el (?), n. [OF. gruel, F. gruau; of German origin; cf. OHG. gruzzi groats, G. gr\'81tze, As. grut. See Grout.] A light, liquid food, made by boiling meal of maize, oatmeal, or fiour in water or milk; thin porridge.
Gru"el*ly, a. Like gruel; of the consistence of gruel.
Grue"some (?), a. Same as Grewsome. [Scot.]
Gruf (?), adv. [Cf. Grovel.] Forwards; with one's face to the ground. [Obs.]
They fellen gruf, and cryed piteously.
Gruff (?), a. [Compar. Gruffer (); superl. Gruffest.] [D. grof; akin to G. grob, OHG. gerob, grob, Dan. grov, Sw. grof, perh. akin to AS. rcófan to break, Z. reavc, rupture, g- standing for the AS. prefix ge-, Goth. ga-.] Of a rough or stern manner, voice, or countenance; sour; surly; severe; harsh.
Gruff, disagreeable, sarcastic remarks.
-- Gruff"ly, adv. -- Gruff"ness, n.
Gru"gru palm" (?). (Bot.) A West Indian name for several kinds of palm. See Macaw tree, under Macaw. [Written also grigri palm.]
Gru"gru worm" (?). (Zoöl.) The larva or grub of a large South American beetle (Calandra palmarum), which lives in the pith of palm trees and sugar cane. It is eaten by the natives, and esteemed a delicacy.
Grum (?), a. [Cf. Dan. grum furious, Sw. grym, AS. gram, and E. grim, and grumble. 35.]
1. Morose; severe of countenance; sour; surly; glum; grim. Nick looked sour and grum."
2. Low; deep in the throat; guttural; rumbling; as,
Grum"ble (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Grunbled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Grumbling (?).] [Cf. LG. grummeln, grumman, D. grommelen, grommen, and F. grommeler, of German origin; cf. W. grwm, murmur, grumble, surly. &root;35. Cf. Grum, Grim.]
1. To murmur or mutter with discontent; to make ill-natured complaints in a low voice and a surly manner.
L'Avare, not using half his store,
Still grumbles that he has no more.
2. To growl; to snarl in deep tones; as, a lion grumbling over his prey.
3. To rumble; to make a low, harsh, and heavy sound; to mutter; as, the distant thunder grumbles.
Grum"ble, v. t. To express or utter with grumbling.
1. The noise of one that grumbles.
2. A grumbling, discontented disposition.
A bad case of grumble.
Mrs. H. H. Jacksn.
Grum"bler (?), n. One who grumbles.
Grum"bling*ly, adv. In a grumbling manner.
Grume (?), n. [OF. grume, cf. F. grumeau a little heap, clot of blood, dim. fr. L. grumus.] A thick, viscid fluid; a clot, as of blood.
Grumb"ly (?), adv. In a grum manner.
Gru*mose" (?), a. (Bot.) Clustered in grains at intervals; grumous.
Gru"mous (?), a. [Cf. F. grumeleux. See Grume.]
1. Resembling or containing grume; thick; concreted; clotted; as, grumous blood.
2. (Bot.) See Grumose.
Gru"mous*ness, n. The state of being grumous.
gRUMPI*LY (?), ADV. In a surly manner; sullenly. [Colloq.]
gRUMPY (?), a. [Cf. Grumblle, and Grum.] Surly; dissatisfied; grouty. [Collog.]
Grun"del (?), n. [See Groundling.] (Zoöl.) A groundling (fish). [Prov. Eng.]
Grundsel (?), n. Grounsel. [Obs.]
Grunt (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Grunted; p. pr. & vb. n. Grunting.] [OE. grunten; akin to As. grunian, G. grunzen, Dan. grynte, Sw. grymta; all prob. of imitative; or perh. akin to E. groan.] To make a deep, short noise, as a hog; to utter a short groan or a deep guttural sound.
Who would fardels bear,
To grunt and sweat under a weary life.
Grunting ox (Zoöl.), the yak.