Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Sym"pode (?), n. (Bot.) A sympodium.
Sym*po"di*al (?), a. (Bot.) Composed of superposed branches in such a way as to imitate a simple axis; as, a sympodial stem.
Sym*po"di*um (?), n.; pl. Sympodia (#). [NL., fr. Gr. with + , dim. of , , foot.] (Bot.) An axis or stem produced by dichotomous branching in which one of the branches is regularly developed at the expense of the other, as in the grapevine.
Sym*po"si*ac (?), a. [L. symposiacus, Gr. .] Of or pertaining to compotations and merrymaking; happening where company is drinking together; as, symposiac meetings.
Symposiac disputations amongst my acquaintance.
Sym*po"si*ac, n. A conference or conversation of philosophers at a banquet; hence, any similar gathering.
Sym*po"si*arch (?), n. [Gr. , ; a symposium + to be first, to rule.] (Gr. Antiq.) The master of a feast.
<-- = M.C. -->
Sym*po"si*ast (?), n. One engaged with others at a banquet or merrymaking.
Sym*po"si*on (?), n. [NL.] A drinking together; a symposium. Our symposion last night."
Sir W. Scott.
Sym*po"si*um (?), n.; pl. Symposia (#). [L., fr. Gr. sympo`sion a drinking party, feast; sy`n with + po`sis a drinking. See Syn-, and cf. Potable.]
1. A drinking together; a merry feast.
2. A collection of short essays by different authors on a common topic; -- so called from the appellation given to the philosophical dialogue by the Greeks.
Symp"tom (?), n. [F. sympt\'93me, Gr. anything that has befallen one, a chance, causality, symptom, fr. to fall together; with + to fall; akin to Skr. pat to fly, to fall. See Syn-, and cf. Asymptote, Feather.]
1. (Med.) Any affection which accompanies disease; a perceptible change in the body or its functions, which indicates disease, or the kind or phases of disease; as, the causes of disease often lie beyond our sight, but we learn their nature by the symptoms exhibited.
Like the sick man, we are expiring with all sorts of good symptoms.
2. A sign or token; that which indicates the existence of something else; as, corruption in elections is a symptom of the decay of public virtue.
Syn. -- Mark; note; sign; token; indication.
Symp`tom*at"ic (?), Symp`tom*at"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. symptomatique, Gr. causal.]
1. Of or pertaining to symptoms; happening in concurrence with something; being a symptom; indicating the existence of something else.
Symptomatic of a shallow understanding and an unamiable temper.
2. According to symptoms; as, a symptomatical classification of diseases.
-- Symp`tom*at"ic*al*ly, adv.
Symp`tom*a*tol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. , , symptom + -logy: cf. F. symptomatologie.] (Med.) The doctrine of symptoms; that part of the science of medicine which treats of the symptoms of diseases; semeiology.
&hand; It includes diagnosis, or the determination of the disease from its symptoms; and prognosis, or the determination of its probable course and event.
Syn- (?). [Gr. with.] A prefix meaning with, along with, together, at the same time. Syn- becomes sym- before p, b, and m, and syl- before l.
Syn*ac"me (?), Syn*ac"my (?), n. [NL. synacme. See Syn-, and Acme.] (Bot.) Same as Synanthesis.
Syn*ær"e*sis, Syn*er"e*sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. a taking or drawing together, fr. to take together; with + to take, to grasp. See Syn-, and Heresy.] (Gram.) The union, or drawing together into one syllable, of two vowels that are ordinarily separated in syllabification; synecphonesis; -- the opposite of diæresis.
Syn`a*gog"ic*al (?), a. Of or pertaining to a synagogue.
Syn"a*gogue (?), n. [F., from L. synagoga, Gr. a bringing together, an assembly, a synagogue, fr. to bring together; with + to lead. See Syn-, and Agent.]
1. A congregation or assembly of Jews met for the purpose of worship, or the performance of religious rites.
2. The building or place appropriated to the religious worship of the Jews.
3. The council of, probably, 120 members among the Jews, first appointed after the return from the Babylonish captivity; -- called also the Great Synagogue, and sometimes, though erroneously, the Sanhedrin.
4. A congregation in the early Christian church.
My brethren, . . . if there come into your synagogue a man with a gold ring.
James ii. 1,2 (Rev. Ver.).
5. Any assembly of men. [Obs. or R.]
Syn`a*le"pha (?), n. [NL., fr. L. synaloepha, Gr. , from to melt together; with + to besmear.] (Gram.) A contraction of syllables by suppressing some vowel or diphthong at the end of a word, before another vowel or diphthong; as, th' army, for the army. [Written also synalœpha.]
Syn`al*lag*mat"ic, a. [Gr. , from a mutual agreement, contract, fr. to exchange, negotiate with; with + to change.] (Law) Imposing reciprocal obligations upon the parties; as, a synallagmatic contract.
Syn`al*lax"ine (?), a. [From Gr. to associate with.] (Zoöl.) Having the outer and middle toes partially united; -- said of certain birds related to the creepers.
Syn`a*lœ"pha (?), n. [L.] Same as Synalepha.
Syn*an"gi*um (?), n.; pl. Synangia (#). [NL., fr. Gr. + a hollow vessel.] (Anat.) The divided part beyond the pylangium in the aortic trunk of the amphibian heart. -- Syn*an"gi*al (#), a.
Syn*an"ther*ous (?), a. [Pref. syn- + anther.] (Bot.) Having the stamens united by their anthers; as, synantherous flowers.
Syn`an*the"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. with + Gr. bloom.] (Bot.) The simultaneous maturity of the anthers and stigmas of a blossom.
Syn*an"thous (?), a. [Pref. syn- + Gr. flower.] (Bot.) Having flowers and leaves which appear at the same time; -- said of certain plants.
Syn*an"throse" (?), n. [From NL. Synantheræ the Compositæ; Gr. with + blooming.] (Chem.) A variety of sugar, isomeric with sucrose, found in the tubers of the Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus), in the dahlia, and other Compositæ.<-- ?? not in Merck I. -->
Syn*ap"ta (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. fastened together; with + to fasten.] (Zoöl.) A genus of slender, transparent holothurians which have delicate calcareous anchors attached to the dermal plates. See Illustration in Appendix.
Syn*ap"tase (?), n. [Gr. fastened together + diastase.] (Chem.) A ferment resembling diastase, found in bitter almonds. Cf. Amygdalin, and Emulsin.
Syn`ap*tic"u*la (?), n.; pl. Synapticulæ (#). [NL., dim. from Gr. fastened together.] (Zoöl.) One of numerous calcareous processes which extend between, and unite, the adjacent septa of certain corals, especially of the fungian corals.
Syn"ar*chy (?), n. [Gr. , fr. to rule jointly with; with + to rule.] Joint rule or sovereignity. [R.]
Syn`ar*te"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. a fastening together, fr. to fasten together.] A fastening or knitting together; the state of being closely jointed; close union. [R.]
Syn`ar*thro"di*a (?), n. [NL.] (Anat.) Synarthrosis. -- Syn`ar*thro"di*al (#), a.
Syn`ar*thro"sis (?), n.; pl. Synarthroses (#). [NL., fr. Gr. a being jointed together, fr. to link or joint together; with + a joint.] (Anat.) Immovable articulation by close union, as in sutures. It sometimes includes symphysial articulations also. See the Note under Articulation, n., 1.
Syn"as*try (?), n. [Pref. syn- + Gr. a star.] Concurrence of starry position or influence; hence, similarity of condition, fortune, etc., as prefigured by astrological calculation. [R.]
Syn*ax"is (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. , fr. to bring together. See Synagogue.] A congregation; also, formerly, the Lord's Supper.
Syn"carp (?), n. [NL. syncarpium. See Syncarpous.] (Bot.) A kind of aggregate fruit in which the ovaries cohere in a solid mass, with a slender receptacle, as in the magnolia; also, a similar multiple fruit, as a mulberry.
Syn*car"pi*um (?), n.; pl. Syncarpia (#). [NL.] (Bot.) Same as Syncarp.
Syn*car"pous (?), a. [Pref. syn- + Gr. a fruit.] (Bot.) Composed of several carpels consolidated into one ovary.
Syn*cat`e*gor`e*mat"ic (?), a. [Gr. ; with + a predicate. See Syn-, and Categorematic.] (Logic) Not capable of being used as a term by itself; -- said of words, as an adverb or preposition.
Syn`chon*dro"sis (?), n.; pl. Synchondroses (#). [NL., fr. Gr. ; with + cartilage.] (Anat.) An immovable articulation in which the union is formed by cartilage. -- Syn`chon*dro"si*al, a.
Syn`chon*drot"o*my (?), n. [Gr. union by cartilage + to cut.] (Surg.) Symphyseotomy.
Syn`cho*re"sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ; with + a going.] (Rhet.) A concession made for the purpose of retorting with greater force.
Syn"chro*nal (?), a. [See Synchronous.] Happening at, or belonging to, the same time; synchronous; simultaneous.
Dr. H. More.
Syn"chro*nal, n. A synchronal thing or event.
Syn*chron"ic*al (?), a. [Cf. F. synchronique.] Happening at the same time; synchronous. Boyle. -- Syn*chron"ic*al*ly, adv.
Syn"chro*nism (?), n. [Gr. , fr. to be contemporary with, from synchronous. See Synchronous.]
1. The concurrence of events in time; simultaneousness.
2. The tabular arrangement of historical events and personages, according to their dates.
3. (Paint.) A representation, in the same picture, of two or events which occured at different times.
Syn`chro*nis"tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to synchronism; arranged according to correspondence in time; as, synchronistic tables.
Syn`chro*ni*za"tion (?), n. The act of synchronizing; concurrence of events in respect to time.
Syn"chro*nize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Synchronized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Synchronizing (?).] [Gr. .] To agree in time; to be simultaneous.
The path of this great empire, through its arch of progress, synchronized with that of Christianity.
Syn"chro*nize, v. t.
1. To assign to the same date or period of time; as, to synchronize two events of Greek and Roman history. Josephus synchronizes Nisan with the Egyptian Pharmus."
W. L. Bevan.
2. To cause to agree in time; as, to synchronize the movements of different machines; to synchronize clocks.
Syn`chro*nol"o*gy (?), n. [Pref. syn- + Gr. time + -logy.] Contemporaneous chronology.
Syn"chro*nous (?), a. [Gr. ; with + time. Cf. Chronicle.] Happening at the same time; simultaneous. -- Syn"chro*nous*ly, adv.
Syn"chro*ny (?), n. The concurrence of events in time; synchronism. [R.]
Geological contemporaneity is the same as chronological synchrony.
Syn"chy*sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. , fr. to confound; with + to pour.] A derangement or confusion of any kind, as of words in a sentence, or of humors in the eye.
Sparkling synchysis (Med.), a condition in which the vitreous humor is softened and contains sparkling scales of cholesterin.
Syn*clas"tic (?), a. [Pref. syn- + Gr. kla^n to break.] (Math. Physics) Curved toward the same side in all directions; -- said of surfaces which in all directions around any point bend away from a tangent plane toward the same side, as the surface of a sphere; -- opposed to anticlastic.
Sir W. Thomson.
Syn*cli"nal (?), a. [Gr. to incline together; with + to incline.]
1. Inclined downward from opposite directions, so as to meet in a common point or line.
2. (Geol.) Formed by strata dipping toward a common line or plane; as, a synclinal trough or valley; a synclinal fold; -- opposed to anticlinal.
&hand; A downward flexure in the case of folded rocks makes a synclinal axis, and the alternating upward flexure an anticlinal axis.
Syn*cli"nal, n. (Geol.) A synclinal fold.
Syn*cline" (?), n. (Geol.) A synclinal fold.
Syn*clin"ic*al (?), a. Synclinal. [R.]
Syn`cli*no"ri*um (?), n.; pl. Synclinoria (#). [NL., fr. Gr. to lay together + mountain.] (Geol.) A mountain range owing its origin to the progress of a geosynclinal, and ending in a catastrophe of displacement and upturning.
Syn"co*pal (?), a. Of or pertaining to syncope; resembling syncope.
Syn"co*pate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Syncopated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Syncopating.] [LL. syncopatus, p.p. of syncopare to syncopate, to swoon. See Syncope.]
1. (Gram.) To contract, as a word, by taking one or more letters or syllables from the middle; as, Gloster" is a syncopated form of Gloucester."
2. (Mus.) To commence, as a tone, on an unaccented part of a measure, and continue it into the following accented part, so that the accent is driven back upon the weak part and the rhythm drags.
Syn`co*pa"tion (?), n.
1. (Gram.) The act of syncopating; the contraction of a word by taking one or more letters or syllables from the middle; syncope.
2. (Mus.) The act of syncopating; a peculiar figure of rhythm, or rhythmical alteration, which consists in welding into one tone the second half of one beat with the first half of the beat which follows.
Syn"co*pe (?), n. [L. syncope, syncopa, Gr. a cutting up, a syncope; akin to to beat together, to cut up, cut short, weavy; with + to strike, cut.]
1. (Gram.) An elision or retrenchment of one or more letters or syllables from the middle of a word; as, ne'er for never, ev'ry for every.
2. (Mus.) Same as Syncopation.
3. (Med.) A fainting, or swooning. See Fainting.
4. A pause or cessation; suspension. [R.]
Revely, and dance, and show,
Suffer a syncope and solemn pause.
Syn"co*pist (?), n. One who syncopates.
Syn"co*pize (?), v. t. To syncopate.
Syn*cot`y*led"on*ous (?), a. [Pref. syn- + cotyledonous.] (Bot.) Having united cotyledonous.
Syn*cret"ic (?), a. Uniting and blending together different systems, as of philosophy, morals, or religion.
Syn"cre*tism (?), n. [Gr. , fr. to make two parties join against a third: cf. F. syncrétisme.] Attempted union of principles or parties irreconcilably at variance with each other.
He is plotting a carnal syncretism, and attempting the reconcilement of Christ and Belial.
Syncretism is opposed to eclecticism in philosophy.
Syn"cre*tist (?), n. [Cf. F. syncrétiste.] One who attempts to unite principles or parties which are irreconcilably at variance; specifically (Eccl. Hist.), an adherent of George Calixtus and other Germans of the seventeenth century, who sought to unite or reconcile the Protestant sects with each other and with the Roman Catholics, and thus occasioned a long and violent controversy in the Lutheran church.
Syn`cre*tis"tic (?), a.
1. Pertaining to, or characterized by, syncretism; as, a syncretistic mixture of the service of Jehovah and the worship of idols.
2. Of or pertaining to Syncretists.
Syn"cri*sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. a comparison; together + to judge.] (Rhet.) A figure of speech in which opposite things or persons are compared.