Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Gneissoid granite, granite in which the mica has traces of a regular arrangement. -- Graphic granite, granite consisting of quartz and feldspar without mica, and having the quartz crystals so arranged in the transverse section like oriental characters. -- Porphyritic granite, granite containing feldspar in distinct crystals. -- Hornblende granite, or Syenitic granite, granite containing hornblende as well as mica, or, according to some authorities hornblende replacing the mica. -- Granite ware. (a) A kind of stoneware. (b) A Kind of ironware, coated with an enamel resembling granite.
Gra*nit"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. granitique.]
1. Like granite in composition, color, etc.; having the nature of granite; as, granitic texture.
2. Consisting of granite; as, granitic mountains.
Gra*nit"ic*al (?), a. Granitic.
Gra*nit`i*fi*ca"tion (?), n. [Granite + L. -ficare (in comp.) to make. See -fy.] The act or the process of forming into granite.
Gra*nit"i*form (?), a. [Granite + -form.] (Geol.) Resembling granite in structure or shape.
Gran"i*toid (?), a. [Granite + -oid: cf. F. granito\'8bde.] Resembling granite in granular appearance; as, granitoid gneiss; a granitoid pavement.
Gra*niv"o*rous (?), a. [L. granum grain + vorare to devour: cf. F. granivore.] Eating grain; feeding or subsisting on seeds; as, granivorous birds.
not same as graminivorous? = feeding on grass or the seeds of grass. latter is for beasts. -->
Gran"nam (?), n. A grandam. [Colloq.]
Gran"ny (?), n. A grandmother; a grandam; familiarly, an old woman.
Granny's bend, ∨ Granny's knot (Naut.), a kind of insecure knot or hitch; a reef knot crossed the wrong way.
Gran`o*lith"ic (?), n. [L. granum a grain (or E. granite) + -lith + -ic.] A kind of hard artificial stone, used for pavements.
Grant (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Granted; p. pr. & vb. n. Granting.] [OE. graunten, granten, OF. graanter, craanter, creanter, to promise, yield, LL. creantare to promise, assure, for (assumed LL.) credentare to make believe, fr. L. credens, p. pr. of credere to believe. See Creed, Credit.]
1. To give over; to make conveyance of; to give the possession or title of; to convey; -- usually in answer to petition.
Grant me the place of this threshing floor.
1 Chrcn. xxi. 22.
2. To bestow or confer, with or without compensation, particularly in answer to prayer or request; to give.
Wherefore did God grant me my request.
3. To admit as true what is not yet satisfactorily proved; to yield belief to; to allow; to yield; to concede.
Grant that the Fates have firmed by their decree.
Syn.-- To give; confer; bestow; convey; transfer; admit; allow; concede. See Give.
Grant, v. i. To assent; to consent. [Obs.]
Grant, n. [OE. grant, graunt, OF. graant, creant, promise, assurance. See Grant, v. t.]
1. The act of granting; a bestowing or conferring; concession; allowance; permission.
2. The yielding or admission of something in dispute.
3. The thing or property granted; a gift; a boon.
4. (Law) A transfer of property by deed or writing; especially, au appropriation or conveyance made by the government; as, a grant of land or of money; also, the deed or writing by which the transfer is made.
&hand; Formerly, in English law, the term was specifically applied to transfrrs of incorporeal hereditaments, expectant estates, and letters patent from government and such is its present application in some of the United States. But now, in England the usual mode of transferring realty is by grant; and so, in some of the United States, the term grant is applied to conveyances of every kind of real property.
Grant"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being granted.
Gran*tee" (?), n. (Law) The person to whom a grant or conveyance is made.
His grace will not survive the poor grantee he despises.
Grant"er (?), n. One who grants.
Grant"or (?), n. (Law) The person by whom a grant or conveyance is made.
Gran"u*lar (?), a. [Cf. F. granulaire. See Granule.] Consisting of, or resembling, grains; as, a granular substance.
Granular limestone, crystalline limestone, or marble, having a granular structure.
Gran"u*lar*ly (?), adv. In a granular form.
Gran"u*la*ry (?), a. Granular.
Gran"u*late (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Granulated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Granulating (?).] [See Granule.]
1. To form into grains or small masses; as, to granulate powder, sugar, or metal.
2. To raise in granules or small asperities; to make rough on the surface.
Gran"u*late, v. i. To collect or be formed into grains; as, cane juice granulates into sugar.
Gran"u*late (?), Gran"u*la`ted (?), a.
1. Consisting of, or resembling, grains; crystallized in grains; granular; as, granulated sugar.
2. Having numerous small elevations, as shagreen.
Granulated steel, a variety of steel made by a particular process beginning with the granulation of pig iron.
Gran`u*la"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. granulation.]
1. The act or process of forming or crystallizing into grains; as, the granulation of powder and sugar.
2. The state of being granulated.
3. (Med.) (a) One of the small, red, grainlike prominences which form on a raw surface (that of wounds or ulcers), and are the efficient agents in the process of healing. (b) The act or process of the formation of such prominences.
Gran"ule (?), n. [L. granulum, dim. of granum grain: cf. F. granule. See Grain a kernel.] A little grain a small particle; a pellet.
Gran`u*lif"er*ous (?), a. [Granule + -ferous.] Full of granulations.
Gra*nu"li*form (?), a. [Granule + -form.] (Min.) Having a granular structure; granular; as, granuliform limestone.
Gran"u*lite (?), n. [From Granule.] (Geol.) A whitish, granular rock, consisting of feldspar and quartz intimately mixed; -- sometimes called whitestone, and leptynite.
Gran"u*lose` (?), n. [From Granule.] (Physiol. Chem.) The main constituent of the starch grain or granule, in distinction from the framework of cellulose. Unlike cellulose, it is colored blue by iodine, and is converted into dextrin and sugar by boiling acids and amylolytic ferments.
Gran"u*lous (?), a. [Cf. F. granuleux.] Full of grains; abounding with granular substances; granular.
Grape (?), n. [OF. grape, crape, bunch or cluster of grapes, F. grappe, akin to F. grappin grapnel, hook; fr. OHG. chrapfo hook, G. krapfen, akin to E. cramp. The sense seems to have come from the idea of clutching. Cf. Agraffe, Cramp, Grapnel, Grapple.]
1. (Bot.) A well-known edible berry growing in pendent clusters or bunches on the grapevine. The berries are smooth-skinned, have a juicy pulp, and are cultivated in great quantities for table use and for making wine and raisins.
2. (Bot.) The plant which bears this fruit; the grapevine.
3. (Man.) A mangy tumor on the leg of a horse.
4. (Mil.) Grapeshot.
Grape borer. (Zoöl.) See Vine borer. -- Grape curculio (Zoöl.), a minute black weevil (Craponius inæqualis) which in the larval state eats the interior of grapes. -- Grape flower, ∨ Grape hyacinth (Bot.), a liliaceous plant (Muscari racemosum) with small blue globular flowers in a dense raceme. -- Grape fungus (Bot.), a fungus (Oidium Tuckeri) on grapevines; vine mildew. -- Grape hopper (Zoöl.), a Small yellow and red hemipterous insect, often very injurious to the leaves of the grapevine. -- Grape moth (Zoöl.), a small moth (Eudemis botrana), which in the larval state eats the interior of grapes, and often binds them together with silk. -- Grape of a cannon, the cascabel or knob at the breech. -- Grape sugar. See Glucose. -- Grape worm (Zoöl.), the larva of the grape moth. -- Soar grapes, things which persons affect to despise because they can not possess them; -- in allusion to Grape fruit
Grape" fruit`. The shaddock.
Grape"less, a. Wanting grapes or the flavor of grapes.
Grap"er*y (?), n. A building or inclosure used for the cultivation of grapes.
Grape"shot` (?), n. (Mil.) A cluster, usually nine in number, of small iron balls, put together by means of cast-iron circular plates at top and bottom, with two rings, and a central connecting rod, in order to be used as a charge for a cannon. Formerly grapeshot were inclosed in canvas bags.
Grape"stone` (?), n. A seed of the grape.
Grape"vine` (?), n. (Bot.) A vine or climbing shrub, of the genus Vitis, having small green flowers and lobed leaves, and bearing the fruit called grapes.
&hand; The common grapevine of the Old World is Vitis vinifera, and is a native of Central Asia. Another variety is that yielding small seedless grapes commonly called Zante currants. The northern Fox grape of the United States is the V. Labrusca, from which, by cultivation, has come the Isabella variety. The southern Fox grape, or Muscadine, is the V. vulpina. The Frost grape is V. cordifolia, which has very fragrant flowers, and ripens after the early frosts.
-graph () [From Gr. gra`fein to write. See Graphic.] A suffix signifying something written, a writing; also, a writer; as autograph, crystograph, telegraph, photograph.
Graph"ic (?), Graph"ic*al (?), a. [L. graphicus, Gr. , fr. to write; cf. F. graphique. See Graft.]
1. Of or pertaining to the arts of painting and drawing.
2. Of or pertaining to the art of writing.
3. Written or engraved; formed of letters or lines.
The finger of God hath left an inscription upon all his works, not graphical, or composed of letters.
Sir T. Browne.
4. Well delineated; clearly and vividly described.
5. Having the faculty of, or characterized by, clear and impressive description; vivid; as, a gruphic writer.
Graphic algebra, a branch of algebra in which, the properties of equations are treated by the use of curves and straight lines. -- Graphic arts, a name given to those fine arts which pertain to the representation on a fiat surface of natural objects; as distinguished from music, etc., and also from sculpture. -- Graphic formula. (Chem.) See under Formula. -- Graphic granite. See under Granite. -- Graphic method, the method of scientific analysis or investigation, in which the relations or laws involved in tabular numbers are represented to the eye by means of curves or other figures; as the daily changes of weather by means of curves, the abscissas of which represent the hours of the day, and the ordinates the corresponding degrees of temperature. -- Graphical statics (Math.), a branch of statics, in which the magnitude, direction, and position of forces are represented by straight lines -- Graphic tellurium. See Sylvanite.>
Graph"ic*al*ly (?), adv. In a graphic manner; vividly.
Graph"ic*ness, Graph"ic*al*ness, n. The quality or state of being graphic.
Graph"ics (?), n. The art or the science of drawing; esp. of drawing according to mathematical rules, as in perspective, projection, and the like.
Graph"i*scope (?), n. See Graphoscope.
Graph"ite (?), n. [Gr. to write: cf. F. graphite. See Graphic.] (Min.) Native carbon in hexagonal crystals, also foliated or granular massive, of black color and metallic luster, and so soft as to leave a trace on paper. It is used for pencils (improperly called lead pencils), for crucibles, and as a lubricator, etc. Often called plumbago or black lead.
Graphite battery (Elec.), a voltaic battery consisting of zinc and carbon in sulphuric acid, or other exciting liquid.
Gra*phit"ic (?), a. Pertaining to, containing, derived from, or resembling, graphite.
Graphitic acid (Chem.), an organic acid, so called because obtained by the oxidation of graphite; -- usually called mellitic acid. -- Graphitic carbon, in iron or steel, that portion of the carbon which is present as graphite.
Graph"i*toid (?), Graph"i*toid"al (?), a. Resembling graphite or plumbago.
Graph"o*lite (?), n. [Gr. to write + -lite: cf. F. grapholithe.] Any species of slate suitable to be written on.
Gra*phol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. to write + -logy: cf. F. graphologie.] The art of judging of a person's character, disposition, and aptitude from his handwriting.
Graph"o*scope (?), n. [Gr. to write + -scope.] An optical instrument for magnifying engravings, photographs, etc., usually having one large lens and two smaller ones.
Graph"o*type (?), n. [Gr. to write + -type.] (Engraving) A process for producing a design upon a surface in relief so that it can be printed from. Prepared chalk or oxide of zinc is pressed upon a smooth plate by a hydraulic press, and the design is drawn upon this in a peculiar ink which hardens the surface wherever it is applied. The surface is then carefully rubbed or brushed, leaving the lines in relief.
-gra*phy (?). [Gr. , fr. write. See Graphic.] A suffix denoting the art of writing or describing; also, the writing or description itself; a treatise; as, calligraphy, biography, geography.
Grap"nel (?), n. [OE. grapenel, dim. fr. F. grappin the grapple of a ship; of German origin. See Grape.] (Naut.) A small anchor, with four or five flukes or claws, used to hold boats or small vessels; hence, any instrument designed to grapple or hold; a grappling iron; a grab; -- written also grapline, and crapnel.
Grap"ple (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Grappled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Grappling (?).] [F. grappiller, OF. graypil the grapple of a ship, fr. graper to pluck, prop., to seize, clutch; of German origin. See Grape.]
1. To seize; to lay fast hold of; to attack at close quarters: as, to grapple an antagonist.
2. To fasten, as with a grapple; to fix; to join indissolubly.
The gallies were grappled to the Centurion.
Grapple them to thy soul with hoops of steel.
Grap"ple, v. i. To use a grapple; to contend in close fight; to attach one's self as if by a grapple, as in wrestling; to close; to seize one another.
To grapple with, to enter into contest with, resolutely and courageously.
And in my standard bear the arms of York,
To grapple with the house of Lancaster.
Grap"ple, n. [See Grapple, v. t., and cf. Crapple.]
1. A seizing or seizure; close hug in contest; the wrestler's hold.
2. (a) An instrument, usually with hinged claws, for seizing and holding fast to an object; a grab. (b) (Naut.) A grappling iron.
The iron hooks and grapples keen.
Grapple plant (Bot.), a South African herb (Herpagophytum leptocarpum) having the woody fruits armed with long hooked or barbed thorns by which they adhere to cattle, causing intense annoyance. -- Grapple shot (Life-saving Service), a projectile, to which are attached hinged claws to catch in a ship's rigging or to hold in the ground; -- called also anchor shot.
Grapple*ment (?), n. A grappling; close fight or embrace. [Obs.]