Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
he had fire in his temper.Atterbury.
Liveliness of imagination or fancy; intellectual and moral enthusiasm; capacity for ardor and zeal.And bless their critic with a poet's fire.Pope.
Splendor; brilliancy; luster; hence, a star.Stars, hide your fires.Shak.As in a zodiacrepresenting the heavenly fires.Milton.
Torture by burning; severe trial or affliction.
The discharge of firearms; firing; as, the troops were exposed to a heavy. fire Blue fire, Red fire, Green fire (Pyrotech.), compositions of various combustible substances, as sulphur, niter, lampblack, etc., the flames of which are colored by various metallic salts, as those of antimony, strontium, barium, etc. -- Fire alarm (a)A signal given on the breaking out of a fire. (b)An apparatus for giving such an alarm. -- Fire annihilator, a machine, device, or preparation to be kept at hand for extinguishing fire by smothering it with some incombustible vapor or gas, as carbonic acid. -- Fire balloon. (a)A balloon raised in the air by the buoyancy of air heated by a fire placed in the lower part<-- = hot-air balloon -->. (b)A balloon sent up at night with fireworks which ignite at a regulated height. Simmonds. -- Fire bar, a grate bar. -- Fire basket, a portable grate; a cresset. Knight. -- Fire beetle. (Zoöl.)See in the Vocabulary. -- Fire blast, a disease of plants which causes them to appear as if burnt by fire. -- Fire box, the chamber of a furnace, steam boiler, etc., for the fire. -- Fire brick, a refractory brick, capable of sustaining intense heat without fusion, usually made of fire clay or of siliceous material, with some cementing substance, and used for lining fire boxes, etc. -- Fire brigade, an organized body of men for extinguished fires. -- Fire bucket. See under Bucket. -- Fire bug, an incendiary; one who, from malice or through mania, persistently sets fire to property; a pyromaniac. [U.S.] -- Fire clay. See under Clay. -- Fire company, a company of men managing an engine in extinguishing fires. -- Fire cross. See Fiery cross. [Obs.] Milton. -- Fire damp. See under Damp. -- Fire dog. See Firedog, in the Vocabulary. -- Fire drill. (a)A series of evolutions performed by fireman for practice. (b)An apparatus for producing fire by friction, by rapidly twirling a wooden pin in a wooden socket; -- used by the Hindoos during all historic time, and by many savage peoples. -- Fire eater. (a)A juggler who pretends to eat fire. (b)A quarrelsome person who seeks affrays; a hotspur. [Colloq.] -- Fire engine, a portable forcing pump, usually on wheels, for throwing water to extinguish fire. -- Fire escape, a contrivance for facilitating escape from burning buildings. -- Fire gilding (Fine Arts), a mode of gilding with an amalgam of gold and quicksilver, the latter metal being driven off afterward by heat. -- Fire gilt (Fine Arts), gold laid on by the process of fire gilding. -- Fire insurance, the act or system of insuring against fire; also, a contract by which an insurance company undertakes, in consideration of the payment of a premium or small percentage -- usually made periodically -- to indemnify an owner of property from loss by fire during a specified period. -- Fire irons, utensils for a fireplace or grate, as tongs, poker, and shovel. -- Fire main, a pipe for water, to be used in putting out fire. -- Fire master (Mil), an artillery officer who formerly supervised the composition of fireworks. -- Fire office, an office at which to effect insurance against fire. -- Fire opal, a variety of opal giving firelike reflections. -- Fire ordeal, an ancient mode of trial, in which the test was the ability of the accused to handle or tread upon red-hot irons. Abbot. -- Fire pan, a pan for holding or conveying fire, especially the receptacle for the priming of a gun. -- Fire plug, a plug or hydrant for drawing water from the main pipes in a street, building, etc., for extinguishing fires. -- Fire policy, the writing or instrument expressing the contract of insurance against loss by fire. -- Fire pot. (a) (Mil.)A small earthen pot filled with combustibles, formerly used as a missile in war. (b)The cast iron vessel which holds the fuel or fire in a furnace. (c)A crucible. (d)A solderer's furnace. -- Fire raft, a raft laden with combustibles, used for setting fire to an enemy's ships. -- Fire roll, a peculiar beat of the drum to summon men to their quarters in case of fire. -- Fire setting (Mining), the process of softening or cracking the working face of a lode, to facilitate excavation, by exposing it to the action of fire; -- now generally superseded by the use of explosives. Raymond. -- Fire ship, a vessel filled with combustibles, for setting fire to an enemy's ships. -- Fire shovel, a shovel for taking up coals of fire. -- Fire stink, the stench from decomposing iron pyrites, caused by the formation of sulphureted hydrogen. Raymond. -- Fire surface, the surfaces of a steam boiler which are exposed to the direct heat of the fuel and the products of combustion; heating surface. -- Fire swab, a swab saturated with water, for cooling a gun in action and clearing away particles of powder, etc. Farrow. -- Fire teaser, in England, the fireman of a steam emgine. -- Fire water, ardent spirits; -- so called by the American Indians. -- Fire worship, the worship of fire, which prevails chiefly in Persia, among the followers of Zoroaster, called Chebers, or Guebers, and among the Parsees of India. -- Greek fire. See under Greek. -- On fire, burning; hence, ardent; passionate; eager; zealous. -- Running fire, the rapid discharge of firearms in succession by a line of troops. -- St. Anthony's fire, erysipelas; -- an eruptive fever which St. Anthony was supposed to cure miraculously. Hoblyn. -- St. Elmo's fire. See under Saint Elmo. -- To set on fire, to inflame; to kindle. -- To take fire, to begin to burn; to fly into a passion.
Fire (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Fired (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Fring.]
To set on fire; to kindle; as, to firea house or chimney; to firea pile.
To subject to intense heat; to bake; to burn in a kiln; as, to. firepottery
To inflame; to irritate, as the passions; as, to. firethe soul with anger, pride, or revengeLove had fired my mind. Dryden.
To animate; to give life or spirit to; as, to. firethe genius of a young man
To feed or serve the fire of; as, to. firea boiler
To light up as if by fire; to illuminate.[The sun] fires the proud tops of the eastern pines. Shak.
To cause to explode; as, to firea torpedo; to disharge; as, to; to firea musket or cannon firecannon balls, rockets, etc.
To drive by fire.[Obs.]Till my bad angel fire my good one out. Shak.
(Far.) To cauterize.To fire up, to light up the fires of, as of an engine.<-- figuratively, to start up any machine -->
Fire, v. i.
To take fire; to be kindled; to kindle.
To be irritated or inflamed with passion.
To discharge artillery or firearms;To fire up, to grow irritated or angry. He . . . fired up, and stood vigorously on his defense." Macaulay. as, they. firedon the town
Fire"arm` (?), n. A gun, pistol, or any weapon from a shot is discharged by the force of an explosive substance, as gunpowder.
Fire"back` (?), n. (Zoöl.) One of several species of pheasants of the genus Euplocamus, having the lower back a bright, fiery red. They inhabit Southern Asia and the East Indies.
Fire"ball` (?), n. (a) (Mil.) A ball filled with powder or other combustibles, intended to be thrown among enemies, and to injure by explosion; also, to set fire to their works and light them up, so that movements may be seen. (b) A luminous meteor, resembling a ball of fire passing rapidly through the air, and sometimes exploding.<-- large mass of fire caused by a large explosion, as of inflammable liquids or a nuclear explosion -->
Fire"bare` (?), n. A beacon.[Obs.] Burrill.
Fire" bee`tle (?). (Zoöl.) A very brilliantly luminous beetle (Pyrophorus noctilucus), one of the elaters, found in Central and South America; -- called also cucujo. The name is also applied to other species. See Firefly.
Fire"bird` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The Baltimore oriole.
Fire"board` (?), n. A chimney board or screen to close a fireplace when not in use.
Fire"bote` (?), n. (O.Eng.Law) An allowance of fuel. See Bote.
Fire"brand` (?), n.
A piece of burning wood.L'Estrange.
One who inflames factions, or causes contention and mischief; an incendiary.Bacon.
Fire"crack`er (?), n. See Cracker., n., 3.
Fire"crest` (?), n. (Zoöl.) A small European kinglet (Regulus ignicapillus), having a bright red crest; -- called also fire-crested wren.
Fire"dog` (?), n. A support for wood in a fireplace; an andiron.
Fire"drake` (?), n. [AS.[Obs.] frdraca; frfire + dracaa dragon. See Fire, and Drake a dragon.]
A fiery dragon.Beau. & Fl.
A fiery meteor; an ignis fatuus; a rocket.
A worker at a furnace or fire.B. Jonson.
Fire"-fanged` (?), a. [ Fire+ fangedseized.] Injured as by fire; burned; -- said of manure which has lost its goodness and acquired an ashy hue in consequence of heat generated by decomposition.
Fire"fish` (?), n. (Zoöl.) A singular marine fish of the genus Pterois, family Scorpænidæ, of several species, inhabiting the Indo-Pacific region. They are usually red, and have very large spinose pectoral and dorsal fins.
Fire"flaire` (?), n. [ Fire+ Prov. E. flairea ray.] (Zoöl.) A European sting ray of the genus Trygon (T. pastinaca); -- called also fireflareand fiery flaw.
Fire"flame` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The European band fish (Cepola rubescens).
Fire"fly` (?), n.; pl. Fireflies(). (Zoöl.) Any luminous winged insect, esp. luminous beetles of the family Lampyridæ.&hand; The common American species belong to the genera Photinus and Photuris, in which both sexes are winged. The name is also applied to luminous species of Elateridæ. See Fire beetle.
Fire"less, a. Destitute of fire.
Fire"lock`, n. An old form of gunlock, as the flintlock, which ignites the priming by a spark; perhaps originally, a matchlock. Hence, a gun having such a lock.
Fire"man (?), n.; pl. Firemen(-m en).
A man whose business is to extinguish fires in towns; a member of a fire company.
A man who tends the fires, as of a steam engine; a stocker.
Fire"-new` (?), a. Fresh from the forge; bright; quite new; brand-new.Charles reade.Your fire-new stamp of honor is scarce current. Shak.
Fire"place` (?), n. The part a chimney appropriated to the fire; a hearth; -- usually an open recess in a wall, in which a fire may be built.
Fire"proof` (?), a. Proof against fire; incombustible.
Fire"prrof`ing (?), n. The act or process of rendering anything incombustible; also, the materials used in the process.
Fir"er (?), n. One who fires or sets fire to anything; an incendiary.[R.] R. Carew.
Fire"-set` (?), n. A set of fire irons, including, commonly, tongs, shovel, and poker.
Fire"side` (?), n. A place near the fire or hearth; home; domestic life or retirement.
Fire"stone` (?; 110), n. [AS. frstānflint; frfire + stānstone.]
Iron pyrites, formerly used for striking fire; also, a flint.
A stone which will bear the heat of a furnace without injury; -- especially applied to the sandstone at the top of the upper greensand in the south of England, used for lining kilns and furnaces.Ure.
Fire"tail` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The European redstart; -- called also[prov. Eng.] fireflirt.
Fire"ward`en (?), n. An officer who has authority to direct in the extinguishing of fires, or to order what precautions shall be taken against fires; -- called also fireward.
Fire"weed` (?), n. (Bot.) (a) An American plant (Erechthites hiercifolia), very troublesome in spots where brushwood has been burned. (b) The great willow-herb (Epilobium spicatum).
Fire"wood` (?), n. Wood for fuel.
Fire"work` (?), n.
A device for producing a striking display of light, or a figure or figures in plain or colored fire, by the combustion of materials that burn in some peculiar manner, as gunpowder, sulphur, metallic filings, and various salts. The most common feature of fireworks is a paper or pasteboard tube filled with the combustible material. A number of these tubes or cases are often combined so as to make, when kindled, a great variety of figures in fire, often variously colored. The skyrocket is a common form of firework. The name is also given to various combustible preparations used in war.
pl. A pyrotechnic exhibition.[Obs. in the sing.]Night before last, the Duke of Richmond gave a firework. Walpole.
Fire"worm` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The larva of a small tortricid moth which eats the leaves of the cranberry, so that the vines look as if burned; -- called also cranberry worm.
The act of disharging firearms.
The mode of introducing fuel into the furnace and working it.Knight.
The application of fire, or of a cautery.Dunglison.
The process of partly vitrifying pottery by exposing it to intense heat in a kiln.
Fuel; firewood or coal.[Obs.] Mortimer. Firing iron, an instrument used in cauterizing.