Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
White (?), n.
1. The color of pure snow; one of the natural colors of bodies, yet not strictly a color, but a composition of all colors; the opposite of black; whiteness. See the Note under Color, n., 1.
Finely attired in a of white.
2. Something having the color of snow; something white, or nearly so; as, the white of the eye.
3. Specifically, the central part of the butt in archery, which was formerly painted white; the center of a mark at which a missile is shot.
'T was I won the wager, though you hit the white.
4. A person with a white skin; a member of the white, or Caucasian, races of men.
5. A white pigment; as, Venice white.
6. (Zoöl.) Any one of numerous species of butterflies belonging to Pieris, and allied genera in which the color is usually white. See Cabbage butterfly, under Cabbage.
Black and white. See under Black. -- Flake white, Paris white, etc. See under Flack, Paris, etc. -- White of a seed (Bot.), the albumen. See Albumen, 2. -- White of egg, the viscous pellucid fluid which surrounds the yolk in an egg, particularly in the egg of a fowl. In a hen's egg it is alkaline, and contains about 86 per cent of water and 14 per cent of solid matter, the greater portion of which is egg albumin. It likewise contains a small amount of globulin, and traces of fats and sugar, with some inorganic matter. Heated above 60° C. it coagulates to a solid mass, owing to the albumin which it contains. Parr. -- White of the eye (Anat.), the white part of the ball of the eye surrounding the transparent cornea.
White, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Whited; p. pr. & vb. n. Whiting.] [AS. hwītan.] To make white; to whiten; to whitewash; to bleach.
Whited sepulchers, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of . . . uncleanness.
Matt. xxiii. 27.
So as no fuller on earth can white them.
Mark. ix. 3.
White"back` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The canvasback.
White"bait` (?), n. (Zoöl.) (a) The young of several species of herrings, especially of the common herring, esteemed a great delicacy by epicures in England. (b) A small translucent fish (Salanx Chinensis) abundant at certain seasons on the coasts of China and Japan, and used in the same manner as the European whitebait.
White"beam` (?), n. (Bot.) The common beam tree of England (Pyrus Aria); -- so called from the white, woolly under surface of the leaves.
White"beard` (?), n. An old man; a graybeard.
White"bel`ly (?), n. (Zoöl.) (a) The American widgeon, or baldpate. (b) The prairie chicken.
White"bill` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The American coot.
White"-blaze` (?), n. See White-face.
White"blow` (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Whitlow grass, under Whitlow.
White"boy` (?), n.
1. A favorite. [Obs.] See White, a., 6. One of God's whiteboys."
2. One of an association of poor Roman catholics which arose in Ireland about 1760, ostensibly to resist the collection of tithes, the members of which were so called from the white shirts they wore in their nocturnal raids.
White"boy`ism (?), n. The conduct or principle of the Whiteboys.
White"cap` (?), n.
1. (Zoöl.) (a) The European redstart; -- so called from its white forehead. (b) The whitethroat; -- so called from its gray head. (c) The European tree sparrow.
2. A wave whose crest breaks into white foam, as when the wind is freshening.
White"coat` (?), n. The skin of a newborn seal; also, the seal itself. [Sealers' Cant]
White"-ear` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The wheatear.
White"-eye` (?), n. (Zoöl.) Any one of several species of small Old World singing of the genus Zosterops, as Zosterops palpebrosus of India, and Z. c&oe;rulescens of Australia. The eyes are encircled by a ring of white feathers, whence the name. Called also bush creeper, and white-eyed tit.
White"-face` (?), n. A white mark in the forehead of a horse, descending almost to the nose; -- called also white-blaze.
White"fish` (?), n. (Zoöl.) (a) Any one of several species of Coregonus, a genus of excellent food fishes allied to the salmons. They inhabit the lakes of the colder parts of North America, Asia, and Europe. The largest and most important American species (C. clupeiformis) is abundant in the Great Lakes, and in other lakes farther north. Called also lake whitefish, and Oswego bass. (b) The menhaden. (c) The beluga, or white whale.
&hand; Various other fishes are locally called whitefish, as the silver salmon, the whiting (a), the yellowtail, and the young of the bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix).
White"flaw` (?), n. [See Whitlow.] (Med.) A whitlow. [Obs.]
White"-foot` (?), n. (Far.) A white mark on the foot of a horse, between the fetlock and the coffin.
White" fri`ar (?). (Eccl.) A mendicant monk of the Carmelite order, so called from the white cloaks worn by the order. See Carmelite.
White`-front"ed (?), a. Having a white front; as, the white-fronted lemur.
White-fronted goose (Zoöl.), the white brant, or snow goose. See Snow goose, under Snow.
White"head` (?), n. (Zoöl.) (a) The blue-winged snow goose. (b) The surf scoter.
White"-heart` (?), n. (Bot.) A somewhat heart-shaped cherry with a whitish skin.
White"-hot` (?), a. White with heat; heated to whiteness, or incandescence.
White"-limed` (?), a. Whitewashed or plastered with lime. White-limed walls."
White"-liv`ered (?), a. Having a pale look; feeble; hence, cowardly; pusillanimous; dastardly.
They must not be milksops, nor white-livered knights.
White"ly, a. Like, or coming near to, white. [Obs.]
Whit"en (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Whitened (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whitening.] [OE. whitenen; cf. Icel. hvītna.] To grow white; to turn or become white or whiter; as, the hair whitens with age; the sea whitens with foam; the trees in spring whiten with blossoms.
Whit"en, v. t. To make white; to bleach; to blanch; to whitewash; as, to whiten a wall; to whiten cloth.
The broad stream of the Foyle then whitened by vast flocks of wild swans.
Syn. -- See Blanch.
Whit"en*er (?), n. One who, or that which, whitens; a bleacher; a blancher; a whitewasher.
<-- a bleach.
2. A chemical used as an adjunct to laundering white cloth, which makes white cloth appear whiter. A bluing agent.-->
White"ness (?), n. [AS. hwītness.]
1. The quality or state of being white; white color, or freedom from darkness or obscurity on the surface.
2. Want of a sanguineous tinge; paleness; as from terror, grief, etc. The whiteness in thy cheek."
3. Freedom from stain or blemish; purity; cleanness.
He had kept
The whiteness of his soul, and thus men o'er him wept.
4. Nakedness. [Obs.]
5. (Zoöl.) A flock of swans.
Whit"en*ing (?), n.
1. The act or process of making or becoming white.
2. That which is used to render white; whiting. [R.]
Whitening stone, a sharpening and polishing stone used by cutlers; also, a finishing grindstone of fine texture.
White"-pot` (?), n. A kind of food made of milk or cream, eggs, sugar, bread, etc., baked in a pot.
White"rump` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The American black-tailed godwit.
Whites (?), n. pl.
1. (Med.) Leucorrha.
2. The finest flour made from white wheat.
3. Cloth or garments of a plain white color.
White"side` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The golden-eye.
White"smith` (?), n.
1. One who works in tinned or galvanized iron, or white iron; a tinsmith.
2. A worker in iron who finishes or polishes the work, in distinction from one who forges it.
White"ster (?), n. [White + -ster.] A bleacher of lines; a whitener; a whitster. [Prov. Eng.]
White"tail` (?), n.
1. (Zoöl.) The Virginia deer.
2. (Zoöl.) The wheatear. [Prov. Eng.]
White"thorn` (?), n. (Bot.) The hawthorn.
White"throat` (?), n. (Zoöl.) Any one of several species of Old World warblers, esp. the common European species (Sylvia cinerea), called also strawsmear, nettlebird, muff, and whitecap, the garden whitethroat, or golden warbler (S. hortensis), and the lesser whitethroat (S. curruca).
White"top` (?), n. (Bot.) Fiorin.
White"wall` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The spotted flycatcher; -- so called from the white color of the under parts. [Prov. Eng.]
White"wash` (), n.
1. Any wash or liquid composition for whitening something, as a wash for making the skin fair.
2. A composition of line and water, or of whiting size, and water, or the like, used for whitening walls, ceilings, etc.; milk of lime.
White"wash`, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Whitewashed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Whitewashing.]
1. To apply a white liquid composition to; to whiten with whitewash.
2. To make white; to give a fair external appearance to; to clear from imputations or disgrace; hence, to clear (a bankrupt) from obligation to pay debts.
White"wash`er (?), n. One who whitewashes.
White"-wa`ter (?), n. (Far.) A dangerous disease of sheep.
White"weed` (?), n. (Bot.) A perennial composite herb (Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum) with conspicuous white rays and a yellow disk, a common weed in grass lands and pastures; -- called also oxeye daisy.
White"wing` (?), n. (Zoöl.) (a) The chaffinch; -- so called from the white bands on the wing. (b) The velvet duck.
White"wood` (?), n. The soft and easily-worked wood of the tulip tree (Liriodendron). It is much used in cabinetwork, carriage building, etc.
&hand; Several other kinds of light-colored wood are called whitewood in various countries, as the wood of Bignonia leucoxylon in the West Indies, of Pittosporum bicolor in Tasmania, etc.
Whitewood bark. See the Note under Canella.
White"wort` (?), n. (Bot.) (a) Wild camomile. (b) A kind of Solomon's seal (Polygonum officinale).
Whit"flaw` (?), n. [See Whitlow.] Whitlow. [Obs.] The nails fallen off by whitflaws."
Whith"er (?), adv. [OE. whider. AS. hwider; akin to E. where, who; cf. Goth. hvadrē whither. See Who, and cf. Hither, Thither.]
1. To what place; -- used interrogatively; as, whither goest thou? Whider may I flee?"
Sir Valentine, whither away so fast?
2. To what or which place; -- used relatively.
That no man should know . . . whither that he went.
We came unto the land whither thou sentest us.
Num. xiii. 27.
3. To what point, degree, end, conclusion, or design; whereunto; whereto; -- used in a sense not physical.
Nor have I . . . whither to appeal.
Any whither, to any place; anywhere. [Obs.] Any whither, in hope of life eternal." Jer. Taylor. -- No whither, to no place; nowhere. [Obs.]
2 Kings v. 25.
Syn. -- Where. -- Whither, Where. Whither properly implies motion to place, and where rest in a place. Whither is now, however, to a great extent, obsolete, except in poetry, or in compositions of a grave and serious character and in language where precision is required. Where has taken its place, as in the question, Where are you going?"