Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
3. Hence: To draw an illegitimate profit from; to speculate on; to put upon. [Recent]
In no sense whatever does a man who accumulates a fortune by legitimate industry exploit his employés or make his capital out of" anybody else.
W. G. Sumner.
Ex`ploi*ta"tion (?), n. [F.] The act of exploiting or utilizing.
J. D. Whitney.
Ex*ploi"ture (?; 135), n.
1. The act of exploiting or accomplishing; achievement. [Obs.]
Ex*plor"a*ble (?), a. That may be explored; as, an explorable region.
Ex*plo"rate (?), v. t. [L. explorare, exploratum.] To explore. [Obs.]
Sir. T. Browne.
Ex`plo*ra"tion (?), n. [L. exploratio: cf. F. exploration.] The act of exploring, penetrating, or ranging over for purposes of discovery, especially of geographical discovery; examination; as, the exploration of unknown countries; (Med.) physical examination.
An exploration of doctrine."
Ex*plor"a*tive (?), a. Exploratory.
Ex"plo*ra`tor (?), n. [L.] One who explores; one who examines closely; a searcher.
Ex*plor"a*to*ry (?), a. [L. exploratorius.] Serving or intended to explore; searching; examining; explorative.
Sir H. Wotton.
Ex*plore" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Explored(?);p. pr. & vb. n. Exploring.] [L. explorare to explore; ex out+plorare to cry out aloud,prob. orig., to cause to flow; perh. akin to E. flow: cf. F. explorer.]
1. To seek for or after; to strive to attain by search; to look wisely and carefully for. [Obs.]
Explores the lost, the wandering sheep directs.
2. To search through or into; to penetrate or range over for discovery; to examine thoroughly; as, to explore new countries or seas; to explore the depths of science. Hidden frauds [to] explore."
Ex*plore"ment, n. The act of exploring; exploration. [R.]
Sir T. Browne.
Ex*plor"er (?), n. One who explores; also, an apparatus with which one explores, as a diving bell.
Eplor"ing, a. Employed in, or designed for, exploration. Exploring parties."
Ex*plo"sion (?), n. [L. explosio a driving off by clapping: cf. F. explosion explosion. See Explode.]
1. The act of exploding; detonation; a chemical action which causes the sudden formation of a great volume of expanded gas; as, the explosion of gunpowder, of fire damp,etc.
2. A bursting with violence and loud noise, because of internal pressure; as, the explosion of a gun, a bomb, a steam boiler, etc.
3. A violent outburst of feeling, manifested by excited language, action, etc.; as, an explosion of wrath.
A formidable explosion of high-church fanaticism.
Ex*plo"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. explosif.] Driving or bursting out with violence and noise; causing explosion; as, the explosive force of gunpowder.
1. An explosive agent; a compound or mixture susceptible of a rapid chemical reaction, as gunpowder, or nitro-glycerine.
2. A sound produced by an explosive impulse of the breath; (Phonetics) one of consonants p, b, t, d, k, g, which are sounded with a sort of explosive power of voice. [See Guide to Pronunciation, &root; 155-7, 184.]
Ex*plo"sive*ly, adv. In an explosive manner.
Ex*po`li*a"tion (?), n. See Exspoliation. [Obs.]
Ex*pol"ish (?), v. t. [Cf. L. expolire. See Polish.] To polish thoroughly. [Obs.]
Ex*pone" (?), v. t. [OE. exponen. See Expound.] To expound; to explain; also, to expose; to imperil. [Old Eng. & Scotch]
Ex*po"nent (?), n. [L. exponens, -entis, p. pr. of exponere to put out, set forth, expose. See Expound.]
1. (Alg.) A number, letter, or any quantity written on the right hand of and above another quantity, and denoting how many times the latter is repeated as a factor to produce the power indicated; thus a2 denotes the second power, and an the xth power, of a (2 and x being the exponents). A fractional exponent, or index, is used to denote the root of a quantity. Thus, a denotes the third or cube root of a.
2. One who, or that which, stands as an index or representative; as, the leader of a party is the exponent of its principles.
Exponent of a ratio, the quotient arising when the antecedent is divided by the consequent; thus, 6 is the exponent of the ratio of 30 to 5. [R.]
Ex`po*nen"tial (?), a. [Cf. F. exponentiel.] Pertaining to exponents; involving variable exponents; as, an exponential expression; exponential calculus; an exponential function.
Exponential curve, a curve whose nature is defined by means of an exponential equation. -- Exponential equation, an equation which contains an exponential quantity, or in which the unknown quantity enters as an exponent. -- Exponential quantity (Math.), a quantity whose exponent is unknown or variable, as ax. -- Exponential series, a series derived from the development of exponential equations or quantities.
Ex*port" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exported; p. pr. & vb. n. Exporting.] [L. exportare, exportatum; ex out+portare to carry : cf. F. exporter. See Port demeanor.]
1. To carry away; to remove. [Obs.]
[They] export honor from a man, and make him a return in envy.
2. To carry or send abroad, or out of a country, especially to foreign countries, as merchandise or commodities in the way of commerce; -- the opposite of import; as, to export grain, cotton, cattle, goods, etc.
Ex"port (?), n.
1. The act of exporting; exportation; as, to prohibit the export of wheat or tobacco.
2. That which is exported; a commodity conveyed from one country or State to another in the way of traffic; -- used chiefly in the plural, exports.
The ordinary course of exchange . . . between two places must likewise be an indication of the ordinary course of their exports and imports.
Ex*port`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being suitable for exportation.
To increase the exportability of native goods.
J. P. Peters.
Ex*port"a*ble (?), a. Suitable for exportation; as, exportable products.
Ex`por*ta"tion (?), n. [L. exportatio: cf. F. exporation.]
1. The act of exporting; the act of conveying or sending commodities abroad or to another country, in the course of commerce.
2. Commodity exported; an export.
3. The act of carrying out. [R.]
Ex*port"er (?), n. One who exports; the person who sends goods or commodities to a foreign country, in the way of commerce; -- opposed to importer.
Ex*pos"al (?), n. Exposure.
Ex*pose" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exposed(?); p. pr. & vb. n. Exposing.] [F. exposer; pref. ex- (L. ex out)+poser to place. See Pose, v. t.]
1. To set forth; to set out to public view; to exhibit; to show; to display; as, to expose goods for sale; to expose pictures to public inspection.
Those who seek truth only, freely expose their principles to the test, and are pleased to have them examined.
2. To lay bare; to lay open to attack, danger, or anything objectionable; to render accessible to anything which may affect, especially detrimentally; to make liable; as, to expose one's self to the heat of the sun, or to cold, insult, danger, or ridicule; to expose an army to destruction or defeat.
Expose thyself to feel what wretches feel.
3. To deprive of concealment; to discover; to lay open to public inspection, or bring to public notice, as a thing that shuns publicity, something criminal, shameful, or the like; as, to expose the faults of a neighbor.
You only expose the follies of men, without arraigning their vices.
4. To disclose the faults or reprehensible practices of; to lay open to general condemnation or contempt by making public the character or arts of; as, to expose a cheat, liar, or hypocrite.
Ex`po`sé" (?), n. [F., prop.p.p. of exposer. See Expose, v. t.] A formal recital or exposition of facts; exposure, or revelation, of something which some one wished to keep concealed.
Ex*pos"ed*ness (?), n. The state of being exposed, laid open, or unprotected; as, an exposedness to sin or temptation.
Ex*pos"er (?), n. One who exposes or discloses.
Ex`po*si"tion (?), n. [L. expositio, fr. exponere, expositum: cf. F. exposition. See Expound.]
1. The act of exposing or laying open; a setting out or displaying to public view.
2. The act of expounding or of laying open the sense or meaning of an author, or a passage; explanation; interpretation; the sense put upon a passage; a law, or the like, by an interpreter; hence, a work containing explanations or interpretations; a commentary.
You know the law; your exposition
Hath been most sound.
3. Situation or position with reference to direction of view or accessibility to influence of sun, wind, etc.; exposure; as, an easterly exposition; an exposition to the sun. [Obs.]
4. A public exhibition or show, as of industrial and artistic productions; as, the Paris Exposition of 1878. [A Gallicism]
Ex*pos"i*tive (?), a. Serving to explain; expository.
Ex*pos"i*tor (?), n. [L. See Expound.] One who, or that which, expounds or explains; an expounder; a commentator.
Ex*pos"i*to*ry (?), a. Pertaining to, or containing, exposition; serving to explain; explanatory; illustrative; exegetical.
A glossary or expository index to the poetical writers.
Expost facto, ∨ Expostfacto
Ex"post` fac"to, ∨ Ex"post`fac"to (?). [L., from what is done afterwards.] (Law) From or by an after act, or thing done afterward; in consequence of a subsequent act; retrospective.
Ex post facto law, a law which operates by after enactment. The phrase is popularly applied to any law, civil or criminal, which is enacted with a retrospective effect, and with intention to produce that effect; but in its true application, as employed in American law, it relates only to crimes, and signifies a law which retroacts, by way of criminal punishment, upon that which was not a crime before its passage, or which raises the grade of an offense, or renders an act punishable in a more severe manner that it was when committed. Ex post facto laws are held to be contrary to the fundamental principles of a free government, and the States are prohibited from passing such laws by the Constitution of the United States.
Ex*pos"tu*late (?; 135), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Expostulated(?);p. pr. & vb. n. Expostulating.] [L. expostulatus, p.p. of expostulare to demand vehemently; ex out + postulare to ask, require. See Postulate.] To reason earnestly with a person on some impropriety of his conduct, representing the wrong he has done or intends, and urging him to make redress or to desist; to remonstrate; -- followed by with.
Men expostulate with erring friends; they bring accusations against enemies who have done them a wrong.
Jowett (Thuc. ).
Syn. -- To remonstrate; reason. See Remonstrate.
Ex*pos"tu*late, v. t. To discuss; to examine. [Obs.]
What majesty should be, what duty is.
Ex*pos`tu*la"tion (?), n. [L. expostulatio.] The act of expostulating or reasoning with a person in opposition to some impropriety of conduct; remonstrance; earnest and kindly protest; dissuasion.
We must use expostulation kindly.
Ex*pos"tu*la`tor (?;135), n. One who expostulates.
Ex*pos"tu*la*to*ry (?), a. Containing expostulation or remonstrance; as, an expostulatory discourse or letter.
Ex*pos"ture (?;135), n. [Cf. Imposture.] Exposure. [Obs.]
Ex*po"sure (?;135), n. [From Expose.]
1. The act of exposing or laying open, setting forth, laying bare of protection, depriving of care or concealment, or setting out to reprobation or contempt.
The exposure of Fuller . . . put an end to the practices of that vile tribe.
2. The state of being exposed or laid open or bare; openness to danger; accessibility to anything that may affect, especially detrimentally; as, exposure to observation, to cold to inconvenience.
When we have our naked frailties hid,
That suffer in exposure.
3. Position as to points of compass, or to influences of climate, etc. Under a southern exposure.
The best exposure of the two for woodcocks.
Sir. W. Scott.
4. (Photog.) The exposing of a sensitized plate to the action of light.
Ex*pound" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Expounded; p. pr. & vb. n. Expounding.] [OE. exponen, expounen, expounden, fr. L. exponere to set out, expose, expound; ex out + ponere to put: cf. OE. expondre, expondre. See Position.]
1. To lay open; to expose to view; to examine. [Obs.]
He expounded both his pockets.
2. To lay open the meaning of; to explain; to clear of obscurity; to interpret; as, to expound a text of Scripture, a law, a word, a meaning, or a riddle.
Expound this matter more fully to me.
Ex*pound"er (?), n. One who expounds or explains; an interpreter.
Ex*press" (?), a. [F. expr\'8as, L. expressus, p.p. of exprimere to express; ex. out + premere To press. See Press.]
1. Exactly representing; exact.
Their human countenance
The express resemblance of the gods.
2. Directly and distinctly stated; declared in terms; not implied or left to inference; made unambiguous by intention and care; clear; not dubious; as, express consent; an express statement.
I have express commandment.
3. Intended for a particular purpose; relating to an express; sent on a particular errand; dispatched with special speed; as, an express messenger or train. Also used adverbially.
A messenger sent express from the other world.
Express color. (Law) See the Note under Color, n., 8.
Syn. -- Explicit; clear; unambiguous. See Explicit.
Ex*press", n. [Cf. F. expr\'8as a messenger.]
1. A clear image or representation; an expression; a plain declaration. [Obs.]
The only remanent express of Christ's sacrifice on earth.
2. A messenger sent on a special errand; a courier; hence, a regular and fast conveyance; commonly, a company or system for the prompt and safe transportation of merchandise or parcels; also, a railway train for transporting passengers or goods with speed and punctuality.
3. An express office.
She charged him . . . to ask at the express if anything came up from town.
E. E. Hale.
4. That which is sent by an express messenger or message. [Obs.]
Express office, an office where packages for an express are received or delivered.
Ex*press", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Expressed(?); p. pr. & vb. n. Expressing.] [Cf. OF. espresser, expresser, L. exprimere, expressum. See Express,a.; cf. Sprain.]
1. To press or squeeze out; as, to express the juice of grapes, or of apples; hence, to extort; to elicit.
All the fruits out of which drink is expressed.
And th'idle breath all utterly expressed.
Halters and racks can not express from thee
More than by deeds.
2. To make or offer a representation of; to show by a copy or likeness; to represent; to resemble.
Each skillful artist shall express thy form.
So kids and whelps their sires and dams express.
3. To give a true impression of; to represent and make known; to manifest plainly; to show in general; to exhibit, as an opinion or feeling, by a look, gesture, and esp. by language; to declare; to utter; to tell.
My words express my purpose.
They expressed in their lives those excellent doctrines of morality.
4. To make known the opinions or feelings of; to declare what is in the mind of; to show (one's self); to cause to appear; -- used reflexively.
Mr. Phillips did express with much indignation against me, one evening.
5. To denote; to designate.
Moses and Aaron took these men, which are expressed by their names.
Num. i. 17.
6. To send by express messenger; to forward by special opportunity, or through the medium of an express; as, to express a package.
Syn. -- To declare; utter; signify; testify; intimate.
Ex*press"age (?;48), n. The charge for carrying a parcel by express.
Ex*press"i*ble (?), a. Capable of being expressed, squeezed out, shown, represented, or uttered. -- Express"i*bly,adv.
Ex*pres"sion (?), n. [L. expressio. cf. F. expression.]
1. The act of expressing; the act of forcing out by pressure; as, the expression of juices or oils; also, of extorting or eliciting; as, a forcible expression of truth.
2. The act of declaring or signifying; declaration; utterance; as, an expression of the public will.
With this tone of philosophy were mingled expressions of sympathy.
3. Lively or vivid representation of meaning, sentiment, or feeling, etc.; significant and impressive indication, whether by language, appearance, or gesture; that manner or style which gives life and suggestive force to ideas and sentiments; as, he reads with expression; her performance on the piano has expression.
The imitators of Shakespeare, fixing their attention on his wonderful power of expression, have directed their imitation to this.
4. That which is expressed by a countenance, a posture, a work of art, etc.; look, as indicative of thought or feeling. The expression of an eye."
It still wore the majesty of expression so conspicuous in his portraits by the inimitable pencil of Titian.
5. A form of words in which an idea or sentiment is conveyed; a mode of speech; a phrase; as, a common expression; an odd expression.
6. (Math.) The representation of any quantity by its appropriate characters or signs.
Past expression, Beyond expression, beyond the power of description. Beyond expression bright."
Ex*pres"sion*al (?), a. Of, or relating to, expression; phraseological; also, vividly representing or suggesting an idea sentiment.
Fized. Hall. Ruskin.
Ex*pres"sion*less, a. Destitute of expression.
Ex*press"ive (?), a. [Cf. F. expressif.]
1. Serving to express, utter, or represent; indicative; communicative; -- followed by of; as, words expressive of his gratitude.
Each verse so swells expressive of her woes.
2. Full of expression; vividly representing the meaning or feeling meant to be conveyed; significant; emphatic; as, expressive looks or words.
You have restrained yourself within the list of too cold an adieu; be more expressive to them.
Through her expressive eyes her soul distinctly spoke.
-- Ex*press"ive*ly,adv. -- Ex*press"ive*ness,n.
Ex*press"ly, adv. In an express manner; in direct terms; with distinct purpose; particularly; as, a book written expressly for the young.
The word of the Lord came expressly unto Ezekiel. Ezek. i. 3.
I am sent expressly to your lordship.
Ex*press"man (?), n.; pl. Expressmen (). A person employed in the express business; also, the driver of a job wagon.
W. D. Howells.
Ex*press"ness, n. The state or quality of being express; definiteness. [Obs.]
Ex*pres"sure (?;135), n. The act of expressing; expression; utterance; representation. [Obs.]
An operation more divine
Than breath or pen can give expressure to.
Ex"pro*brate (?), v. t. [L. exprobratus, p.p. of exprobrare; ex out + probrum a shameful or disgraceful act.] To charge upon with reproach; to upbraid. [R.]
Sir T. Browne.
Ex`pro*bra"tion (?), n. [L. exprobration: cf. F. exprobration.] Reproachful accusation; upbraiding. [Obs.]
A fearful exprobration of our unworthiness.
Ex*pro"bra*tive (?), Ex*pro"bra*to*ry (?), a. Expressing reproach; upbraiding; reproachful. [R.]
Sir A. Shirley.
Ex*pro"pri*ate (?), v. t. [L. ex out, from + proprius one's own: cf. F. exproprier.] To put out of one's possession; to surrender the ownership of; also, to deprive of possession or proprietary rights.
Expropriate these [bad landlords] as the monks were expropriated by Act of Parliament.
Ex*pro`pri*a"tion, n. [Cf. F. expropriation.] The act of expropriating; the surrender of a claim to exclusive property; the act of depriving of ownership or proprietary rights.
The expropriation of bad landlords.
Ex*pugn" (?), v. t. [L. expugnare; ex out + pugnare to fight, pugna fight. Cf. Impugn.] To take by assault; to storm; to overcome; to vanquish; as, to expugn cities; to expugn a person by arguments.
Ex*pug"nable (?), a. [L. Expugnabilis.] Capable of being expugnded.
Ex`pug*na"tion (?), n. [L. expugnatio.] The act of taking by assault; conquest. [R.]
Ex*pugn"er (?), n. One who expugns.
Ex*pulse" (?), v. t. [F. expulser or L. expulsare, intens. fr. expellere. See Expel.] To drive out; to expel. [Obs.]
If charity be thus excluded and expulsed.
Ex*puls"er (?), n. An expeller. [Obs.]
Ex*pul"sion (?), n. [L. expulsio, fr. expellere: cf. F. expulsion. See Expel.]
1. The act of expelling; a driving or forcing out; summary removal from membership, association, etc.
The expulsion of the Tarquins.
2. The state of being expelled or driven out.
Ex*pul"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. expulsif.] Having the power of driving out or away; serving to expel.
The expulsive power of a new affection.
Ex*punc"tion (?), n. [L. expunctio execution, performance, from expungere. See Expunge.] The act of expunging or erasing; the condition of being expunged.
Ex*punge" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Expunged(?);p. pr. & vb. n. Expunging(?).] [L. expungere, expunctum, prick out, expunge, settle an account, execute; ex out + pungere to prick, puncture. See Pungent.]
1. To blot out, as with pen; to rub out; to efface designedly; to obliterate; to strike out wholly; as, to expunge words, lines, or sentences.
2. To strike out; to wipe out or destroy; to annihilate; as, to expugne an offense.
Expugne the whole, or lop th' excrescent parts.
Syn. -- To efface; erase; obliterate; strike out; destroy; annihilate; cancel.
Ex"pur*gate (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Expurgated(?); p. pr. & vb. n. Expurgating(?).] [L. expurgatus, p.p. of expurgare to purge, purify; ex out, from + purgare to cleanse, purify, purge. See Purge, and cf. Spurge.] To purify; to clear from anything noxious, offensive, or erroneous; to cleanse; to purge; as, to expurgate a book.
Ex`pur*ga"tion (?), n. [L. expurgatio justification, excuse: cf. F. expurgation.] The act of expurgating, purging, or cleansing; purification from anything noxious, offensive, sinful, or erroneous.
Ex"pur*ga`tor (?; 277), n. One who expurgates or purifies.
Ex*pur`ga*to"ri*al (?), a. Tending or serving to expurgate; expurgatory.
Ex*pur`ga*to"ri*ous (?), a. Expurgatory. [Obs.] Expurgatorious indexes."
Ex*pur"ga*to*ry (?), a. [Cf. F. expurgatoire.] Serving to purify from anything noxious or erroneous; cleansing; purifying. Expurgatory animadversions."
Sir T. Browne.
Expurgatory Index. See Index Expurgatorius, under Index.
Ex*purge" (?), v. t. [Cf. OF. espurgier. See Expurgate.] To purge away. [Obs.]
Ex*quire" (?), v. t. [L. exquirere. See Exquisite.] To search into or out. [Obs.]
Ex"qui*site (?), a. [L. exquisitus, p.p. of exquirere to search out; ex out + quarere to seek, search. See Quest.]
1. Carefully selected or sought out; hence, of distinguishing and surpassing quality; exceedingly nice; delightfully excellent; giving rare satisfaction; as, exquisite workmanship.
Plate of rare device, and jewels
Of reach and exquisite form.
I have no exquisite reason for 't, but I have reason good enough.
2. Exceeding; extreme; keen; -- used in a bad or a good sense; as, exquisite pain or pleasure.
3. Of delicate perception or close and accurate discrimination; not easy to satisfy; exact; nice; fastidious; as, exquisite judgment, taste, or discernment.
His books of Oriental languages, wherein he was exquisite.
Syn. -- Nice; delicate; exact; refined; choice; rare; matchless; consummate; perfect.
Ex"qui*site, n. One who manifests an exquisite attention to external appearance; one who is overnice in dress or ornament; a fop; a dandy.
Ex"qui*site*ly, adv. In an exquisite manner or degree; as, lace exquisitely wrought.
To a sensitive observer there was something exquisitely painful in it.
Ex"qui*site*ness, n. Quality of being exquisite.
Ex*quis"i*tive (?), a. Eager to discover or learn; curious. [Obs.] Todd. -- Ex*quis"i*tive*ly, adv. [Obs.]
Sir P. Sidney.
Ex*san"guine (?), a. Bloodless. [R.]
Ex`san*guin"e*ous (?), a. Destitute of blood; anæmic; exsanguious.
Ex`san*guin"i*ty (?), n. (Med.) Privation or destitution of blood; -- opposed to plethora.
Ex*san"gui*nous (?), a. See Exsanguious.
Ex*san"gui*ous (?), a. [L. exsanguis; ex out + sanguis, sanguinis, blood. Cf. Exsanguineous.]
1. Destitute of blood.
Sir T. Browne.
2. (Zoöl.) Destitute of true, or red, blood, as insects.
Ex*scind" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exscinded; p. pr. & vb. n. Exscinding.] [L. exscindere; ex out, from + scindere to cut.] To cut off; to separate or expel from union; to extirpate.
The second presbytery of Philadelphia was also exscinded by that Assembly.
Ex*scribe" (?), v. t. [L. excribere; ex out, from + scribere to write.] To copy; to transcribe. [Obs.]
Ex"script (?), n. [L. exscriptus, p.p. of exscribere.] A copy; a transcript. [Obs.]
Ex*scrip"tur*al (?; 135), a. [Pref. ex-+scriptural.] Not in accordance with the doctrines of Scripture; unscriptural.
Ex*scu"tel*late (?), a. [Pref. ex- + scutellate.] (Zoöl.) Without, or apparently without, a scutellum; -- said of certain insects.
Ex*sect" (?), v. t. [L. exsectio.]
1. A cutting out or away.
2. (Surg.) The removal by operation of a portion of a limb; particularly, the removal of a portion of a bone in the vicinity of a joint; the act or process of cutting out.
Ex*sert" (?), Ex*sert"ed, a. [L. exsertus, p.p. of exserere to stretch out or forth. See Exert.] Standing out; projecting beyond some other part; as, exsert stamens.
A small portion of the basal edge of the shell exserted.
D. H. Barnes.
Ex*sert"ile (?), a. (Biol.) Capable of being thrust out or protruded.
Ex*sic"cant (?), a. [L. exsiccans, p.pr. of exsiccare. See Exsiccate.] Having the quality of drying up; causing a drying up. -- n. (Med.) An exsiccant medicine.
Ex"sic*cate (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exsiccated(?); p. pr. & vb. n. Exsiccating.] [L. exsiccatus, p.p. of exsiccare to dry up; ex out + siccare to make dry, siccus dry.] To exhaust or evaporate moisture from; to dry up.
Sir T. Browne.
Ex`sic*ca"tion (?), n. [L. exsiccatio: cf. F. exsiccation.] The act of operation of drying; evaporation or expulsion of moisture; state of being dried up; dryness.
Sir T. Browne.
Ex*sic"ca*tive (?), a. Tending to make dry; having the power of drying.
Ex"sic*ca`tor (?), n. (Chem.) An apparatus for drying substances or preserving them from moisture; a desiccator; also, less frequently, an agent employed to absorb moisture, as calcium chloride, or concentrated sulphuric acid.
Ex*sil"i*en*cy (?; 106), n. [L. exsiliens leaping out, p.pr. of exsilire; ex out + salire to leap.] A leaping out. [R.]
Ex`so*lu"tion (?), n. [L. exsolutio a release.] Relaxation. [R.]
Richardson (Dict. ).
Ex*spo`li*a"tion (?), n. [L. exspoliatio, fr. exspoliare to spoil, to plunder; ex out, from + spoliare. See Spoliate.] Spoliation. [Obs. or R.]
Ex`spu*i"tion (?), n. [L. exspuitio; ex out + spuere to spit: cf. F. exspuition.] A discharge of saliva by spitting. [R.]
Ex*spu"to*ry (?), a. Spit out, or as if spit out. Exsputory lines."
Ex*stip"u*late (?), a. [Pref. ex- + stipulate.] (Bot.) Having no stipules.
Ex"stro*phy (?), n. [Gr. to turn inside out; = out + to turn.] (Med.) The eversion or turning out of any organ, or of its inner surface; as, exstrophy of the eyelid or of the bladder.
Ex*suc"cous (?), a. [L. exsuccus; ex out + succus juice.] Destitute of juice; dry; sapless. Latham.
Ex*suc"tion (?), n. [L. exsugere, exsuctum, to suck out; ex out + sugere to suck: cf. F. exsuccion.] The act of sucking out.
Ex`su*da"tion (?), n. Exudation.
Ex`suf*flate" (?), v. t. [L. exsufflare to blow at or upon; ex out + sufflare. See Sufflate.] (Eccles.) To exorcise or renounce by blowing.
Ex`suf*fla"tion (?), n. [Cf. LL. exsufflatio.]
1. A blast from beneath. [Obs.]
2. (Eccles.) A kind of exorcism by blowing with the breath.
3. (Physiol.) A strongly forced expiration of air from the lungs.
Ex*suf"fli*cate (?), a. Empty; frivolous. [A Shakespearean word only once used.]
Such exsufflicate and blown surmises.
Shak. (Oth. iii. 3, 182).
Ex*sus"ci*tate (?), v. t. [L. exsuscitatus, p.p. of exsuscitare; ex out + suscitare. See Suscitate.] To rouse; to excite. [Obs.]
Ex*sus`ci*ta"tion (?), n. [L. exsuscitatio.] A stirring up; a rousing. [Obs.]
Ex"ta*cy (?), n. See Ecstasy. [Obs.]
Ex"tance (?), n. [L. extantia, exstantia, a standing out, fr. exstans, p.pr. See Extant.] Outward existence. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
Ex"tan*cy (?), n. [L. extantia, exstantia.] The state of rising above others; a projection.
Ex"tant (?), a. [L. extans, -antis, or exstans, -antis, p.pr. of extare, exstare, to stand out or forth; ex out + stare to stand: cf. F. extant. See Stand.]
1. Standing out or above any surface; protruded.
That part of the teeth which is extant above the gums.
A body partly immersed in a fluid and partly extant.
2. Still existing; not destroyed or lost; outstanding.
Writings that were extant at that time.
Sir M. Hale.
The extant portraits of this great man.
3. Publicly known; conspicuous. [Obs.]
Ex"ta*sy (?), n. & v. t. See Ecstasy, n. & v. t.
Ex*tat"ic (?), a. See Ecstatic, a.
Ex*tem"po*ral (?), a. [L. extemporalis, from ex tempore.] Extemporaneous; unpremeditated. [Obs.]
-- Ex*tem"po*ral*ly, adv. [Obs.]
Ex*tem`po*ra"ne*an (?), a. Extemporaneous. [Obs]
Ex*tem`po*ra"ne*ous (?), a. [See Extempore.] Composed, performed, or uttered on the spur of the moment, or without previous study; unpremeditated; off-hand; extempore; extemporary; as, an extemporaneous address or production. -- Ex*tem`po*ra"ne*ous*ly, adv. -- Ex*tem`po*ra"ne*ous*ness,n.
Ex*tem"po*ra*ri*ly (?), adv. Extemporaneously.
Ex*tem"po*ra*ry (?), a.
1. Extemporaneous. In extemporary prayer."
2. Made for the occasion; for the time being. [Obs.] Extemporary habitations."
Ex*tem"po*re (?), adv. [L. ex out + tempus, temporis, time. See Temporal.] Without previous study or meditation; without preparation; on the spur of the moment; suddenly; extemporaneously; as, to write or speak extempore. Shak. -- a. Done or performed extempore. Extempore dissertation." Addison. Extempore poetry." Dryden. -- n. Speaking or writing done extempore. [Obs.] Bp. Fell.
Ex*tem"po*ri*ness (?), n. The quality of being done or devised extempore [Obs.]
Ex*tem`po*ri*za"tion (?), n. The act of extemporizing; the act of doing anything extempore.
Ex*tem"po*rize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Extemporized(?); p. pr. & vb. n. Extemporizing(?).] To speak extempore; especially, to discourse without special preparation; to make an offhand address.
Ex*tem"po*rize, v. t. To do, make, or utter extempore or off-hand; to prepare in great haste, under urgent necessity, or with scanty or unsuitable materials; as, to extemporize a dinner, a costume, etc.
Themistocles . . . was of all men the best able to extemporize the right thing to be done.
Jowett (Thucyd. ).
Pitt, of whom it was said that he could extemporize a Queen's speech
Ex*tem"po*ri`zer (?), n. One who extemporizes.
Ex*tend" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Extended; p. pr. & vb. n. Extending.] [L. extendere, extentum, extensum; ex out + tendere to stretch. See Trend.]
1. To stretch out; to prolong in space; to carry forward or continue in length; as, to extend a line in surveying; to extend a cord across the street.
Few extend their thoughts toward universal knowledge'.
2. To enlarge, as a surface or volume; to expand; to spread; to amplify; as, to extend metal plates by hammering or rolling them.
3. To enlarge; to widen; to carry out further; as, to extend the capacities, the sphere of usefulness, or commerce; to extend power or influence; to continue, as time; to lengthen; to prolong; as, to extend the time of payment or a season of trail.
4. To hold out or reach forth, as the arm or hand.
His helpless hand extend.
5. To bestow; to offer; to impart; to apply; as, to extend sympathy to the suffering.
6. To increase in quantity by weakening or adulterating additions; as, to extend liquors.
G. P. Burnham.
7. (Eng. Law) To value, as lands taken by a writ of extent in satisfaction of a debt; to assign by writ of extent.
Extended letter (Typog.), a letter, or style of type, having a broader face than is usual for a letter or type of the same height.
&hand; This is extended type.
Syn. -- To increase; enlarge; expand; widen; diffuse. See Increase.
Ex*tend"ant (?), a. (Her.) Displaced.
Ex*tend"ed*ly (?), adv. In an extended manner.
Ex*tend"er (?), n. One who, or that which, extends or stretches anything.
Ex*tend"i*ble (?), a.
1. Capable of being extended, susceptible of being stretched, extended, enlarged, widened, or expanded.
2. (Law) Liable to be taken by a writ of extent.
Ex*tend"less*ness, n. Unlimited extension. [Obs.]
An . . . extendlessness of excursions.
Sir. M. Hale.
Ex*tense" (?), a. [L. extensus, p.p. See Extend, v. t.] Outreaching; expansive; extended, superficially or otherwise.
Men and gods are too extense;
Could you slacken and condense?
Ex*ten`si*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality of being extensible; the capacity of being extended; as, the extensibility of a fiber, or of a plate of metal.
Ex*ten"si*ble (?), a. [Cf. F. extensible. See Extend.] Capable of being extended, whether in length or breadth; susceptible of enlargement; extensible; extendible; -- the opposite of contractible or compressible. An extensible membrane"
Ex*ten"si*ble*ness, n. Extensibility.
Ex*ten"sile (?) a. Suited for, or capable of, extension; extensible.
Ex*ten"sion (?), n. [L. extensio: cf. F. extension. See Extend, v. t.]
1. The act of extending or the state of being extended; a stretching out; enlargement in breadth or continuation of length; increase; augmentation; expansion.
2. (Physics) That property of a body by which it occupies a portion of space.
3. (Logic & Metaph.) Capacity of a concept or general term to include a greater or smaller number of objects; -- correlative of intension.
The law is that the intension of our knowledge is in the inverse ratio of its extension.
Sir W. Hamilton.
The extension of [the term] plant is greater than that of geranium, because it includes more objects.
4. (Surg.) The operation of stretching a broken bone so as to bring the fragments into the same straight line.
5. (Physiol.) The straightening of a limb, in distinction from flexion.
6. (Com.) A written engagement on the part of a creditor, allowing a debtor further time to pay a debt.
Counter extension. (Surg.) See under Counter. -- Extension table, a table so constructed as to be readily extended or contracted in length.
Ex*ten"sion*al (?), a. Having great extent.
Ex*ten"sion*ist, n. One who favors or advocates extension.
Ex*ten"sive (?), a. [L. extensivus: cf. F. extensif. See Extend.]
1. Having wide extent; of much superficial extent; expanded; large; broad; wide; comprehensive; as, an extensive farm; an extensive lake; an extensive sphere of operations; extensive benevolence; extensive greatness.
2. Capable of being extended. [Obs.]
Silver beaters choose the finest coin, as that which is most extensive under the hammer.
Ex*ten"sive*ly, adv. To a great extent; widely; largely; as, a story is extensively circulated.
Ex*ten"sive*ness (?), n. The state of being extensive; wideness; largeness; extent; diffusiveness.
Ex`ten*som"e*ter (?), n. [Extension + -meter.] An instrument for measuring the extension of a body, especially for measuring the elongation of bars of iron, steel, or other material, when subjected to a tensile force.
Ex*ten"sor (?), n. [L., one who stretches. See Extend.] (Anat.) A muscle which serves to extend or straighten any part of the body, as an arm or a finger; -- opposed to flexor.
Ex*ten"sure (?), n. Extension. [R.]
Ex*tent" (?), a. [L. extentus, p. p. of extendere. See Extend.] Extended. [Obs.]
Ex*tent", n. [L. extentus, fr. extendere. See Extend.]
1. Space or degree to which a thing is extended; hence, superficies; compass; bulk; size; length; as, an extent of country or of line; extent of information or of charity.
Life in its large extent is scare a span.
2. Degree; measure; proportion. The extent to which we can make ourselves what we wish to be."
3. (Eng. Law) (a) A peculiar species of execution upon debts due to the crown, under which the lands and goods of the debtor may be seized to secure payment. (b) A process of execution by which the lands and goods of a debtor are valued and delivered to the creditor.
Ex*ten"u*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Extenuated(?); p. pr. & vb. n. Extenuating(?).] [L. extenuatus, p. p. of extenuare to make thin, loosen, weaken; ex out + tenuare to make thin, tenuis thin. See Tenuity.]
1. To make thin or slender; to draw out so as to lessen the thickness.
His body behind the head becomes broad, from whence it is again extenuated all the way to the tail.
2. To lessen; to palliate; to lessen or weaken the force of; to diminish the conception of, as crime, guilt, faults, ills, accusations, etc.; -- opposed to aggravate.
But fortune there extenuates the crime.
Let us extenuate, conceal, adorn the unpleasing reality.
3. To lower or degrade; to detract from. [Obs.]
Who can extenuate thee?
Syn. -- To palliate; to mitigate. See Palliate.
Ex*ten"u*ate, v. i. To become thinner; to make excuses; to advance palliating considerations.
Ex*ten"u*ate (?), a. [L. extenuatus, p. p.] Thin; slender. [Obs.]
Ex*ten`u*a"tion (?), n. [L. extenuatio: cf. F. exténuation.] The act of axtenuating or the state of being extenuated; the act of making thin, slender, or lean, or of palliating; diminishing, or lessening; palliation, as of a crime; mitigation, as of punishment.
To listen . . . to every extenuation of what is evil.
Ex*ten"u*a`tor (?), n. One who extenuates.
Ex*ten"u*a*to*ry (?), a. [Cf. L. extenuatorius attenuating.] Tending to extenuate or palliate.
Ex*te"ri*or, a. [L. exterior, compar. of exter or exterus on the outside, outward, foreign, strange, a compar. fr. ex: cf. F. extérieur. See Ex, and cf. Extreme, Interior.]
1. External; outward; pertaining to that which is external; -- opposed to interior; as, the exterior part of a sphere.
Sith nor the exterior nor the inward man
Resemble that it was.
2. External; on the outside; without the limits of; extrinsic; as, an object exterior to a man, opposed to what is within, or in his mind.
Without exterior help sustained.
3. Relating to foreign nations; foreign; as, the exterior relations of a state or kingdom.
Exterior angle (Geom.), the angle included between any side of a triangle or polygon and the prolongation of the adjacent side; also, an angle included between a line crossing two parallel lines and either of the latter on the outside. -- Exterior side (Fort.), the side of the polygon upon which a front of fortification is formed.
See Illust. of Ravelin.
1. The outward surface or part of a thing; that which is external; outside.
2. Outward or external deportment, form, or ceremony; visible act; as, the exteriors of religion.
Ex*te`ri*or"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. extériorité.] Surface; superficies; externality.
Ex*te"ri*or*ly (?), adv. Outwardly; externally; on the exterior.
They are exteriorly lifelike.
J. H. Morse.
Ex*ter"mi*nate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exterminated(?); p. pr. & vb. n. Exterminating(?).] [L. exterminatus, p. p. of exterminare to abolish, destroy, drive out or away; ex out + terminus boundary, limit. See Term.]
1. To drive out or away; to expel.
They deposed, exterminated, and deprived him of communion.
2. To destroy utterly; to cut off; to extirpate; to annihilate; to root out; as, to exterminate a colony, a tribe, or a nation; to exterminate error or vice.
To explode and exterminate rank atheism.
3. (Math.) To eliminate, as unknown quantities. [R.]
Ex*ter`mi*na"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. extermination.]
1. The act of exterminating; total destruction; eradication; excision; as, the extermination of inhabitants or tribes, of error or vice, or of weeds from a field.
2. (Math.) Elimination. [R.]
Ex*ter"mi*na`tor (?), n. [L.] One who, or that which, exterminates.
Ex*ter"mi*na*to*ry (?), a. Of or pertaining to extermination; tending to exterminate. Exterminatory war."
Ex*ter"mine (?), v. t. [F. exterminer.] To exterminate; to destroy. [Obs.]
Ex*tern" (?), a. [Cf. F. externe. See External.] External; outward; not inherent. [Obs.]
Ex*tern", n. [Cf. F. externe.]
1. A pupil in a seminary who lives without its walls; a day scholar.
2. Outward form or part; exterior. [R.]
Ex*ter"nal (?), a. [L. externus, fr. exter, exterus, on the outside, outward. See Exterior.]
1. Outward; exterior; relating to the outside, as of a body; being without; acting from without; -- opposed to internal; as, the external form or surface of a body.
Of all external things, . . .
She [Fancy] forms imaginations, aery shapes.
2. Outside of or separate from ourselves; (Metaph.) separate from the perceiving mind.
3. Outwardly perceptible; visible; physical or corporeal, as distinguished from mental or moral.
Her virtues graced with external gifts.
4. Not intrinsic nor essential; accidental; accompanying; superficial.
The external circumstances are greatly different.
5. Foreign; relating to or connected with foreign nations; as, external trade or commerce; the external relations of a state or kingdom.
6. (Anat.) Away from the mesial plane of the body; lateral.
External angles. (Geom.) See under Angle.
Ex*ter"nal, n. Something external or without; outward part; that which makes a show, rather than that which is intrinsic; visible form; -- usually in the plural.
Adam was then no less glorious in his externals
God in externals could not place content.
Ex*ter"nal*ism (?) n.
1. The quality of being manifest to the senses; external acts or appearances; regard for externals.
This externalism gave Catholicism a great advantage on all sides.
2. (Metaph.) That philosophy or doctrine which recognizes or deals only with externals, or objects of sense perception; positivism; phenomenalism.
Ex*ter`nal*is"tic (?), a. Pertaining to externalism
North Am. Rev.
Ex`ter*nal"i*ty (?), n. State of being external; exteriority; (Metaph.) separation from the perceiving mind.
Pressure or resistance necessarily supposes externality in the thing which presses or resists.
Ex*ter"nal*ize (?), v. t. To make external; to manifest by outward form.
Thought externalizes itself in language.
Ex*ter"nal*ly, adv. In an external manner; outwardly; on the outside; in appearance; visibly.
Ex`terne" (?), n. [F. Cf. Extern.] (med.) An officer in attendance upon a hospital, but not residing in it; esp., one who cares for the out-patients.
Ex`ter*ra"ne*ous (?), a. [L. exterraneus; es out + terra land.] Foreign; belonging to, or coming from, abroad.
Ex*ter`ri*to"ri*al (?), a. [Pref. ex + territorial.] Beyond the territorial limits; foreign to, or exempt from, the territorial jurisdiction. -- Ex*ter`ri*to"ri*al*ly(#),adv.<-- = extraterritorial -->
Ex*ter`ri*to`ri*al"i*ty (?), n.
1. The state of being beyond the limits of a country.
2. The state of being free from the jurisdiction of a country when within its territorial limits.
Ex*ter"sion (?), n. [L. extergere, extersum, to wipe out; ex out + tergere to wipe or rub off.] The act of wiping or rubbing out. [Obs.]
Ex*till" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Extilled(?); p. pr. & vb. n. Extilling.] [L. extillare, exstillare; ex out + stillare to drop, stilla drop.] To drop or distill. [Obs.]
Ex`til*la"tion (?), n. Distillation. [Obs.]
An exudation or extillation of petrifying juices.
Ex*tim"u*late (?), v. t. [L. extimulatus, exstimulatus, p. p. of extimulare, exstimulare, to goad. See Stimulate.] To stimulate. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
Ex*tim`u*la"tion (?), n. Stimulation. [Obs.]
Things insipid, and without any extimulation.
Ex*tinct" (?), a. [L. extinctus, exstinctus, p. p. of extinguere, exstinguere. See Extinguish.]
1. Extinguished; put out; quenched; as, a fire, a light, or a lamp, is extinct; an extinct volcano.
Light, the prime work of God, to me is extinct.
2. Without a survivor; without force; dead; as, a family becomes extinct; an extinct feud or law.
Ex*tinct", v. t. To cause to be extinct. [Obs.]
Ex*tinc"tion (?), n. [L. extinctio, exstinction: cf. F. extinction.]
1. The act of extinguishing or making extinct; a putting an end to; the act of putting out or destroying light, fire, life, activity, influence, etc.
2. State of being extinguished or of ceasing to be; destruction; suppression; as, the extinction of life, of a family, of a quarrel, of claim.
Ex"tine (?; 104), n. [L. exter on the outside. Cf. Intine.] (bot.) The outer membrane of the grains of pollen of flowering plants.
Ex*tin"guish (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Extinguished(?); p pr. & vb. n. Extinguishing.] [L. extinguere, exstinguere; ex out + stinguere to quench. See Distinguish, Finish.]
1. To quench; to put out, as a light or fire; to stifle; to cause to die out; to put an end to; to destroy; as, to extinguish a flame, or life, or love, or hope, a pretense or a right.
A light which the fierce winds have no power to extinguish.
This extinguishes my right to the reversion.
2. To obscure; to eclipse, as by superior splendor.
Natural graces that extinguish art.
Ex*tin"guish*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being quenched, destroyed, or suppressed.
Ex*tin"guish*er (?), n. One who, or that which, extinguishes; esp., a hollow cone or other device for extinguishing a flame, as of a torch or candle.
Ex*tin"guish*ment (?), n.
1. The act of extinguishing, putting out, or quenching, or the state of being extinguished; extinction; suppression; destruction; nullification; as, the extinguishment of fire or flame, of discord, enmity, or jealousy, or of love or affection.
2. (Law) The annihilation or extinction of a right or obligation.
Ex*tirp" (), v. t. [Cf. F. extirper.] To extirpate. [Obs.]
It is impossible to extirp it quite, friar.
Ex*tir"pa*ble (?), a. Capable of being extirpated or eradicated; as, an extirpable plant.
Ex"tir*pate (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Extirpated(?); p. pr. & vb. n. Extirpating(?).] [L. extirpatus, exstirpatus, p. p. of extirpare, exstirpare; ex out + strips stock, stem, root.] To pluck up by the stem or root; to root out; to eradicate, literally or figuratively; to destroy wholly; as, to extirpate weeds; to extirpate a tumor; to extirpate a sect; to extirpate error or heresy.
Syn. -- To eradicate; root out; destroy; exterminate; annihilate; extinguish.
Ex`tir*pa"tion (?), n. [L. extirpatio, exstirpatio: cf. F. extirpation.] The act of extirpating or rooting out, or the state of being extirpated; eradication; excision; total destruction; as, the extirpation of weeds from land, of evil from the heart, of a race of men, of heresy.
Ex"tir*pa*tive (?), a. Capable of rooting out, or tending to root out.
Ex"tir*pa`tor (?; 277), n. [L. extirpator, exstirpator: cf. F. extirpateur.] One who extirpates or roots out; a destroyer.
Ex*tir"pa*to*ry (?), a. Extirpative.
Ex*tirp"er (?), n. Extirpator. [Obs.]
Ex`ti*spi"cious (?), a. [L. extispicium an inspection of the inwards for divination; extra the entrails + specer to look at.] Relating to the inspection of entrails for prognostication. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
Ex*tog"e*nous (?), a. [L. exter outward + genous.] (Biol.) Exogenous.
Ex*tol" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Extolled(?); p. pr. & vb. n. Extolling.] [L. extollere; ex out + tollere to lift, take up, or raise: cf. OF. extoller. See Tollerate, and cf. Flate.]
1. To place on high; to lift up; to elevate. [Obs.]
Who extolled you in the half-crown boxes,
Where you might sit and muster all the beauties.
2. To elevate by praise; to eulogize; to praise; to magnify; as, to extol virtue; to extol an act or a person.
Wherein have I so deserved of you,
That you extol me thus?
Syn. -- To praise; applaud; commend; magnify; celebrate; laud; glorify. See Praise.
Ex*tol"ler (?), n.One who extols; one who praises.
Ex*tol"ment (?), n. Praise. [Obs.]
Ex*tor"sive (?), a. [See Extort.] Serving or tending to extort. [R.] Johnson. -- Ex*tor"sive*ly, adv. [R.]
Ex*tort" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Extorted; p. pr. & vb. n. Extorting.] [L. extortus, p. p. of extorquere to twist or wrench out, to extort; ex out + torquere to turn about, twist. See Torsion.]
1. To wrest from an unwilling person by physical force, menace, duress, torture, or any undue or illegal exercise of power or ingenuity; to wrench away (from); to tear away; to wring (from); to exact; as, to extort contributions from the vanquished; to extort confessions of guilt; to extort a promise; to extort payment of a debt.
2. (Law) To get by the offense of extortion. See Extortion, 2.
Ex*tort", v. i. To practice extortion. [Obs.]
Ex*tort", p. p. & a. [L. extortus. p. p.] Extorted. [Obs.]
Ex*tort"er (?), n. One who practices extortion.
Ex*tor"tion (?), n. [F. extorsion.]
1. The act of extorting; the act or practice of wresting anything from a person by force, by threats, or by any undue exercise of power; undue exaction; overcharge.
2. (Law) The offense committed by an officer who corruptly claims and takes, as his fee, money, or other thing of value, that is not due, or more than is due, or before it is due.
3. That which is extorted or exacted by force.
Syn. -- Oppression; rapacity; exaction; overcharge.
Ex*tor"tion*a*ry (?), a. Extortionate.
Ex*tor"tion*ate (?), a. Characterized by extortion; oppressive; hard.
Ex*tor"tion*er (?), n, One who practices extortion.
Ex*tor"tious (?), a. Extortionate. [Obs.] Extortious cruelties." Bp. Hall -- Ex*tor"tious*ly, adv. [Obs.]
Ex"tra- (?). [L., fr. exter. See Exterior.] A Latin preposition, denoting beyond, outside of; -- often used in composition as a prefix signifying outside of, beyond, besides, or in addition to what is denoted by the word to which it is prefixed.
Ex"tra, a. Beyond what is due, usual, expected, or necessary; additional; supernumerary; also, extraordinarily good; superior; as, extra work; extra pay. By working extra hours."
Ex"tra (?), n.; pl. Extras (). Something in addition to what is due, expected, or customary; something in addition to the regular charge or compensation, or for which an additional charge is made; as, at European hotels lights are extras. [Colloq.]
Ex`tra*ar*tic"u*lar (?), a. (Anat.) Situated outside of a joint.
Ex`tra*ax"il*lar (?), Ex`tra*ax"il*la*ry (?) a. (Bot.) Growing outside of the axils; as, an extra-axillary bud.
Ex`tra*bran"chi*al (?), a. (Anat.) Outside of the branchial arches; -- said of the cartilages thus placed in some fishes.
Ex`tra*cap"su*lar (?), a. (Anat.) Situated outside of a capsule, esp. outside the capsular ligament of a joint.
Ex*tract" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Extracted; p. pr. & vb. n. Extracting.] [L. extractus, p. p. of extrahere to extract; ex out + trahere to draw. See Trace, and cf. Estreat.]
1. To draw out or forth; to pull out; to remove forcibly from a fixed position, as by traction or suction, etc.; as, to extract a tooth from its socket, a stump from the earth, a splinter from the finger.
Sits on the bloom extracting liquid sweet.
2. To withdraw by expression, distillation, or other mechanical or chemical process; as, to extract an essence. Cf. Abstract, v. t., 6.
Sunbeams may be extracted from cucumbers, but the process is tedious.
3. To take by selection; to choose out; to cite or quote, as a passage from a book.
I have extracted out of that pamphlet a few notorious falsehoods.
To extract the root (Math.), to ascertain the root of a number or quantity.
Ex"tract` (?), n.
1. That which is extracted or drawn out.
2. A portion of a book or document, separately transcribed; a citation; a quotation.
3. A decoction, solution, or infusion made by drawing out from any substance that which gives it its essential and characteristic virtue; essence; as, extract of beef; extract of dandelion; also, any substance so extracted, and characteristic of that from which it is obtained; as, quinine is the most important extract of Peruvian bark.
4. (Med.) A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant; -- distinguished from an abstract. See Abstract, n., 4.
5. (Old Chem.) A peculiar principle once erroneously supposed to form the basis of all vegetable extracts; -- called also the extractive principle. [Obs.]
6. Extraction; descent. [Obs.]
7. (Scots Law) A draught or copy of writing; certified copy of the proceedings in an action and the judgement therein, with an order for execution.
Fluid extract (Med.), a concentrated liquid preparation, containing a definite proportion of the active principles of a medicinal substance. At present a fluid gram of extract should represent a gram of the crude drug.
Ex*tract"a*ble (?), Ex*tract"i*ble (?), a. Capable of being extracted.
Ex*tract"i*form (?), a. (Chem.) Having the form, appearance, or nature, of an extract.
Ex*trac"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. extraction.]
1. The act of extracting, or drawing out; as, the extraction of a tooth, of a bone or an arrow from the body, of a stump from earth, of a passage from a book, of an essence or tincture.
2. Derivation from a stock or family; lineage; descent; birth; the stock from which one has descended. A family of ancient extraction."
3. That which is extracted; extract; essence.
They [books] do preserve as in a vial the purest efficacy and extraction of that living intellect that bred them.
The extraction of roots. (Math.) (a) The operation of finding the root of a given number or quantity. (b) The method or rule by which the operation is performed; evolution.
Ex*tract"ive (?), a. [Cf. F. extractif.]
1. Capable of being extracted. Thirty grains of extractive matter."
2. Tending or serving to extract or draw out.
Certain branches of industry are conveniently designated extractive: e.g., agriculture, pastoral and mining pursuits, cutting of lumber, etc.
1. Anything extracted; an extract.
Extractives, of which the most constant are urea, kreatin, and grape sugar.
H. N. Martin.
2. (Chem.) (a) A chemical principle once supposed to exist in all extracts. [Obs.] (b) Any one of a large class of substances obtained by extraction, and consisting largely of nitrogenous hydrocarbons, such as xanthin, hypoxanthin, and creatin extractives from muscle tissue.
Ex*tract"or (?), n. One who, or that which, extracts; as: (a) (Surg.) A forceps or instrument for extracting substances. (b) (Breech-loading Firearms) A device for withdrawing a cartridge or spent cartridge shell from the chamber of the barrel.
Ex`tra*dic"tion*a*ry (?), a. [Pref.