Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Doc"tor*ate (?), n. [Cf. F. doctorat.] The degree, title, or rank, of a doctor.
Doc"tor*ate (?), v. t. To make (one) a doctor.
He was bred . . . in Oxford and there doctorated.
Doc"tor*ess, n. A female doctor.[R.]
Doc"tor*ly, a. Like a doctor or learned man. [Obs.] Doctorly prelates."
Doc"tor*ship, n. Doctorate. [R.]
Doc"tress (?), n. A female doctor. [R.]
Doc"tri*na*ble (?), a. Of the nature of, or constituting, doctrine. [Obs.]
Sir P. Sidney.
Doc`tri*naire" (?), n. [F. See Doctrine.] One who would apply to political or other practical concerns the abstract doctrines or the theories of his own philosophical system; a propounder of a new set of opinions; a dogmatic theorist. Used also adjectively; as, doctrinaire notions.
&hand; In french history, the Doctrinaires were a constitutionalist party which originated after the restoration of the Bourbons, and represented the interests of liberalism and progress. After the Revolution of July, 1830, when they came into power, they assumed a conservative position in antagonism with the republicans and radicals.
Doc"tri*nal (?), a. [LL. doctrinalis, fr. L. doctrina: cf. F. doctrinal. See Doctrine.]
1. Pertaining to, or containing, doctrine or something taught and to be believed; as, a doctrinal observation. Doctrinal clauses."
2. Pertaining to, or having to do with, teaching.
The word of God serveth no otherwise than in the nature of a doctrinal instrument.
Doc"tri*nal, n. A matter of doctrine; also, a system of doctrines.
T. Goodwin. Sir T. Elyot.
Doc"tri*nal*ly, adv. In a doctrinal manner or for; by way of teaching or positive direction.
Doc"tri*na"ri*an (?), n. A doctrinaire.
J. H. Newman.
Doc`tri*na"ri*an*ism (?), n. The principles or practices of the Doctrinaires.
Doc"trine (?), n. [F. doctrine, L. doctrina, fr. doctor. See Doctor.]
1. Teaching; instruction.
He taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine, Hearken.
Mark iv. 2.
2. That which is taught; what is held, put forth as true, and supported by a teacher, a school, or a sect; a principle or position, or the body of principles, in any branch of knowledge; any tenet or dogma; a principle of faith; as, the doctrine of atoms; the doctrine of chances. The doctrine of gravitation."
Articles of faith and doctrine.
The Monroe doctrine (Politics), a policy enunciated by President Monroe (Message, Dec. 2, 1823), the essential feature of which is that the United States will regard as an unfriendly act any attempt on the part of European powers to extend their systems on this continent, or any interference to oppress, or in any manner control the destiny of, governments whose independence had been acknowledged by the United States.
Syn. -- Precept; tenet; principle; maxim; dogma. -- Doctrine, Precept. Doctrine denotes whatever is recommended as a speculative truth to the belief of others. Precept is a rule down to be obeyed. Doctrine supposes a teacher; precept supposes a superior, with a right to command. The doctrines of the Bible; the precepts of our holy religion.
Unpracticed he to fawn or seek for power
By doctrines fashioned to the varying hour.
Doc"u*ment (?), n. [LL. documentum, fr. docere to teach: cf. F. document. See Docile.]
1. That which is taught or authoritatively set forth; precept; instruction; dogma. [Obs.]
Learners should not be too much crowded with a heap or multitude of documents or ideas at one time.
2. An example for instruction or warning. [Obs.]
They were forth with stoned to death, as a document to others.
Sir W. Raleigh.
3. An original or official paper relied upon as the basis, proof, or support of anything else; -- in its most extended sense, including any writing, book, or other instrument conveying information in the case; any material substance on which the thoughts of men are represented by any species of conventional mark or symbol.
Saint Luke . . . collected them from such documents and testimonies as he . . . judged to be authentic.
Doc"u*ment, v. t.
1. To teach; to school. [Obs.]
I am finely documented by my own daughter.
2. To furnish with documents or papers necessary to establish facts or give information; as, a a ship should be documented according to the directions of law.
Doc`u*men"tal (?), a.
1. Of or pertaining to instruction. [Obs.]
Dr. H. More.
2. Of or pertaining to written evidence; documentary; as, documental testimony.
Doc`u*men"ta*ry (?), a. Pertaining to written evidence; contained or certified in writing. Documentary evidence."
Dodd, Dod (?), v. t. [OE. dodden.] To cut off, as wool from sheep's tails; to lop or clip off.
Dod"dart (?), n. A game much like hockey, played in an open field; also, the, bent stick for playing the game. [Local, Eng.]
Dod"ded, a. [See Dodd.] Without horns; as, dodded cattle; without beards; as, dodded corn.
Dod"der (?), n. [Cf. Dan. dodder, Sw. dodra, G. dotter.] (Bot.) A plant of the genus Cuscuta. It is a leafless parasitical vine with yellowish threadlike stems. It attaches itself to some other plant, as to flax, goldenrod, etc., and decaying at the root. is nourished by the plant that supports it.
Dod"der, v. t. & i. [Cf. AS. dyderian to deceive, delude, and E. didder, dudder.] To shake, tremble, or totter. The doddering mast."
Dod"dered (?), a. Shattered; infirm. A laurel grew, doddered with age."
Do*dec"a*gon (?), n. [Gr. twelve + angle: cf. F. dodécagone.] (Geom.) A figure or polygon bounded by twelve sides and containing twelve angles.
Do*dec`a*gyn"i*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. twelve + woman, female.] (Bot.) A Linnæan order of plants having twelve styles.
Do*dec`a*gyn"i*an (?), Do`de*cag"y*nous (?), a. (Bot.) Of or pertaining to the Dodecagynia; having twelve styles.
Do*dec`a*he"dral (?), a. Pertaining to, or like, a dodecahedion; consisting of twelve equal sides.
Dodecahedral cleavage. See under Cleavage.
Do*dec`a*he"dron (?), n. [Gr. ; twelve + seat, bottom, base: cf. F. dodéca\'8adre.] (Geom. & Crystallog.) A solid having twelve faces.
&hand; The regular dodecahedron is bounded by twelve equal and regular pentagons; the pyritohedron (see Pyritohedron) is related to it; the rhombic dodecahedron is bounded by twelve equal rhombic faces.
Do`de*can"dri*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. twelve + , , man, male.] (Bot.) A Linnæan class of plants including all that have any number of stamens between twelve and nineteen.
Do`de*can"dri*an (?), Do`de*can"drous (?), a. (Bot.) Of or pertaining to the Dodecandria; having twelve stamens, or from twelve to nineteen.
Do"de*cane (?), n. [Gr. twelve.] (Chem.) Any one of a group of thick oily hydrocarbons, C12H26, of the paraffin series.
Do*dec"a*style (?), a. [Gr. twelve + column: cf. F. dodécastyle.] (Arch.) Having twelve columns in front. -- n. A dodecastyle portico, or building.
Do*dec`a*syl*lab"ic (?), a. [Gr. twelve + E. syllabic.] Having twelve syllables.
Do*dec"a*syl`la*ble (?), n. A word consisting of twelve syllables.
Do*dec`a*tem"o*ry (?), n. [Gr. ; twelve + , dim. of part: cf. F. dodécatémorie.] (Astron.) A tern applied to the twelve houses, or parts, of the zodiac of the primum mobile, to distinguish them from the twelve signs; also, any one of the twelve signs of the zodiac.
Dodge (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Dodged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dodging.] [Of uncertain origin: cf. dodder, v., daddle, dade, or dog, v. t.]
1. To start suddenly aside, as to avoid a blow or a missile; to shift place by a sudden start.
2. To evade a duty by low craft; to practice mean shifts; to use tricky devices; to play fast and loose; to quibble.
Some dodging casuist with more craft than sincerity.
Dodge, v. t.
1. To evade by a sudden shift of place; to escape by starting aside; as, to dodge a blow aimed or a ball thrown.
2. Fig.: To evade by craft; as, to dodge a question; to dodge responsibility. [Colloq.]
S. G. Goodrich.
3. To follow by dodging, or suddenly shifting from place to place.
Dodge, n. The act of evading by some skillful movement; a sudden starting aside; hence, an artful device to evade, deceive, or cheat; a cunning trick; an artifice. [Colloq.]
Some, who have a taste for good living, have many harmless arts, by which they improve their banquet, and innocent dodges, if we may be permitted to use an excellent phrase that has become vernacular since the appearance of the last dictionaries.
Dodg"er (?), n.
1. One who dodges or evades; one who plays fast and loose, or uses tricky devices.
2. A small handbill. [U. S.]
3. See Corndodger.
Dodg"er*y (?), n. trickery; artifice. [Obs.]
Dod"i*pate (?), Dod"i*poll (?), n. [Perh. fr. OE. dodden to cut off, to shear, and first applied to shaven-polled priests.] A stupid person; a fool; a blockhead.
Some will say, our curate is naught, an ass-head, a dodipoll.
Dod"kin (?), n. [D. duitken, dim. of duit. See Doit, and cf. Doitkin.] A doit; a small coin.
Dod"man (?), n.
1. A snail; also, a snail shell; a hodmandod. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
2. (Zoöl.) Any shellfish which casts its shell, as a lobster. [Prov. Eng.]
Do"do (?), n.; pl. Dodoes (#). [Said to be fr. Pg. doudo silly, foolish (cf. Booby); this is fr. Prov. E. dold, the same word as E. dolt.] (Zoöl.) A large, extinct bird (Didus ineptus), formerly inhabiting the Island of Mauritius. It had short, half-fledged wings, like those of the ostrich, and a short neck and legs; -- called also dronte. It was related to the pigeons.
Doe (?), n. [AS. dā; cf. Dan. daa, daa-dyr, deer, and perh. L. dama. .] (Zoöl.) A female deer or antelope; specifically, the female of the fallow deer, of which the male is called a buck. Also applied to the female of other animals, as the rabbit. See the Note under Buck.
Doe (?), n. A feat. [Obs.] See Do, n.
Dœg"lic (?), a. Pertaining to, or obtained from, the dœgling; as, dœglic acid (Chem.), an oily substance resembling oleic acid.
Dœg"ling (?), n. [Native name in Faroe Islands.] (Zoöl.) The beaked whale (Balænoptera rostrata), from which dœgling oil is obtained.
Do"er (?), m. [From Do, v. t. & i.]
1. One who does; one performs or executes; one who is wont and ready to act; an actor; an agent.
The doers of the law shall be justified.
Rom. ii. 13.
2. (Scots Law) An agent or attorney; a factor.
Does (?). The 3d pers. sing. pres. of Do.
Doe"skin` (?), n.
1. The skin of the doe.
2. A firm woolen cloth with a smooth, soft surface like a doe's skin; -- made for men's wear.
Doff (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Doffed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Doffing.] [Do + off. See Do, v. t., 7.]
1. To put off, as dress; to divest one's self of; hence, figuratively, to put or thrust away; to rid one's self of.
And made us doff our easy robes of peace.
At night, or in the rain,
He dons a surcoat which he doffs at morn.
2. To strip; to divest; to undress.
Heaven's King, who doffs himself our flesh to wear.
Doff, v. i. To put off dress; to take off the hat.
Doff"er (?), n. (Mach.) A revolving cylinder, or a vibrating bar with teeth, in a carding machine, which doffs, or strips off, the cotton from the cards.
Dog (?), n. [AS. docga; akin to D. dog mastiff, Dan. dogge, Sw. dogg.]
1. (Zoöl.) A quadruped of the genus Canis, esp. the domestic dog (C. familiaris). The dog is distinguished above all others of the inferior animals for intelligence, docility, and attachment to man. There are numerous carefully bred varieties, as the beagle, bloodhound, bulldog, coachdog, collie, Danish dog, foxhound, greyhound, mastiff, pointer, poodle, St. Bernard, setter, spaniel, spitz dog, terrier, etc. There are also many mixed breeds, and partially domesticated varieties, as well as wild dogs, like the dingo and dhole. (See these names in the Vocabulary.)
2. A mean, worthless fellow; a wretch.
What is thy servant, which is but a dog, that he should do this great thing?
2 Kings viii. 13 (Rev. Ver. )
3. A fellow; -- used humorously or contemptuously; as, a sly dog; a lazy dog. [Colloq.]
4. (Astron.) One of the two constellations, Canis Major and Canis Minor, or the Greater Dog and the Lesser Dog. Canis Major contains the Dog Star (Sirius).
5. An iron for holding wood in a fireplace; a firedog; an andiron.
6. (Mech.) (a) A grappling iron, with a claw or claws, for fastening into wood or other heavy articles, for the purpose of raising or moving them. (b) An iron with fangs fastening a log in a saw pit, or on the carriage of a sawmill. (c) A piece in machinery acting as a catch or clutch; especially, the carrier of a lathe, also, an adjustable stop to change motion, as in a machine tool.
&hand; Dog is used adjectively or in composition, commonly in the sense of relating to, or characteristic of, a dog. It is also used to denote a male; as, dog fox or g-fox, a male fox; dog otter or dog-otter, dog wolf, etc.; -- also to denote a thing of cheap or mean quality; as, dog Latin.
A dead dog, a thing of no use or value. 1 Sam. xxiv. 14. -- A dog in the manger, an ugly-natured person who prevents others from enjoying what would be an advantage to them but is none to him. -- Dog ape (Zoöl.), a male ape. -- Dog cabbage, ∨ Dog's cabbage (Bot.), a succulent herb, native to the Mediterranean region (Thelygonum Cynocrambe). -- Dog cheap, very cheap. See under Cheap. -- Dog ear (Arch.), an acroterium. [Colloq.] -- Dog flea (Zoöl.), a species of flea (Pulex canis) which infests dogs and cats, and is often troublesome to man. In America it is the common flea. See Flea, and Aphaniptera. -- Dog grass (Bot.), a grass (Triticum caninum) of the same genus as wheat. -- Dog Latin, barbarous Latin; as, the dog Latin of pharmacy. -- Dog lichen (Bot.), a kind of lichen (Peltigera canina) growing on earth, rocks, and tree trunks, -- a lobed expansion, dingy green above and whitish with fuscous veins beneath. -- Dog louse (Zoöl.), a louse that infests the dog, esp. Hæmatopinus piliferus; another species is Trichodectes latus. -- Dog power, a machine operated by the weight of a dog traveling in a drum, or on an endless track, as for churning. -- Dog salmon (Zoöl.), a salmon of northwest America and northern Asia; -- the gorbuscha; -- called also holia, and hone. -- Dog shark. (Zoöl.) See Dogfish. -- Dog's meat, meat fit only for dogs; refuse; offal. -- Dog Star. See in the Vocabulary. -- Dog wheat (Bot.), Dog grass. -- Dog whelk (Zoöl.), any species of univalve shells of the family Nassidæ, esp. the Nassa reticulata of England. -- To give, ∨ throw, to the dogs, to throw away as useless. Throw physic to the dogs; I'll none of it." Shak. -- To go to the dogs, to go to ruin; to be ruined.