Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
En`gi*neer" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engineered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engineering.]
1. To lay out or construct, as an engineer; to perform the work of an engineer on; as, to engineer a road.
2. To use contrivance and effort for; to guide the course of; to manage; as, to engineer a bill through Congress. [Colloq.]
En`gi*neer"ing, n. Originally, the art of managing engines; in its modern and extended sense, the art and science by which the mechanical properties of matter are made useful to man in structures and machines; the occupation and work of an engineer.
&hand; In a comprehensive sense, engineering includes architecture as a mechanical art, in distinction from architecture as a fine art. It was formerly divided into military engineering, which is the art of designing and constructing offensive and defensive works, and civil engineering, in a broad sense, as relating to other kinds of public works, machinery, etc. -- Civil engineering, in modern usage, is strictly the art of planning, laying out, and constructing fixed public works, such as railroads, highways, canals, aqueducts, water works, bridges, lighthouses, docks, embankments, breakwaters, dams, tunnels, etc. -- Mechanical engineering relates to machinery, such as steam engines, machine tools, mill work, etc. -- Mining engineering deals with the excavation and working of mines, and the extraction of metals from their ores, etc. Engineering is further divided into steam engineering, gas engineering, agricultural engineering, topographical engineering, electrical engineering, etc.
En"gine*man (?), n.; pl. Enginemen (). A man who manages, or waits on, an engine.
En"gin*er (?), n. [See Engineer.] A contriver; an inventor; a contriver of engines. [Obs.]
En"gine*ry (?), n.
1. The act or art of managing engines, or artillery.
2. Engines, in general; instruments of war.
Training his devilish enginery.
3. Any device or contrivance; machinery; structure or arrangement.
En"gine-sized` (?), a. Sized by a machine, and not while in the pulp; -- said of paper.
En"gi*nous (?), a. [OF. engignos. See Ingenious.]
1. Pertaining to an engine. [Obs.]
That one act gives, like an enginous wheel,
Motion to all.
2. Contrived with care; ingenious. [Obs.]
The mark of all enginous drifts.
En*gird" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engirded or Engirt (); p. pr. & vb. n. Engirding.] [Pref. en- + gird. Cf. Ingirt.] To gird; to encompass.
En*gir"dle (?), v. t. To surround as with a girdle; to girdle.
En*girt" (?), v. t. To engird. [R.]
En"gi*scope (?), n. [Gr. near + -scope.] (Opt.) A kind of reflecting microscope. [Obs.]
En*glaimed" (?), a. [OE. engleimen to smear, gleim birdlime, glue, phlegm.] Clammy. [Obs.]
En"gle (?), n. [OE. enghle to coax or cajole. Cf. Angle a hook, one easily enticed, a gull, Ingle.] A favorite; a paramour; an ingle. [Obs.]
En"gle, v. t. To cajole or coax, as favorite. [Obs.]
I 'll presently go and engle some broker.
Eng"lish (?), a. [AS. Englisc, fr. Engle, Angle, Engles, Angles, a tribe of Germans from the southeast of Sleswick, in Denmark, who settled in Britain and gave it the name of England. Cf. Anglican.] Of or pertaining to England, or to its inhabitants, or to the present so-called Anglo-Saxon race.
English bond (Arch.) See 1st Bond, n.,
8. -- English breakfast tea. See Congou. -- English horn. (Mus.) See Corno Inglese. -- English walnut. (Bot.) See under Walnut.
1. Collectively, the people of England; English people or persons.
2. The language of England or of the English nation, and of their descendants in America, India, and other countries.
&hand; The English language has been variously divided into periods by different writers. In the division most commonly recognized, the first period dates from about 450 to 1150. This is the period of full inflection, and is called Anglo-Saxon, or, by many recent writers, Old English. The second period dates from about 1150 to 1550 (or, if four periods be recognized, from about 1150 to 1350), and is called Early English, Middle English, or more commonly (as in the usage of this book), Old English. During this period most of the inflections were dropped, and there was a great addition of French words to the language. The third period extends from about 1350 to 1550, and is Middle English. During this period orthography became comparatively fixed. The last period, from about 1550, is called Modern English.
3. A kind of printing type, in size between Pica and Great Primer. See Type.
The type called English.
4. (Billiards) A twist or spinning motion given to a ball in striking it that influences the direction it will take after touching a cushion or another ball.
The King's, ∨ Queen's, English. See under King.
Eng"lish, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Englished (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Englishing.]
1. To translate into the English language; to Anglicize; hence, to interpret; to explain.
Those gracious acts . . . may be Englished more properly, acts of fear and dissimulation.
Caxton does not care to alter the French forms and words in the book which he was Englishing.
T. L. K. Oliphant.
2. (Billiards) To strike (the cue ball) in such a manner as to give it in addition to its forward motion a spinning motion, that influences its direction after impact on another ball or the cushion. [U.S.]
Eng"lish*a*ble (?), a. Capable of being translated into, or expressed in, English.
Eng"lish*ism (?), n.
1. A quality or characteristic peculiar to the English.
2. A form of expression peculiar to the English language as spoken in England; an Anglicism.
Eng"lish*man (-man), n.; pl. Englishmen (-men). A native or a naturalized inhabitant of England.
Eng"lish*ry (?), n.
1. The state or privilege of being an Englishman. [Obs.]
2. A body of English or people of English descent; -- commonly applied to English people in Ireland.
A general massacre of the Englishry.
Eng"lish*wom`an (?), n.; pl. Englishwomen (). Fem. of Englishman.
En*gloom" (?), v. t. To make gloomy. [R.]
En*glue" (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + glue: cf. F. engluer to smear with birdlime.] To join or close fast together, as with glue; as, a coffer well englued.
En*glut" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Englutted (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Englutting (?).] [Pref. en- + glut: cf. F. engloutir.]
1. To swallow or gulp down. [Obs.]
2. To glut. [Obs.] Englutted with vanity."
En*gore" (?), v. t.
1. To gore; to pierce; to lacerate. [Obs.]
Deadly engored of a great wild boar.
2. To make bloody. [Obs.]
En*gorge" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engorged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engorging (?).] [Pref. en- + gorge: cf. F. engorger to obstruct, cram.]
1. To gorge; to glut.
Mir. for Mag.
2. To swallow with greediness or in large quantities; to devour.
En*gorge", v. i. To feed with eagerness or voracity; to stuff one's self with food.
En*gorged" (?), p. a.
1. Swallowed with greediness, or in large draughts.
2. (Med.) Filled to excess with blood or other liquid; congested.
En*gorge"ment (?), n. [Cf. F. engorgement.]
1. The act of swallowing greedily; a devouring with voracity; a glutting.
2. (Med.) An overfullness or obstruction of the vessels in some part of the system; congestion.
3. (Metal.) The clogging of a blast furnace.
En*gouled" (?), a. (Her.) Partly swallowed; disappearing in the jaws of anything; as, an infant engouled by a serpent; said also of an ordinary, when its two ends to issue from the mouths of lions, or the like; as, a bend engouled.
En`gou`lée" (?), a. [F., p. p. of engouler to swallow up; pref. en- (L. in) + gueule mouth.] (Her.) Same as Engouled.
En*graff" (?), v. t. [See Ingraft.] To graft; to fix deeply. [Obs.]
En*graff"ment (?), n. See Ingraftment. [Obs.]
En*graft" (?), v. t. See Ingraft.
En`graf*ta"tion (?), En*graft"ment (?), n. The act of ingrafting; ingraftment. [R.]
En*grail" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engrailed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engrailing.] [F. engr\'88ler; pref. en- (L. in) + gr\'88le hail. See Grail gravel.]
1. To variegate or spot, as with hail.
A caldron new engrailed with twenty hues.
2. (Her.) To indent with small curves. See Engrailed.
En*grail", v. i. To form an edging or border; to run in curved or indented lines.
En*grailed" (?), a. (Her.) Indented with small concave curves, as the edge of a bordure, bend, or the like.
En*grail"ment (?), n.
1. The ring of dots round the edge of a medal, etc.
Brande & C.
2. (Her.) Indentation in curved lines, as of a line of division or the edge of an ordinary.
En*grain" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engrained (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engraining.] [Pref. en- + grain. Cf. Ingrain.]
1. To dye in grain, or of a fast color. See Ingrain.
Leaves engrained in lusty green.
2. To incorporate with the grain or texture of anything; to infuse deeply. See Ingrain.
The stain hath become engrained by time.
Sir W. Scott.
3. To color in imitation of the grain of wood; to grain. See Grain, v. t., 1.
En*grap"ple (?), v. t. & i. To grapple. [Obs.]
En*grasp" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engrasped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engrasping.] To grasp; to grip. [R.]
En*grave", v. t. [Pref. en- + grave a tomb. Cf. Engrave to carve.] To deposit in the grave; to bury. [Obs.] Their corses to engrave."
En*grave" (?), v. t. [imp. Engraved (?); p. p. Engraved or Engraven (); p. pr. & vb. n. Engraving.] [Pref. en- + grave to carve: cf. OF. engraver.]
1. To cut in; to make by incision. [Obs.]
Full many wounds in his corrupted flesh
He did engrave.
2. To cut with a graving instrument in order to form an inscription or pictorial representation; to carve figures; to mark with incisions.
Like . . . . a signet thou engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel.
Ex. xxviii. 11.
3. To form or represent by means of incisions upon wood, stone, metal, or the like; as, to engrave an inscription.
4. To impress deeply; to infix, as if with a graver.
Engrave principles in men's minds.
En*graved" (?), a.
1. Made by engraving or ornamented with engraving.
2. (Zoöl.) Having the surface covered with irregular, impressed lines.
En*grave"ment (?), n.
2. Engraved work. [R.]
En*grav"er (?), n. One who engraves; a person whose business it is to produce engraved work, especially on metal or wood.
En*grav"er*y (?), n. The trade or work of an engraver. [R.]
Sir T. Browne.
1. The act or art of producing upon hard material incised or raised patterns, characters, lines, and the like; especially, the art of producing such lines, etc., in the surface of metal plates or blocks of wood. Engraving is used for the decoration of the surface itself; also, for producing an original, from which a pattern or design may be printed on paper.
2. That which is engraved; an engraved plate.
3. An impression from an engraved plate, block of wood, or other material; a print.
&hand; Engraving on wood is called xylography; on copper, chalcography; on stone lithography. Engravings or prints take from wood blocks are usually called wood cuts, those from stone, lithographs.
En*greg"ge (?), v. t. [OF. engregier, from (assumed) LL. ingreviare; in + (assumed) grevis heavy, for L. gravis. Cf. Aggravate.] To aggravate; to make worse; to lie heavy on. [Obs.]
En*grieve" (?), v. t. To grieve. [Obs.]
En*gross" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engrossed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engrossing.] [F., fr. pref. en- (L. in) + gros gross, grosse, n., an engrossed document: cf. OF. engrossir, engroissier, to make thick, large, or gross. See Gross.]
1. To make gross, thick, or large; to thicken; to increase in bulk or quantity. [Obs.]
Waves . . . engrossed with mud.
Not sleeping, to engross his idle body.
2. To amass. [Obs.]
To engross up glorious deeds on my behalf.
3. To copy or write in a large hand (en gross, i. e., in large); to write a fair copy of in distinct and legible characters; as, to engross a deed or like instrument on parchment.
Some period long past, when clerks engrossed their stiff and formal chirography on more substantial materials.
Laws that may be engrossed on a finger nail.
4. To seize in the gross; to take the whole of; to occupy wholly; to absorb; as, the subject engrossed all his thoughts.
5. To purchase either the whole or large quantities of, for the purpose of enhancing the price and making a profit; hence, to take or assume in undue quantity, proportion, or degree; as, to engross commodities in market; to engross power.
Engrossed bill (Legislation), one which has been plainly engrossed on parchment, with all its amendments, preparatory to final action on its passage. -- Engrossing hand (Penmanship), a fair, round style of writing suitable for engrossing legal documents, legislative bills, etc.
Syn. -- To absorb; swallow up; imbibe; consume; exhaust; occupy; forestall; monopolize. See Absorb.
En*gross"er (?), n.
1. One who copies a writing in large, fair characters.
2. One who takes the whole; a person who purchases such quantities of articles in a market as to raise the price; a forestaller.
En*gross"ment (?), n.
1. The act of engrossing; as, the engrossment of a deed.
Engrossments of power and favor.
2. That which has been engrossed, as an instrument, legislative bill, goods, etc.
En*guard" (?), v. t. To surround as with a guard. [Obs.]
En*gulf" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Engulfed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Engulfing.] [Pref. en- + gulf: cf. OF. engolfer. Cf. Ingulf.] To absorb or swallow up as in a gulf.
It quite engulfs all human thought.
Syn. -- See Absorb.
En*gulf"ment (?), n. A swallowing up as if in a gulf. [R.]
En*gyn" (?). Variant of Engine. [Obs.]
En*ha"lo (?), v. t. To surround with a halo.
En*hance" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Enhanced (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Enhancing (?).] [Norm. F. enhauncer, enhaucer, OF. enhaleier, enhaucier; pref. en- (L. in) + haucier to lift, raise up, from an assumed L. altiare, fr. L. altus high; cf. Pr. enansar, enanzar, to advance, exalt, and E. advance. See Altitude, and cf. Hawser.]
1. To raise or lift up; to exalt. [Obs.]
Who, naught aghast, his mighty hand enhanced.
2. To advance; to augment; to increase; to heighten; to make more costly or attractive; as, to enhance the price of commodities; to enhance beauty or kindness; hence, also, to render more heinous; to aggravate; as, to enhance crime.
The reputation of ferocity enhanced the value of their services, in making them feared as well as hated.
En*hance", v. i. To be raised up; to grow larger; as, a debt enhances rapidly by compound interest.
En*hance"ment (?), n. The act of increasing, or state of being increased; augmentation; aggravation; as, the enhancement of value, price, enjoyments, crime.
En*han"cer (?), n. One who enhances; one who, or that which, raises the amount, price, etc.
En*har"bor (?), v. t. To find harbor or safety in; to dwell in or inhabit.
En*hard"en (?), v. t. [Pref. en- + harden: cf. F. enhardir to embolden.] To harden; to embolden. [Obs.]
En`har*mon"ic (?), En`har*mon"ic*al (?), a. [Gr. , fitting, accordant; in + harmony: cf. F. enharmonique.]