Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
En*clit"ic (?), En*clit"ic*al (?), a. [L. encliticus, Gr. , fr. to incline; in + to bend. See In, and Lean, v. i.] (Gram.) Affixed; subjoined; -- said of a word or particle which leans back upon the preceding word so as to become a part of it, and to lose its own independent accent, generally varying also the accent of the preceding word.
En*clit"ic, n. (Gram.) A word which is joined to another so closely as to lose its proper accent, as the pronoun thee in prithee (pray thee).
En*clit"ic*al*ly, adv. In an enclitic manner; by throwing the accent back.
En*clit"ics (?), n. (Gram.) The art of declining and conjugating words.
En*clois"ter (?), v. t. [Cf. Incloister.] To shut up in a cloister; to cloister.
En*close" (?), v. t. [F. enclos, p. p. of enclore to enclose; pref. en- (L. in) + clore to close. See Close, and cf. Inclose, Include.] To inclose. See Inclose.
En*clo"sure (?; 135), n. Inclosure. See Inclosure.
&hand; The words enclose and enclosure are written indiscriminately enclose or inclose and enclosure or inclosure.
En*clothe" (?), v. t. To clothe.
En*cloud" (?), v. t. [Cf. Incloud.] To envelop in clouds; to cloud. [R.]
En*coach" (?), v. t. [Cf. Incoach.] To carry in a coach. [R.]
Davies (Wit's Pilgr.)
En*cof"fin (?), v. t. To put in a coffin. [R.]
En*cold"en (?), v. t. To render cold. [Obs.]
En*col"lar (?), v. t. To furnish or surround with a collar. [R.]
En*col"or (?), v. t. To color. [R.]
En`co`lure" (?), n. [F.] The neck of horse.
En*com"ber (?), v. t. See Encumber. [Obs.]
En*com"ber*ment (?), n. [See Encumberment.] Hindrance; molestation.[Obs.]
En*co"mi*ast (?), n. [Gr. , fr. to praise, fr. encomium: cf. F. encomiaste. See Encomium.] One who praises; a panegyrist.
En*co`mi*as"tic (?), En*co`mi*as"tic*al (?), a. [Gr. .] Bestowing praise; praising; eulogistic; laudatory; as, an encomiastic address or discourse. -- En*co`mi*as"tic*al*ly, adv.
En*co`mi*as"tic, n. A panegyric.
En*co"mi*on (?), n. [NL.] Encomium; panegyric. [Obs.]
En*co"mi*um (?), n.; pl. Encomiums (#). [NL., fr. Gr. (a song) chanted in a Bacchic festival in praise of the god; in + a jovial festivity, revel. See Comedy.] Warm or high praise; panegyric; strong commendation.
His encomiums awakened all my ardor.
Syn. -- See Eulogy.
En*com"pass (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Encompassed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Encompassing.] To circumscribe or go round so as to surround closely; to encircle; to inclose; to environ; as, a ring encompasses the finger; an army encompasses a city; a voyage encompassing the world.
A question may be encompassed with difficulty.
C. J. Smith.
The love of all thy sons encompass thee.
Syn. -- To encircle; inclose; surround; include; environ; invest; hem in; shut up.
En*com"pass*ment (?), n. The act of surrounding, or the state of being surrounded; circumvention.
By this encompassment and drift of question.
En`core" (?), adv. ∨ interj. [F. The last part of the word is fr. L. hora hour. See Hour.] Once more; again; -- used by the auditors and spectators of plays, concerts, and other entertainments, to call for a repetition of a particular part.
En`core", n. A call or demand (as, by continued applause) for a repetition; as, the encores were numerous.
En`core", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Encored (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Encoring.] To call for a repetition or reappearance of; as, to encore a song or a singer.
[Rebecca] insisted upon encoring one of the duets.
En*cor"po*ring (?), n. [Pref. en- + L. corpus body.] Incorporation. [Obs.]
En`cou`bert" (?), n. [F., Pg. encorberto, encuberto, lit., covered.] (Zoöl.) One of several species of armadillos of the genera Dasypus and Euphractus, having five toes both on the fore and hind feet.
En*coun"ter (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Encountered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Encountering.] [OF. encontrer; pref. en- (L. in) + contre against, L. contra. See Counter, adv.] To come against face to face; to meet; to confront, either by chance, suddenly, or deliberately; especially, to meet in opposition or with hostile intent; to engage in conflict with; to oppose; to struggle with; as, to encounter a friend in traveling; two armies encounter each other; to encounter obstacles or difficulties, to encounter strong evidence of a truth.
Then certain philosophers of the Epicureans, and of the Stoics, encountered him.
Acts xvii. 18.
I am most fortunate thus accidentally to encounter you.
En*coun"ter, v. i. To meet face to face; to have a meeting; to meet, esp. as enemies; to engage in combat; to fight; as, three armies encountered at Waterloo.
I will encounter with Andronicus.
Perception and judgment, employed in the investigation of all truth, have in the first place to encounter with particulars.
En*coun"ter, n. [OF. encontre, fr. encontrer. See Encounter, v. t.]
1. A meeting face to face; a running against; a sudden or incidental meeting; an interview.
To shun the encounter of the vulgar crowd.
2. A meeting, with hostile purpose; hence, a combat; a battle; as, a bloody encounter.
As one for . . . fierce encounters fit.
To join their dark encounter in mid-air.
Syn. -- Contest; conflict; fight; combat; assault; rencounter; attack; engagement; onset. See Contest.
En*coun"ter*er (?), n. One who encounters; an opponent; an antagonist.
En*cour"age (?; 48), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Encouraged (?; 48); p. pr. & vb. n. Encouraging (?).] [F. encourager; pref. en- (L. in) + courage courage. See Courage.] To give courage to; to inspire with courage, spirit, or hope; to raise, or to increase, the confidence of; to animate; enhearten; to incite; to help forward; -- the opposite of discourage.
David encouraged himself in the Lord.
1 Sam. xxx. 6.
Syn. -- To embolden; inspirit; animate; enhearten; hearten; incite; cheer; urge; impel; stimulate; instigate; countenance; comfort; promote; advance; forward; strengthen.
En*cour"age*ment (?), n. [Cf. F. encouragement.]
1. The act of encouraging; incitement to action or to practice; as, the encouragement of youth in generosity.
All generous encouragement of arts.
2. That which serves to incite, support, promote, or advance, as favor, countenance, reward, etc.; incentive; increase of confidence; as, the fine arts find little encouragement among a rude people.
To think of his paternal care,
Is a most sweet encouragement to prayer.
En*cour"a*ger (?), n. One who encourages, incites, or helps forward; a favorer.
The pope is . . . a great encourager of arts.
En*cour"a*ging (?), a. Furnishing ground to hope; inspiriting; favoring. -- En*cour"a*ging*ly, adv.
En*cowl" (?), v. t. To make a monk (or wearer of a cowl) of. [R.]
En*cra"dle (?), v. t. To lay in a cradle.
En"cra*tite (?), n. [L. Encratitae, pl., fr. Gr. self-disciplined; in + strength.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect in the 2d century who abstained from marriage, wine, and animal food; -- called also Continent.
En*crease" (?), v. t. & i. [Obs.] See Increase.
En*crim"son (?), v. t. To give a crimson or red color to; to crimson.
Encrinic, Encrinal, Encrinital
En*crin"ic (?), En*cri"nal (?), En*crin"i*tal (?), a. (Paleon.) Relating to encrinites; containing encrinites, as certain kinds of limestone.
En"cri*nite (?), n. [Gr. in + a lily: cf. F. encrinite.] (Paleon.) A fossil crinoid, esp. one belonging to, or resembling, the genus Encrinus. Sometimes used in a general sense for any crinoid.
En`cri*nit"ic (?), En`cri*nit"ic*al (?), a. (Paleon.) Pertaining to encrinites; encrinal.
En`cri*noid"e*a (?), n. pl. [NL. See Encrinus and -oid.] (Zoöl.) That order of the Crinoidea which includes most of the living and many fossil forms, having jointed arms around the margin of the oral disk; -- also called Brachiata and Articulata. See Illusts. under Comatula and Crinoidea.
En"cri*nus (?), n.; pl. Encrini (#). [NL. See Encrinite.] (Paleon.) A genus of fossil encrinoidea, from the Mesozoic rocks.
En*crisped" (?), a. Curled. [Obs.]
En*croach" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Encroached (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Encroaching.] [OF. encrochier to perch, prop., to hook, fasten a hook (perh. confused with acrochier, F. accrocher, to hook, get hold of, E. accroach); pref. en- (L. in) + F. croc hook. See Crook, and cf. Accroach.] To enter by gradual steps or by stealth into the possessions or rights of another; to trespass; to intrude; to trench; -- commonly with on or upon; as, to encroach on a neighbor; to encroach on the highway.
No sense, faculty, or member must encroach upon or interfere with the duty and office of another.
Superstition, . . . a creeping and encroaching evil.
Exclude the encroaching cattle from thy ground.
Syn. -- To intrude; trench; infringe; invade; trespass.
En*croach", n. Encroachment. [Obs.]
En*croach"er (?), n. One who by gradual steps enters on, and takes possession of, what is not his own.
En*croach"ing*ly, adv. By way of encroachment.
En*croach"ment (?), n.
1. The act of entering gradually or silently upon the rights or possessions of another; unlawful intrusion.
An unconstitutional encroachment of military power on the civil establishment.
2. That which is taken by encroaching on another.
3. (Law) An unlawful diminution of the possessions of another.
En*crust" (?), v. t. To incrust. See Incrust.
En*crust"ment (?), n. That which is formed as a crust; incrustment; incrustation.
Disengaging truth from its encrustment of error.
En*cum"ber (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Encumbered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Encumbering.] [F. encombrer; pref. en- (L. in) + OF. combrer to hinder. See Cumber, and cf. Incumber.] >[Written also incumber.]
1. To impede the motion or action of, as with a burden; to retard with something superfluous; to weigh down; to obstruct or embarrass; as, his movements were encumbered by his mantle; his mind is encumbered with useless learning.
Not encumbered with any notable inconvenience.
2. To load with debts, or other legal claims; as, to encumber an estate with mortgages.
Syn. -- To load; clog; oppress; overload; embarrass; perplex; hinder; retard; obstruct; check; block.
En*cum"ber*ment (?), n. [Cf. F. encombrement.] Encumbrance. [R.]
En*cum"brance (?), n. [Cf. OF. encombrance. Cf. Incumbrance.]
1. That which encumbers; a burden which impedes action, or renders it difficult and laborious; a clog; an impediment. See Incumbrance.
2. (Law) Same as Incumbrance.
Syn. -- Burden; clog; impediment; check; hindrance.
En*cum"bran*cer (?), n. (Law) Same as Incumbrancer.
En*cur"tain (?), v. t. To inclose with curtains.
-en*cy (?). [L. -entia.] A noun suffix having much the same meaning as -ence, but more commonly signifying the quality or state; as, emergency, efficiency. See -ancy.
En*cyc"lic (?), En*cyc"li*cal (?), a. [L. encyclios of a circle, general, Gr. ; in + circle: cf. F. encyclique. See Cycle.] Sent to many persons or places; intended for many, or for a whole order of men; general; circular; as, an encyclical letter of a council, of a bishop, or the pope.
En*cyc"lic, En*cyc"li*cal, n. An encyclical letter, esp. one from a pope.
En*cy`clo*pe"di*a, En*cy`clo*pæ"di*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. , for , instruction in the circle of arts and sciences: cf. F. encyclopédie. See Cyclopedia, and Encyclical.] [Formerly written encyclopædy and encyclopedy.] The circle of arts and sciences; a comprehensive summary of knowledge, or of a branch of knowledge; esp., a work in which the various branches of science or art are discussed separately, and usually in alphabetical order; a cyclopedia.
En*cy`clo*pe*di"a*cal (?), a. Encyclopedic.
En*cy`clo*pe"di*an (?), a. Embracing the whole circle of learning, or a wide range of subjects.
En*cy`clo*ped"ic (?), En*cy`clo*ped"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. encyclopédique.] Pertaining to, or of the nature of, an encyclopedia; embracing a wide range of subjects.
En*cy`clo*pe"dism (?), n. The art of writing or compiling encyclopedias; also, possession of the whole range of knowledge; encyclopedic learning.
En*cy`clo*pe"dist (?), n. [Cf. F. encyclopédiste.] The compiler of an encyclopedia, or one who assists in such compilation; also, one whose knowledge embraces the whole range of the sciences.
The Encyclopedists, the writers of the great French encyclopedia which appeared in 1751-1772. The editors were Diderot and D'Alembert. Among the contributors were Voltaire and Rousseau.
En*cyst" (?), v. t. To inclose in a cyst.
En`cys*ta"tion (?), n. Encystment.
En*cyst"ed (?), a. Inclosed in a cyst, or a sac, bladder, or vesicle; as, an encysted tumor.
The encysted venom, or poison bag, beneath the adder's fang.
En*cyst"ment (?), n.
1. (Biol.) A process which, among some of the lower forms of life, precedes reproduction by budding, fission, spore formation, etc.
&hand; The animal (a) first contracts its body to a globular mass (b) and then secretes a transparent cyst (c), after which the mass divides into two or more parts (as in d e), each of which attains freedom by the bursting of the cyst, and becomes an individual animal.
2. (Zoöl.) A process by which many internal parasites, esp. in their larval states, become inclosed within a cyst in the muscles, liver, etc. See Trichina.
End (?), n. [OE. & AS. ende; akin to OS. endi, D. einde, eind, OHG. enti, G. ende, Icel. endir, endi, Sw. ände, Dan. ende, Goth. andeis, Skr. anta. . Cf. Ante-, Anti-, Answer.]
1. The extreme or last point or part of any material thing considered lengthwise (the extremity of breadth being side); hence, extremity, in general; the concluding part; termination; close; limit; as, the end of a field, line, pole, road; the end of a year, of a discourse; put an end to pain; -- opposed to beginning, when used of anything having a first part.
Better is the end of a thing than the beginning thereof.
Eccl. vii. 8.
2. Point beyond which no procession can be made; conclusion; issue; result, whether successful or otherwise; conclusive event; consequence.
My guilt be on my head, and there an end.
O that a man might know
The end of this day's business ere it come!
3. Termination of being; death; destruction; extermination; also, cause of death or destruction.
Unblamed through life, lamented in thy end.
Confound your hidden falsehood, and award
Either of you to be the other's end.
I shall see an end of him.
4. The object aimed at in any effort considered as the close and effect of exertion; ppurpose; intention; aim; as, to labor for private or public ends.
Losing her, the end of living lose.
When every man is his own end, all things will come to a bad end.
5. That which is left; a remnant; a fragment; a scrap; as, odds and ends.
I clothe my naked villainy
With old odd ends stolen out of holy writ,
And seem a saint, when most I play the devil.
6. (Carpet Manuf.) One of the yarns of the worsted warp in a Brussels carpet.