Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
A*demp"tion (#), n. [L. ademptio, fr. adimere, ademptum, to take away; ad + emere to buy, orig. to take.] (Law) The revocation or taking away of a grant donation, legacy, or the like.
Aden- or Adeno-
Aden- or Adeno-. [Gr. , , gland.] Combining forms of the Greek word for gland; -- used in words relating to the structure, diseases, etc., of the glands.
Ad`e*nal"gi*a (#), Ad"e*nal`gy (#), n. [Gr. + pain.] (Med.) Pain in a gland.
A*den"i*form (#), a. [Aden- + -form.] Shaped like a gland; adenoid.
Ad`e*ni"tis (#), n. [Aden- + -itis.] (Med.) Glandular inflammation.
Ad`e*no*graph"ic (#), a. Pertaining to adenography.
Ad`e*nog"ra*phy (#), n. [Adeno- + -graphy.] That part of anatomy which describes the glands.
Ad"e*noid (#), Ad`e*noid"al (#) a. Glandlike; glandular.
Ad`e*no*log"ic*al (#), a. Pertaining to adenology.
Ad`e*nol"o*gy (#), n. [Adeno- + -logy.] The part of physiology that treats of the glands.
Ad`e*noph"o*rous (#), a. [Adeno- + Gr. bearing.] (Bot.) Producing glands.
Ad`e*noph"yl*lous (#), a. [Adeno- + Gr. leaf.] (Bot.) Having glands on the leaves.
Ad"e*nose` (?; 277), a. Like a gland; full of glands; glandulous; adenous.
Ad`e*no*tom"ic (#), a. Pertaining to adenotomy.
Ad`e*not"o*my (#), n. [Adeno- + Gr. a cutting, to cut.] (Anat.) Dissection of, or incision into, a gland or glands.
Ad"e*nous (#), a. Same as Adenose.
Ad"eps (#), n. [L.] Animal fat; lard.
A*dept" (#), n. [L. adeptus obtained (sc. artem), he who has obtained an art, p. p. of adipsci to arrive at, to obtain; ad + apisci to pursue. See Apt, and cf. Adapt.] One fully skilled or well versed in anything; a proficient; as, adepts in philosophy.
A*dept", a. Well skilled; completely versed; thoroughly proficient.
Beaus adept in everything profound.
A*dep"tion (#), n. [L. adeptio. See Adept, a.] An obtaining; attainment. [Obs.]
In the wit and policy of the capitain consisteth the chief adeption of the victory.
A*dept"ist, n. A skilled alchemist. [Obs.]
A*dept"ness, n. The quality of being adept; skill.
Ad"e*qua*cy (#), n. [See Adequate.] The state or quality of being adequate, proportionate, or sufficient; a sufficiency for a particular purpose; as, the adequacy of supply to the expenditure.
Ad"e*quate (#), a. [L. adaequatus, p. p. of adaequare to make equal to; ad + aequare to make equal, aequus equal. See Equal.] Equal to some requirement; proportionate, or correspondent; fully sufficient; as, powers adequate to a great work; an adequate definition.
Ireland had no adequate champion.
Syn. -- Proportionate; commensurate; sufficient; suitable; competent; capable.
Ad"e*quate (#), v. t. [See Adequate, a.]
1. To equalize; to make adequate. [R.]
2. To equal. [Obs.]
It [is] an impossibility for any creature to adequate God in his eternity.
Ad"e*quate*ly (#), adv. In an adequate manner.
Ad"e*quate*ness, n. The quality of being adequate; suitableness; sufficiency; adequacy.
Ad`e*qua"tion (#), n. [L. adaequatio.] The act of equalizing; act or result of making adequate; an equivalent. [Obs.]
A*des"my (#), n. [Gr. unfettered; priv. + a fetter.] (Bot.) The division or defective coherence of an organ that is usually entire.
Ad*es`se*na"ri*an (#), n. [Formed fr. L. adesse to be present; ad + esse to be.] (Eccl. Hist.) One who held the real presence of Christ's body in the eucharist, but not by transubstantiation.
Ad*fect"ed (#), a. [L. adfectus or affectus. See Affect, v.] (Alg.) See Affected, 5.
Ad*fil"i*a`ted (#), a. See Affiliated. [Obs.]
Ad*fil`i*a"tion (#), n. See Affiliation. [Obs.]
Ad*flux"ion (#), n. See Affluxion.
Ad*ha"mant (#), a. [From L. adhamare to catch; ad + hamus hook.] Clinging, as by hooks.
Ad*here" (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Adhered (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Adhering (#).] [L. adhaerere, adhaesum; ad + haerere to stick: cf. F. adhérer. See Aghast.]
1. To stick fast or cleave, as a glutinous substance does; to become joined or united; as, wax to the finger; the lungs sometimes adhere to the pleura.
2. To hold, be attached, or devoted; to remain fixed, either by personal union or conformity of faith, principle, or opinion; as, men adhere to a party, a cause, a leader, a church.
3. To be consistent or coherent; to be in accordance; to agree. Nor time nor place did then adhere." Every thing adheres together."
Syn. -- To attach; stick; cleave; cling; hold
Ad*her"ence (#), n. [Cf. F. adhérence, LL. adhaerentia.]
1. The quality or state of adhering.
2. The state of being fixed in attachment; fidelity; steady attachment; adhesion; as, adherence to a party or to opinions.
Syn. -- Adherence, Adhesion. These words, which were once freely interchanged, are now almost entirely separated. Adherence is no longer used to denote physical union, but is applied, to mental states or habits; as, a strict adherence to one's duty; close adherence to the argument, etc. Adhesion is now confined chiefly to the physical sense, except in the phrase To give in one's adhesion to a cause or a party."
Ad*her"en*cy (#), n.
1. The state or quality of being adherent; adherence. [R.]
2. That which adheres. [Obs.]
Dr. H. More.
Ad*her"ent (#), a. [L. adhaerens, -entis, p. pr.: cf. F. adhérent.]
1. Sticking; clinging; adhering.
2. Attached as an attribute or circumstance.
3. (Bot.) Congenitally united with an organ of another kind, as calyx with ovary, or stamens with petals.
1. One who adheres; one who adheres; one who follows a leader, party, or profession; a follower, or partisan; a believer in a particular faith or church.
2. That which adheres; an appendage. [R.]
Syn. -- Follower; partisan; upholder; disciple; supporter; dependent; ally; backer.
Ad*her"ent*ly, adv. In an adherent manner.
Ad*her"er (#), n. One who adheres; an adherent.
Ad*he"sion (#), n. [L. adhaesio, fr. adhaerere: cf. F. adhésion.]
1. The action of sticking; the state of being attached; intimate union; as the adhesion of glue, or of parts united by growth, cement, or the like.
2. Adherence; steady or firm attachment; fidelity; as, to error, to a policy.
His adhesion to the Tories was bounded by his approbation of their foreign policy.
3. Agreement to adhere; concurrence; assent.
To that treaty Spain and England gave in their adhesion.
4. (Physics) The molecular attraction exerted between bodies in contact. See Cohesion.
5. (Med.) Union of surface, normally separate, by the formation of new tissue resulting from an inflammatory process.
6. (Bot.) The union of parts which are separate in other plants, or in younger states of the same plant.
Syn. -- Adherence; union. See Adherence.
Ad*he"sive (#), a. [Cf. F. adhésif.]
1. Sticky; tenacious, as glutinous substances.
2. Apt or tending to adhere; clinging.
Adhesive attraction. (Physics) See Attraction. -- Adhesive inflammation (Surg.), that kind of inflammation which terminates in the reunion of divided parts without suppuration. -- Adhesive plaster, a sticking; a plaster containing resin, wax, litharge, and olive oil.
Ad*he"sive*ly, adv. In an adhesive manner.
1. The quality of sticking or adhering; stickiness; tenacity of union.
2. (Phren.) Propensity to form and maintain attachments to persons, and to promote social intercourse.
Ad*hib"it (#), v. t. [L. adhibitus, p. p. of adhibere to hold to; ad + habere to have.]
1. To admit, as a person or thing; to take in.
2. To use or apply; to administer.
3. To attach; to affix.
Ad`hi*bi"tion (#), n. [L. adhibitio.] The act of adhibiting; application; use.
Ad hom"i*nem (#). [L., to the man.] ` phrase applied to an appeal or argument addressed to the principles, interests, or passions of a man.
Ad*hort" (#), v. t. [L. adhortari. See Adhortation.] To exhort; to advise. [Obs.]
Ad`hor*ta"tion (#), n. [L. adhortatio, fr. adhortari to advise; ad + hortari to exhort.] Advice; exhortation. [Obs.]
Ad*hor"ta*to*ry (#), a. Containing counsel or warning; hortatory; advisory. [Obs.]
Ad`i*a*bat"ic (#), a. [Gr. not passable; priv. + through + to go.] (Physics) Not giving out or receiving heat. -- Ad`i*a*bat`ic*al*ly, adv.
Adiabatic line or curve, a curve exhibiting the variations of pressure and volume of a fluid when it expands without either receiving or giving out heat.
Ad`i*ac*tin"ic (#), a. [Pref. a- not + diactinic.] (Chem.) Not transmitting the actinic rays.
Ad`i*an"tum (#), n. [L., fr. Gr. , maidenhair; priv. + to wet.] (Bot.) A genus of ferns, the leaves of which shed water; maidenhair. Also, the black maidenhair, a species of spleenwort.
Ad`i*aph"o*rism (#), n. Religious indifference.
Ad`i*aph"o*rist (#), n. [See Adiaphorous.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of the German Protestants who, with Melanchthon, held some opinions and ceremonies to be indifferent or nonessential, which Luther condemned as sinful or heretical.
Ad`i*aph`o*ris"tic (#), a. Pertaining to matters indifferent in faith and practice.
Ad`i*aph"o*rite (#), n. Same as Adiaphorist.
Ad`i*aph"o*rous (#), a. [Gr. ; priv. + different; through + to bear.]
1. Indifferent or neutral.
2. (Med.) Incapable of doing either harm or good, as some medicines.
Ad`i*aph"o*ry, n. [Gr. .] Indifference. [Obs.]
Ad`i*a*ther"mic (#), a. [Gr. priv. + through + heat.] Not pervious to heat.
A*dieu" (#), interj. & adv. [OE. also adew, adewe, adue, F. dieu, fr. L. ad to + deus God.] Good-by; farewell; an expression of kind wishes at parting.
A*dieu", n.; pl. Adieus (#). A farewell; commendation to the care of God at parting.
A*dight" (#), v. t. [p. p. Adight.] [Pref. a- (intensive) + OE. dihten. See Dight.] To set in order; to array; to attire; to deck, to dress. [Obs.]
Ad in`fi*ni"tum (#). [L., to infinity.] Without limit; endlessly.
Ad in"ter*im (#)[L.] Meanwhile; temporary.
Ad`e*pes"cent (#), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat + -escent.] Becoming fatty.
A*dip"ic (#), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, fatty or oily substances; -- applied to certain acids obtained from fats by the action of nitric acid.
<-- 2. adipic acid. a dicarboxylic acid containing six carbon atoms in a linear chain -->
Ad`i*poc"er*ate (#), v. t. To convert adipocere.
Ad`i*poc`er*a"tion (#), n. The act or process of changing into adipocere.
Ad"i*po*cere` (#), n. [L. adeps, adipis, fat + cera wax: cf. F. adipocere.] A soft, unctuous, or waxy substance, of a light brown color, into which the fat and muscle tissue of dead bodies sometimes are converted, by long immersion in water or by burial in moist places. It is a result of fatty degeneration.
Ad`i*po*cer"i*form (#), a. [Adipocere + -form.] Having the form or appearance of adipocere; as, an adipoceriform tumor.
Ad`i*poc"er*ous (#), a. Like adipocere.
Ad"i*pose` (?; 277), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat, grease.] Of or pertaining to animal fat; fatty.
Adipose fin (Zoöl.), a soft boneless fin. -- Adipose tissue (Anat.), that form of animal tissue which forms or contains fat.
Ad"i*pose`ness (#), Ad`i*pos"i*ty (#), n. The state of being fat; fatness.
Ad"i*pous (#), a. Fatty; adipose. [R.]
A*dip"sous (#), a. [Gr. ; priv. + , thirst.] Quenching thirst, as certain fruits.
Ad"ip*sy (#), n. [Gr. not thirsty; priv. + thirst.] (Med.) Absence of thirst.
Ad"it (#), n. [L. aditus, fr. adire, aitum, to go to; ad + ire to go.]
1. An entrance or passage. Specifically: The nearly horizontal opening by which a mine is entered, or by which water and ores are carried away; -- called also drift and tunnel.
2. Admission; approach; access. [R.]
Yourself and yours shall have
Ad"ja"cence (#), Ad*ja"cen*cy (#),[Cf. LL. adjacentia.]
1. The state of being adjacent or contiguous; contiguity; as, the adjacency of lands or buildings.
2. That which is adjacent.[R.]
Sir T. Browne.
Ad*ja"cent (#), a. [L. adjacens, -centis, p. pr. of adjacere to lie near; ad + jacre to lie: cf. F. adjacent.] Lying near, close, or contiguous; neighboring; bordering on; as, a field adjacent to the highway. The adjacent forest."
Adjacent or contiguous angle. (Geom.) See Angle.
Syn. -- Adjoining; contiguous; near. -- Adjacent, Adjoining, Contiguous. Things are adjacent when they lie close each other, not necessary in actual contact; as, adjacent fields, adjacent villages, etc.
I find that all Europe with her adjacent isles is peopled with Christians.
Things are adjoining when they meet at some line or point of junction; as, adjoining farms, an adjoining highway. What is spoken of as contiguous should touch with some extent of one side or the whole of it; as, a row of contiguous buildings; a wood contiguous to a plain.
Ad*ja"cent, n. That which is adjacent. [R.]
Ad*ja"cent*ly, adv. So as to be adjacent.
Ad*ject" (#), v. t. [L. adjectus, p. p. of adjicere to throw to, to add to; ad + acre to throw. See Jet a shooting forth.] To add or annex; to join.
Ad*jec"tion (#), n. [L. adjectio, fr. adjicere: cf. F. adjection. See Adject.] The act or mode of adding; also, the thing added. [R.]
Ad*jec"tion*al (#), a. Pertaining to adjection; that is, or may be, annexed. [R.]
Ad`jec*ti"tious (#), [L. adjectitius.] Added; additional.
Ad`jec*ti"val (#), a. Of or relating to the relating to the adjective; of the nature of an adjective; adjective.
W. Taylor (1797)
Ad`jec*ti"val*ly, adv. As, or in the manner of, an adjective; adjectively.
Ad"jec*tive (#), a. [See Adjective, n.]
1. Added to a substantive as an attribute; of the nature of an adjunct; as, an word sentence.
2. Not standing by itself; dependent.
Adjective color, a color which requires to be fixed by some mordant or base to give it permanency.
3. Relating to procedure. The whole English law, substantive and adjective."
Ad"jec*tive, n. [L. adjectivum (sc. nomen), neut. of adjectivus that is added, fr. adjicere: cf. F. adjectif. See Adject.]
1. (Gram.) A word used with a noun, or substantive, to express a quality of the thing named, or something attributed to it, or to limit or define it, or to specify or describe a thing, as distinct from something else. Thus, in phrase, a wise ruler," wise is the adjective, expressing a property of ruler.
2. A dependent; an accessory.
Ad"jec*tive, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjectived (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Adjectiving (#).] To make an adjective of; to form or change into an adjective. [R.]
Language has as much occasion to adjective the distinct signification of the verb, and to adjective also the mood, as it has to adjective time. It has . . . adjectived all three.
Ad"jec*tive*ly, adv. In the manner of an adjective; as, a word used adjectively.
Ad*join" (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjoined (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Adjoining.] [OE. ajoinen, OF. ajoindre, F. adjoindre, fr. L. adjungere; ad + jungere to join. See Join, and cf. Adjunct.] To join or unite to; to lie contiguous to; to be in contact with; to attach; to append.
Corrections . . . should be, as remarks, adjoined by way of note.