Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
E*nu`mer*a"tion (?), n. [L. enumeratio: cf. F. énumération.]
1. The act of enumerating, making separate mention, or recounting.
2. A detailed account, in which each thing is specially noticed.
Because almost every man we meet possesses these, we leave them out of our enumeration.
3. (Rhet.) A recapitulation, in the peroration, of the heads of an argument.
E*nu"mer*a*tive (?), a. [Cf. F. énumératif.] Counting, or reckoning up, one by one.
Enumerative of the variety of evils.
E*nu"mer*a`tor (?), n. One who enumerates.
E*nun"ci*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being enunciated or expressed.
E*nun"ci*ate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enunciated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enunciating (?).] [L. enuntiatus, -ciatus, p. p. of enuntiare, -ciare. See Enounce.]
1. To make a formal statement of; to announce; to proclaim; to declare, as a truth.
The terms in which he enunciates the great doctrines of the gospel.
2. To make distinctly audible; to utter articulately; to pronounce; as, to enunciate a word distinctly.
E*nun"ci*ate, v. i. To utter words or syllables articulately.
E*nun`ci*a"tion (?; 277), n. [L. enuntiatio, -ciatio.]
1. The act of enunciating, announcing, proclaiming, or making known; open attestation; declaration; as, the enunciation of an important truth.
By way of interpretation and enunciation.
2. Mode of utterance or pronunciation, especially as regards fullness and distinctness or articulation; as, to speak with a clear or impressive enunciation.
3. That which is enunciated or announced; words in which a proposition is expressed; an announcement; a formal declaration; a statement.
Every intelligible enunciation must be either true or false.
E*nun"ci*a*tive (?), a. [L. enuntiativus, -ciativus.] Pertaining to, or containing, enunciation; declarative. Ayliffe. -- E*nun"ci*a*tive*ly, adv.
E*nun"ci*a`tor (?), n. [L. enuntiator, enunciator.] One who enunciates or proclaims.
E*nun"ci*a*to*ry (?), a. Pertaining to, or containing, enunciation or utterance.
En*ure" (?), v. t. See Inure.
En`u*re"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. to urinate in; + urine.] (Med.) An involuntary discharge of urine; incontinence of urine.
En*vas"sal (?), v. t. To make a vassal of. [Obs.]
En*vault" (?), v. t. To inclose in a vault; to entomb. [R.]
En*vei"gle (?), v. t. To entice. See Inveigle.
En*vel"op (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enveloped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enveloping.] [OE. envolupen, envolipen, OF. envoluper, envoleper, F. envelopper; pref. en- (L. in) + voluper, voleper. See Develop.] To put a covering about; to wrap up or in; to inclose within a case, wrapper, integument or the like; to surround entirely; as, to envelop goods or a letter; the fog envelops a ship.
Nocturnal shades this world envelop.
Envelope; 277, Envelop
En"vel*ope (?; 277), En*vel"op (?; 277), n. [F. enveloppe.]
1. That which envelops, wraps up, encases, or surrounds; a wrapper; an inclosing cover; esp., the cover or wrapper of a document, as of a letter.
2. (Astron.) The nebulous covering of the head or nucleus of a comet; -- called also coma.
3. (Fort.) A work of earth, in the form of a single parapet or of a small rampart. It is sometimes raised in the ditch and sometimes beyond it.
4. (Geom.) A curve or surface which is tangent to each member of a system of curves or surfaces, the form and position of the members of the system being allowed to vary according to some continuous law. Thus, any curve is the envelope of its tangents.
<-- 4. A set of limits for the performance capabilities of some type of machine, originally used to refer to aircraft. Now also used metaphorically to refer to capabilities of any system in general, including human organizations, esp. in the phrase push the envelope. It is used to refer to the maximum performance available at the current state of the technology, and therefore refers to a class of machines in general, not a specific machine.
push the envelope Increase the capability of some type of machine or system; -- usu. by technological development.
En*vel"op*ment (?), n. [Cf. F. enveloppement.]
1. The act of enveloping or wrapping; an inclosing or covering on all sides.
2. That which envelops or surrounds; an envelop.
En*ven"ime (?), v. t. To envenom. [Obs.]
En*ven"om (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Envenomed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Envenoming.] [OE. envenimen, F. envenimer; pref. en- (L. in) + F. venin poison. See Venom.]
1. To taint or impregnate with venom, or any substance noxious to life; to poison; to render dangerous or deadly by poison, as food, drink, a weapon; as, envenomed meat, wine, or arrow; also, to poison (a person) by impregnating with venom.
Alcides . . . felt the envenomed robe.
O, what a world is this, when what is comely
Envenoms him that bears it!
2. To taint or impregnate with bitterness, malice, or hatred; to imbue as with venom; to imbitter.
The envenomed tongue of calumny.
On the question of slavery opinion has of late years been peculiarly envenomed.
Sir G. C. Lewis.
En*ver"meil (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + vermeil: cf. OF. envermeiller. See Vermil.] To color with, or as with, vermilion; to dye red. [Obs.]
En"vi*a*ble (?), a. [From Envy.] Fitted to excite envy; capable of awakening an ardent desire to posses or to resemble.
One of most enviable of human beings.
-- En"vi*a*ble*ness, n. -- En"vi*a*bly, adv.
En*vie" (?), v. i. [See Vie.] To vie; to emulate; to strive. [Obs.]
En"vi*er (?), n. One who envies; one who desires inordinately what another possesses.
En*vig"or (?), v. t. To invigorate. [Obs.]
En"vi*ous (?), a. [OF. envios, F. envieux, fr. L. invidiosus, fr. invidia envy. See Envy, and cf. Invidious.]
1. Malignant; mischievous; spiteful. [Obs.]
Each envious brier his weary legs doth scratch.
2. Feeling or exhibiting envy; actuated or directed by, or proceeding from, envy; -- said of a person, disposition, feeling, act, etc.; jealously pained by the excellence or good fortune of another; maliciously grudging; -- followed by of, at, and against; as, an envious man, disposition, attack; envious tongues.
My soul is envious of mine eye.
Neither be thou envious at the wicked.
Prov. xxiv. 19.
3. Inspiring envy. [Obs. or Poetic]
He to him leapt, and that same envious gage
Of victor's glory from him snatched away.
4. Excessively careful; cautious. [Obs.]
No men are so envious of their health.
-- En"vi*ous*ly, adv. -- En"vi*ous*ness, n.
En*vi"ron (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Environed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Environing.] [F. environner, fr. environ about, thereabout; pref. en- (L. in) + OF. viron circle, circuit, fr. OF. & F. virer to turn, LL. virare to turn up and down, topsy-turvy. Cf. Veer.] To surround; to encompass; to encircle; to hem in; to be round about; to involve or envelop.
Dwelling in a pleasant glade,
With mountains round about environed.
Environed he was with many foes.
Environ me with darkness whilst I write.
En*vi"ron, adv. [F.] About; around. [Obs.]
Lord Godfrey's eye three times environ goes.
En*vi"ron*ment (?), n. [Cf. F. environnement.]
1. Act of environing; state of being environed.
2. That which environs or surrounds; surrounding conditions, influences, or forces, by which living forms are influenced and modified in their growth and development.
It is no friendly environment, this of thine.
En*vi"rons (?; 277), n. pl. [F.] The parts or places which surround another place, or lie in its neighborhood; suburbs; as, the environs of a city or town.
En*vis"age (?; 48), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Envisaged (?; 48); p. pr. & vb. n. Envisaging (?).] [F. envisager; pref. en- (L. in) + visage face, visage. See Visage.] To look in the face of; to apprehend; to regard. [R.]
From the very dawn of existence the infant must envisage self, and body acting on self.
En*vis"age*ment (?), n. The act of envisaging.
En*vol"ume (?), v. t. To form into, or incorporate with, a volume. [R.]
En*vol"up (?), v. t. [See Envelop.] To wrap up; to envelop. [Obs.]
En"voy (?), n. [F. envoyé envoy, fr. envoyer to send; pref. en- (L. in) + voie way, L. via: cf. F. envoi an envoy (in sense 2). See Voyage, and cf. Invoice.]
1. One dispatched upon an errand or mission; a messenger; esp., a person deputed by a sovereign or a government to negotiate a treaty, or transact other business, with a foreign sovereign or government; a minister accredited to a foreign government. An envoy's rank is below that of an ambassador.
2. [F. envoi, fr. envoyer to send.] An explanatory or commendatory postscript to a poem, essay, or book; -- also in the French from, l'envoi.
The envoy of a ballad is the sending" of it forth.
En"voy*ship, n. The office or position of an envoy.
En"vy (?), n.; pl. Envies (#). [F. envie, L. invidia envious; akin to invidere to look askance at, to look with enmity; in against + videre to see. See Vision.]
1. Malice; ill will; spite. [Obs.]
If he evade us there,
Enforce him with his envy to the people.
2. Chagrin, mortification, discontent, or uneasiness at the sight of another's excellence or good fortune, accompanied with some degree of hatred and a desire to possess equal advantages; malicious grudging; -- usually followed by of; as, they did this in envy of Cæsar.
Envy is a repining at the prosperity or good of another, or anger and displeasure at any good of another which we want, or any advantage another hath above us.
Enjoyed by us excites his envy more.
Envy, to which the ignoble mind's a slave,
Is emulation in the learned or brave.
3. Emulation; rivalry. [Obs.]
Such as cleanliness and decency
Prompt to a virtuous envy.
4. Public odium; ill repute. [Obs.]
To lay the envy of the war upon Cicero.
5. An object of envious notice or feeling.
This constitution in former days used to be the envy of the world.
En"vy, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Envied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Envying.] [F. envier.]
1. To feel envy at or towards; to be envious of; to have a feeling of uneasiness or mortification in regard to (any one), arising from the sight of another's excellence or good fortune and a longing to possess it.
A woman does not envy a man for his fighting courage, nor a man a woman for her beauty.
Whoever envies another confesses his superiority.
2. To feel envy on account of; to have a feeling of grief or repining, with a longing to possess (some excellence or good fortune of another, or an equal good fortune, etc.); to look with grudging upon; to begrudge.
I have seen thee fight,
When I have envied thy behavior.
Jeffrey . . . had actually envied his friends their cool mountain breezes.
3. To long after; to desire strongly; to covet.
Or climb his knee the envied kiss to share.
4. To do harm to; to injure; to disparage. [Obs.]
If I make a lie
To gain your love and envy my best mistress,
Put me against a wall.
5. To hate. [Obs.]
6. To emulate. [Obs.]
En"vy (?), v. i.
1. To be filled with envious feelings; to regard anything with grudging and longing eyes; -- used especially with at.
Who would envy at the prosperity of the wicked?
2. To show malice or ill will; to rail. [Obs.] He has . . . envied against the people."
En*vyned" (?), a. [OF. enviner to store with wine; pref. en- (L. in) + vin wine. See Vine.] Stored or furnished with wine. [Obs.]
En*wall" (?), v. t. See Inwall.
Sir P. Sidney.
En*wal"low (?), v. t. To plunge into, or roll in, flith; to wallow.
So now all three one senseless lump remain,
Enwallowed in his own black bloody gore.
En*wheel" (?), v. t. To encircle.
En*wid"en (?), v. t. To widen. [Obs.]
En*wind" (?), v. t. To wind about; to encircle.
In the circle of his arms
Enwound us both.
En*wom"an (?), v. t. To endow with the qualities of a woman. [R.]
En*womb" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enwombed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enwombing.]
1. To conceive in the womb. [Obs.]
2. To bury, as it were in a womb; to hide, as in a gulf, pit, or cavern.
En*wrap" (?), v. t. To envelop. See Inwrap.
En*wrap"ment (?), n. Act of enwrapping; a wrapping or an envelope.
En*wreathe" (?), v. t. See Inwreathe.
En`zo*öt"ic (?), a. [Gr. in + an animal: cf. F. enzoötique.] Afflicting animals; -- used of a disease affecting the animals of a district. It corresponds to an endemic disease among men.
En"zyme (?), n. [Pref. en- (Gr. in) + Gr. leaven.] (Physiol. Chem.) An unorganized or unformed ferment, in distinction from an organized or living ferment; a soluble, or chemical, ferment. Ptyalin, pepsin, diastase, and rennet are good examples of enzymes.
E"o*cene (?), a. [Gr. daybreak, dawn + new, recent.] (Geol.) Pertaining to the first in time of the three subdivisions into which the Tertiary formation is divided by geologists, and alluding to the approximation in its life to that of the present era; as, Eocene deposits. -- n. The Eocene formation.
E*o"li*an (?), a. [See æolian.]
2. (Geol.) Formed, or deposited, by the action of wind, as dunes.
Eolian attachment, Eolian harp. See æolian.
E*ol"ic (?), a. & n. See æolic.
E*ol"i*pile (?), n. [Cf. F. éolipyle.] Same as æolipile.
E"o*lis (?), n. [L. Aeolis a daughter of æolus, Gr. A'ioli`s.] (Zoöl.) A genus of nudibranch mollusks having clusters of branchial papillæ along the back. See Ceratobranchia. [Written also æolis.]
E"on (?), æ"on (?), n. [L. aeon, fr. Gr. a'iwn space or period of time, lifetime, age; akin to L. aevum. See Age.]
1. An immeasurable or infinite space of time; eternity; a long space of time; an age.
The eons of geological time.
2. (Gnostic Philos.) One of the embodiments of the divine attributes of the Eternal Being.
Among the higher æons are Mind, Reason, Power, Truth, and Life.
&hand; Eons were considered to be emanations sent forth by God from the depths of His grand solitude to fulfill various functions in the material and spiritual universe.
E"o*phyte (?), n. [Gr. dawn + a plant.] (Paleon.) A fossil plant which is found in the lowest beds of the Silurian age.
E`o*phyt"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to eophytes.
E"os (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. 'Hw`s.] (Gr. Myth.) Aurora, the goddess of morn.
E`o*sau"rus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'hw`s dawn + say^ros lizard.] (Paleon.) An extinct marine reptile from the coal measures of Nova Scotia; -- so named because supposed to be of the earliest known reptiles.
E"o*sin (?), n. [Gr. dawn.] (Chem.) A yellow or brownish red dyestuff obtained by the action of bromine on fluoresce\'8bn, and named from the fine rose-red which it imparts to silk. It is also used for making a fine red ink. Its solution is fluorescent.
E*os"pho*rite (?), n. [From Gr. Bringer of morn.] (Min.) A hydrous phosphate of alumina and manganese. It is generally of a rose-pink color, -- whence the name.
E`o*zo"ic (?), a. [See Eozoön.] (Geol.) Of or pertaining to rocks or strata older than the Paleozoic, in many of which the eozoön has been found.
&hand; This term has been proposed for the strata formerly called Azoic, and is preferred especially by those geologists who regard the eozoön as of organic origin. See Archæan.
E`o*zo"ön (?), n.; pl. Eozoöns (#), L. Eozoa (#). [NL., fr. Gr. 'hw`s dawn + zw^,on an animal.] (Paleon.) A peculiar structure found in the Archæan limestones of Canada and other regions. By some geologists it is believed to be a species of gigantic Foraminifera, but others consider it a concretion, without organic structure.
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