Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Gloss (?), v. t.
1. To render clear and evident by comments; to illustrate; to explain; to annotate.
2. To give a specious appearance to; to render specious and plausible; to palliate by specious explanation.
You have the art to gloss the foulest cause.
Gloss (?), v. i.
1. To make comments; to comment; to explain.
2. To make sly remarks, or insinuations.
Glos"sa (?), n.; pl. Gloss (#). [NL., fr. Gr. the tongue.] (Zoöl.) The tongue, or lingua, of an insect. See Hymenoptera.
Glos"sal (?), a. Of or pertaining to the tongue; lingual.
Glos*san"thrax (?), n. [Gr. tongue + E. anthrax: cf. F. glossanthrax.] A disease of horses and cattle accompanied by carbuncles in the mouth and on the tongue.
Glos*sa"ri*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to glosses or to a glossary; containing a glossary.
Glos*sa"ri*al*ly, adv. In the manner of a glossary.
Glos"sa*rist (?), n. A writer of glosses or of a glossary; a commentator; a scholiast.
Glos"sa*ry (?), n.; pl. Gossaries (#). [L. glossarium, fr. glossa: cf. F. glossaire. See 3d Gloss.] A collection of glosses or explanations of words and passages of a work or author; a partial dictionary of a work, an author, a dialect, art, or science, explaining archaic, technical, or other uncommon words.
Glos*sa"ta (?), n. pl. [NL. See Glossa.] (Zoöl.) The Lepidoptera.
Glos*sa"tor (?), n. [LL. See 3d Gloss.] A writer of glosses or comments; a commentator. [R.] The . . . glossators of Aristotle."
Gloss"er (?), n. [See lst Gloss.] A polisher; one who gives a luster.
Gloss"er, n. [See 3d Gloss.] A writer of glosses; a scholiast; a commentator.
Glos"sic (?), n. [L. glossa a word requiring a gloss. See 3d Gloss.] A system of phonetic spelling based upon the present values of English letters, but invariably using one symbol to represent one sound only.
Ingglish Glosik konvaiz hwotever proanusiaishon iz intended bei dhi reiter.
A. J. Ellis.
Gloss"i*ly (?), adv. In a glossy manner.
Gloss"i*ness, n. [From Glossy.] The condition or quality of being glossy; the luster or brightness of a smooth surface.
Gloss"ist, n. A writer of comments. [Obs.]
Glos*si"tis (?), n. [NL., from Gr. tongue + -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the tongue.
Gloss"ly (?), adv. Like gloss; specious.
Glos*soc"o*mon (?), n.[NL., fr. Gr. a kind of case.] A kind of hoisting winch.
Glos`so*ep`i*glot"tic (?), a. [Gr. tongue + E. epiglottic.] (Anat.) Pertaining to both tongue and epiglottis; as, glossoepiglottic folds.
Glos"sog"ra*pher (?), n. [Gr. ; tongue + to write. See 3d Gloss.] A writer of a glossary; a commentator; a scholiast.
Glos`so*graph"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to glossography.
Glos"sog"ra*phy (?), n. [See Glossographer.] The writing of glossaries, glosses, or comments for illustrating an author.
Glos`so*hy"al (?), a. [Gr. the tongue + the letter .] (Anat.) Pertaining to both the hyoidean arch and the tongue; -- applied to the anterior segment of the hyoidean arch in many fishes. -- n. The glossohyal bone or cartilage; lingual bone; entoglossal bone.
Glos`so*la"li*a (?), Glos*sol"a*ly (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. tongue + talk: cf. F. glossolalie.] The gift of tongues. Farrar.
Glos`so*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to glossology.
Glas*sol"o*gist (?), n. One who defines and explains terms; one who is versed in glossology.
Glos*sol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. tongue + -logy: cf. F. glossologie. See 3d Gloss.]
1. The definition and explanation of terms; a glossary.
2. The science of language; comparative philology; linguistics; glottology.
Glos`so*phar`yn*ge"al (?), a. [Gr. the tongue + E. pharyngeal.] (Anat.) Pertaining to both the tongue and the pharynx; -- applied especially to the ninth pair of cranial nerves, which are distributed to the pharynx and tongue. -- n. One of the glossopharyngeal nerves.
Gloss"y (?), a. [Compar. Glossier (?); superl. Glossiest.] [See Gloss luster.]
1. Smooth and shining; reflecting luster from a smooth surface; highly polished; lustrous; as, glossy silk; a glossy surface.
2. Smooth; specious; plausible; as, glossy deceit.
Glost" ov`en (?). An oven in which glazed pottery is fired; -- also called glaze kiln, or glaze.
Glot"tal (?), a. Of or pertaining to, or produced by, the glottis; glottic.
Glottal catch, an effect produced upon the breath or voice by a sudden opening or closing of the glotts. Sweet.
Glot"tic (?), Glot*tid"e*an (?), a. Of or pertaining to the glottis; glottal.
Glot"tis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. , , from , , the tongue. See Gloss an explanatory remark.] (Anat.) The opening from the pharynx into the larynx or into the trachea. See Larynx.
Glot`to*log"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to glottology.
Glot*tol"o*gist (?), n. A linguist; a philologist.
Glot*tol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. , , the tongue + -logy.] The science of tongues or languages; comparative philology; glossology.
Glout (?), v. i. [Scot. Cf. Gloat.] To pout; to look sullen. [Obs.]
Glout (?), v. t. To view attentively; to gloat on; to stare at. [Obs.]
Glove (?), n. [OE. glove, glofe, AS. glf; akin to Icel. glfi, cf. Goth. lfa palm of the hand, Icel. lfi.]
1. A cover for the hand, or for the hand and wrist, with a separate sheath for each finder. The latter characteristic distinguishes the glove from the mitten.
2. A boxing glove.
Boxing glove. See under Boxing. -- Glove fight, a pugilistic contest in wich the fighters wear boxing gloves. -- Glove money ∨ silver. (a) A tip or gratuity to servants, professedly to buy gloves with. (b) (Eng. Law.) A reward given to officers of courts; also, a fee given by the sheriff of a country to the clerk of assize and judge's officers, when there are no offenders to be executed. -- Glove sponge (Zoöl.), a fine and soft variety of commercial sponges (Spongia officinalis). -- To be hand and glove with, to be intimately associated or on good terms with. Hand and glove with traitors." J. H. Newman. -- To handle without gloves,<-- with the gloves off, to take the gloves off --> to treat without reserve or tenderness; to deal roughly with. [Colloq.] -- To take up the glove, to accept a challenge or adopt a quarrel. -- To throw down the glove, to challenge to combat.
Glove, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Gloved (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Gloving.] To cover with, or as with, a glove.
Glov"er (?), n. One whose trade it is to make or sell gloves.
Glover's suture ∨ stitch, a kind of stitch used in sewing up wounds, in which the thread is drawn alternately through each side from within outward.
Glow (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Glowed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Glowing.] [AS. glwan; akin to D. gloeijen, OHG. gluoen, G. gl\'81hen, Icel. gla, Dan. gloende glowing. . Cf. Gloom.]
1. To shine with an intense or white heat; to give forth vivid light and heat; to be incandenscent.
Glows in the stars, and blossoms in the trees.
2. To exhibit a strong, bright color; to be brilliant, as if with heat; to be bright or red with heat or animation, with blushes, etc.
Clad in a gown that glows with Tyrian rays.
And glow with shame of your proceedings.
3. To feel hot; to have a burning sensation, as of the skin, from friction, exercise, etc.; to burn.
Did not his temples glow
In the same sultry winds and acrching heats?
The cord slides swiftly through his glowing hands.
4. To feel the heat of passion; to be animated, as by intense love, zeal, anger, etc.; to rage, as passior; as, the heart glows with love, zeal, or patriotism.
With pride it mounts, and with revenge it glows.
Burns with one love, with one resentment glows.
Glow, v. t. To make hot; to flush. [Poetic]
Fans, whose wind did seem
To glow the delicate cheeks which they did cool.
1. White or red heat; incandscence.
2. Brightness or warmth of color; redness; a rosy flush; as, the glow of health in the cheeks.
3. Intense excitement or earnestness; vehemence or heat of passion; ardor.
The red glow of scorn.
4. Heat of body; a sensation of warmth, as that produced by exercise, etc.
Glow"bard (?), n. [See Globard.] The glowworm. [Obs.]
Glow"er (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Glowered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Glowering.] [Cf. Gloar.] to look intently; to stare angrily or with a scowl.
Glow"ing*ly (?), adv. In a glowing manner; with ardent heat or passion.
Glow"lamp` (?), n.
1. (Chem.) An aphlogistic lamp. See Aphlogistic.
2. (Elect.) An incandescent lamp. See Incandescent, a.
Glow"worm` (?), n. (Zoöl.) A coleopterous insect of the genus Lampyris; esp., the wingless females and larvæ of the two European species (L. noctiluca, and L. splendidula), which emit light from some of the abdominal segments.
Like a glowworm in the night,
The which hath fire in darkness, none in light.
&hand; The male is winged, and is supposed to be attracted by the light of the female. In America, the luminous larvæ of several species of fireflies and fire beetles are called glowworms. Both sexes of these are winged when mature. See Firefly.
Glox*in"i*a (?), n. [NL.] (Bot.) American genus of herbaceous plants with very handsome bell-shaped blossoms; -- named after B. P. Gloxin, a German botanist.
Gloze (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Glozed(?); p. pr. & vb. n. Glozing.] [OE. glosen, F. gloser. See gloss explanation.]
1. To flatter; to wheedle; to fawn; to talk smoothly.
A false, glozing parasite.
So glozed the tempter, and his proem tuned.
2. To give a specious or false meaning; to ministerpret.
Gloze, v. t. To smooth over; to palliate.
By glozing the evil that is in the world.
1. Flattery; adulation; smooth speech.
Now to plain dealing; lay these glozes by.
2. Specious show; gloss. [Obs.]
Sir P. Sidney.
Gloz"er (?), n. A flatterer. [Obs.]
Glu"cic (?), a. [Gr. sweet.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, sugar; as, glucic acid.
Glu*ci"na (?), n. [Cf. F. glycine, glucine. So called because it forms sweet salts. See Glucinum.] (Chem.) A white or gray tasteless powder, the oxide of the element glucinum; -- formerly called glucine.
Glu*cin"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, glucinum; as, glucinic oxide.
Glu*ci"num (?), n. [Cf. F. glucinium, glycium, fr. Gr. , sweet. Cf. Glycerin.] (Chem.) A rare metallic element, of a silver white color, and low specific gravity (2.1), resembling magnesium. It never occurs naturally in the free state, but is always combined, usually with silica or alumina, or both; as in the minerals phenacite, chrysoberyl, beryl or emerald, euclase, and danalite. It was named from its oxide glucina, which was known long before the element was isolated. Symbol Gl. Atomic weight 9.1. Called also beryllium. [Formerly written also glucinium.]<-- modern name Beryllium, symbol Be -->
Glu"co*gen (?), n. [R.] See Glycogen.
Glu`co*gen"e*sis (?), n. Glycogenesis. [R.]
Glu*con"ic (?), a. Pertaining to, or derived from, glucose.
Gluconic acid (Chem.), an organic acid, obtained as a colorless, sirupy liquid, by the oxidation of glucose; -- called also maltonic acid, and dextronic acid.
Glu"cose` (?), n. [Gr. sweet. Cf. Glycerin.]
1. A variety of sugar occurring in nature very abundantly, as in ripe grapes, and in honey, and produced in great quantities from starch, etc., by the action of heat and acids. It is only about half as sweet as cane sugar. Called also dextrose, grape sugar, diabetic sugar, and starch sugar. See Dextrose.
2. (Chem.) Any one of a large class of sugars, isometric with glucose proper, and including levulose, galactose, etc.<-- ?Now only one is called glucose -- when did this usage diappear? = hexose-->
3. The trade name of a sirup, obtained as an uncrystallizable reside in the manufacture of glucose proper, and containing, in addition to some dextrose or glucose, also maltose, dextrin, etc. It is used as a cheap adulterant of sirups, beers, etc.
Glu"co*side (?), n. [See Glucose.] (Chem.) One of a large series of amorphous or crystalline substances, occurring very widely distributed in plants, rarely in animals, and regarded as influental agents in the formation and disposition of the sugars. They are frequently of a bitter taste, but, by the action of ferments, or of dilute acids and alkalies, always break down into some characteristic substance (acid, aldehyde, alcohol, phenole, or alkaloid) and glucose (or some other sugar); hence the name. They are of the nature of complex and compound ethers, and ethereal salts of the sugar carbohydrates.
Glu`co*su"ri*a (?), n. [NL., fr. E. glucose + Gr. urine.] (Med.) A condition in which glucose is discharged in the urine; diabetes mellitus.
Glue (?), n. [F. glu, L. glus, akin to gluten, from gluere to draw together. Cf. Gluten.] A hard brittle brownish gelatin, obtained by boiling to a jelly the skins, hoofs, etc., of animals. When gently heated with water, it becomes viscid and tenaceous, and is used as a cement for uniting substances. The name is also given to other adhesive or viscous substances.
Bee glue. See under Bee. -- Fish glue, a strong kind of glue obtained from fish skins and bladders; isinglass. -- Glue plant (Bot.), a fucoid seaweed (Gloiopeltis tenax). -- Liquid glue, a fluid preparation of glue and acetic acid oralcohol. -- Marine glue, a solution of caoutchouc in naphtha, with shellac, used in shipbuilding.
Glue, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Glued (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Gluing.] [F. gluer. See Glue, n.] To join with glue or a viscous substance; to cause to stick or hold fast, as if with glue; to fix or fasten.
This cold, congealed blood
That glues my lips, and will not let me speak.
Glue"pot` (?), n. A utensil for melting glue, consisting of an inner pot holding the glue, immersed in an outer one containing water which is heated to soften the glue.
Glu"er (?), n. One who cements with glue.
Glu"ey (?), a. Viscous; glutinous; of the nature of, or like, glue.
Glu"ey*ness, n. Viscidity.
Glu"ish, a. Somewhat gluey.
Glum (?), n. [See Gloom.] Sullenness. [Obs.]
Glum, a. Moody; silent; sullen.
I frighten people by my glun face.
Glum, v. i. To look sullen; to be of a sour countenance; to be glum. [Obs.]
Glu*ma"ceous (?), a. [Cf. F. glumancé. See Glume.] Having glumes; consisting of glumes.
Glu"mal (?), a. (Bot.) Characterized by a glume, or having the nature of a glume.
Glume (?), n. [L. gluma hull, husk, fr. glubere to bark or peel: cf. F. glume or gloume.] (Bot.) The bracteal covering of the flowers or seeds of grain and grasses; esp., an outer husk or bract of a spikelt.
Glu*mel"la (?), Glu"melle (?), n. [F. glumelle, dim. of glume.] (Bot.) One of the pelets or inner chaffy scales of the flowers or spikelets of grasses.
Glum"ly (?), adv. In a glum manner; sullenly; moodily.
Glum"my (?), a. [See Gloom.] dark; gloomy; dismal. [Obs.]
Glum"ness, n. Moodiness; sullenness.
Glump (?), v. i. [See Glum.] To manifest sullenness; to sulk. [Colloq.]