Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
True"love` (?), n.
1. One really beloved.
2. (Bot.) A plant. See Paris.
3. An unexplained word occurring in Chaucer, meaning, perhaps, an aromatic sweetmeat for sweetening the breath.
T. R. Lounsbury.
Under his tongue a truelove he bore.
Truelove knot, a complicated, involved knot that does not readily untie; the emblem of interwoven affection or engagement; -- called also true-lover's knot.
True"ness, n. The quality of being true; reality; genuineness; faithfulness; sincerity; exactness; truth.
True"-pen`ny (?), n. An honest fellow.
Truf"fle (?; 277), n. [OF. trufle, F. truffe; akin to Sp. trufa, tartufo; of uncertain origin; perhaps from L. tuber a tumor, knob, truffle. Cf. Tuber, Trifle.] Any one of several kinds of roundish, subterranean fungi, usually of a blackish color. The French truffle (Tuber melanosporum) and the English truffle (T. æstivum) are much esteemed as articles of food.
Truffle worm (Zoöl.), the larva of a fly of the genus Leiodes, injurious to truffles.
<-- Truffle pig, a pig used for finding truffles. When trained, certain pigs have a peculiar ability to smell truffles which lie underground, making them useful for searching out hidden truffles. -->
Truf"fled (?), a. Provided or cooked with truffles; stuffed with truffles; as, a truffled turkey.
Trug (?), n. [Cf. Trough.]
1. A trough, or tray. Specifically: (a) A hod for mortar. (b) An old measure of wheat equal to two thirds of a bushel.
2. A concubine; a harlot. [Obs.]
Trug"ging-house` (?), n. [See Trug, n., 2.] A brothel. [Obs.]
Tru"ism (?), n. [From True.] An undoubted or self-evident truth; a statement which is pliantly true; a proposition needing no proof or argument; -- opposed to falsism.
Trifling truisms clothed in great, swelling words.
J. P. Smith.
Tru`is*mat"ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to truisms; consisting of truisms. [R.]
Trull (?), n. [G. trolle, trulle; cf. OD. drol a jester, Dan. trold an elf, imp, Sw. troll a goblin, Icel. troll, tröll, a giant, fiend, demon. Cf. Droll, Troll.]
1. A drab; a strumpet; a harlot; a trollop.
2. A girl; a wench; a lass. [Obs.]
Trul`li*za"tion (?), n. [L. trullissatio, from trullissare to trowel, to plaster, fr. trulla a trowel.] The act of laying on coats of plaster with a trowel.
Tru"ly (?), adv. [From True.]
1. In a true manner; according to truth; in agreement with fact; as, to state things truly; the facts are truly represented.
I can not truly say how I came here.
2. Exactly; justly; precisely; accurately; as, to estimate truly the weight of evidence.
3. Sincerely; honestly; really; faithfully; as, to be truly attached to a lover; the citizens are truly loyal to their prince or their country.
4. Conformably to law; legally; legitimately.
His innocent babe [is] truly begotten.
5. In fact; in deed; in reality; in truth.
Beauty is excelled by manly grace
And wisdom, which alone is truly fair.
Trump (?), n. [OE. trumpe, trompe, F. trompe; probably fr. L. triumphare to triumph, to exult, hence, probably, to make a joyous sound or noise. See Triumph, v. i. & n., and cf. Trombone, Tromp, Trump at cards, Trumpery, Trumpet, Trunk a proboscis.] A wind instrument of music; a trumpet, or sound of a trumpet; -- used chiefly in Scripture and poetry.
We shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump.
1 Cor. xv. 51, 52.
The wakeful trump of doom.
Trump, v. i. [Cf. OF. tromper. See Trump a trumpet.] To blow a trumpet. [Obs.]
Wyclif (Matt. vi. 2).
Trump, n. [A corruption of triumph, F. triomphe. See Triumph, and cf. Trump a trumpet.]
1. A winning card; one of a particular suit (usually determined by chance for each deal) any card of which takes any card of the other suits.
2. An old game with cards, nearly the same as whist; -- called also ruff.
3. A good fellow; an excellent person. [Slang]
Alfred is a trump, I think you say.
To put to one's trumps, ∨ To put on one's trumps, to force to the last expedient, or to the utmost exertion.
But when kings come so low as to fawn upon philosophy, which before they neither valued nor understood, it is a sign that fails not, they are then put to their last trump.
Put the housekeeper to her trumps to accommodate them.
Trump, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Trumped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Trumping.] To play a trump card when one of another suit has been led.
Trump, v. t. To play a trump card upon; to take with a trump card; as, she trumped the first trick.
Trump, v. t. [F. tromper to deceive, in OF., to blow a trumpet, se tromper de to mock. See Trump a trumpet.]
1. To trick, or impose on; to deceive. [Obs.] To trick or trump mankind."
2. To impose unfairly; to palm off.
Authors have been trumped upon us.
To trump up, to devise; to collect with unfairness; to fabricate; as, to trump up a charge.
Trump"er*y (?), n. [F. tromperie deceit, fr. tromper to deceive. See Trump to trick.]
1. Deceit; fraud. [Obs.]
2. Something serving to deceive by false show or pretense; falsehood; deceit; worthless but showy matter; hence, things worn out and of no value; rubbish.
The trumpery in my house, go bring it hither,
for state to catch these thieves.
Upon the coming of Christ, very much, though not all, of this idolatrous trumpery and superstition was driven out of the world.
Trump"er*y, a. Worthless or deceptive in character. A trumpery little ring."
Trump"et (?), n. [F. trompette, dim. of trompe. See Trump a trumpet.]
1. (Mus.) A wind instrument of great antiquity, much used in war and military exercises, and of great value in the orchestra. In consists of a long metallic tube, curved (once or twice) into a convenient shape, and ending in a bell. Its scale in the lower octaves is limited to the first natural harmonics; but there are modern trumpets capable, by means of valves or pistons, of producing every tone within their compass, although at the expense of the true ringing quality of tone.
The trumpet's loud clangor
Excites us to arms.
2. (Mil.) A trumpeter.
3. One who praises, or propagates praise, or is the instrument of propagating it.
That great politician was pleased to have the greatest wit of those times . . . to be the trumpet of his praises.
4. (Mach) A funnel, or short, fiaring pipe, used as a guide or conductor, as for yarn in a knitting machine.
Ear trumpet. See under Ear. -- Sea trumpet (Bot.), a great seaweed (Ecklonia buccinalis) of the Southern Ocean. It has a long, hollow stem, enlarging upwards, which may be made into a kind of trumpet, and is used for many purposes. -- Speaking trumpet, an instrument for conveying articulate sounds with increased force. -- Trumpet animalcule (Zoöl.), any infusorian belonging to Stentor and allied genera, in which the body is trumpet-shaped. See Stentor. -- Trumpet ash (Bot.), the trumpet creeper. [Eng.] -- Trumpet conch (Zoöl.), a trumpet shell, or triton. -- Trumpet creeper (Bot.), an American climbing plant (Tecoma radicans) bearing clusters of large red trumpet-shaped flowers; -- called also trumpet flower, and in England trumpet ash. -- Trumpet fish. (Zoöl.) (a) The bellows fish. (b) The fistularia. -- Trumpet flower. (Bot.) (a) The trumpet creeper; also, its blossom. (b) The trumpet honeysuckle. (c) A West Indian name for several plants with trumpet-shaped flowers. -- Trumpet fly (Zoöl.), a botfly. -- Trumpet honeysuckle (Bot.), a twining plant (Lonicera sempervirens) with red and yellow trumpet-shaped flowers; -- called also trumpet flower. -- Trumpet leaf (Bot.), a name of several plants of the genus Sarracenia. -- Trumpet major (Mil.), the chief trumpeter of a band or regiment. -- Trumpet marine (Mus.), a monochord, having a thick string, sounded with a bow, and stopped with the thumb so as to produce the harmonic tones; -- said to be the oldest bowed instrument known, and in form the archetype of all others. It probably owes its name to its external resemblance to the large speaking trumpet used on board Italian vessels, which is of the same length and tapering shape." Grove. -- Trumpet shell (Zoöl.), any species of large marine univalve shells belonging to Triton and allied genera. See Triton, 2. -- Trumpet tree. (Bot.) See Trumpetwood.
Trump"et, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Trumpeted; p. pr. & vb. n. Trumpeting.] [Cf. F. trompeter.] To publish by, or as by, sound of trumpet; to noise abroad; to proclaim; as, to trumpet good tidings.
They did nothing but publish and trumpet all the reproaches they could devise against the Irish.
Trump"et, v. i. To sound loudly, or with a tone like a trumpet; to utter a trumplike cry.
Trump"et*er (?), n.
1. One who sounds a trumpet.
2. One who proclaims, publishes, or denounces.
These men are good trumpeters.
3. (Zoöl.) (a) Any one of several species of long-legged South American birds of the genus Psophia, especially P. crepitans, which is abundant, and often domesticated and kept with other poultry by the natives. They are allied to the cranes. So called from their loud cry. Called also agami, and yakamik. (b) A variety of the domestic pigeon. (c) An American swan (Olor buccinator) which has a very loud note.
4. (Zoöl.) A large edible fish (Latris hecateia) of the family Cirrhitidæ, native of Tasmania and New Zealand. It sometimes weighs as much as fifty or sixty pounds, and is highly esteemed as a food fish.
Trump"et*ing, n. (Mining) A channel cut behind the brick lining of a shaft.
Trump"ets (?), n. pl. (Bot.) A plant (Sarracenia flava) with long, hollow leaves.
Trump"et-shaped` (?), a. Tubular with one end dilated, as the flower of the trumpet creeper.
Trump"et-tongued` (?), a. Having a powerful, far-reaching voice or speech.
Trump"et*weed` (?), n. (Bot.) (a) An herbaceous composite plant (Eupatorium purpureum), often having hollow stems, and bearing purplish flowers in small corymbed heads. (b) The sea trumpet.
Trump"et*wood` (?), n. (Bot.) A tropical American tree (Cecropia peltata) of the Breadfruit family, having hollow stems, which are used for wind instruments; -- called also snakewood, and trumpet tree.
Trum"pie (?), n. (Zoöl.) The Richardson's skua (Stercorarius parasiticus).
Trump"like` (?), a. Resembling a trumpet, esp. in sound; as, a trumplike voice.
Trun"cal (?), a. Of or pertaining to the trunk, or body.
Trun"cate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Truncated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Truncating.] [L. truncatus, p. p. of truncare to cut off, mutilate, fr. truncus maimed, mutilated, cut short. See Trunk.] To cut off; to lop; to maim.
Trun"cate (?), a. [L. truncatus, p. p. ] Appearing as if cut off at the tip; as, a truncate leaf or feather.
Trun"ca*ted (?), a.
1. Cut off; cut short; maimed.
2. (Min.) Replaced, or cut off, by a plane, especially when equally inclined to the adjoining faces; as, a truncated edge.
3. (Zoöl.) Lacking the apex; -- said of certain spiral shells in which the apex naturally drops off.
Truncated cone ∨ pyramid (Geom.), a cone or pyramid whose vertex is cut off by a plane, the plane being usually parallel to the base.
Trun*ca"tion (?), n. [L. truncatio.]
1. The act of truncating, lopping, or cutting off.
2. The state of being truncated.
3. (Min.) The replacement of an edge or solid angle by a plane, especially when the plane is equally inclined to the adjoining faces.
Trunch (?), n. [See Truncheon.] A stake; a small post. [Obs.]
Trun"cheon (?), n. [OE. tronchoun the shaft of a broken spear, broken piece, OF.tronchon, tronon, F. tronon, fr. OF. & F. tronce, tronche, a piece of wood; cf. OF. trons, tros, trois; all perhaps from L. thyrsus a stalk, stem, staff. See Thyrsus, and cf. Trounce.]
1. A short staff, a club; a cudgel; a shaft of a spear.
With his truncheon he so rudely struck.
2. A baton, or military staff of command.
The marshal's truncheon nor the judges robe.
3. A stout stem, as of a tree, with the branches lopped off, to produce rapid growth.
Trun"cheon, v. t. To beat with a truncheon.
Trun"cheoned (?), a. Having a truncheon.
Trun`cheon*eer" (?), n. A person armed with a truncheon. [Written also truncheoner.]
Trun"cus (?), n. [L.] (Zoöl.) The thorax of an insect. See Trunk, n., 5.
Trun"dle (?), n. [AS. tryndel a little shield. See Trend, v. i.]
1. A round body; a little wheel.
2. A lind of low-wheeled cart; a truck.
3. A motion as of something moving upon little wheels or rollers; a rolling motion.
4. (Mach.) (a) A lantern wheel. See under Lantern. (b) One of the bars of a lantern wheel.
Trun"dle, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Trundled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Trundling (?).]
1. To roll (a thing) on little wheels; as, to trundle a bed or a gun carriage.
2. To cause to roll or revolve; to roll along; as, to trundle a hoop or a ball.
R. A. Proctor.
Trun"dle, v. i.
1. To go or move on small wheels; as, a bed trundles under another.
2. To roll, or go by revolving, as a hoop.
Trun"dle-bed` (?), n. A low bed that is moved on trundles, or little wheels, so that it can be pushed under a higher bed; a truckle-bed; also, sometimes, a simiral bed without wheels.
Trun"dle*head` (?), n.
1. (Gearing) One of the disks forming the ends of a lantern wheel or pinion.
2. The drumhead of a capstan; especially, the drumhead of the lower of two capstans on the sane axis.
Trun"dle*tail` (?), n. A round or curled-up tail; also, a dog with such a tail.
Trunk (?), n. [F. tronc, L. truncus, fr. truncus maimed, mutilated; perhaps akin to torquere to twist wrench, and E. torture. Trunk in the sense of proboscis is fr. F. trompe (the same word as trompe a trumpet), but has been confused in English with trunk the stem of a tree (see Trump a trumpet). Cf. Truncate.]
1. The stem, or body, of a tree, apart from its limbs and roots; the main stem, without the branches; stock; stalk.
About the mossy trunk I wound me soon,
For, high from ground, the branches would require
Thy utmost reach.
2. The body of an animal, apart from the head and limbs.
3. The main body of anything; as, the trunk of a vein or of an artery, as distinct from the branches.
4. (Arch) That part of a pilaster which is between the base and the capital, corresponding to the shaft of a column.
5. (Zoöl.) That segment of the body of an insect which is between the head and abdomen, and bears the wings and legs; the thorax; the truncus.