Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Con*vey"er (?), n.
1. One who, or that which, conveys or carries, transmits or transfers.
2. One given to artifices or secret practices; a juggler; a cheat; a thief. [Obs.]
Con*vey"or (?), n. (Mach.) A contrivance for carrying objects from place to place; esp., one for conveying grain, coal, etc., -- as a spiral or screw turning in a pipe or trough, an endless belt with buckets, or a truck running along a rope.
Con*vi"ci*ate, v. i. [L. conviciatus, p.p. of conviciari to revile, fr. convicium loud reproach.] To utter reproaches; to raise a clamor; to rail. [Obs.]
To conviciate instead of accusing.
Con`vi*cin"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Convicinities (). Immediate vicinity; neighborhood.
The convicinity and contiguity of the two parishes.
Con*vi"cious (?), a. Expressing reproach; abusive; railing; taunting. [Obs.] Convicious words."
Queen Elizabeth (1559).
Con*vict" (?), p.a. [L. convictus, p.p. of convincere to convict, prove. See Convice.] Proved or found guilty; convicted. [Obs.]
Convict by flight, and rebel to all law.
Con"vict (?), n.
1. A person proved guilty of a crime alleged against him; one legally convicted or sentenced to punishment for some crime.
2. A criminal sentenced to penal servitude.
Syn. -- Malefactor; culprit; felon; criminal.
Con*vict" (?), v. t. [imp. & p.p. Convicted; p.pr. & vb.n. Convicting.]
1. To prove or find guilty of an offense or crime charged; to pronounce guilty, as by legal decision, or by one's conscience.
He [Baxter] . . . had been convicted by a jury.
They which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one.
John viii. 9.
2. To prove or show to be false; to confute; to refute. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
3. To demonstrate by proof or evidence; to prove.
Imagining that these proofs will convict a testament, to have that in it which other men can nowhere by reading find.
4. To defeat; to doom to destruction. [Obs.]
A whole armado of convicted sail.
Syn. -- To confute; defect; convince; confound.
Con*vict1i*ble (?), a. Capable of being convicted. [R.]
Con*vic"tion (?), n. [L. convictio proof: cf. F. conviction conviction (in sense 3 & 4). See Convict, Convince.]
1. The act of convicting; the act of proving, finding, or adjudging, guilty of an offense.
The greater certainty of conviction and the greater certainty of punishment.
2. (Law) A judgment of condemnation entered by a court having jurisdiction; the act or process of finding guilty, or the state of being found guilty of any crime by a legal tribunal.
Conviction may accrue two ways.
3. The act of convincing of error, or of compelling the admission of a truth; confutation.
For all his tedious talk is but vain boast,
Or subtle shifts conviction to evade.
4. The state of being convinced or convicted; strong persuasion or belief; especially, the state of being convicted of sin, or by one's conscience.
To call good evil, and evil good, against the conviction of their own consciences.
And did you presently fall under the power of this conviction?
Syn. -- Conviction; persuasion. -- Conviction respects soley matters of belief or faith; persuasion respects matters of belief or practice. Conviction respects our most important duties; persuasion is frequently applied to matters of indifference. Crabb. -- Conviction is the result of the [operation of the] understanding; persuasion, of the will. Conviction is a necessity of the mind, persuasion an acquiescence of the inclination. C. J. Smith. -- Persuasion often induces men to act in opposition to their conviction of duty.
Con"vict*ism (?), n. The policy or practice of transporting convicts to penal settlements. The evils of convictism."
Con*vict"ive (?), a. Convincing. [R.]
The best and most convictive argument.
-- Con*vict"ive*ly, adv. -- Con*vict"ive*ness, n.
Con*vince" (?), v. t. [imp. & p.p. Convinced (?); p.pr. & vb.n. Convincing.] [L. convincere, -victum, to refute, prove; con- + vincere to conquer. See Victor, and cf. Convict.]
1. To overpower; to overcome; to subdue or master. [Obs.]
His two chamberlains
Will I with wine and wassail so convince
That memory, the warder of the brain,
Shall be a fume.
2. To overcome by argument; to force to yield assent to truth; to satisfy by proof.
Such convincing proofs and assurances of it as might enable them to convince others.
3. To confute; to prove the fallacy of. [Obs.]
God never wrought miracle to convince atheism, because his ordinary works convince it.
4. To prove guilty; to convinct. [Obs.]
Which of you convinceth me of sin?
John viii. 46.
Seek not to convince me of a crime
Which I can ne'er repent, nor you can pardon.
Syn. -- To persuade; satisfy; convict. -- To Convince, persuade. To convince is an act of the understanding; to persuade, of the will or feelings. The one is effected by argument, the other by motives. There are cases, however, in which persuade may seem to be used in reference only to the assent of the understanding; as when we say, I am persuaded it is so; I can not persuade myself of the fact. But in such instances there is usually or always a degree of awakened feeling which has had its share in producing the assent of the understanding.
Con*vince"ment (?), n. Act of convincing, or state of being convinced; conviction. [R.]
The fear of a convincement.
Con*vin"cer (?), n. One who, or that which, convinces; one who wins over by proof.
Con*vin"ci*ble (?), a.
1. Capable of being convinced or won over.
2. Capable of being confuted and disproved by argument; refutable. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
Con*vin"cing*ly (?), adv. in a convincing manner; in a manner to compel assent.
Con*vin"cing*ness, n. The power of convincing, or the quality of being convincing.
Con*viv"al (?), a. [L. convivalis. See Convive.] pertaining to a feast or to festivity; convivial. [Obs.] A convival dish."
Sir T. Browne.
Con*vive" (?), v. i. [L. convivari; akin to convivium a feast, convivere to live or feast together; con- + vivere to live.] To feast together; to be convivial. [Obs.] There, in the full, convive we."
Con"vive (?), n. [L. conviva: cf. F. convive.] A quest at a banquet. [R.]
Con*viv"i*al (?; 277), a. [From L. convivium a feast; con- + vivere to live. See Victuals, and cf. Convive.] Of or relating to a feast or entertainment, or to eating and drinking, with accompanying festivity; festive; social; gay; jovial.
Which feasts convivial meetings we did name.
Con*viv"i*al*ist, n. A person of convivial habits.
Con*viv`i*al"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Convivialities (). The good humor or mirth indulged in upon festive occasions; a convivial spirit or humor; festivity.
Con*viv"i*al*ly (?), adv. In a convivial manner.
Con"vo*cate (?), v. t. [imp. & p.p. Convocated; p.pr. & vb.n. Convocating.] [L. convocatus, p.p. of convocare to convocate; con- + vocare to call. See Vocal, and cf. Convoce.] To convoke; to call together. [Obs.]
Con`vo*ca"tion (?), n. [L. convocatio: cf. F. convocation. See Convoke.]
1. The act of calling or assembling by summons.
2. An assembly or meeting.
In the first day there shall be a holy convocation.
Ex. xii. 16.
3. (Ch. of Eng.) An assembly of the clergy, by their representatives, to consult on ecclesiastical affairs.
&hand; In England, the provinces of Canterbury and York have each their convocation, but no session for business were allowed from 1717 to 1861. The Convocation of Canterbury consists of two houses. In the Convocation of York the business has been generally conducted in one assembly.
4. (Oxf. University) An academical assembly, in which the business of the university is transacted.
Syn. -- meeting; assembly; congregation; congress; diet; convention; synod; council.
Con`vo*ca"tion*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to a convocation.
Con`vo*ca"tion*ist, n. An advocate or defender of convocation.
Con*voke" (?), v. t. [imp. & p.p. Convoked (?); p.pr. & vb.n. Convoking.] [L. convocare: cf. F. convoquer. See Convocate.] To call together; to summon to meet; to assemble by summons.
There remained no resource but the dreadful one of convoking a parliament.
Syn. -- To summon; assemble; convene. See Call.
Con"vo*lute (?), a. [L. convolutus, p.p. of convolvere. See Convolve.] (Bot.) Rolled or wound together, one part upon another; -- said of the leaves of plants in æstivation.
Con"vo*lu`ted (?), a.
1. Having convolutions.
beaks recurved and convoluted like a ram's horn.
2. Folded in tortuous windings.
A highly convoluted brain.
North Amer. Rev.
Con`vo*lu"tion (?), n.
1. The act of rolling anything upon itself, or one thing upon another; a winding motion.
O'er the calm sea, in convolution swift,
The feathered eddy floats.
2. The state of being rolled upon itself, or rolled or doubled together; a tortuous or sinuous winding or fold, as of something rolled or folded upon itself.
3. (Anat.) An irregular, tortuous folding of an organ or part; as, the convolutions of the intestines; the cerebral convolutions. See Brain.
Con*volve" (?), v. t. [imp. & p.p. Convolved (?); p.pr. & vb.n. Convolving.] [L. convolvere, -volutum; con- + volvere to roll. See Voluble.] To roll or wind together; to roll or twist one part on another.
Then Satan first knew pain,
And writhed him to and fro convolved.
Con*vol`vu*la"ceous (?), a. [From Convolvus.] (Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants of which the bindweed and the morning-glory are common examples.
Con*vol"vu*lin (?), n. (Chem.) A glucoside occurring in jalap (the root of a convolvulaceous plant), and extracted as a colorless, tasteless, gummy mass of powerful purgative properties.
Con*vol"vu*lus (?), n.; pl. L.Convolvuli (#), E. Convoluluses (#). [L., bindweed, fr. convolvere to roll around. So named from its twining stems.] (Bot.) A large genus of plants having monopetalous flowers, including the common bindweed (C. arwensis), and formerly the morning-glory, but this is now transferred to the genus Ipomæa.
The luster of the long convolvuluses
That coiled around the stately stems.
Con*voy" (?), v. t. [imp. & p.p. Convoyed (?); p.pr. & vb.n. Convoying.] [F. convoyer, OF. conveier, convoier. See Convey.] To accompany for protection, either by sea or land; to attend for protection; to escort; as, a frigate convoys a merchantman.
I know ye skillful to convoy
The total freight of hope and joy.
Con"voy (?), n. [F. convoi.]
1. The act of attending for defense; the state of being so attended; protection; escort.
To obtain the convoy of a man-of-war.
2. A vessel or fleet, or a train or trains of wagons, employed in the transportation of munitions of war, money, subsistence, clothing, etc., and having an armed escort.
3. A protection force accompanying ships, etc., on their way from place to place, by sea or land; an escort, for protection or guidance.
When every morn my bosom glowed
To watch the convoy on the road.
4. Conveyance; means of transportation. [Obs.]
5. A drag or brake applied to the wheels of a carriage, to check their velocity in going down a hill.
Con*vulse" (?), v. t. [imp. & p.p. Convulsed (?); p.pr. & vb.n. Convulsing.] [L. convulsus, p.p. of convellere to tear up, to shake; con- + vellere to pluck, pull.]
1. To contract violently and irregulary, as the muscular parts of an animal body; to shake with irregular spasms, as in excessive laughter, or in agony from grief or pain.
With emotions which checked his voice and convulsed his powerful frame.
2. To agitate greatly; to shake violently.
The world is convulsed by the agonies of great nations.
Syn. -- To agitate; disturb; shake; tear; rend.
Con*vul"sion (?), n. [L. convulsio: cf. F. convulsion.]
1. (Med.) An unnatural, violent, and unvoluntary contraction of the muscular parts of an animal body.
2. Any violent and irregular motion or agitation; a violent shaking; a tumult; a commotion.
Those two massy pillars,
With horrible convulsion, to and fro
He tugged, he shook, till down they came.
Times of violence and convulsion.
Syn. -- Agitation; commotion; tumult; disturbance.
Con*vul"sion*al (?), a. Pertaining to, or having, convulsions; convulsionary. [R.]
Con*vul"sion*a*ry (), a. [Cf. F. convulsionnaire.] Pertaining to convulsion; convulsive. Convulsionary struggles."
Sir W. Scott.
Con*vul"sion*a*ry, n. A convulsionist.
Con*vul"sion*ist, n. One who has convulsions; esp., one of a body of fanatics in France, early in the eighteenth century, who went into convulsions under the influence of religious emotion; as, the Convulsionists of St. Médard.
Con*vul"sive (?), a. [Cf. F. convulsif.] Producing, or attended with, convulsions or spasms; characterized by convulsions; convulsionary.
An irregular, convulsive movement may be necessary to throw off an irregular, convulsive disease.
Con*vul"sive*ly, adv. in a convulsive manner.
Co"ny (? ∨ ?; 277), n. [OE. coning, conig, coni, OF. connin, conin, connil, fr. L. cuniculus a rabbit, cony, prob. an Hispanic word.] [Written also coney.]
1. (Zoöl.) (a) A rabbit, esp., the European rabbit (Lepus cuniculus). (b) The chief hare.
&hand; The cony of Scripture is thought to be Hyrax Syriacus, called also daman, and cherogril. See Daman.
2. A simpleton. [Obs.]
It is a most simple animal; whence are derived our usual phrases of cony and cony catcher.
Diet's Dry Dinner (1599).
3. (Zoöl.) (a) An important edible West Indian fish (Epinephelus apua); the hind of Bermuda. (b) A local name of the burbot. [Eng.]
Co"ny-catch (?), v. t. To deceive; to cheat; to trick. [Obs.]
Take heed, Signor Baptista, lest you be cony-catched in the this business.
Co"ny-catch`er (?), n. A cheat; a sharper; a deceiver. [Obs.]
Con"y*lene (?), n. [Conine + acetylene.] An oily substance, C8H14, obtained from several derivatives of conine.
Con"y*rine (?), n. [From Conine.] (Chem.) A blue, fluorescent, oily base (regarded as a derivative of pyridine), obtained from conine.
Coo (?), v. i. [imp. & p.p. Cooed (?); p.pr. & vb.n. Cooing.]
1. To make a low repeated cry or sound, like the characteristic note of pigeons or doves.
The stockdove only through the forest cooes,
2. To show affection; to act in a loving way. See under Bill, v. i. Billing or cooing."
Coo"ey, Coo"ee (?), n. [Of imitative origin.] A peculiar whistling sound made by the Australian aborigenes as a call or signal. [Written also cooie.]
Cook (?), v. i. [Of imitative origin.] To make the noise of the cuckoo. [Obs. or R.]
Constant cuckoos cook on every side.
The Silkworms (1599).
Cook (?), v. t. [Etymol. unknown.] To throw. [Prov.Eng.] Cook me that ball."
Cook (?), n. [AS. cc, fr. l. cocus, coquus, coquus, fr. coquere to cook; akin to Gr. , Skr. pac, and to E. apricot, biscuit, concoct, dyspepsia, precocious. Cf. Pumpkin.]
1. One whose occupation is to prepare food for the table; one who dresses or cooks meat or vegetables for eating.
2. (Zoöl.) A fish, the European striped wrasse.
Cook, v. t. [imp. & p.p. Cooked (?); p.pr & vb.n. Cooking.]
1. To prepare, as food, by boiling, roasting, baking, broiling, etc.; to make suitable for eating, by the agency of fire or heat.
2. To concoct or prepare; hence, to tamper with or alter; to garble; -- often with up; as, to cook up a story; to cook an account. [Colloq.]
They all of them receive the same advices from abroad, and very often in the same words; but their way of cooking it is so different.
Cook (?), v. i. To prepare food for the table.
Cook"book` (?), n. A book of directions and receipts for cooking; a cookery book. [U.S.]
Just How": a key to the cookbooks.
Mrs. A. D. T. Whitney.
Cook*ee" (?), n.A female cook. [R.]
Cook"er*y (?), n.
1. The art or process of preparing food for the table, by dressing, compounding, and the application of heat.
2. A delicacy; a dainty. [Obs.]
Cook"ey, Cook"ie (?), n. See Cooky.
Cook"maid` (?), n. A female servant or maid who dresses provisions and assists the cook.
Cook"room` (?), n. A room for cookery; a kitchen; the galley or caboose of a ship.
Sir W. Raleigh.
Cook`shop (?), n. An eating house. A subterranean cookshop."
Cook"y (?), n.; pl. Cookies (#). [Cf. D. koek cake, dim. koekje; akin to G. kuchen, E. cake; or cf. OE. coket, prob., a sort of cake, and prob. of French origin.] A small, flat, sweetened cake of various kinds.
Cool (?), a. [Compar. Cooler (?); superl. Coolest.] [AS. cl; akin to D. koel, G. k\'81hl, OHG. chouli, Dan. kölig, Sw. kylig, also to AS. calan to be cold, Icel. kala. See Cold, and cf. Chill.]
1. Moderately cold; between warm and cold; lacking in warmth; producing or promoting coolness.
Fanned with cool winds.
2. Not ardent, warm, fond, or passionate; not hasty; deliberate; exercising self-control; self-possessed; dispassionate; indifferent; as, a cool lover; a cool debater.
For a patriot, too cool.
3. Not retaining heat; light; as, a cool dress.
4. Manifesting coldness or dislike; chilling; apathetic; as, a cool manner.
5. Quietly impudent; negligent of propriety in matters of minor importance, either ignorantly or willfully; presuming and selfish; audacious; as, cool behavior.
Its cool stare of familiarity was intolerable.
6. Applied facetiously, in a vague sense, to a sum of money, commonly as if to give emphasis to the largeness of the amount.
He had lost a cool hundred.
Leaving a cool thousand to Mr.Matthew Pocket.
Syn. -- Calm; dispassionate; self-possessed; composed; repulsive; frigid; alienated; impudent.
Cool, n. A moderate state of cold; coolness; -- said of the temperature of the air between hot and cold; as, the cool of the day; the cool of the morning or evening.
Cool, v. t. [imp. & p.p. Cooled (?); p.pr. & vb.n. Cooling.]
1. To make cool or cold; to reduce the temperature of; as, ice cools water.
Send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue.
Luke xvi. 24.
2. To moderate the heat or excitement of; to allay, as passion of any kind; to calm; to moderate.
We have reason to cool our raging motions, our carnal stings, our unbitted lusts.
To cool the heels, to dance attendance; to wait, as for admission to a patron's house. [Colloq.]
Cool, v. i.
1. To become less hot; to lose heat.
I saw a smith stand with his hammer, thus,
the whilst his iron did on the anvil cool.
2. To lose the heat of excitement or passion; to become more moderate.
I will not give myself liberty to think, lest I should cool.
Cool"er (?), n. That which cools, or abates heat or excitement.
if acid things were used only as coolers, they would not be so proper in this case.
2. Anything in or by which liquids or other things are cooled, as an ice chest, a vessel for ice water, etc.
Cool"-head`ed (?), a. Having a temper not easily excited; free from passion. -- Cool"-head`ed*ness, n.
Coo"lie (?), n. Same as Cooly.
Cool"ing (?), p.a. Adapted to cool and refresh; allaying heat. The cooling brook."
Cooling card, something that dashes hopes. [Obs.] -- Cooling time (Law), such a lapse of time as ought, taking all the circumstances of the case in view, to produce a subsiding of passion previously provoked.
Cool"ish, a. Somewhat cool.
The nights began to grow a little coolish.
Cool"ly, a. Coolish; cool. [Obs.]
Cool"ly, adv. In a cool manner; without heat or excessive cold; without passion or ardor; calmly; deliberately; with indifference; impudently.
1. The state of being cool; a moderate degree of cold; a moderate degree, or a want, of passion; want of ardor, zeal, or affection; calmness.
2. Calm impudence; self-possession. [Colloq.]
Coo"lung (?), n. [From the native name.] (Zoöl.) The great gray crane of India (Grus cinerea). [Also written coolen and cullum.]
Coo"ly, Coo"lie (?), n.; pl. Coolies (#). [Hind. klī a laborer, porter: cf. Turk. kl, kyleh, slave.] An East Indian porter or carrier; a laborer transported from the East Indies, China, or Japan, for service in some other country.
Coom (?), n. [Cf. G. kahm mold gathered on liquids, D. kam, Sw. kimrök pine soot, smoke black, Icel. kām grime, film of dirt.] Soot; coal dust; refuse matter, as the dirty grease which comes from axle boxes, or the refuse at the mouth of an oven.
Coomb (?), n. [AS. cumb a liquid measure, perh. from LL. cumba boat, tomb of stone, fr. Gr. hollow of a vessel, cup, boat, but cf. G. kumpf bowl.] A dry measure of four bushels, or half a quarter. [Written also comb.]
Coomb, Coombe (?), n. [See Comb, Combe, in this sense.] A hollow in a hillside. [Prov. Eng.] See Comb, Combe.
Coon (?), n. (Zoöl.) A raccoon. See Raccoon.
Coon"tie (?), n. (Bot.) A cycadaceous plant of Florida and the West Indies, the Zamia integrifolia, from the stems of which a kind of sago is prepared.
Coop (?), n. [Cf. AS. cypa a measure, D. kuip tub, Icel. kupa bowl, G. kufe coop tub; all fr. L. cupa vat, tub, LL. cupa, copa, cup. See Cup, and cf. Keeve.]
1. A barrel or cask for liquor. [Obs.]
2. An inclosure for keeping small animals; a pen; especially, a grated box for confining poultry.
3. A cart made close with boarde; a tumbrel. [Scotch]
Coop, v. t. [imp. & p.p. Cooped (?); p.pr. & vb.n. Cooping.] To confine in a coop; hence, to shut up or confine in a narrow compass; to cramp; -- usually followed by up, sometimes by in.
The Trojans coopet within their walls so long.
The contempt of all other knowledge . . . coops the understanding up within narrow bounds.
2. To work upon in the manner of a cooper. [Obs.] Shaken tubs . . . be new cooped."
Syn. -- To crowd; confine; imprison.
Coo*pee" (?), n. See Coupe. [Obs.]
Coop"er (?; 277), n. [From Coop.] One who makes barrels, hogsheads, casks, etc.
Coop"er, v. t. [imp. & p.p. Coopered (?); p.pr. & vb.n. Coopering.] To do the work of a cooper upon; as, to cooper a cask or barrel.
Coop"er*age (?), n.
1. Work done by a cooper.
2. The price paid for coopers; work.
3. A place where coopers' work is done.
Co*öp"er*ant (?), a. [Cf. F. coopérant.] Operating together; as, coöperant forces.
Co*öp"er*ate (?), v. i. [imp. & p.p. Coöperated; p.pr. & vb.n. Coöperating.] [L. coöperatus, p.p. of coöperari to coöperate; co + operari to work, opus work. See Operate.] To act or operate jointly with another or others; to concur in action, effort, or effect.
Whate'er coöperates to the common mirth.
Co*öp`er*a"tion (?), n. [L. coöperatio: cf. F. coopération.]
1. The act of coöperating, or of operating together to one end; joint operation; concurrent effort or labor.
Not holpen by the coöperation of angels.
2. (Polit. Econ.) The association of a number of persons for their benefit.
Co*öp"er*a*tive (?), a. Operating jointly to the same end.
Coöperative society, a society established on the principle of a joint-stock association, for the production of commodities, or their purchase and distribution for consumption, or for the borrowing and lending of capital among its members. -- Coöperative store, a store established by a coöperative society, where the members make their purchases and share in the profits or losses.
Co*öp"er*a`tor (?), n. [L.: cf. F. coopérateur.] One who labors jointly with others to promote the same end. Coöperators with the truth."
Coop"er (?), n. Work done by a cooper in making or repairing barrels, casks, etc.; the business of a cooper.
Coop"er*y, a. Relating to a cooper; coopered. [Obs.]
Coopery vessels made of wood.
Coop"er*y, n. The occupation of a cooper.
Co*öpt" (?), v. t. [See Coöptate. Cf. F. coopter.] To choose or elect in concert with another. [R.]
Each of the hundred was to coöpt three others.
Jowett (Thysyd. ).
Co*öp"tate (?), v. t. [L. coöptatus, p.p. of coötare to elect to something; co- + optare to choose.] To choose; to elect; to coöpt. [Obs.]
Co`öp*ta"tion (?), n. [L. coöptatio.] The act of choosing; selection; choice. [Obs.]
The first election and coöptation of a friend.
Co`ör*dain (?), v. t. To ordain or appoint for some purpose along with another.
Co*ör"di*nance (?), n. Joint ordinance.
Co*ör"di*nate (?), a. [Pref. co- + L. ordinatus, p.p. of ordinare to regulate. See Ordain.] Equal in rank or order; not subordinate.
Whether there was one Supreme Governor of the world, or many coördinate powers presiding over each country.
Conjunctions joint sentences and coördinate terms.
Rev. R. Morris.
Coördinate adjectives, adjectives disconnected as regards ane another, but referring equally to the same subject. -- Coördinate conjunctions, conjunctions joining independent propositions.
Rev. R. Morris.
Co*ör"di*nate , v. t. [imp. & p.p. Coördinated; p.pr. & vb.n. Coördinating.]
1. To make coördinate; to put in the same order or rank; as, to coördinate ideas in classification.
2. To give a common action, movement, or condition to; to regulate and combine so as to produce harmonious action; to adjust; to harmonize; as, to coördinate muscular movements.
Co*ör"di*nate (?), n.
1. A thing of the same rank with another thing; one two or more persons or things of equal rank, authority, or importance.
It has neither coördinate nor analogon; it is absolutely one.
2. pl. (Math.) Lines, or other elements of reference, by means of which the position of any point, as of a curve, is defined with respect to certain fixed lines, or planes, called coördinate axes and coördinate planes. See Abscissa.
<-- this note refers to an accompanying diagram -->
&hand; Coördinates are of several kinds, consisting in some of the different cases, of the following elements, namely: (a) (Geom. of Two Dimensions) The abscissa and ordinate of any point, taken together; as the abscissa PY and ordinate PX of the point P (Fig. 2, referred to the coördinate axes AY and AX. (b) Any radius vector PA (Fig. 1), together with its angle of inclination to a fixed line, APX, by which any point A in the same plane is referred to that fixed line, and a fixed point in it, called the pole, P. (c) (Geom. of Three Dimensions) Any three lines, or distances, PB, PC, PD (Fig. 3), taken parallel to three coördinate axes, AX, AY, AZ, and measured from the corresponding coördinate fixed planes, YAZ, XAZ, XAY, to any point in space, P, whose position is thereby determined with respect to these planes and axes. (d) A radius vector, the angle which it makes with a fixed plane, and the angle which its projection on the plane makes with a fixed line line in the plane, by which means any point in space at the free extremity of the radius vector is referred to that fixed plane and fixed line, and a fixed point in that line, the pole of the radius vector.
Cartesian coördinates. See under Cartesian. -- Geographical coördinates, the latitude and longitude of a place, by which its relative situation on the globe is known. The height of the above the sea level constitutes a third coördinate. -- Polar coördinates, coördinates made up of a radius vector and its angle of inclination to another line, or a line and plane; as those defined in (b) and (d) above. -- Rectangular coördinates, coördinates the axes of which intersect at right angles. -- Rectilinear coördinates, coördinates made up of right lines. Those defined in (a) and (c) above are called also Cartesian coördinates. -- Trigonometrical ∨ Spherical coördinates, elements of reference, by means of which the position of a point on the surface of a sphere may be determined with respect to two great circles of the sphere. -- Trilinear coördinates, coördinates of a point in a plane, consisting of the three ratios which the three distances of the point from three fixed lines have one to another.
Co*ör"di*nate*ly (?), adv. In a coördinate manner.
Co*ör"di*nate*ness, n. The state of being coördinate; equality of rank or authority.
Co*ör`di*na"tion (?), n.
1. The act of coördinating; the act of putting in the same order, class, rank, dignity, etc.; as, the coördination of the executive, the legislative, and the judicial authority in forming a government; the act of regulating and combining so as to produce harmonious results; harmonious adjustment; as, a coördination of functions. Coördination of muscular movement by the cerebellum."
2. The state of being coördinate, or of equal rank, dignity, power, etc.
In this high court of parliament, there is a rare coördination of power.
Co*ör"di*na*tive (?), a. (Gram.) Expressing coördination.
J. W. Gibbs.
Coot (?), n. [Cf. D. koet, W. cwtair; cwta short, bodtailed + iar hen; cf. cwtau ro dock. Cf. Cut.]
1. (Zoöl.) (a) A wading bird with lobate toes, of the genus Fulica. The common European or bald coot is F. atra (see under bald); the American is F. Americana. (b) The surf duck or scoter. In the United States all the species of (Edemia are called coots. See Scoter. As simple as a coot."
2. A stupid fellow; a simpleton; as, a silly coot. [Colloq.]
Coot"er (?), n. (Zoöl.) (a) A fresh-water tortoise (Pseudemus concinna) of Florida. (b) The box tortoise.
Coot`foot (?), n. (Zoöl.) The pharalope; -- so called because its toes are like the coot's.
Coot*thay" (?), n.A striped satin made in India.
Cop (?), n. [AS. cop; cf. G. kopf head. Cf. Cup, Cob.]
1. The top of a thing; the head; a crest. [Obs.]
Cop they used to call
The tops of many hills.
2. A conical or conical-ended mass of coiled thread, yarn, or roving, wound upon a spindle, etc.
3. A tube or quill upon which silk is wound.
4. (Mil. Arch.) same as Merlon.
5. A policeman. [Slang]
Cop waste, a kind of cotton waste, composed chiefly remnants of cops from which the greater part of the yarn has been unwound.
Copaiba; 277, Copaiva
Co*pai"ba (?; 277), Co*pai"va (?), n. [Sp. & Pg., fr. Brazil. cupa\'a3ba.] (Med.) A more or less viscid, vellowish liquid, the bitter oleoresin of several species of Copaifera, a genus of trees growing in South America and the West Indies. It is stimulant and diuretic, and is much used in affections of the mucous membranes; -- called also balsam of copaiba. [Written also capivi.]
Co"pal (?; 277), [Sp., fr. Mexican copalli, generic name of resins. Clavigero.] A resinous substance flowing spontaneously from trees of Zanzibar, Madagascar, and South America (Trachylobium Hornemannianum, T. verrocosum, and Hymenæa Courbaril), and dug from earth where forests have stood in Africa; -- used chiefly in making varnishes.
Co*par"ce*na*ry (?), n.; pl. Coparcenaries (#). [Pref. co- + parcenary] (Law) Partnership in inheritance; joint heirship; joint right of sucession to an inheritance.
Co*par"ce*ner (?), n. [Pref. co- + parcener.] (Law) One who has an equal portion with others of an inheritance.
All the coparceners together make but one heir, and have but one estate among them.
Co*par"ce*ny (?), n. [Abbrev. of Coparcenary.] (Law) An equal share of an inheritance.
Co*part (?), v. t. [Cf. Compart] To share. [Obs.]
For, of all miserias, I hold that chief
Wretched to be, when none coparts our grief.
Co*part"ment (?), n. A compartment. [Obs.]
Co*part"ner (?), n. One who is jointly concerned with one or more persons in business, etc.; a partner; an associate; a partaker; a sharer.
the associates and copartners of our loss.
1. The state of being a copartner or of having a joint interest in any matter.
2. A partnership or firm; as, A. and B. have this day formed a copartnership.
Co*part"ner*y (?), n.; pl. Copartneries (). the state of being copartners in any undertaking. [R.]
Cop"a*tain (?), a. [Formed fr. cop, in imitation of captain. See Cop, Captain.] Having a high crown, or a point or peak at top. [Obs.]
A copatain hat made on a Flemish block.
Co*pa"tri*ot (?), n. A joint patriot.
Cope (?), n. [A doublet of cape. See Cape, Cap.]
1. A covering for the head. [Obs.]
2. Anything regarded as extended over the head, as the arch or concave of the sky, the roof of a house, the arch over a door. The starry cope of heaven."
3. An ecclesiastical vestment or cloak, semicircular in form, reaching from the shoulders nearly to the feet, and open in front except at the top, whereit is united by a band or clasp. It is worn in processions and on some other occasions.
A hundred and sixty priests all in their copes.
4. An ancient tribute due to the lord of the soil, out of the lead mines in derbyshire, England.
5. (Founding) The top part of a flask or mold; the outer part of a loam mold.
Knight. De Colange.
Cope, v. i. To form a cope or arch; to bend or arch; to bow. [Obs.]
Some bending down and coping to ward the earth.
Cope, v. t. (Falconry) To pare the beak or talons of (a hawk).
J. H. Walsh.
Cope, v. i. [imp. & p.p. Coped (?); p.pr. & vb.n. Coping.] [OE. copen, coupen, to buy, bargain, prob. from D. koopen to buy, orig., to bargain. See Chear.]
1. To exchange or barter. [Obs.]
2. To encounter; to meet; to have to do with.
Horatio, thou art e'en as just a man
As e'er my conversation coped withal.
3. To enter into or maintain a hostile contest; to struggle; to combat; especially, to strive or contend on equal terms or with success; to match; to equal; -- usually followed by with.
Host coped with host, dire was the din of war.
Their generals have not been able to cope with the troops of Athens.
Cope, v. t.
1. To bargain for; to buy. [Obs.]
2. To make return for; to requite; to repay. [Obs.]
three thousand ducats due unto the Jew,
We freely cope your courteous pains withal.
3. To match one's self against; to meet; to encounter.
I love to cope him in these sullen fits.
They say he yesterday coped Hector in the battle, and struck him down.
Cope"-chis`el (?), n. A narrow chisel adapted for cutting a groove.
Co"peck (?), n. [Russ. kopeika] A Russian copper coin. See Kopeck.
Coped (?), a. Clad in a cope.
Cop`e*la"ta (?), n.; pl. [NL., fr. Gr. a rower.] (Zoöl.) See Larvalla.
Cope"man (?), n. [D. koopman, fr. koopen to buy. See Cope, v. i. Chapman.] A chapman; a dealer; a merchant. [Obs.]
He would have sold his part of paradise
For ready money, had he met a copeman.
Cop"e*pod (?), a. (Zoöl.) Of or pertaining to the Copepoda. -- n. One of the Copepoda.
Co*pep"o*da (?), n.; pl. [NL., from Gr. an oar + -poda.] (Zoöl.) An order of Entomastraca, including many minute Crustacea, both freshwater and marine.
&hand; They have a distinct carapace. The eggs are carried in a pair of external pouches. Some are parasites of fishes.
Co*per"ni*can (?), a. Pertaining to Copernicus, a Prussian by birth (b. 1473, d. 1543), who taught the world the solar system now received, called the Copernican system.
Copes"mate` (?), n. An associate or companion; a friend; a partner. [Obs.]
Misshapen time, copesmate of ugly Night.
Cope"stone` (?), n. (Arch.) A stone for coping. See Coping.
Cop"i*er (?), n. [From. Copy.]
1. One who copies; one who writes or transcribes from an original; a transcriber.
2. An imitator; one who imitates an example; hence, a plagiarist.
Cop"ing (?), n. [See Cope, n.] (Arch.) The highest or covering course of masonry in a wall, often with sloping edges to carry off water; -- sometimes called capping.
Co"pi*ous (?), a. [L. copiosus, fr. copia abundance: cf. F. copieux. See Copy, Opulent.] Large in quantity or amount; plentiful; abundant; fruitful.
Kindly pours its copious treasures forth.
Hail, Son of God, Savior of men! thy name
Shall be the copious matter of my song.
Syn. -- Ample; abundant; plentiful; plenteous; rich; full; exuberant; overflowing; full. See Ample.
Co"pi*ous*ly, adv. In a copious manner.
Co"pi*ous*ness, n. The state or quality of being copious; abudance; plenty; also, diffuseness in style.
To imitatethe copiousness of Homer.
Syn. -- Abudance; plenty; richness; exuberance.
Cop"ist (?), n. [F. copiste. See Copy.] A copier. [Obs.] A copist after nature."
Co*plan"er (?), a. [Pref. co- + plane.] (Math.) Situated in one plane.
Cop"land` (?), n. [Cop + land.] A piece of ground terminating in a point or acute angle. [Obs.]
Co*por"tion (?), n.Equal share. [Obs.]
Myself will bear . . . coportion of your pack.
Copped (?), a. [From Cop.] Rising to a point or head; conical; pointed; crested.
Cop"pel (?), n. & v. See Cupel.
Cop"per (?), n. [OE. coper (cf. D. koper, Sw. koppar, Dan. kobber, G. kupfer), LL. cuper, fr. L. cuprum for earlier Cyprium, Cyprium aes, i.e., Cyprian brass, fr. Gr. of Cyprus (Gr. ), anciently renowned for its copper mines. Cf. Cypreous.]
1. A common metal of a reddish color, both ductile and malleable, and very tenacious. It is one of the best conductors of heat and electricity. Symbol Cu. Atomic weight 63.3. It is one of the most useful metals in itself, and also in its alloys, brass and bronze.
&hand; Copper is the only metal which occurs native abundantly in large masses; it is found also in various ores, of which the most important are chalcopyrite, chalcocite, cuprite, and malachite. Copper mixed with tin forms bell metal; with a smaller proportion, bronze; and with zinc, it forms brass, pinchbeck, and other alloys.
2. A coin made of copper; a penny, cent, or other minor coin of copper. [Colloq.]
My friends filled my pockets with coppers.
3. A vessel, especially a large boiler, made of copper.
4. pl. Specifically (Naut.), the boilers in the galley for cooking; as, a ship's coppers.
&hand; Copper is often used adjectively, commonly in the sense of made or consisting of copper, or resembling copper; as, a copper boiler, tube, etc.
All in a hot and copper sky.
It is sometimes written in combination; as, copperplate, coppersmith, copper-colored.
Copper finch. (Zoöl.) See Chaffinch. -- Copper glance, ∨ Vitreous copper. (Min.) See Chalcocite. -- Indigo copper. (Min.) See Covelline.
Cop"per, v. t. [imp. & p.p. Coppered (?); p.pr. & vb.n. Coppering.] To cover or coat with copper; to sheathe with sheets of copper; as, to copper a ship.
Cop"per*as (?), n. [OE. coperose, F. couperose, fr. (assumed?) L. cuprirosa, equiv. to G. cha`lkanqos, i. e. copper flower, vitriol. See Copper and Rose.] Green vitriol, or sulphate of iron; a green crystalline substance, of an astringent taste, used in making ink, in dyeing black, as a tonic in medicine, etc. It is made on a large scale by the oxidation of iron pyrites. Called also ferrous sulphate.
&hand; The term copperas was formerly synonymous with vitriol, and included the green, blue, and white vitriols, or the sulphates of iron, copper, and zinc.
Cop"per-bot`tomed (?), a. Having a bottom made of copper, as a tin boiler or other vessel, or sheathed with copper, as a ship.
Cop"per-faced` (?), a.Faced or covered with copper; as, copper-faced type.
Cop"per-fas`tened (?), a.Fastened with copper bolts, as the planks of ships, etc.; as, a copper-fastened ship.
Cop"per*head` (?), n. [From its color.]
1. (Zoöl.) A poisonous American serpent (Ancistrodon conotortrix), closely allied to the rattlesnake, but without rattles; -- called also copper-belly, and red viper.
2. A nickname applied to a person in the Northern States who sympathized with the South during the Civil War. [U.S.]
1. The act of covering with copper.
2. An envelope or covering of copper.
Cop"per*ish, a. Containing, or partaking of the nature of, copper; like copper; as, a copperish taste.
Cop"per-nick`el (?), n. (Min.) Nicolite.
Cop"per-nose (?), n. A red nose.
Cop"per*plate (?), n. (a) A plate of polished copper on which a design or writing is engraved. (b) An impression on paper taken from such a plate.
&hand; In printing from a copper- or steel plate the lines are filled with ink, the surface of the plate is wiped clean, the paper laid upon it, and the impression taken by pressing it under the roller of a plate press.
Copperplate press. See Plate press, under Plate.
Cop"per*smith (?), n. One whose occupation is to manufacture copper utensils; a worker in copper.
Cop"per works (?). A place where copper is wrought or manufactured.
Cop"per*worm (?), n. (Zoöl.) (a) The teredo; -- so called because it injures the bottoms of vessels, where not protected by copper. (b) The ringworm.
Cop"per*y (?), a. Mixed with copper; containing copper, or made of copper; like copper.
Cop"pice (?), n. [OF. copeiz, fr. coper, couper, to cut, F. couper, fr. cop, coup, colp, a blow, F. coup, L. colaphus, fr. G. . Cf. Copse, and cf. Coup, Coupee.] A grove of small growth; a thicket of brushwood; a wood cut at certain times for fuel or other purposes. See Copse.
The rate of coppice lands will fall, upon the discovery of coal mines.
Cop"pin (?), n.[See Cop.] A cop of thread.
Cop"ple (?), n. [A dim. of Cop.] Something rising in a conical shape; specifically, a hill rising to a point.
A low cape, and upon it a copple not very high.
Cop"ple-crown (?), n. A created or high-topped crown or head. Like the copple-crown the lapwing has."
-- Cop"ple-crowned` (#), a.
Cop"pled (?), a. [From Copple.] Rising to a point; conical; copped. [Obs.]
Cop"ple dust` (?). Cupel dust. [Obs.]
Powder of steel, or copple dust.
Cop"ple*stone` (?), n. A cobblestone. [Obs.]
Copps (?), n. See Copse. [Obs.]
Co"pra (?), n. [Malayálam koppara or Hind. khoprā.] (Com.) The dried meat of the cocoanut, from which cocoanut oil is expressed. [Written also cobra, copperah, coppra.]
Cop"ro*lite (?), n. [Gr. ko`pros dung + -lite.] (Paleon.) A piece of petrified dung; a fossil excrement.
Cop`ro*lit"ic (?), a. Containing, pertaining to, or of the nature of, coprolites.
Co*proph"a*gan (?), n. [See Coprophagous.] (Zoöl.) A kind of beetle which feeds upon dung.
Co*proph"a*gous (?), a. [Gr. exrement + to eat.] (Zoöl.) Feeding upon dung, as certain insects.
Cop-rose` (?), n. [F. coprose, of uncertain origin; cf. D. klaproos, klapperroos.] The red, or corn, poppy. [Written also cup-rose.]
Cops (?), n. [AS. cops, cosp, fetter.] The connecting crook of a harrow. [Prov. Eng.]
Copse (?), n. [Contr. from coppice.] A wood of small growth; a thicket of brushwood. See Coppice.
Near yonder copse where once the garden smiled.
Copse, v. t.
1. To trim or cut; -- said of small trees, brushwood, tufts of grass, etc.
2. To plant and preserve, as a copse.
Copse"wood (?), n. Brushwood; coppice.
Cops"y (?), a. Characterized by copses. Copsy villages." Copsy banks."
Cop"tic (?), a. [Abbrev. from L. Aegyptius an Egyprian, Gr. , Ar. kibtī, pl. kibt.] Of or pertaining to the Copts. -- n. The language of the Copts.
Copts (?), n. pl.; sing. Copt (#). [See Coptic.] (Etnol.)
1. An Egyptian race thought to be descendants of the ancient Egyptians.
2. The principal sect of Christians in Egypt and the valley of the Nile.
&hand; they belong to the Jacobite sect of Monophysite Christians, and for eleven centuries have had possession of the patriarchal chair of Alexandria.
Cop"u*la (?), n. [L., bond, band. See Couple.]
1. (Logic & Gram.) The word which unites the subject and predicate.
2. (Mus.) The stop which connects the manuals, or the manuals with the pedals; -- called also coupler.
Cop"u*late (?), a. [L. copulatus, p.p. of copulare to couple, fr. copula. See Copula.]
1. Joined; associated; coupled. [Obs.]
2. (Gram.) Joining subject and predicate; copulative.
F. A. March.
Cop"u*late (?), v. i. [imp. & p.p. Copulated; p.pr. & vb.n. Copulating.] To unite in sexual intercourse; to come together in the act of generation.
Cop`u*la"tion (?), n. [L. copulatio: cf. F. copulation.]
1. The act of coupling or joining; union; conjunction.
Wit, you know, is the unexpected copulation of ideas.
2. The coming together of male and female in the act of generation; sexual union; coition.
Cop"u*la"tive (?), a. [L. copulativus: cf. F. copulatif.] Serving to couple, unite, or connect; as, a copulative conjunction like and".
1. Connection. [Obs.]
2. (Gram.) A copulative conjunction.
Cop"u*la"tive*ly, adv. In a copulative manner.
Cop"*la*try (?), a.
1. Pertaining to copulation; tending or serving to unite; copulative.
2. (Zoöl.) Used in sexual union; as, the copulatory organs of insects.
Cop"y (?), n.; pl. Copies (#). [F. copie, fr. L. copia abundance, number, LL. also, a transcript; co- + the root of opes riches. See Opulent, and cf. Copious.]
1. An abundance or plenty of anything. [Obs.]
She was blessed with no more copy of wit, but to serve his humor thus.
2. An imitation, transcript, or reproduction of an original work; as, a copy of a letter, an engraving, a painting, or a statue.
I have not the vanity to think my copy equal to the original.
3. An individual book, or a single set of books containing the works of an author; as, a copy of the Bible; a copy of the works of Addison.
4. That which is to be imitated, transcribed, or reproduced; a pattern, model, or example; as, his virtues are an excellent copy for imitation.
Let him first learn to write, after a copy, all the letters.
5. (print.) Manuscript or printed matter to be set up in type; as, the printers are calling for more copy.
6. A writing paper f a particular size. Same as Bastard. See under Paper.
7. Copyhold; tenure; lease. [Obs.]
Copy book, a book in which copies are written or printed for learners to imitate. -- Examined copies (Law), those which have been compared with the originals. -- Exemplified copies, those which are attested under seal of a court. -- Certified ∨ Office copies, those which are made or attested by officers having charge of the originals, and authorized to give copies officially.
Syn. -- Imitation; transcript; duplicate; counterfeit.
Cop"y (?), v. t. [imp. & p.p. Copied (?); p.pr. & vb.n. Copying.] [Cf. F. copir, fr. LL. copiare. See Copy, n.]
1. To make a copy or copies of; to write; print, engrave, or paint after an original; to duplicate; to reproduce; to transcribe; as, to copy a manuscript, inscription, design, painting, etc.; -- often with out, sometimes with off.
I like the work well; ere it be demanded
(As like enough it will), I'd have it copied.
Let this be copied out,
And keep it safe for our remembrance.
2. To imitate; to attempt to resemble, as in manners or course of life.
We copy instinctively the voices of our companions, their accents, and their modes of pronunciation.
Cop"y, v. i.
1. To make a copy or copies; to imitate.
2. To yield a duplicate or transcript; as, the letter did not copy well.
Some . . . never fail, when they copy, to follow the bad as well as the good things.
Cop"y*er (?), n. See Copier.
Cop"y*graph (?), n. A contrivance for producing manifold copies of a writing or drawing.
&hand; The writing or drawing is made with aniline ink on paper, and a reverse copy transferred by pressure to a slab of gelatin softened with glycerin. A large number of transcripts can be taken while the ink is fresh.
Various names have been given to the process [the gelatin copying process], some of them acceptable and others absurd; hectograph, polygraph, copygraph, lithogram, etc.
Cop"y*hold` (?), n. (Eng. Law) (a) A tenure of estate by copy of court roll; or a tenure for which the tenant has nothing to show, except the rolls made by the steward of the lord's court. Blackstone. (b) Land held in copyhold. Milton.
&hand; Copyholds do not exist in the United States.
Cop"y*hold`er (?), n.
1. (Eng. Law) One possessed of land in copyhold.
2. (print.) (a) A device for holding copy for a compositor. (b) One who reads copy to a proof reader.
Cop"y*ing, a. & n. From Copy, v.
Copying ink. See under Ink. -- Copying paper, thin unsized paper used for taking copies of letters, etc., in a copying press. -- Copying press, a machine for taking by pressure, an exact copy of letters, etc., written in copying ink.
Cop"y*ist, n. A copier; a transcriber; an imitator; a plagiarist.
Cop"y*right (?), n. The right of an author or his assignee, under statute, to print and publish his literary or artistic work, exclusively of all other persons. This right may be had in maps, charts, engravings, plays, and musical compositions, as well as in books.
&hand; In the United States a copyright runs for the term of twenty-eight years, with right of renewal for fourteen years on certain conditions.
<-- now life plus 50 years, or 75 years for works created for hire. Further extension is (1996) being discussed. -->
International copyright, an author's right in his productions as secured by treaty between nations.
Cop"y*right`, v. t. To secure a copyright on.
Coque"li*cot` (?), n. [F.]
1. (Bot.) The wild poppy, or red corn rose.
2. The color of the wild poppy; a color nearly red, like orange mixed with scarlet.
Co*quet" (?), v. t. [imp. & p.p. Coquetted; p.pr. & vb.n. Coquetting.] To attempt to attract the notice, admiration, or love of; to treat with a show of tenderness or regard, with a view to deceive and disappoint.
You are coquetting a maid of honor.
Co*quet", v. i. To trifle in love; to stimulate affection or interest; to play the coquette; to deal playfully instead of seriously; to play (with); as, we have coquetted with political crime.
Co*quet"ry (?), n.; pl. Coquetries (#). [F. coquetterie.] Attempts to attract admoration, notice, or love, for the mere gratification of vanity; trifling in love. Little affectations of coquetry."
Co*quette" (?), n. [F., fr. coquet, coquette, coquettish, orig., cocklike, strutting like a cock, fr. coq a cock. Cf. Cock, Cocket, Cocky, Cockade.]
1. A vain, trifling woman, who endeavors to attract admiration from a desire to grafity vanity; a flirt; -- formerly sometimes applied also to men.
2. (Zoöl.) A tropical humming bird of the genus Lophornis, with very elegant neck plumes. Several species are known. See Illustration under Spangle, v. t./def>
Co*quet"tish (?), a. Practicing or exhibiting coquetry; alluring; enticing.
A pretty, coquettish housemaid.
Co*quet"tish*ly, adv. In a coquettish manner.
Co*quil"la nut (?). [Pg. coquilho, Sp. coquillo, dim. of coco a cocoanut.] (Bot.) The fruit of a Brazilian tree (Attalea funifera of Martius.).
&hand; Its shell is hazel-brown in color, very hard and close in texture, and much used by turners in forming ornamental articles, such as knobs for umbrella handles.
Co*quim"bite (?), n. A mineral consisting principally of sulphate of iron; white copperas; -- so called because found in the province of Coquimbo, Chili.
Co*qui"na (?), n. [Sp., shellfish, cockle.] A soft, whitish, coral-like stone, formed of broken shells and corals, found in the southern United States, and used for roadbeds and for building material, as in the fort at St. Augustine, Florida.
Cor- (?). A prefix signifying with, together, etc. See Com-.
Cor (?), n. [Heb. kr.] A Hebrew measure of capacity; a homer. [Written also core.]
Co"ra (?), n. (Zoöl.) The Arabian gazelle (Gazella Arabica), found from persia to North Africa.
Cor"a*cle (?), n. [W. corwgl, cwrwgl, fr. corwg, cwrwg, any round body or vessel, the trunk of the body, carcass.] A boat made by covering a wicker frame with leather or oilcloth. It was used by the ancient Britons, and is still used by fisherman in Wales and some parts of Ireland. Also, a similar boat used in Thibet and in Egypt.
Cor"a*coid (?), a.[Gr. ; ko`rax crow + e'i^dos form.]
1. Shaped like a crow's beak.
2. (Anat.) Pertaining to a bone of the shoulder girdle in most birds, reptiles, and amphibians, which is reduced to a process of the scapula in most mammals.
Cor"a*coid, n. The coracoid bone or process.
Cor"age (?; OF. ), n. See Courage [Obs.]
To Canterbury with full devout corage.
Cor"al (?), n. [Of. coral, F, corail, L. corallum, coralium, fr. Gr. kora`llion.]
1. (Zoöl.) The hard parts or skeleton of various Anthozoa, and of a few Hydrozoa. Similar structures are also formed by some Bryozoa.
&hand; The large stony corals forming coral reefs belong to various genera of Madreporaria, and to the hydroid genus, Millepora. The red coral, used in jewelry, is the stony axis of the stem of a gorgonian (Corallium rubrum) found chiefly in the Mediterranean. The fan corals, plume corals, and sea feathers are species of Gorgoniacea, in which the axis is horny. Organ-pipe coral is formed by the genus Tubipora, an Alcyonarian, and black coral is in part the axis of species of the genus Antipathes. See Anthozoa, Madrepora.
2. The ovaries of a cooked lobster; -- so called from their color.
3. A piece of coral, usually fitted with small bells and other appurtenances, used by children as a plaything.
Brain coral, ∨ Brain stone coral. See under Brain. -- Chain coral. See under Chain. -- Coral animal (Zoöl.), one of the polyps by which corals are formed. They are often very erroneously called coral insects. -- Coral fish. See in the Vocabulary. -- Coral reefs (Phys. Geog.), reefs, often of great extent, made up chiefly of fragments of corals, coral sands, and the solid limestone resulting from their consolidation. They are classed as fringing reefs, when they border the land; barrier reefs, when separated from the shore by a broad belt of water; atolls, when they constitute separate islands, usually inclosing a lagoon. See Atoll. -- Coral root (Bot.), a genus (Corallorhiza) of orchideous plants, of a yellowish or brownish red color, parasitic on roots of other plants, and having curious jointed or knotted roots not unlike some kinds of coral. See Illust. under Coralloid. -- Coral snake. (Zo) (a) A small, venomous, Brazilian snake (Elaps corallinus), coral-red, with black bands. (b) A small, harmless, South American snake (Tortrix scytale). -- Coral tree (Bot.), a tropical, leguminous plant, of several species, with showy, scarlet blossoms and coral-red seeds. The best known is Erythrina Corallodendron. -- Coral wood, a hard, red cabinet wood. McElrath.
Cor"aled (?), a. Having coral; covered with coral.
Cor"al fish` (?). (Zoöl.) Any bright-colored fish of the genera Chætodon, Pomacentrus, Apogon, and related genera, which live among reef corals.
Cor`al*la"ceous (?), a. Like coral, or partaking of its qualities.