Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
A*bet"ter, A*bet*tor (#), n. One who abets; an instigator of an offense or an offender.
&hand; The form abettor is the legal term and also in general use.
Syn. -- Abettor, Accessory, Accomplice. These words denote different degrees of complicity in some deed or crime. An abettor is one who incites or encourages to the act, without sharing in its performance. An accessory supposes a principal offender. One who is neither the chief actor in an offense, nor present at its performance, but accedes to or becomes involved in its guilt, either by some previous or subsequent act, as of instigating, encouraging, aiding, or concealing, etc., is an accessory. An accomplice is one who participates in the commission of an offense, whether as principal or accessory. Thus in treason, there are no abettors or accessories, but all are held to be principals or accomplices.
Ab`e*vac"u*a"tion (#), n. [Pref. ab- + evacuation.] (Med.) A partial evacuation.
A*bey"ance (#), n. [OF. abeance expectation, longing; a (L. ad) + baer, beer, to gape, to look with open mouth, to expect, F. bayer, LL. badare to gape.]
1. (Law) Expectancy; condition of being undetermined.
&hand; When there is no person in existence in whom an inheritance (or a dignity) can vest, it is said to be in abeyance, that is, in expectation; the law considering it as always potentially existing, and ready to vest whenever a proper owner appears.
2. Suspension; temporary suppression.
Keeping the sympathies of love and admiration in a dormant state, or state of abeyance.
A*bey"an*cy (#), n. Abeyance. [R.]
A*bey"ant (#), a. Being in a state of abeyance.
Ab"hal (#), n. The berries of a species of cypress in the East Indies.
Ab*hom"i*na*ble (#), a. Abominable. [A false orthography anciently used; h was foisted into various words; hence abholish, for abolish, etc.]
This is abhominable, which he [Don Armado] would call abominable.
Shak. Love's Labor's Lost, v. 1.
Ab*hom`i*nal (#), a. [L. ab away from + homo, hominis, man.] Inhuman. [Obs.]
Ab*hor" (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abhorred (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Abhorring.] [L. abhorrere; ab + horrere to bristle, shiver, shudder: cf. F. abhorrer. See Horrid.]
1. To shrink back with shuddering from; to regard with horror or detestation; to feel excessive repugnance toward; to detest to extremity; to loathe.
Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
Rom. xii. 9.
2. To fill with horror or disgust. [Obs.]
It doth abhor me now I speak the word.
3. (Canon Law) To protest against; to reject solemnly. [Obs.]
I utterly abhor, yea, from my soul
Refuse you for my judge.
Syn. -- To hate; detest; loathe; abominate. See Hate.
Ab*hor", v. i. To shrink back with horror, disgust, or dislike; to be contrary or averse; -- with from. [Obs.] To abhor from those vices."
Which is utterly abhorring from the end of all law.
Ab*hor"rence (#), n. Extreme hatred or detestation; the feeling of utter dislike.
Ab*hor"ren*cy (#), n. Abhorrence. [Obs.]
Ab*hor"rent (#), a. [L. abhorens, -rentis, p. pr. of abhorrere.]
1. Abhorring; detesting; having or showing abhorrence; loathing; hence, strongly opposed to; as, abhorrent thoughts.
The persons most abhorrent from blood and treason.
The arts of pleasure in despotic courts
I spurn abhorrent.
2. Contrary or repugnant; discordant; inconsistent; -- followed by to. Injudicious profanation, so abhorrent to our stricter principles."
3. Detestable. Pride, abhorrent as it is."
Ab*hor"rent*ly, adv. With abhorrence.
Ab*hor"rer (#), n. One who abhors.
Ab*hor"ri*ble (#), a. Detestable. [R.]
Ab*hor"ring (#), n.
2. Object of abhorrence.
Isa. lxvi. 24.
A"bib (#), n. [Heb. abīb, lit. an ear of corn. The month was so called from barley being at that time in ear.] The first month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, corresponding nearly to our April. After the Babylonish captivity this month was called Nisan.
A*bid"ance (#), n. The state of abiding; abode; continuance; compliance (with).
The Christians had no longer abidance in the holy hill of Palestine.
A judicious abidance by rules.
A*bide" (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abode (#), formerly Abid(#); p. pr. & vb. n. Abiding (#).] [AS. ābīdan; pref. ā- (cf. Goth. us-, G. er-, orig. meaning out) + bīdan to bide. See Bide.]
1. To wait; to pause; to delay. [Obs.]
2. To stay; to continue in a place; to have one's abode; to dwell; to sojourn; -- with with before a person, and commonly with at or in before a place.
Let the damsel abide with us a few days.
Gen. xxiv. 55.
3. To remain stable or fixed in some state or condition; to continue; to remain.
Let every man abide in the same calling.
1 Cor. vii. 20.
Followed by by: To abide by. (a) To stand to; to adhere; to maintain.
The poor fellow was obstinate enough to abide by what he said at first.
(b) To acquiesce; to conform to; as, to abide by a decision or an award.
A*bide", v. t.
1. To wait for; to be prepared for; to await; to watch for; as, I abide my time. I will abide the coming of my lord."
[[Obs.], with a personal object.
Bonds and afflictions abide me.
Acts xx. 23.
2. To endure; to sustain; to submit to.
[Thou] shalt abide her judgment on it.
3. To bear patiently; to tolerate; to put up with.
She could not abide Master Shallow.
4. [Confused with aby to pay for. See Aby.] To stand the consequences of; to answer for; to suffer for.
Dearly I abide that boast so vain.
A*bid"er (#), n.
1. One who abides, or continues. [Obs.] Speedy goers and strong abiders."
2. One who dwells; a resident.
A*bid"ing, a. Continuing; lasting.
A*bid"ing*ly, adv. Permanently.
A"bi*es (#), n. [L., fir tree.] (Bot.) A genus of coniferous trees, properly called Fir, as the balsam fir and the silver fir. The spruces are sometimes also referred to this genus.
Ab"i*e*tene (#), n. [L. abies, abietis, a fir tree.] A volatile oil distilled from the resin or balsam of the nut pine (Pinus sabiniana) of California.
Ab`i*et"ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to the fir tree or its products; as, abietic acid, called also sylvic acid.
Ab"i*e*tin, Ab"i*e*tine (#), n. [See Abietene.] (Chem.) A resinous obtained from Strasburg turpentine or Canada balsam. It is without taste or smell, is insoluble in water, but soluble in alcohol (especially at the boiling point), in strong acetic acid, and in ether.
Ab`i*e*tin"ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to abietin; as, abietinic acid.
Ab"i*e*tite (#), n. (Chem.) A substance resembling mannite, found in the needles of the common silver fir of Europe (Abies pectinata).
Ab"i*gail (#), n. [The proper name used as an appellative.] A lady's waiting-maid.
Her abigail reported that Mrs. Gutheridge had a set of night curls for sleeping in.
A*bil"i*ment (#), n. Habiliment. [Obs.]
A*bil"i*ty (#), n.; pl. Abilities(#). [F. habileté, earlier spelling habilité (with silent h), L. habilitas aptitude, ability, fr. habilis apt. See Able.] The quality or state of being able; power to perform, whether physical, moral, intellectual, conventional, or legal; capacity; skill or competence in doing; sufficiency of strength, skill, resources, etc.; -- in the plural, faculty, talent.
Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined to send relief unto the brethren.
Acts xi. 29.
Natural abilities are like natural plants, that need pruning by study.
The public men of England, with much of a peculiar kind of ability.
Syn. -- Capacity; talent; cleverness; faculty; capability; efficiency; aptitude; aptness; address; dexterity; skill. Ability, Capacity. These words come into comparison when applied to the higher intellectual powers. Ability has reference to the active exercise of our faculties. It implies not only native vigor of mind, but that ease and promptitude of execution which arise from mental training. Thus, we speak of the ability with which a book is written, an argument maintained, a negotiation carried on, etc. It always something to be done, and the power of doing it. Capacity has reference to the receptive powers. In its higher exercises it supposes great quickness of apprehension and breadth of intellect, with an uncommon aptitude for acquiring and retaining knowledge. Hence it carries with it the idea of resources and undeveloped power. Thus we speak of the extraordinary capacity of such men as Lord Bacon, Blaise Pascal, and Edmund Burke. Capacity," says H. Taylor, is requisite to devise, and ability to execute, a great enterprise." The word abilities, in the plural, embraces both these qualities, and denotes high mental endowments.
Abime or Abyme
A*bime" or A*byme" (#), n. [F. ab\'8cme. See Abysm.] A abyss. [Obs.]
Ab`i*o*gen"e*sis (#), n. [Gr. priv. + life + , origin, birth.] (Biol.) The supposed origination of living organisms from lifeless matter; such genesis as does not involve the action of living parents; spontaneous generation; -- called also abiogeny, and opposed to biogenesis.
I shall call the . . . doctrine that living matter may be produced by not living matter, the hypothesis of abiogenesis.
Ab`i*o*ge*net"ic (#), a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to abiogenesis. Ab`i*o*ge*net"ic*al*ly, adv.
Ab`i*og"e*nist (#), n. (Biol.) One who believes that life can be produced independently of antecedent.
Ab`i*og"e*nous (#), a. (Biol.) Produced by spontaneous generation.
Ab`i*og"e*ny (#), n. (Biol.) Same as Abiogenesis.
Ab`i*o*log"ic*al (#), a. [Gr. priv. + E. biological.] Pertaining to the study of inanimate things.
Ab*ir"ri*tant (#), n. (Med.) A medicine that diminishes irritation.
Ab*ir"ri*tate (#), v. t. [Pref. ab- + irritate.] (Med.) To diminish the sensibility of; to debilitate.
Ab*ir`ri*ta"tion (#), n. (Med.) A pathological condition opposite to that of irritation; debility; want of strength; asthenia.
Ab*ir"ri*ta*tive (#), a. (Med.) Characterized by abirritation or debility.
A*bit" (#), 3d sing. pres. of Abide. [Obs.]
Ab"ject (#), a. [L. abjectus, p. p. of abjicere to throw away; ab + jacere to throw. See Jet a shooting forth.]
1. Cast down; low-lying. [Obs.]
From the safe shore their floating carcasses
And broken chariot wheels; so thick bestrown
Abject and lost lay these, covering the flood.
2. Sunk to a law condition; down in spirit or hope; degraded; servile; groveling; despicable; as, abject posture, fortune, thoughts. Base and abject flatterers." Addison. An abject liar." Macaulay.
And banish hence these abject, lowly dreams.
Syn. -- Mean; groveling; cringing; mean-spirited; slavish; ignoble; worthless; vile; beggarly; contemptible; degraded.
Ab*ject" (#), v. t. [From Abject, a.] To cast off or down; hence, to abase; to degrade; to lower; to debase. [Obs.]
Ab"ject (#), n. A person in the lowest and most despicable condition; a castaway. [Obs.]
Shall these abjects, these victims, these outcasts, know any thing of pleasure?
Ab*ject"ed*ness (#), n. A very abject or low condition; abjectness. [R.]
Ab*jec"tion (#), n. [F. abjection, L. abjectio.]
1. The act of bringing down or humbling. The abjection of the king and his realm."
2. The state of being rejected or cast out. [R.]
An adjection from the beatific regions where God, and his angels and saints, dwell forever.
3. A low or downcast state; meanness of spirit; abasement; degradation.
That this should be termed baseness, abjection of mind, or servility, is it credible?
Ab"ject*ly (#), adv. Meanly; servilely.
Ab"ject*ness, n. The state of being abject; abasement; meanness; servility.
Ab*judge" (#), v. t. [Pref. ab- + judge, v. Cf. Abjudicate.] To take away by judicial decision. [R.]
Ab*ju"di*cate (#), v. t. [L. abjudicatus, p. p. of abjudicare; ab + judicare. See Judge, and cf. Abjudge.] To reject by judicial sentence; also, to abjudge. [Obs.]
Ab*ju`di*ca"tion (#), n. Rejection by judicial sentence. [R.]
Ab"ju*gate (#), v. t. [L. abjugatus, p. p. of abjugare.] To unyoke. [Obs.]
Ab*junc"tive (#), a. [L. abjunctus, p. p. of abjungere; ab + jungere to join.] Exceptional. [R.]
It is this power which leads on from the accidental and abjunctive to the universal.
Ab`ju*ra"tion (#), n. [L. abjuratio: cf. F. abjuration.]
1. The act of abjuring or forswearing; a renunciation upon oath; as, abjuration of the realm, a sworn banishment, an oath taken to leave the country and never to return.
2. A solemn recantation or renunciation; as, an abjuration of heresy.
Oath of abjuration, an oath asserting the right of the present royal family to the crown of England, and expressly abjuring allegiance to the descendants of the Pretender.
Brande & C.
Ab*ju"ra*to*ry (#), a. Containing abjuration.
Ab*jure" (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abjured (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Abjuring (#).] [L. abjurare to deny upon oath; ab + jurare to swear, fr. jus, juris, right, law; cf. F. abjurer. See Jury.]
1. To renounce upon oath; to forswear; to disavow; as, to abjure allegiance to a prince. To abjure the realm, is to swear to abandon it forever.
2. To renounce or reject with solemnity; to recant; to abandon forever; to reject; repudiate; as, to abjure errors. Magic I here abjure."
Syn. -- See Renounce.
Ab*jure", v. i. To renounce on oath.
Ab*jure"ment (#), n. Renunciation. [R.]
Ab*jur"er (#), n. One who abjures.
Ab*lac"tate (#), v. t. [L. ablactatus, p. p. of ablactare; ab + lactare to suckle, fr. lac milk.] To wean. [R.]
Ab`lac*ta"tion (#). n.
1. The weaning of a child from the breast, or of young beasts from their dam.
2. (Hort.) The process of grafting now called inarching, or grafting by approach.
Ab*la"que*ate (#), v. t. [L. ablaqueatus, p. p. of. ablaqueare; fr. ab + laqueus a noose.] To lay bare, as the roots of a tree. [Obs.]
Ab*la`que*a"tion (#), n. [L. ablaqueatio.] The act or process of laying bare the roots of trees to expose them to the air and water. [Obs.]
Ab`las*tem"ic (#), a. [Gr. priv. + growth.] (Biol.) Non-germinal.
Ab*la"tion (#), n. [L. ablatio, fr. ablatus p. p. of auferre to carry away; ab + latus, p. p. of ferre carry: cf. F. ablation. See Tolerate.]
1. A carrying or taking away; removal.
2. (Med.) Extirpation.
3. (Geol.) Wearing away; superficial waste.
Ab`la*ti"tious (#), a. Diminishing; as, an ablatitious force.
Sir J. Herschel.
Ab"la*tive (#), a. [F. ablatif, ablative, L. ablativus fr. ablatus. See Ablation.]
1. Taking away or removing. [Obs.]
Where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, ablative directions are found needful to unteach error, ere we can learn truth.
2. (Gram.) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in Latin and some other languages, -- the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away.
Ab"la*tive, (Gram.) The ablative case.
ablative absolute, a construction in Latin, in which a noun in the ablative case has a participle (either expressed or implied), agreeing with it in gender, number, and case, both words forming a clause by themselves and being unconnected, grammatically, with the rest of the sentence; as, Tarquinio regnante, Pythagoras venit, i. e., Tarquinius reigning, Pythagoras came.
Ab"laut (#), n. [Ger., off-sound; ab off + laut sound.] (Philol.) The substitution of one root vowel for another, thus indicating a corresponding modification of use or meaning; vowel permutation; as, get, gat, got; sing, song; hang, hung.