Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
2. A combination, for temporary purposes, of persons, parties, or states, having different interests.
A coalition of the puritan and the blackleg.
The coalition between the religious and worldly enemies of popery.
Syn. -- Alliance; confederation; confederacy; league; combination; conjunction; conspiracy; union.
Co`a*li"tion*er (?), n. A coalitionist.
Co`a*li"tion*ist, n. One who joins or promotes a coalition; one who advocates coalition.
Co`-al*ly" (?), n.; pl. Co-allies (#). A joint ally.
Coal"-me`ter (?), n. A licensed or official coal measurer in London. See Meter.
Coal"mouse` (?), n. (Zoöl.) A small species of titmouse, with a black head; the coletit.
Coal"pit` (?), n.
1. A pit where coal is dug.
2. A place where charcoal is made. [U. S.]
Coal" tar` (?). A thick, black, tarry liquid, obtained by the distillation of bituminous coal in the manufacture of illuminating gas; used for making printer's ink, black varnish, etc. It is a complex mixture from which many substances have been obtained, especially hydrocarbons of the benzene or aromatic series.
&hand; Among its important ingredients are benzene, aniline, phenol, naphtalene, anthracene, etc., which are respectively typical of many dye stuffs, as the aniline dyes, the phthale\'8bns, indigo, alizarin, and many flavoring extracts whose artificial production is a matter of great commercial importance.
Coal"-whip`per (?), n. One who raises coal out of the hold of a ship. [Eng.]
Coal" works (?). A place where coal is dug, including the machinery for raising the coal.
Coal"y (?), a. [From Coal, n.] Pertaining to, or resembling, coal; containing coal; of the nature of coal.
Coam"ings (?), n. pl. [Cf. Comb a crest.] (Naut.) Raised pieces of wood of iron around a hatchway, skylight, or other opening in the deck, to prevent water from running bellow; esp. the fore-and-aft pieces of a hatchway frame as distinguished from the transverse head ledges. [Written also combings.]
Co`an*nex" (?), v. t. To annex with something else.
Co`ap*ta"tion (?), n. [L. coaptatio, fr. coaptare to fit together; co- + aptare. See Aptate.] The adaptation or adjustment of parts to each other, as of a broken bone or dislocated joint.
Co*arct" (?), Co*arc"tate (?), v. t. [See Coarctate, a.]
1. To press together; to crowd; to straiten; to confine closely. [Obs.]
2. To restrain; to confine. [Obs.]
Co*arc"tate (?), a. [L. coarctatus, p. p. of coarctare to press together; co- + arctare to press together, from arctus, p. p. See Arctation.] (Zoöl.) Pressed together; closely connected; -- applied to insects having the abdomen separated from the thorax only by a constriction.
Coarctate pupa (Zoöl.), a pupa closely covered by the old larval skin, as in most Diptera.
Co`arc*ta"tion (?), n. [L. coarctatio.]
1. Confinement to a narrow space. [Obs.]
2. Pressure; that which presses. [Obs.]
3. (Med.) A stricture or narrowing, as of a canal, cavity, or orifice.
Coarse (?), a. [Compar. Coarser (?); superl. Coarsest.] [As this word was anciently written course, or cours, it may be an abbreviation of of course, in the common manner of proceeding, common, and hence, homely, made for common domestic use, plain, rude, rough, gross, e. g., Though the threads be course." Gascoigne. See Course.]
1. Large in bulk, or composed of large parts or particles; of inferior quality or appearance; not fine in material or close in texture; gross; thick; rough; -- opposed to fine; as, coarse sand; coarse thread; coarse cloth; coarse bread.
2. Not refined; rough; rude; unpolished; gross; indelicate; as, coarse manners; coarse language.
Of what coarse metal ye are molded.
To copy, in my coarse English, his beautiful expressions.
Syn. -- Large; thick; rough; gross; blunt; uncouth; unpolished; inelegant; indelicate; vulgar.
Coarse"-grained` (?), a. Having a coarse grain or texture, as wood; hence, wanting in refinement.
Coarse"ly, adv. In a coarse manner; roughly; rudely; inelegantly; uncivilly; meanly.
<-- #### q4 -->
Coars"en (?), v. t. To make coarse or vulgar; as, to coarsen one's character. [R.]
Coarse"ness (?), n. The quality or state of being coarse; roughness; melegance; vulgarity; grossness; as, coarseness of food, texture, manners, or language. The coarseness of the sackcloth."
Dr. H. More.
Pardon the coarseness of the illustration.
A coarseness and vulgarity in all the proceedings.
Co`ar*tic`u*la"tion (?), n. (Anat.) The unoin or articulation of bones to form a joint.
Co`-as*sess"or (?), n. A joint assessor.
Coast (?), n. [OF. coste, F. c\'93te, rib, hill, shore, coast, L. costa rib, side. Cf. Accost, v. t., Cutlet.]
1. The side of a thing. [Obs.]
Sir I. Newton.
2. The exterior line, limit, or border of a country; frontier border. [Obs.]
From the river, the river Euphrates, even to the uttermost sea, shall your coast be.
Deut. xi. 24.
3. The seashore, or land near it.
He sees in English ships the Holland coast.
We the Arabian coast do know
At distance, when the species blow.
The coast is clear, the danger is over; no enemy in sight.
Fig.: There are no obstacles. Seeing that the coast was clear, Zelmane dismissed Musidorus."
Sir P. Sidney.
Coast guard. (a) A body of men originally employed along the coast to prevent smuggling; now, under the control of the admiralty, drilled as a naval reserve. [Eng.] (b) The force employed in lifesaving stations along the seacoast. [U. S.] -- Coast rat (Zoöl.), a South African mammal (Bathyergus suillus), about the size of a rabbit, remarkable for its extensive burrows; -- called also sand mole. -- Coast waiter, a customhouse officer who superintends the landing or shipping of goods for the coast trade. [Eng.]
Coast (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Coasted; p. pr. & vb. n. Coasting.] [OE. costien, costeien, costen, OF. costier, costoier, F. c\'93toyer, fr. Of. coste coast, F. c\'93te. See Coast, n.]
1. To draw or keep near; to approach. [Obs.]
Anon she hears them chant it lustily,
And all in haste she coasteth to the cry.
2. To sail by or near the shore.
The ancients coasted only in their navigation.
3. To sail from port to port in the same country.
4. [Cf. OF. coste, F. c\'93te, hill, hillside.] To slide down hill; to slide on a sled, upon snow or ice. [Local, U. S.]
Coast, v. t.
1. To draw near to; to approach; to keep near, or by the side of. [Obs.]
2. To sail by or near; to follow the coast line of.
Nearchus, . . . not knowing the compass, was fain to coast that shore.
Sir T. Browne.
3. To conduct along a coast or river bank. [Obs.]
The Indians . . . coasted me along the river.
Coast"al (?), a. Of or pertaining to a cast.
Coast"er (?), n.
1. A vessel employed in sailing along a coast, or engaged in the coasting trade.
2. One who sails near the shore.
Coast"ing (?), a. Sailing along or near a coast, or running between ports along a coast.
Coasting trade, trade carried on by water between neighboring ports of the same country, as distinguished fron foreign trade or trade involving long voyages. -- Coasting vessel, a vessel employed in coasting; a coaster.
1. A sailing along a coast, or from port to port; a carrying on a coasting trade.
2. Sliding down hill; sliding on a sled upon snow or ice. [Local, U. S.]
Coast"wise` (?), Coast"ways` (?), adv. By way of, or along, the coast.
Coat (?; 110), n. [OF. cote, F. cotte, petticoat, cotte d'armes coat of arms, cotte de mailles coat of mail, LL. cota, cotta, tunic, prob. of German origin; cf. OHG. chozzo coarse mantle, G. klotze, D. kot, hut, E. cot. Cf. Cot a hut.]
1. An outer garment fitting the upper part of the body; especially, such a garment worn by men.
His adamantine coat gird well.
2. A petticoat. [Obs.] A child in coats."
3. The habit or vesture of an order of men, indicating the order or office; cloth.
Men of his coat should be minding their prayers.
She was sought by spirits of richest coat.
4. An external covering like a garment, as fur, skin, wool, husk, or bark; as, the horses coats were sleek.
Fruit of all kinds, in coat
Rough or smooth rined, or bearded husk, or shell.
5. A layer of any substance covering another; a cover; a tegument; as, the coats of the eye; the coats of an onion; a coat of tar or varnish.
6. Same as Coat of arms. See below.
Hark, countrymen! either renew the fight,
Or tear the lions out of England's coat.
7. A coat card. See below. [Obs.]
Here's a trick of discarded cards of us! We were ranked with coats as long as old master lived.
Coat armor. See under Armor. -- Coat of arms (Her.), a translation of the French cotte d'armes, a garment of light material worn over the armor in the 15th and 16th centuries. This was often charged with the heraldic bearings of the wearer. Hence, an heraldic achievement; the bearings of any person, taken together. -- Coat card, a card bearing a coated figure; the king, queen, or knave of playing cards. ‘I am a coat card indeed.' ‘Then thou must needs be a knave, for thou art neither king nor queen.'" Rowley. -- Coat link, a pair of buttons or studs joined by a link, to hold together the lappels of a double-breasted coat; or a button with a loop for a single-breasted coat. -- Coat of mail, a defensive garment of chain mail. See Chain mail, under Chain. -- Mast coat (Naut.), a piece of canvas nailed around a mast, where it passes through the deck, to prevent water from getting below. -- Sail coat (Naut.), a canvas cover laced over furled sails, and the like, to keep them dry and clean.
Coat (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Coated; p. pr. & vb. n. Coating.]
1. To cover with a coat or outer garment.
2. To cover with a layer of any substance; as, to coat a jar with tin foil; to coat a ceiling.
Coat*ee" (?), n. A coat with short flaps.
Co*a"ti (? ∨ ), n. [From the native name: cf. F. coati.] (Zoöl.) A mammal of tropical America of the genus Nasua, allied to the raccoon, but with a longer body, tail, and nose.
&hand; The red coati (N. socialis), called also coati mondi, inhabits Mexico and Central America. The brown coati (N. narica) is found in Surinam and Brazil.
Coat"ing (?), n.
1. A coat or covering; a layer of any substance, as a cover or protection; as, the coating of a retort or vial.
2. Cloth for coats; as, an assortment of coatings.
Coat"less (?), a. Not wearing a coat; also, not possessing a coat.
Coax (?; 110), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Coaxed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Coaxing.] [Cf. OE. cokes fool, a person easily imposed upon, W. coeg empty, foolish; F. coquin knave, rogue.] To persuade by gentle, insinuating courtesy, flattering, or fondling; to wheedle; to soothe.
Syn. -- To wheedle; cajole; flatter; persuade; entice.
Coax, n. A simpleton; a dupe. [Obs.]
Beau & Fl.
Co`ax*a"tion (?), n. [Gr. the noise of frogs.] The act of croaking. [R]
Dr. H. More.
Coax"er (?), n. One who coaxes.
Coax"ing*ly, adv. In a coaxing manner; by coaxing.
Cob (?), n. [Cf. AS. cop, copp, head, top, D. kop, G. kopf, kuppe, LL. cuppa cup (cf. E. brainpan), and also W. cob tuft, spider, cop, copa, top, summit, cobio to thump. Cf. Cop top, Cup, n.]
1. The top or head of anything. [Obs.]
2. A leader or chief; a conspicuous person, esp. a rich covetous person. [Obs.]
All cobbing country chuffs, which make their bellies and their bags their god, are called rich cobs.
3. The axis on which the kernels of maize or indian corn grow. [U. S.]
4. (Zoöl.) A spider; perhaps from its shape; it being round like a head.
5. (Zoöl.) A young herring.
6. (Zoöl.) A fish; -- also called miller's thumb.
7. A short-legged and stout horse, esp. one used for the saddle. [Eng.]
8. (Zoöl.) A sea mew or gull; esp., the black-backed gull (Larus marinus). [Written also cobb.]
9. A lump or piece of anything, usually of a somewhat large size, as of coal, or stone.
10. A cobnut; as, Kentish cobs. See Cobnut. [Eng.]
11. Clay mixed with straw. [Prov. Eng.]
The poor cottager contenteth himself with cob for his walls, and thatch for his covering.
12. A punishment consisting of blows inflicted on the buttocks with a strap or a flat piece of wood.
13. A Spanish coin formerly current in Ireland, worth abiut 4s. 6d. [Obs.]
Cob coal, coal in rounded lumps from the size of an egg to that of a football; -- called also cobbles. Grose. -- Cob loaf, a crusty, uneven loaf, rounded at top. Wright. -- Cob money, a kind of rudely coined gold and silver money of Spanish South America in the eighteenth century. The coins were of the weight of the piece of eight, or one of its aliquot parts.
Cob, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cobbed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Cobbing.]
1. To strike [Prov. Eng.]
2. (Mining) To break into small pieces, as ore, so as to sort out its better portions.
3. (Naut.) To punish by striking on the buttocks with a strap, a flat piece of wood, or the like.
Co*bæ"a (?), n. [Named after D. Cobo, a Spanish botanist.] A genus of climbing plants, native of Mexico and South America. C. scandens is a consrvatory climber with large bell-shaped flowers.
Co"balt (?; 277, 74), n. [G. kobalt, prob. fr. kobold, kobel, goblin, MHG. kobolt; perh. akin to G. koben pigsty, hut, AS. cofa room, cofgodas household gods, Icel. kofi hut. If so, the ending -old stands for older -walt, -wald, being the same as -ald in E. herald and the word would mean ruler or governor in a house, house spirit, the metal being so called by miners, because it was poisonous and troublesome. Cf. Kobold, Cove, Goblin.]
1. (Chem.) A tough, lustrous, reddish white metal of the iron group, not easily fusible, and somewhat magnetic. Atomic weight 59.1. Symbol Co.
&hand; It occurs in nature in combination with arsenic, sulphur, and oxygen, and is obtained from its ores, smaltite, cobaltite, asbolite, etc. Its oxide colors glass or any flux, as borax, a fine blue, and is used in the manufacture of smalt. It is frequently associated with nickel, and both are characteristic ingredients of meteoric iron.
2. A commercial name of a crude arsenic used as fly poison.
Cobalt bloom. Same as Erythrite. -- Cobalt blue, a dark blue pigment consisting of some salt of cobalt, as the phosphate, ignited with alumina; -- called also cobalt ultramarine, and Thenard's blue. -- Cobalt crust, earthy arseniate of cobalt. -- Cobalt glance. (Min.) See Cobaltite. -- Cobalt green, a pigment consisting essentially of the oxides of cobalt and zinc; -- called also Rinman's green. -- Cobalt yellow (Chem.), a yellow crystalline powder, regarded as a double nitrite of cobalt and potassium.
Co*balt"ic (?; 74), a. [Cf. F. cobaltique.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, cobalt; -- said especially of those compounds in which cobalt has higher valence; as, cobaltic oxide.
Luteo-cobaltic compounds (Chem.), an extensive series of complex yellow compounds of ammonia and cobaltic salts. -- Roseo-cobaltic compounds (Chem.), an extensive series of complex red compounds of cobalt and ammonia. Modifications of these are the purpureo-cobaltic compounds.
Co`balt*if"er*ous (?), a. [Cobalt + -ferous.] (Min.) Containing cobalt.
Co"balt*ine (?), Co"balt*ite (?) n. (Min.) A mineral of a nearly silver-white color, composed of arsenic, sulphur, and cobalt.
Co*balt"ous (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, cobalt; -- said esp. of cobalt compounds in which the metal has its lower valence.
Cobaltous chloride, a crystalline compound, CoCl2, of a pale rose color when hydrous, blue when dehydrated. Its solution is used for a sympathetic ink, the writing being nearly colorless when dried in the air, owing to absorbed moisture, and becoming bright blue when warmed.
Cob"bing (?), a. Haughty; purse-proud. See Cob, n., 2. [Obs.]
Cob"ble (?), n. A fishing boat. See Coble.
Cob"ble, n. [From Cob a lump. See Cob, n., 9, and cf. Copple, Copplestone.]
1. A cobblestone. Their slings held cobbles round."
2. pl. Cob coal. See under Cob.
Cob"ble (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cobbled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Cobbling (?).] [OF. cobler, copler, to join or knit together, couple, F. coupler, L. copulare to couple, join. Cf. Couple, n. & v. t.]
1. To make or mend coarsely; to patch; to botch; as, to cobble shoes. Shak.
A cobbled saddle."
2. To make clumsily. Cobbled rhymes."
3. To pave with cobblestones.
Cob"bler (?), n.
1. A mender of shoes.
2. A clumsy workman.
3. A beverage. See Sherry cobbler, under Sherry.
Cobbler fish (Zoöl.), a marine fish (Blepharis crinitus) of the Atlantic. The name alludes to its threadlike fin rays.
Cob"ble*stone` (?), n. A large pebble; a rounded stone not too large to be handled; a small boulder; -- used for paving streets and for other purposes.
Cob"by (?), a. [From Cob, n.]
1. Headstrong; obstinate. [Obs.]
2. Stout; hearty; lively. [Obs.]
Co`bel*lig"er*ent (?), a. Carryng on war in conjunction with another power.
Co`bel*lig"er*ent, n. A nation or state that carries on war in connection with another.
Co"bi*a (?), n. (Zoöl.) An oceanic fish of large size (Elacate canada); the crabeater; -- called also bonito, cubbyyew, coalfish, and sergeant fish.
Cob"i`ron (?), n. [From Cob the top.] An andiron with a knob at the top.
Co`bish"op (?), n. A joint or coadjutant bishop.
Co"ble (?), n. [AS. cuopel; cf. W. ceubal skiff, ferryboat.] A flat-floored fishing boat with a lug sail, and a drop rudder extending from two to four feet below the keel. It was originally used on the stormy coast of Yorkshire, England.
Cob"nut` (?), n.
1. (Com.) A large roundish variety of the cultivated hazelnut.
2. A game played by children with nuts.
Co*boose" (?), n. See Caboose.
Co"bourg (?), n. [Named from the town of Coburg in Germany.] A thin worsted fabric for women's dresses.
Co"bra (?), n. See Copra.
Co"bra, n. The cobra de capello.
Cobra de capello
Co"bra de ca*pel"lo (?). [Pg., serpent of the hood.] (Zoöl.) The hooded snake (Naia tripudians), a highly venomous serpent inhabiting India.<-- now Naja -->
Cob"stone` (?), n. Cobblestone. [Prov. Eng.]
Cob"swan` (?), n. A large swan.
Cob"wall` (?), n. [Cob clay mixed with straw + wall.] A wall made of clay mixed with straw.
Cob"web` (?), n. [Cob a spider + web.]
1. The network spread by a spider to catch its prey.
2. A snare of insidious meshes designed to catch the ignorant and unwary.
I can not but lament thy splendid wit
Entangled in the cobwebs of the schools.
3. That which is thin and unsubstantial, or flimsy and worthless; rubbish.
The dust and cobwebs of that uncivil age.
Sir P. Sidney.
4. (Zoöl.) The European spotted flycatcher.
Cobweb lawn, a fine linen, mentioned in 1640 as being in pieces of fifteen yards.
Beck. Draper's Dict.
Such a proud piece of cobweb lawn.
Beau. & Fl.
Cobweb micrometer, a micrometer in which threads of cobwed are substituted for wires.
Cob"webbed` (?), a. Abounding in cobwebs. The cobwebbed cottage."
Cob"web`by (?), a. Abounding in cobwebs, or any fine web; resembling a cobweb.
Cob"work` (?), a. Built of logs, etc., laid horizontally, with the ends dovetailed together at the corners, as in a log house; in marine work, often surrounding a central space filled with stones; as, a cobwork dock or breakwater.
Co"ca (?), n. [Sp., fr. native name.] The dried leaf of a South American shrub (Erythroxylon Coca). In med., called Erythroxylon.
&hand; Coca leaves resemble tea leaves in size, shape, and odor, and are chewed (with an alkali) by natives of Peru and Bolivia to impart vigor in prolonged exertion, or to sustain strength in absence of food.
Mexican coca, an American herb (Richardsonia scabra), yielding a nutritious fodder. Its roots are used as a substitute for ipecacuanha.
Coc*agne" (?), n. [F. cocagne, pays de cocagne; of uncertian origin, cf. Prov. F. couque cake, Catal. coca, L. coquere to cook; as if the houses in this country were covered with cakes. Cf. Cook, Cockney.]
1. An imaginary country of idleness and luxury.
2. The land of cockneys; cockneydom; -- a term applied to London and its suburbs.
Co"ca*ine (?), n. (Chem.) A powerful alkaloid, C17H21NO4, obtained from the leaves of coca. It is a bitter, white, crystalline substance, and is remarkable for producing local insensibility to pain.
Coc*cif"er*ous (?), a. [L. coccum a berry + -ferous. See Coccus.] Bearing or producing berries; bacciferous; as, cocciferrous trees or plants.
Coc`ci*nel"la (?), n. [NL., fr. L. coccineus scarlet-colored. See Cochoneal.] (Zoöl.) A genus of small beetles of many species. They and their larvæ feed on aphids or plant lice, and hence are of great benefit to man. Also called ladybirds and ladybugs.
Coc`co*bac*te"ri*um (?), n.; pl. Coccobacteria (#). [NL., fr. Gr. a grain + NL. bacterium. So called from its round shape.] (Biol.) One of the round variety of bacteria, a vegetable organism, generally less than a thousandth of a millimeter in diameter.
Coc"co*lite (?), n. [Gr. a grain, seed + -lite: cf. F. coccalite.] (Min.) A granular variety of pyroxene, green or white in color.
Coc"co*lith (?), n. [Gr. a grain, seed + -lith.] (Biol.) One of a kind of minute, calcareous bodies, probably vegetable, often abundant in deep-sea mud.
Coc"co*sphere (?), n. [Gr. a grain, seed + E. sphere.] (Biol.) A small, rounded, marine organism, capable of braking up into coccoliths.
Coc*cos"te*us (?), n. [NL., from Gr. grain, seed + bone.] (Paleon.) An extinct genus of Devonian ganoid fishes, having the broad plates about the head studded with berrylike tubercles.
Coc"cu*lus In"di*cus (?), n. [NL. cocculus (dim. of L. coccum kermes berry) + L. Indicus of India.] (Bot.) The fruit or berry of the Anamirta Cocculus, a climbing plant of the East Indies. It is a poisonous narcotic and stimulant.
Coc"cus (?), n.; pl. Cocci (#). [NL., fr. Gr. grain, seed. See Cochineal.]
1. (Bot.) One of the separable carpels of a dry fruit.
2. (Zoöl.) A genus of hemipterous insects, including scale insects, and the cochineal insect (Coccus cacti).
3. (Biol.) A form of bacteria, shaped like a globule.
Coc*cyg"e*al (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the coccyx; as, the coccygeal vertebræ.
Coccygeal glands (Zoöl.) , glands situated at the base of the tail of birds. They secrete the oil with which the plumage is dressed.
Coc*cyg"e*ous (?), a. Coccygeal. [R.]
Coc"cyx (?), n.; pl. L. Coccyges (#). [L., cuckoo, Gr. , cuckoo, coccyx. So called from its resemblance to the beak of a cuckoo.] (Anat.) The end of the vertebral column beyond the sacrum in man and tailless monkeys. It is composed of several vertebræ more or less consolidated.
Coch"i*neal (?; 277), [Sp. cochinilla, dim. from L. coccineus, coccinus, scarlet, fr. coccum the kermes berry, G. berry, especially the kermes insect, used to dye scarlet, as the cohineal was formerly supposed to be the grain or seed of a plant, and this word was formerly defined to be the grain of the Quercus coccifera; but cf. also Sp. cochinilla wood louse, dim. of cochina sow, akin to F. cochon pig.] A dyestuff consisting of the dried bodies of females of the Coccus cacti, an insect native in Mexico, Central America, etc., and found on several species of cactus, esp. Opuntia cochinellifera.
&hand; These insects are gathered from the plant, killed by the application of heat, and exposed to the sun to dry. When dried they resemble small, rough berries or seeds, of a brown or purple color, and form the cochineal of the shops, which is used for making carmine, and also as a red dye.
&hand; Cochineal contains as its essential coloring matter carminic acid, a purple red amorphous substance which yields carmine red.
Coch"i*neal fig (?), (Bot.) A plant of Central and Southern Anerica, of the Cactus familly, extensively cultivated for the sake of the cochineal insect, which lives on it.
Co"chin fowl` (?), (Zoöl.) A large variety of the domestic fowl, originally from Cochin China (Anam).
Coch"le*a (?), n. [L., a snail, or snail shell, Gr. a snail, fr. a shellfish with a spiral shell.] (Anat.) An appendage of the labyrinth of the internal ear, which is elongated and coiled into a spiral in mammals. See Ear.
Coch"le*ar (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the cochlea.
Coch`le*a"re (?), n. [L.]
1. A spoon.
2. (Med) A spoonful.
Coc`le*ar"i*form (?), a. [Cochleare + -form.] Spoon-shaped.
Coch"le*a*ry (?), a. [L. cochlearum penfor snails (meaning formerly given, snail shell). See Cjchlea.] Same as Cochleate.
Coch"le*ate (?), Coch"le*a`ted (?), a. [L. cochleatus spiral or screw-formed. See Cochlea.] Having the form of a snail shell; spiral; turbinated.
Cock (?), n. [AS. coc; of unkown origin, perh. in imitation of the cry of the cock. Cf. Chicken.]
1. The male of birds, particulary of gallinaceous or domestic fowls.
2. A vane in the shape of a cock; a weathercock.
Drenched our steeples, drowned the cocks!
3. A chief man; a leader or master. [Humorous]
Sir Andrew is the cock of the club, since he left us.
4. The crow of a cock, esp. the first crow in the morning; cockcrow. [Obs.]
He begins at curfew, and walks till the first cock.
5. A faucet or valve.
&hand; Jonsons says, The handly probably had a cock on the top; things that were contrived to turn seem anciently to have had that form, whatever was the reason." Skinner says, because it used to be constructed in forma critæ galli, i.e., in the form of a cock's comb.
6. The style of gnomon of a dial.
7. The indicator of a balance.
8. The bridge piece which affords a bearing for the pivot of a balance in a clock or watch.
Ball cock. See under Ball. -- Chaparral cock. See under Chaparral. -- Cock and bull story, an extravagant, boastful story; a canard. -- Cock of the plains (Zoöl.) See Sage cock. -- Cock of the rock (Zoöl.), a South American bird (Rupicola aurantia) having a beautiful crest. -- Cock of the walk, a chief or master; the hero of the hour; one who has overcrowed, or got the better of, rivals or competitors. -- Cock of the woods. See Capercailzie.
Cock (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cocked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Cocking.] [Cf. Gael. coc to cock.]
1. To set erect; to turn up.
Our Lightfoot barks, and cocks his ears.
Dick would cock his nose in scorn.
2. To shape, as a hat, by turning up the brim.
3. To set on one side in a pert or jaunty manner.
They cocked their hats in each other's faces.
4. To turn (the eye) obliquely and partially close its lid, as an expression of derision or insinuation.
Cocked hat. (a) A hat with large, stiff flaps turned up to a peaked crown, thus making its form triangular; -- called also three-cornered hat<-- or tricorn -->. (b) A game similar to ninepins, except that only three pins are used, which are set up at the angles of a triangle.
Cock, v. i. To strut; to swagger; to look big, pert, or menacing.
Cock, n. The act of cocking; also, the turn so given; as, a cock of the eyes; to give a hat a saucy cock.
Cock, n. [It. cocca notch of an arrow.]
1. The notch of an arrow or crossbow.
2. The hammer in the lock of a firearm.
At cock, At full cock, with the hammer raised and ready to fire; -- said of firearms, also, jocularly, of one prepared for instant action. -- At half cock. See under Half. -- Cock feather (Archery), the feather of an arrow at right angles to the direction of the cock or notch.
Cock, v. t. To draw the hammer of (a firearm) fully back and set it for firing.
Cock, v. i. To draw back the hammer of a firearm, and set it for firing.
Cocked, fired, and missed his man.
Cock, n. [Cf. Icel. kökkr lump, Dan. kok heap, or E. cock to set erect.] A small concial pile of hay.
Cock, v. t. To put into cocks or heaps, as hay.
Under the cocked hay.
Cock, n. [Of. coque, F. coche, a small vessel, L. concha muscle shell, a vessel. See Coach, and cf.Cog small boat.] A small boat.
Yond tall anchoring bark [appears]
Diminished to her cock; her cock, a buoy
Almost too small for sight.
Cock, n. A corruption or disguise of the word God, used in oaths. [Obs.] By cock and pie."
Cock*ade" (?), n. [F. cocarble, fr. coquard vain, OF. coquart, fr. coq cock, prob. of imitative origin. The ornament is so named from its resemblance to the crest of a cock. Cf. Coquette.] A badge, usually in the form of a rosette, or knot, and generally worn upon the hat; -- used as an indication of military or naval service, or party allegiance, and in England as a part of the livery to indicate that the wearer is the servant of a military or naval officer.
Seduced by military liveries and cockades.
Cock*ad"ed (?), a. Wearing a cockade.
Cock`-a-hoop" (?), a. Boastful; defiant; exulting. Also used adverbially.
Cock"al (?), n. [Etymol. uncertain.]
1. A game played with sheep's bones instead of dice [Obs.]
2. The bone used in playing the game; -- called also huckle bone. [Obs.]
A little transverse bone
Which boys and bruckeled children call
(Playing for points and pins) cockal.
Cock`a*leek"ie (?), n. [From cock + leek.] A favorite soup in Scotland, made from a capon highly seasoned, and boiled with leeks and prunes.
Cock`a*ma*roo" (?), n. The Russian variety of bagatelle.
Cock"a*teel (?), n. (Zoöl.) An Australian parrot (Calopsitta Novæ-Hollandiæ); -- so called from its note.
Cock`a*too (?), n. [Malayan kakatūa.] (Zoöl.) A bird of the Parrot family, of the subfamily Cacatuinæ, having a short, strong, and much curved beak, and the head ornamented with a crest, which can be raised or depressed at will. There are several genera and many species; as the broad-crested (Plictolophus, ∨ Cacatua, cristatus), the sulphur-crested (P. galeritus), etc. The palm or great black cockatoo of Australia is Microglossus aterrimus.
Cock"a*trice (?; 277), n. [OF. cocatrice crocodile, F. cocatrix, cocatrice. The word is a corruption from the same source as E. crocodile, but was confused with cock the bird, F. coq, whence arose the fable that the animal was produced from a cock's egg. See Crocodile.]