Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Game (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Gamed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Gaming.] [OE. gamen, gameen, to rejoice, AS. gamenian to play. See Game, n.]
1. To rejoice; to be pleased; -- often used, in Old English, impersonally with dative. [Obs.]
God loved he best with all his whole hearte
At alle times, though him gamed or smarte.
2. To play at any sport or diversion.
3. To play for a stake or prize; to use cards, dice, billiards, or other instruments, according to certain rules, with a view to win money or other thing waged upon the issue of the contest; to gamble.
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Game"cock` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The male game fowl.
Game" fowl` (?). (Zoöl.) A handsome breed of the common fowl, remarkable for the great courage and pugnacity of the males.
Game"ful (?), a. Full of game or games.
Game"keep`er (?), n. One who has the care of game, especially in a park or preserve.
Game"less, a. Destitute of game.
Game"ly, adv. In a plucky manner; spiritedly.
Game"ness, n. Endurance; pluck.
Game"some (?), a. Gay; sportive; playful; frolicsome; merry.
Gladness of the gamesome crowd.
-- Game"some*ly, adv. -- Game"some*ness, n.
Game"ster (?), n. [Game + -ster.]
1. A merry, frolicsome person. [Obs.]
2. A person who plays at games; esp., one accustomed to play for a stake; a gambler; one skilled in games.
When lenity and cruelty play for a kingdom, the gentlest gamester is the soonest winner.
3. A prostitute; a strumpet. [Obs.]
Gam"ic (?), a. [Gr. marriage.] (Biol.) Pertaining to, or resulting from, sexual connection; formed by the union of the male and female elements.
Gam"in (?), n. [F.] A neglected and untrained city boy; a young street Arab.
In Japan, the gamins run after you, and say, 'Look at the Chinaman.'
Gam"ing (?), n. The act or practice of playing games for stakes or wagers; gambling.
Gam"ma (?), n. The third letter (, = Eng. G) of the Greek alphabet.
Gam*ma"di*on (?), n. A cross formed of four capital gammas, formerly used as a mysterious ornament on ecclesiastical vestments, etc. See Fylfot.
Gam"mer (?), n. [Possibly contr. fr. godmother; but prob. fr. grammer for grandmother. Cf. Gaffer.] An old wife; an old woman; -- correlative of gaffer, an old man.
Gam"mon (?), n. [OF. gambon, F. jambon, fr. OF. gambe leg, F. jambe. See Gambol, n., and cf. Ham.] The buttock or tight of a hog, salted and smoked or dried; the lower end of a flitch.
Gam"mon, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Gameed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Gameing.] To make bacon of; to salt and dry in smoke.
Gam"mon, n. [See 2d Game.]
2. An imposition or hoax; humbug. [Colloq.]
Gam"mon, v. t.
1. To beat in the game of backgammon, before an antagonist has been able to get his men" or counters home and withdraw any of them from the board; as, to gammon a person.
2. To impose on; to hoax; to cajole. [Colloq.]
Gam"mon, v. t. [Etymol. unknown.] (Naut.) To fasten (a bowsprit) to the stem of a vessel by lashings of rope or chain, or by a band of iron.
Gam"mon*ing, n. [From 5th Gammon.] (Naut.) The lashing or iron band by which the bowsprit of a vessel is secured to the stem to opposite the lifting action of the forestays.
Gammoning fashion, in the style of gammoning lashing, that is, having the turns of rope crossed. -- Gammoning hole (Naut.), a hole cut through the knee of the head of a vessel for the purpose of gammoning the bowsprit.
Gam"mon*ing, n. [From 4th Gammon.] The act of imposing upon or hoaxing a person. [Colloq.]
Gam`o*gen"e*sis (?), n. [Gr. marriage + E. genesis.] (Biol.) The production of offspring by the union of parents of different sexes; sexual reproduction; -- the opposite of agamogenesis.
Gam`o*ge*net"ic (?), a. (Biol.) Relating to gamogenesis. -- Gam`o*ge*net"ic*al*ly, adv.
Gam`o*mor"phism (?), n. [Gr. marriage + form, shape.] (Biol.) That stage of growth or development in an organism, in which the reproductive elements are generated and matured in preparation for propagating the species.
Gam`o*pet"al*ous (?), a. [Gr. marriage + E. petalous: cf. F. gamopétale.] (Bot.) Having the petals united or joined so as to form a tube or cup; monopetalous.
Ga*moph"yl*lous (?), a. [Gr. marriage + leaf.] (Bot.) Composed of leaves united by their edges (coalescent).
Gam`o*sep"al*ous (?), a. [Gr. marriage + E. sepal.] (Bot.) Formed of united sepals; monosepalous.
Gam"ut (?), n. [F. gamme + ut the name of a musical note. F. gamme is fr. the name of the Greek letter , which was used by Guido d'Arezzo to represent the first note of his model scale. See Gamma, and Ut.] (Mus.) The scale.
Gam"y (?), a.
1. (Cookery) Having the flavor of game, esp. of game kept uncooked till near the condition of tainting; high-flavored.
2. (Sporting) Showing an unyielding spirit to the last; plucky; furnishing sport; as, a gamy trout.
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Gan (?), imp. &of; Gin. [See Gin, v.] Began; commenced.
&hand; Gan was formerly used with the infinitive to form compound imperfects, as did is now employed. Gan regularly denotes the singular; the plural is usually denoted by gunne or gonne.
This man gan fall (i.e., fell) in great suspicion.
The little coines to their play gunne hie (i.e., hied).
Later writers use gan both for singular and plural.
Yet at her speech their rages gan relent.
Ganch (?), v. t. [Cf. F. ganche, n., also Sp. & Pg. gancho hook, It. gancio.] To drop from a high place upon sharp stakes or hooks, as the Turks dropped malefactors, by way of punishment.
Ganching, which is to let fall from on high upon hooks, and there to hang until they die.
Gan"der (?), n. [AS. gandra, ganra, akin to Prov. G. gander, ganter, and E. goose, gannet. See Goose.] The male of any species of goose.
Gane (?), v. i. [See Yawn.] To yawn; to gape. [Obs.]
Ga*ne"sa (?), n. (Hind. Myth.) The Hindoo god of wisdom or prudence.
&hand; He is represented as a short, fat, red-colored man, with a large belly and the head of an elephant.
Gang (?), v. i. [AS. gangan, akin to OS. & OHG. gangan, Icel. ganga, Goth. gaggan; cf. Lith. engti to walk, Skr. jagha leg. &root;48. CF. Go.] To go; to walk.
&hand; Obsolete in English literature, but still used in the North of England, and also in Scotland.
Gang, n. [Icel. gangr a going, gang, akin to AS., D., G., & Dan. gang a going, Goth. gaggs street, way. See Gang, v. i.]
1. A going; a course. [Obs.]
2. A number going in company; hence, a company, or a number of persons associated for a particular purpose; a group of laborers under one foreman; a squad; as, a gang of sailors; a chain gang; a gang of thieves.
3. A combination of similar implements arranged so as, by acting together, to save time or labor; a set; as, a gang of saws, or of plows.
4. (Naut.) A set; all required for an outfit; as, a new gang of stays.
5. [Cf. Gangue.] (Mining) The mineral substance which incloses a vein; a matrix; a gangue.
Gang board, ∨ Gang plank. (Naut.) (a) A board or plank, with cleats for steps, forming a bridge by which to enter or leave a vessel. (b) A plank within or without the bulwarks of a vessel's waist, for the sentinel to walk on. -- Gang cask, a small cask in which to bring water aboard ships or in which it is kept on deck. -- Gang cultivator, Gang plow, a cultivator or plow in which several shares are attached to one frame, so as to make two or more furrows at the same time. -- Gang days, Rogation days; the time of perambulating parishes. See Gang week (below). -- Gang drill, a drilling machine having a number of drills driven from a common shaft. -- Gang master, a master or employer of a gang of workmen. -- Gang plank. See Gang board (above). -- Gang plow. See Gang cultivator (above). -- Gang press, a press for operating upon a pile or row of objects separated by intervening plates. -- Gang saw, a saw fitted to be one of a combination or gang of saws hung together in a frame or sash, and set at fixed distances apart. -- Gang tide. See Gang week (below). -- Gang tooth, a projecting tooth. [Obs.] Halliwell. -- Gang week, Rogation week, when formerly processions were made to survey the bounds of parishes. Halliwell. -- Live gang, ∨ Round gang, the Western and the Eastern names, respectively, for a gang of saws for cutting the round log into boards at one operation. Knight. -- Slabbing gang, an arrangement of saws which cuts slabs from two sides of a log, leaving the middle part as a thick beam.
Gang"er (?), n. One who oversees a gang of workmen. [R.]
Gan*get"ic (?), a. Pertaining to, or inhabiting, the Ganges; as, the Gangetic shark.
Gang"-flow`er (?), n. (Bot.) The common English milkwort (Polygala vulgaris), so called from blossoming in gang week.
Gan"gion (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] A short line attached to a trawl. See Trawl, n.
Gan"gli*ac (?), Gan"gli*al (?), a. (Anat.) Relating to a ganglion; ganglionic.
Gan"gli*ate (?), Gan"gli*a`ted (?), a. (Anat.) Furnished with ganglia; as, the gangliated cords of the sympathetic nervous system.
Gan"gli*form` (?), Gan"gli*o*form` (?), a. [Ganglion + -form.] (Anat.) Having the form of a ganglion.
Gan"gli*on (?), n.; pl. L. Ganglia (#), E. Ganglions (#). [L. ganglion a sort of swelling or excrescence, a tumor under the skin, Gr. : cf. F. ganglion.]
1. (Anat.) (a) A mass or knot of nervous matter, including nerve cells, usually forming an enlargement in the course of a nerve. (b) A node, or gland in the lymphatic system; as, a lymphatic ganglion.
2. (Med.) A globular, hard, indolent tumor, situated somewhere on a tendon, and commonly formed by the effusion of a viscid fluid into it; -- called also weeping sinew.
Ganglion cell, a nerve cell. See Illust. under Bipolar.
Gan"gli*on*a*ry (?), a. [Cf. F. ganglionnarie.] (Anat.) Ganglionic.
Gan`gli*on"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. ganglionique.] (Anat.) Pertaining to, containing, or consisting of, ganglia or ganglion cells; as, a ganglionic artery; the ganglionic columns of the spinal cord.
Gan"grel (?), a. [Cf. Gang, v. i.] Wandering; vagrant. [Scot.]
Sir W. Scott.
Gan"gre*nate (?), v. t. To gangrene. [Obs.]
Gan"grene (?), n. [F. gangr\'8ane, L. gangraena, fr. Gr. , fr. to gnaw, eat; cf. Skr. gras, gar, to devour, and E. voracious, also canker, n., in sense 3.] (Med.) A term formerly restricted to mortification of the soft tissues which has not advanced so far as to produce complete loss of vitality; but now applied to mortification of the soft parts in any stage.
Gan"grene, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Gangrened (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Gangrening.] [Cf. F. gangréner.] To produce gangrene in; to be affected with gangrene.
Gan`gre*nes"cent (?), a. Tending to mortification or gangrene.
Gan"gre*nous (?), a. [Cf. F. gangréneux.] Affected by, or produced by, gangrene; of the nature of gangrene.
Gangue (?), n. [F. gangue, fr. G. gang a metallic vein, a passage. See Gang, n.] (Mining) The mineral or earthy substance associated with metallic ore.
Gang"way` (?), n. [See Gang, v. i.]
1. A passage or way into or out of any inclosed place; esp., a temporary way of access formed of planks.
2. In the English House of Commons, a narrow aisle across the house, below which sit those who do not vote steadly either with the government or with the opposition.
3. (Naut.) The opening through the bulwarks of a vessel by which persons enter or leave it.
4. (Naut.) That part of the spar deck of a vessel on each side of the booms, from the quarter-deck to the forecastle; -- more properly termed the waist.
Gangway ladder, a ladder rigged on the side of a vessel at the gangway. -- To bring to the gangway, to punish (a seaman) by flogging him at the gangway.
Gan"il (?), n. [F.] A kind of brittle limestone. [Prov. Eng.]
Gan"is*ter (?), Gan"nis*ter, n. (Mech.) A refractory material consisting of crushed or ground siliceous stone, mixed with fire clay; -- used for lining Bessemer converters; also used for macadamizing roads.
Gan"ja (?), n. [Hind. gānjhā.] The dried hemp plant, used in India for smoking. It is extremely narcotic and intoxicating.<-- marijuana, hashish -->
Gan"net (?), n. [OE. gant, AS. ganet, ganot, a sea fowl, a fen duck; akin to D. gent gander, OHG. ganazzo. See Gander, Goose.] (Zoöl.) One of several species of sea birds of the genus Sula, allied to the pelicans.
&hand; The common gannet of Europe and America (S. bassana), is also called solan goose, chandel goose, and gentleman. In Florida the wood ibis is commonly called gannet.
Booby gannet. See Sula.
Gan`o*ceph"a*la (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. brightness + head.] (Paleon.) A group of fossil amphibians allied to the labyrinthodonts, having the head defended by bony, sculptured plates, as in some ganoid fishes.
Gan`o*ceph"a*lous (?), a. (Paleon.) Of or pertaining to the Ganocephala.
Ga"noid (?), a. [Gr. brightness + -oid.] (Zoöl.) Of or pertaining to Ganoidei. -- n. One of the Ganoidei.
Ganoid scale (Zoöl.), one kind of scales of the ganoid fishes, composed of an inner layer of bone, and an outer layer of shining enamel. They are often so arranged as to form a coat of mail.
Ga*noid"al (?), a. (Zoöl.) Ganoid.
Ga*noi"de*i (?), n. pl. [NL. See Ganoid.] (Zoöl.) One of the subclasses of fishes. They have an arterial cone and bulb, spiral intestinal valve, and the optic nerves united by a chiasma. Many of the species are covered with bony plates, or with ganoid scales; others have cycloid scales.
&hand; They were numerous, and some of them of large size, in early geological periods; but they are represented by comparatively few living species, most of which inhabit fresh waters, as the bowfin, gar pike, bichir, Ceratodus, paddle fish, and sturgeon.
Ga*noid"i*an (?), a. & n. (Zoöl.) Ganoid.
Ga"no*ine (?), n. (Zoöl.) A peculiar bony tissue beneath the enamel of a ganoid scale.
Gan"sa (?), n. Same as Ganza.
Gant"let (?), n. [Gantlet is corrupted fr. gantlope; gantlope is for gatelope, Sw. gatlopp, orig., a running down a lane; gata street, lane + lopp course, career, akin to löpa to run. See Gate a way, and Leap.] A military punishment formerly in use, wherein the offender was made to run between two files of men facing one another, who struck him as he passed.
To run the gantlet, to suffer the punishment of the gantlet; hence, to go through the ordeal of severe criticism or controversy, or ill-treatment at many hands.
Winthrop ran the gantlet of daily slights.
&hand; Written also, but less properly, gauntlet.
Gant"let, n. A glove. See Gauntlet.
Gant"line` (?), n. A line rigged to a mast; -- used in hoisting rigging; a girtline.