Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
8. To surpass; to outgo; to excel; to exceed.
How much her worth transcended all her kind.
Tran*scend" (?), v. i.
1. To climb; to mount. [Obs.]
2. To be transcendent; to excel. [R.]
Tran*scend"ence (?), Tran*scend"en*cy (?),[Cf. L. transcendentia, F. transcendance.]
1. The quality or state of being transcendent; superior excellence; supereminence.
The Augustinian theology rests upon the transcendence of Deity at its controlling principle.
A. V. G. Allen.
2. Elevation above truth; exaggeration. [Obs.]
Where transcendencies are more allowed."
Tran*scend"ent (?), a. [L. transcendens, -entis, p. pr. of transcendere to transcend: cf. F. transcendant, G. transcendent.]
1. Very excellent; superior or supreme in excellence; surpassing others; as, transcendent worth; transcendent valor.
Clothed with transcendent brightness.
2. (Kantian Philos.) Transcending, or reaching beyond, the limits of human knowledge; -- applied to affirmations and speculations concerning what lies beyond the reach of the human intellect.
Tranc*scend"ent, n. That which surpasses or is supereminent; that which is very excellent.
Tranc`scen*den"tal (?), a. [Cf. F. transcendantal, G. transcendental.]
1. Supereminent; surpassing others; as, transcendental being or qualities.
2. (Philos.) In the Kantian system, of or pertaining to that which can be determined a priori in regard to the fundamental principles of all human knowledge. What is transcendental, therefore, transcends empiricism; but is does not transcend all human knowledge, or become transcendent. It simply signifies the a priori or necessary conditions of experience which, though affording the conditions of experience, transcend the sphere of that contingent knowledge which is acquired by experience.
3. Vaguely and ambitiously extravagant in speculation, imagery, or diction.
&hand; In mathematics, a quantity is said to be transcendental relative to another quantity when it is expressed as a transcendental function of the latter; thus, ax, 102x, log x, sin x, tan x, etc., are transcendental relative to x.
Transcendental curve (Math.), a curve in which one ordinate is a transcendental function of the other. -- Transcendental equation (Math.), an equation into which a transcendental function of one of the unknown or variable quantities enters. -- Transcendental function. (Math.) See under Function.
Syn. -- Transcendental, Empirical. These terms, with the corresponding nouns, transcendentalism and empiricism, are of comparatively recent origin. Empirical refers to knowledge which is gained by the experience of actual phenomena, without reference to the principles or laws to which they are to be referred, or by which they are to be explained. Transcendental has reference to those beliefs or principles which are not derived from experience, and yet are absolutely necessary to make experience possible or useful. Such, in the better sense of the term, is the transcendental philosophy, or transcendentalism. Each of these words is also used in a bad sense, empiricism applying to that one-sided view of knowledge which neglects or loses sight of the truths or principles referred to above, and trusts to experience alone; transcendentalism, to the opposite extreme, which, in its deprecation of experience, loses sight of the relations which facts and phenomena sustain to principles, and hence to a kind of philosophy, or a use of language, which is vague, obscure, fantastic, or extravagant.
Tran`scen*den"tal, n. A transcendentalist. [Obs.]
Tran`scen*den"tal*ism (?), n. [Cf. F. transcendantalisme, G. transcendentalismus.]
1. (Kantian Philos.) The transcending, or going beyond, empiricism, and ascertaining a priori the fundamental principles of human knowledge.
&hand; As Schelling and Hegel claim to have discovered the absolute identity of the objective and subjective in human knowledge, or of things and human conceptions of them, the Kantian distinction between transcendent and transcendental ideas can have no place in their philosophy; and hence, with them, transcendentalism claims to have a true knowledge of all things, material and immaterial, human and divine, so far as the mind is capable of knowing them. And in this sense the word transcendentalism is now most used. It is also sometimes used for that which is vague and illusive in philosophy.
2. Ambitious and imaginative vagueness in thought, imagery, or diction.
Tran`scen*den"tal*ist, n. [Cf. F. transcendantaliste.] One who believes in transcendentalism.
Tran`scen*den*tal"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being transcendental.
Tran`scen*den"tal*ly (?), adv. In a transcendental manner.
Tran*scend"ent*ly (?), adv. In a transcendent manner.
Tran*scend"ent*ness, n. Same as Transcendence.
Tran*scen"sion (?), n. [See Transcend.] The act of transcending, or surpassing; also, passage over. [Obs.]
Trans"co*late (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Transcolated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Transcolating.] [Pref. trans- + L. colare, colatum, to filter, to strain.] To cause to pass through a sieve or colander; to strain, as through a sieve. [Obs.]
Trans`co*la"tion (?), n. Act of transcolating, or state of being transcolated. [Obs.]
Trans*con`ti*nen"tal (?), a. [Pref. trans- + continental.] Extending or going across a continent; as, a transcontinental railroad or journey.
Trans*cer"po*rate (?), v. i. [Pref. trans- + corporate.] To transmigrate. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
Trans*scrib"bler (?), n. A transcriber; -- used in contempt.
He [Aristotle] has suffered vastly from the transcribblers, as all authors of great brevity necessarily must.
Trans*scribe" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Transcribed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Transcribing.] [L. transcribere, transcriptum; trans across, over + scribere to write. See Scribe.] To write over again, or in the same words; to copy; as, to transcribe Livy or Tacitus; to transcribe a letter.
Tran*scrib"er (?), n. One who transcribes, or writes from a copy; a copier; a copyist.
Tran"script (?), n. [L. transcriptum, neut. of transcriptus, p. p. transcribere. See Transcribe.]
1. That which has been transcribed; a writing or composition consisting of the same words as the original; a written copy.
The decalogue of Moses was but a transcript.
2. A copy of any kind; an imitation.
The Grecian learning was but a transcript of the Chaldean and Egyptian.
<-- 3. A written version of what was said orally; as, a transcript of a trial. -->
Tran*script"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. transcription, L. transcriptio a transfer.]
1. The act or process of transcribing, or copying; as, corruptions creep into books by repeated transcriptions.
2. A copy; a transcript.
3. (Mus.) An arrangement of a composition for some other instrument or voice than that for which it was originally written, as the translating of a song, a vocal or instrumental quartet, or even an orchestral work, into a piece for the piano; an adaptation; an arrangement; -- a name applied by modern composes for the piano to a more or less fanciful and ornate reproduction on their own instrument of a song or other piece not originally intended for it; as, Listzt's transcriptions of songs by Schubert.
Tran*scrip"tive (?), a. Done as from a copy; having the style or appearance of a transcription. [R.] -- Tran*scrip"tive*ly, adv. [R.]
Sir T. Browne.
Trans*cur" (?), v. i. [L. transcurrere, transcursum; trans across, over + currere to run.] To run or rove to and fro. [Obs.]
Trans*cur"rence (?), n. [L. transcurrens, p. pr. of transcurrere.] A roving hither and thither.
Trans*cur"sion (?), n. [Cf. L. transcursio a passing over. See Transcur.] A rambling or ramble; a passage over bounds; an excursion. [Obs.]
Trans*di"a*lect (?), v. t. [Pref. trans- + dialect.] To change or translate from one dialect into another. [R.]
Trans*duc"tion (?), n. [L. transducere, traducere, -dictum, to lead across or over. See Traduce.] The act of conveying over. [R.]
Transe (?), n. See Trance. [Obs.]
Trans*el"e*ment (?), Trans*el`e*men"tate (?), v. t. [Pref. trans- element.] To change or transpose the elements of; to transubstantiate. [Obs.]
Trans*el`e*men*ta"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. transélémentation.] (Eccl.) Transubstantiation. [Obs.]
Tran"senne (?), n. A transom. [Obs.]
Tran"sept (?), n. [Pref. trans- + L. septum an inclosure. See Septum.] (Arch.) The transversal part of a church, which crosses at right angles to the greatest length, and between the nave and choir. In the basilicas, this had often no projection at its two ends. In Gothic churches these project these project greatly, and should be called the arms of the transept. It is common, however, to speak of the arms themselves as the transepts.
Tran*sex"ion (?), n. [Pref. trans- + L. sexus sex.] Change of sex. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
Trans*fem"i*nate (?), v. t. [Pref. trans- + L. femina woman.] To change into a woman, as a man. [Obs. & R.]
Sir T. Browne.
Trans*fer" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Transferred (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Transferring.] [L. transferre; trans across, over + ferre to bear: cf. F. transférer. See Bear to carry.]
1. To convey from one place or person another; to transport, remove, or cause to pass, to another place or person; as, to transfer the laws of one country to another; to transfer suspicion.
2. To make over the possession or control of; to pass; to convey, as a right, from one person to another; to give; as, the title to land is transferred by deed.
3. To remove from one substance or surface to another; as, to transfer drawings or engravings to a lithographic stone.
Syn. -- To sell; give; alienate; estrange; sequester.
Trans"fer (?), n.
1. The act of transferring, or the state of being transferred; the removal or conveyance of a thing from one place or person to another.
2. (Law) The conveyance of right, title, or property, either real or personal, from one person to another, whether by sale, by gift, or otherwise.
I shall here only consider it as a transfer of property.
3. That which is transferred. Specifically: --
(a) A picture, or the like, removed from one body or ground to another, as from wood to canvas, or from one piece of canvas to another.
(b) A drawing or writing printed off from one surface on another, as in ceramics and in many decorative arts.
(c) (Mil.) A soldier removed from one troop, or body of troops, and placed in another.
4. (Med.) A pathological process by virtue of which a unilateral morbid condition on being abolished on one side of the body makes its appearance in the corresponding region upon the other side.
Transfer day, one of the days fixed by the Bank of England for the transfer, free of charge, of bank stock and government funds. These days are the first five business days in the week before three o'clock. Transfers may be made on Saturdays on payment of a fee of 2s. 6d. Bithell. -- Transfer office, an office or department where transfers of stocks, etc., are made. -- Transfer paper, a prepared paper used by draughtsmen, engravers, lithographers, etc., for transferring impressions. -- Transfer table. (Railroad) Same as Traverse table. See under Traverse.
Trans*fer`a*bil"i*ty (?), n. The quality or state of being transferable.
Trans*fer"a*ble (?; 277), a. [Cf. F. transférable.]
1. Capable of being transferred or conveyed from one place or person to another.
2. Negotiable, as a note, bill of exchange, or other evidence of property, that may be conveyed from one person to another by indorsement or other writing; capable of being transferred with no loss of value; as, the stocks of most public companies are transferable; some tickets are not transferable.
Trans`fer*ee" (?), n. The person to whom a transfer in made.
Trans"fer*ence (?), n. The act of transferring; conveyance; passage; transfer.
Trans`fer*og"ra*phy (?), n. [Transfer + -graphy.] The act or process of copying inscriptions, or the like, by making transfers.
Trans*fer"rence (?), n. See Transference.
Trans*fer"rer (?), n. One who makes a transfer or conveyance.
Trans*fer"ri*ble (?), a. Capable of being transferred; transferable.
Trans*fig"u*rate (?), v. t. To transfigure; to transform. [R.]
Trans*fig`u*ra"tien (?), n. [L. transfiguratio: cf. transfiguration.]
1. A change of form or appearance; especially, the supernatural change in the personal appearance of our Savior on the mount.
2. (Eccl.) A feast held by some branches of the Christian church on the 6th of August, in commemoration of the miraculous change above mentioned.
Trans*fig"ure (?; 135), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Transfigured (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Transfiguring.] [F. transfigurer, L. transfigurare, transfiguratum; trans across, over + figurare to form, shape. See Figure, v. t.]
1. To change the outward form or appearance of; to metamorphose; to transform.
2. Especially, to change to something exalted and glorious; to give an ideal form to.
[Jesus] was transfigured before them; and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light.
Matt. xvii. 2.
Trans*fix" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Transfixed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Transfixing.] [L. transfixus, p. p. of transfigure to transfix; trans across, through + figere to fix, fasten. See Fix.] To pierce through, as with a pointed weapon; to impale; as, to transfix one with a dart.
Trans*fix"ion (?), n. The act of transfixing, or the state of being transfixed, or pierced.
Trans"flu*ent (?), a. [Pref. trans- + fluent.]
1. Flowing or running across or through; as, a transfluent stream.
2. (Her.) Passing or flowing through a bridge; -- said of water.
Trans"flux (?), n. [Pref. trans- + flux.] A flowing through, across, or beyond. [R.]
Trans"fo*rate (?), v. t. [L. transforatus, p. p. of transforare to pierce through; trans through + forare to bore.] To bore through; to perforate. [Obs.]
Trans*form" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Transformed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Transforming.] [L. transformare, transformatum; trans across, over + formare to from: cf. F. transformer. See Form, v. t.]
1. To change the form of; to change in shape or appearance; to metamorphose; as, a caterpillar is ultimately transformed into a butterfly.
Love may transform me to an oyster.
2. To change into another substance; to transmute; as, the alchemists sought to transform lead into gold.
3. To change in nature, disposition, heart, character, or the like; to convert.
Be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind.
Rom. xii. 2.
4. (Math.) To change, as an algebraic expression or geometrical figure, into another from without altering its value.
Trans*form", v. i. To be changed in form; to be metamorphosed. [R.]
His hair transforms to down.
Trans*form"a*ble (?), a. Capable of being transformed or changed.
Trans`for*ma"tion (?), n. [L. transformatio: cf. transformation.] The act of transforming, or the state of being transformed; change of form or condition. Specifically: --
(a) (Biol.) Any change in an organism which alters its general character and mode of life, as in the development of the germ into the embryo, the egg into the animal, the larva into the insect (metamorphosis), etc.; also, the change which the histological units of a tissue are prone to undergo. See Metamorphosis.
<-- esp. the change from a normal to a cancerous state for a eukaryotic cell -->
(b) (Physiol.) Change of one from of material into another, as in assimilation; metabolism; metamorphosis.
(c) (Alchemy) The imagined possible or actual change of one metal into another; transmutation.
(d) (Theol.) A change in disposition, heart, character, or the like; conversion.
(e) (Math.) The change, as of an equation or quantity, into another form without altering the value.
Trans*form"a*tive (?), a. [Cf. F. transformatif.] Having power, or a tendency, to transform.
Trans*form"er (?), n. One who, or that which, transforms. Specif. (Elec.), an apparatus for producing from a given electrical current another current of different voltage.
Trans*form"ism (?), n. [F. transformisme.] (Biol.) The hypothesis, or doctrine, that living beings have originated by the modification of some other previously existing forms of living matter; -- opposed to abiogenesis.