Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
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Withe"-rod` (?), n. (Bot.) A North American shrub (Viburnum nudum) whose tough osierlike shoots are sometimes used for binding sheaves.
With"ers (?), n. pl. [Properly, the parts which resist the pull or strain in drawing a load; fr. OE. wither resistance, AS. wi\'ebre, fr. wi\'eber against; akin to G. widerrist withers. See With, prep.] The ridge between the shoulder bones of a horse, at the base of the neck. See Illust. of Horse.
Let the galled jade wince; our withers are unwrung.
With"er-wrung` (?), a. Injured or hurt in the withers, as a horse.
With*hold" (?), v. t. [imp. Withheld (?); p. p. Withheld, Obs. or Archaic Withholden (); p. pr. & vb. n. Withholding.] [With again, against, back + hold.]
1. To hold back; to restrain; to keep from action.
Withhold, O sovereign prince, your hasty hand
From knitting league with him.
2. To retain; to keep back; not to grant; as, to withhold assent to a proposition.
Forbid who will, none shall from me withhold
Longer thy offered good.
3. To keep; to maintain; to retain. [Obs.]
To withhold it the more easily in heart.
With*hold"er (?), n. One who withholds.
With*hold"ment (?), n. The act of withholding.
With*in" (?), prep. [OE. withinne, withinnen, AS. wi\'ebinnan; wi\'eb with, against, toward + innan in, inwardly, within, from in in. See With, prep., In, prep.]
1. In the inner or interior part of; inside of; not without; as, within doors.
O, unhappy youth!
Come not within these doors; within this roof
The enemy of all your graces lives.
Till this be cured by religion, it is as impossible for a man to be happy -- that is, pleased and contented within himself -- as it is for a sick man to be at ease.
2. In the limits or compass of; not further in length than; as, within five miles; not longer in time than; as, within an hour; not exceeding in quantity; as, expenses kept within one's income. That he repair should again within a little while."
Within these five hours lived Lord Hastings,
Untainted, unexamined, free, at liberty.
3. Hence, inside the limits, reach, or influence of; not going outside of; not beyond, overstepping, exceeding, or the like.
Both he and she are still within my power.
The danger lies, yet lies within his power.
Were every action concluded within itself, and drew no consequence after it, we should, undoubtedly, never err in our choice of good.
1. In the inner part; inwardly; internally. The wound festers within."
Ills from within thy reason must prevent.
2. In the house; in doors; as, the master is within.
With*in"forth` (?), adv. Within; inside; inwardly. [Obs.]
[It is much greater] labor for to withinforth call into mind, without sight of the eye withoutforth upon images, what he before knew and thought upon.
With*in"side` (?), adv. In the inner parts; inside. [Obs.]
With*out" (?), prep. [OE. withoute, withouten, AS. wi\'ebtan; wi\'eb with, against, toward + tan outside, fr.t out. See With, prep., Out.]
1. On or at the outside of; out of; not within; as, without doors.
Without the gate
Some drive the cars, and some the coursers rein.
2. Out of the limits of; out of reach of; beyond.
Eternity, before the world and after, is without our reach.
3. Not with; otherwise than with; in absence of, separation from, or destitution of; not with use or employment of; independently of; exclusively of; with omission; as, without labor; without damage.
I wolde it do withouten negligence.
Wise men will do it without a law.
Without the separation of the two monarchies, the most advantageous terms . . . must end in our destruction.
There is no living with thee nor without thee.
To do without. See under Do. -- Without day [a translation of L. sine die], without the appointment of a day to appear or assemble again; finally; as, the Fortieth Congress then adjourned without day. -- Without recourse. See under Recourse.
With*out", conj. Unless; except; -- introducing a clause.
You will never live to my age without you keep yourselves in breath with exercise, and in heart with joyfulness.
Sir P. Sidney.
&hand; Now rarely used by good writers or speakers.
1. On or art the outside; not on the inside; not within; outwardly; externally.
Without were fightings, within were fears.
2 Cor. vii. 5.
2. Outside of the house; out of doors.
The people came unto the house without.
With*out"-door` (?), a. Outdoor; exterior. [Obs.] Her without-door form."
With*out"en (?), prep. Without. [Obs.]
With*out"forth` (?), adv. Without; outside' outwardly. Cf. Withinforth. [Obs.]
With*say" (?), v. t. To contradict; to gainsay; to deny; to renounce. [Obs.]
If that he his Christendom withsay.
With*set" (?), v. t. To set against; to oppose. [Obs.] Their way he them withset."
R. of Brunne.
With*stand" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Withstood (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Withstanding.] [AS. wi&edh;standan. See With, prep., and Stand.] To stand against; to oppose; to resist, either with physical or moral force; as, to withstand an attack of troops; to withstand eloquence or arguments.
I withstood him to the face.
Gal. ii. 11.
Some village Hampden, that, with dauntless breast.
The little tyrant of his fields withstood.
With*stand"er (?), n. One who withstands, or opposes; an opponent; a resisting power.
With*stood" (?), imp. & p. p. o Withstand.
With"vine` (?), n. [Withe + vine.] (Bot.) Quitch grass.
With"wind` (?), n. [AS. wi&edh;owinde.] (Bot.) A kind of bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis).
He bare a burden ybound with a broad list,
In a withewyndes wise ybounden about.
With"wine` (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Withvine.
With"y (?), n.; pl. Withies (#). [OE. withe, wipi, AS. wīig a willow, willow twig; akin to G. weide willow, OHG. wīda, Icel. vīja, a withy, Sw. vide a willow twig, Dan. vidie a willow, osier, Gr. , and probably to L. vitis a vine, viere to plait, Russ. vite. &root;141. Cf. Wine, Withe.]
1. (Bot.) The osier willow (Salix viminalis). See Osier, n. (a).
2. A withe. See Withe, 1.
With"y, a. Made of withes; like a withe; flexible and tough; also, abounding in withes.
The stream is brimful now, and lies high in this little withy plantation.
Wit"ing (?), n. [See Wit, v.] Knowledge. [Obs.] Withouten witing of any other wight."
Wit"less (?), a. Destitute of wit or understanding; wanting thought; hence, indiscreet; not under the guidance of judgment. Witless bravery."
A witty mother! witless else her son.
Witless pity breedeth fruitless love.
-- Wit"less*ly, adv. -- Wit"less*ness, n.
Wit"ling (?), n. [Wit + -ling; cf. G. witzling.] A person who has little wit or understanding; a pretender to wit or smartness.
A beau and witing perished in the forming.
Ye newspaper witlings! ye pert scribbling folks!
Wit"ness (?), n. [AS. witness, gewitnes, from witan to know. &root;133. See Wit, v. i.]
1. Attestation of a fact or an event; testimony.
May we with . . . the witness of a good conscience, pursue him with any further revenge?
If I bear witness of myself, my witness is not true.
John v. 31.
2. That which furnishes evidence or proof.
Laban said to Jacob, . . . This heap be witness, and this pillar be witness.
Gen. xxxi. 51, 52.
3. One who is cognizant; a person who beholds, or otherwise has personal knowledge of, anything; as, an eyewitness; an earwitness. Thyself art witness I am betrothed."
Upon my looking round, I was witness to appearances which filled me with melancholy and regret.
4. (Law) (a) One who testifies in a cause, or gives evidence before a judicial tribunal; as, the witness in court agreed in all essential facts. (b) One who sees the execution of an instrument, and subscribes it for the purpose of confirming its authenticity by his testimony; one who witnesses a will, a deed, a marriage, or the like.
Privileged witnesses. (Law) See under Privileged. -- With a witness, effectually; to a great degree; with great force, so as to leave some mark as a testimony. [Colloq.]
This, I confess, is haste with a witness.
Wit"ness, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Witnessed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Witnessing.]
1. To see or know by personal presence; to have direct cognizance of.
This is but a faint sketch of the incalculable calamities and horrors we must expect, should we ever witness the triumphs of modern infidelity.
General Washington did not live to witness the restoration of peace.
2. To give testimony to; to testify to; to attest.
Behold how many things they witness against thee.
Mark xv. 4.
3. (Law) To see the execution of, as an instrument, and subscribe it for the purpose of establishing its authenticity; as, to witness a bond or a deed.
Wit"ness, v. i. To bear testimony; to give evidence; to testify.
The men of Belial witnessed against him.
1 Kings xxi. 13.
The witnessing of the truth was then so generally attended with this event [martyrdom] that martyrdom now signifies not only to witness, but to witness to death.
Wit"ness*er (?), n. One who witness.
Wit"-snap`per (?), n. One who affects repartee; a wit-cracker. [Obs.]
Wit"-starved` (?), a. Barren of wit; destitute of genius.
Wit"ted (?), a. Having (such) a wit or understanding; as, a quick-witted boy.
Wit"tic*as`ter (?), n. [Formed like criticaster.] A witling. [R.]
Wit"ti*cism (?), n. [From Witty.] A witty saying; a sentence or phrase which is affectedly witty; an attempt at wit; a conceit.
He is full of conceptions, points of epigram, and witticisms; all which are below the dignity of heroic verse.
Wit"ti*fied (?), a. [Witty + -fy + -ed.] Possessed of wit; witty. [R.]
Wi"ti*ly, adv. In a witty manner; wisely; ingeniously; artfully; with it; with a delicate turn or phrase, or with an ingenious association of ideas.
Who his own harm so wittily contrives.
Wit"ti*ness, n. The quality of being witty.
Wit"ting*ly (?), adv. [See Wit, v.] Knowingly; with knowledge; by design.
Wit"tol (?), n. [Said to be for white tail, and so called in allusion to its white tail; but cf. witwal.]
1. (Zoöl.) The wheatear. [Prov. Eng.]
2. A man who knows his wife's infidelity and submits to it; a tame cuckold; -- so called because the cuckoo lays its eggs in the wittol's nest. [Obs.]
Wit"tol*ly (?), a. Like a wittol; cuckoldly. [Obs.]
Witts (?), n. (Mining) Tin ore freed from earthy matter by stamping.
Wit"ty (?), a. [Compar. Wittier (?); superl. Wittiest.] [AS. witig, wittig. See Wit, n.]
1. Possessed of wit; knowing; wise; skillful; judicious; clever; cunning. [Obs.] The deep-revolving witty Buckingham."
2. Especially, possessing wit or humor; good at repartee; droll; facetious; sometimes, sarcastic; as, a witty remark, poem, and the like. Honeycomb, who was so unmercifully witty upon the women."
Syn. -- Acute; smart; sharp; arch; keen; facetious; amusing; humorous; satirical; ironical; taunting.
Wit"wal`, Wit"wall` (?), n. [Akin to G. wittewal, wiedewall, MHG. witewal, D. wiedewaal, wielewaal, OD. weduwael, and perhaps the same word as OE. wodewale. Cf. Wood, n., Wittol.] (Zoöl.) (a) The golden oriole. (b) The greater spotted woodpecker. [Prov. Eng.]
Wit"worm` (?), n. One who, or that which, feeds on or destroys wit. [Obs.]
Wive, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Wived (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Wiving.] [AS. wīfian, gewīfian. See Wite.] To marry, as a man; to take a wife.
Wherefore we pray you hastily to wive.
Wive, v. t.
1. To match to a wife; to provide with a wife. An I could get me but a wife . . . I were manned, horsed, and wived."
2. To take for a wife; to marry.
I have wived his sister.
Sir W. Scott.
Wive"hood (?), n. Wifehood. [Obs.]
Wive"less, a. Wifeless. [Obs.]
Wive"ly, a. Wifely. [Obs.]
Wiv"er (?), Wiv"ern (?), n. [OE. wivere a serpent, OF. wivre, guivre, F. givre, guivre, wiver, from L. vipera; probably influenced by OHG. wipera, from the Latin. See Viper, and cf. Weever.]
1. (Her.) A fabulous two-legged, winged creature, like a cockatrice, but having the head of a dragon, and without spurs. [Written also wyvern.]
The jargon of heraldry, its griffins, its mold warps, its wiverns, and its dragons.
Sir W. Scott.
2. (Zoöl.) The weever.
Wives (?), n., pl of Wife.
Wiz"ard (?), n. [Probably from wise + -ard.]
1. A wise man; a sage. [Obs.]
See how from far upon the eastern road
The star-led wizards [Magi] haste with odors sweet!
2. One devoted to the black art; a magician; a conjurer; a sorcerer; an enchanter.
The wily wizard must be caught.
1. Enchanting; charming.
2. Haunted by wizards.
Where Deva spreads her wizard stream.
Wiz"ard*ly, a. Resembling or becoming a wizard; wizardlike; weird.
Wiz"ard*ry (?), n. The character or practices o wizards; sorcery; magic. He acquired a reputation bordering on wizardry."
J. A. Symonds.
Wiz"en (?), v. i. [OE. wisenen, AS. wisnian akin to weornian to decay, OHG. wesann to grow dry, G. verwesen to rot, Icel. visna to wither, Sw. vissna, Dan. visne, and probably to L. virus an offensive odor, poison. Cf. Virus.] To wither; to dry. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
Wiz"en, a. Wizened; thin; weazen; withered.
A little lonely, wizen, strangely clad boy.
Wiz"en, n. The weasand. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
Wiz"ened (?), a. Dried; shriveled; withered; shrunken; weazen; as, a wizened old man.
Wiz"en-faced` (?), a. Having a shriveled, thin, withered face.
Wlat"some (?), a. [AS. wlatian to disgust, irk, wltta loathing.] Loathsome; disgusting; hateful. [Obs.]
Murder is . . . wlatsom and abhominable to God.
Wo (?), n. & a. See Woe. [Obs.]
Woad (?), n. [OE. wod, AS. wād; akin to D. weede, G. waid, OHG. weit, Dan. vaid, veid, Sw. veide, L. vitrum.] [Written also wad, and wade.]
1. (Bot.) An herbaceous cruciferous plant (Isatis tinctoria). It was formerly cultivated for the blue coloring matter derived from its leaves.
2. A blue dyestuff, or coloring matter, consisting of the powdered and fermented leaves of the Isatis tinctoria. It is now superseded by indigo, but is somewhat used with indigo as a ferment in dyeing.
Their bodies . . . painted with woad in sundry figures.
Wild woad (Bot.), the weld (Reseda luteola). See Weld. -- Woad mill, a mill grinding and preparing woad.
Woad"ed, a. Colored or stained with woad. Man tattoed or woaded, winter-clad in skins."
Woad"-wax`en (?), n. [Cf. Wood-wax.] (Bot.) A leguminous plant (Genista tinctoria) of Europe and Russian Asia, and adventitious in America; -- called also greenwood, greenweed, dyer's greenweed, and whin, wood-wash, wood-wax, and wood-waxen.
Woald (?), n. See Weld.
Wob"ble (?), v. i. See Wabble.
Wode (?), a. [AS. w&omac;d.] Mad. See Wood, a. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
Wode, n. Wood.
Wode"geld` (?), n. [See Wood, and Geld.] (O. Eng. Law) A geld, or payment, for wood.
Wo"den (?), n. [AS. Wden; akin to OS. Wdan, OHG. Wuotan, Icel. O\'ebinn, and probably to E. wood, a. Cf. Wednesday.] (Northern Myth.) A deity corresponding to Odin, the supreme deity of the Scandinavians. Wednesday is named for him. See Odin.