Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Stuff (?), v. i. To feed gluttonously; to cram.
Taught harmless man to cram and stuff.
Stuff"er (?), n. One who, or that which, stuffs.
Stuff"i*ness (?), n. The quality of being stuffy.
1. That which is used for filling anything; as, the stuffing of a saddle or cushion.
2. (Cookery) Any seasoning preparation used to stuff meat; especially, a composition of bread, condiments, spices, etc.; forcemeat; dressing.
3. A mixture of oil and tallow used in softening and dressing leather.
Stuffing box, a device for rendering a joint impervious where there is a hole through which a movable cylindrical body, as the paston rod of a steam engine, or the plunger of a pump, slides back and forth, or in which a shaft turns. It usually consists of a box or chamber, made by an enlargement of part of the hole, forming a space around the rod or shaft for containing packing which is compressed and made to fill the space closely by means of a sleeve, called the gland, which fits loosely around the rod, and is pressed upon the packing by bolts or other means.
Stuff"y (?), a.
1. Stout; mettlesome; resolute. [Scot.]
2. Angry and obstinate; sulky. [U. S.]
3. Ill-ventilated; close.
Stuke (?), n. Stucco. [Obs.]
Stull (?), n. [CF. Stum.] A framework of timber covered with boards to support rubbish; also, a framework of boards to protect miners from falling stones. [Prov. Eng.]
Stulm (?), n. [Cf. G. stollen a post, a stulm, E. stall, stand.] A shaft or gallery to drain a mine. [Local, Eng.]
Stulp (?), n. [Cf. Icel. stlpi, Dan., Sw., & OD. stolpe.] A short, stout post used for any purpose, a to mark a boundary. [Prov. Eng.]
Stul`ti*fi*ca"tion (?), n. The act of stultifying, or the state of being stultified.
Stul"ti*fi`er (?), n. One who stultifies.
Stul"ti*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stultified (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Stultifying (?).] [L. stultus foolish + -fy.]
1. To make foolish; to make a fool of; as, to stultify one by imposition; to stultify one's self by silly reasoning or conduct.
2. To regard as a fool, or as foolish. [R.]
The modern sciolist stultifies all understanding but his own, and that which he conceives like his own.
3. (Law) To allege or prove to be of unsound mind, so that the performance of some act may be avoided.
Stul*til"o*quence (?), n. [L. stultiloquentia; stultus foolish + loquentia a talking, fr. loquens, p.pr. of loqui to talk.] Silly talk; babbling.
Stul*til"o*quent (?), a. [Cf. L. stultiloquus. See Stultiloquence.] Given to, or characterized by, silly talk; babbling. -- Stul*til"o*quent*ly, adv.
Stul*til"o*quy (?), n. [L. stultiloquium.] Foolish talk; silly discource; babbling.
Stul"ty (?), a. [L. stultus foolish.] Foolish; silly. [Obs.]
Testament of Love.
Stum (?), n. [D. stom must, new wort, properly, dumb; cf. F. vin muet stum. Cf. Stammer, Stoom.]
1. Unfermented grape juice or wine, often used to raise fermentation in dead or vapid wines; must.
Let our wines, without mixture of stum, be all fine.
And with thy stum ferment their fainting cause.
2. Wine revived by new fermentation, reulting from the admixture of must.
Stum, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stummed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Stumming.] To renew, as wine, by mixing must with it and raising a new fermentation.
We stum our wines to renew their spirits.
Stum"ble (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Stumbled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Stumbling (?).] [OE. stumblen, stomblen; freq. of a word akin to E. stammer. See Stammer.]
1. To trip in walking or in moving in any way with the legs; to strike the foot so as to fall, or to endanger a fall; to stagger because of a false step.
There stumble steeds strong and down go all.
The way of the wicked is as darkness: they know at what they stumble.
Prov. iv. 19.
2. To walk in an unsteady or clumsy manner.
He stumbled up the dark avenue.
Sir W. Scott.
3. To fall into a crime or an error; to err.
He that loveth his brother abideth in the light, and there is none occasion og stumbling in him.
1 John ii. 10.
4. To strike or happen (upon a person or thing) without design; to fall or light by chance; -- with on, upon, or against.
Ovid stumbled, by some inadvertency, upon Livia in a bath.
Forth as she waddled in the brake,
A gray goose stumbled on a snake.
Stum"ble, v. t.
1. To cause to stumble or trip.
2. Fig.: To mislead; to confound; to perplex; to cause to err or to fall.
False and dazzling fires to stumble men.
One thing more stumbles me in the very foundation of this hypothesis.
1. A trip in walking or running.
2. A blunder; a failure; a fall from rectitude.
One stumble is enough to deface the character of an honorable life.
Stum"bler (?), n. One who stumbles.
Stum"bling-block` (?), n. Any cause of stumbling, perplexity, or error.
We preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumbling-block, and unto the Greeks foolishness.
1 Cor. i. 23.
Stum"bling*ly (?), adv. In a stumbling manner.
Stum"bling-stone` (?), n. A stumbling-block.
This stumbling-stone we hope to take away.
Stump (?), n. [OE. stumpe, stompe; akin to D. stomp, G. stumpf, Icel. stumpr, Dan. & Sw. stump, and perhaps also to E. stamp.]
1. The part of a tree or plant remaining in the earth after the stem or trunk is cut off; the stub.
2. The part of a limb or other body remaining after a part is amputated or destroyed; a fixed or rooted remnant; a stub; as, the stump of a leg, a finger, a tooth, or a broom.
3. pl. The legs; as, to stir one's stumps. [Slang]
4. (Cricket) One of the three pointed rods stuck in the ground to form a wicket and support the bails.
5. A short, thick roll of leather or paper, cut to a point, or any similar implement, used to rub down the lines of a crayon or pencil drawing, in shading it, or for shading drawings by producing tints and gradations from crayon, etc., in powder.
6. A pin in a tumbler lock which forms an obstruction to throwing the bolt, except when the gates of the tumblers are properly arranged, as by the key; a fence; also, a pin or projection in a lock to form a guide for a movable piece.
Leg stump (Cricket), the stump nearest to the batsman. -- Off stump (Cricket), the stump farthest from the batsman. -- Stump tracery (Arch.), a term used to describe late German Gothic tracery, in which the molded bar seems to pass through itself in its convolutions, and is then cut off short, so that a section of the molding is seen at the end of each similar stump. -- To go on the stump, ∨ To take the stump, to engage in making public addresses for electioneering purposes; -- a phrase derived from the practice of using a stump for a speaker's platform in newly-settled districts. Hence also the phrases stump orator, stump speaker, stump speech, stump oratory, etc. [Colloq. U.S.]<-- on the stump -- campaigning for public office -->
Stump, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stumped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Stumping.]
1. To cut off a part of; to reduce to a stump; to lop.
Around the stumped top soft moss did grow.
Dr. H. More.
2. To strike, as the toes, against a stone or something fixed; to stub. [Colloq.]
3. To challenge; also, to nonplus. [Colloq.]
4. To travel over, delivering speeches for electioneering purposes; as, to stump a State, or a district. See To go on the stump, under Stump, n. [Colloq. U.S.]
5. (Cricket) (a) To put (a batsman) out of play by knocking off the bail, or knocking down the stumps of the wicket he is defending while he is off his allotted ground; -- sometimes with out. T. Hughes. (b) To bowl down the stumps of, as, of a wicket.
A herd of boys with clamor bowled,
And stumped the wicket.
To stump it. (a) To go afoot; hence, to run away; to escape. [Slang] Ld. Lytton. (b) To make electioneering speeches. [Colloq. U.S.]
Stump, v. i. To walk clumsily, as if on stumps.
To stump up, to pay cash. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Stump"age (?), n.
1. Timber in standing trees, -- often sold without the land at a fixed price per tree or per stump, the stumps being counted when the land is cleared. [Local, U.S.]
Only trees above a certain size are allowed to be cut by loggers buying stumpage from the owners of land.
C. S. Sargent.
2. A tax on the amount of timber cut, regulated by the price of lumber. [Local, U.S.]
Stump"er (?), n.
1. One who stumps.
2. A boastful person. [Slang]
3. A puzzling or incredible story. [Slang, U.S.]
Stump"i*ness (?), n. The state of being stumpy.
Stump"-tailed` (?), a. Having a short, thick tail.
Stump-tailed lizard (Zoöl.), a singular Australian scincoid lizard (Trachydosaurus rugosus) having a short, thick tail resembling its head in form; -- called also sleeping lizard.
Stump"y (?), a.
1. Full of stumps; hard; strong.
2. Short and thick; stubby. [Colloq.] A stumpy little man."
J. C. Harris.
Stun (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stunned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Stunning.] [OE. stonien, stownien; either fr. AS. stunian to resound (cf. D. stenen to groan, G. stöhnen, Icel. stynja, Gr. , Skr. stan to thunder, and E. thunder), or from the same source as E. astonish. √168.]
1. To make senseless or dizzy by violence; to render senseless by a blow, as on the head.
One hung a poleax at his saddlebow,
And one a heavy mace to stun the foe.
2. To dull or deaden the sensibility of; to overcome; especially, to overpower one's sense of hearing.
And stunned him with the music of the spheres.
3. To astonish; to overpower; to bewilder.
William was quite stunned at my discourse.
Stun, n. The condition of being stunned.
Stung (?), imp. & p. p. of Sting.
Stunk (?), imp. & p. p. of Stink.
Stun"ner (?), n.
1. One who, or that which, stuns.
2. Something striking or amazing in quality; something of extraordinary excellence. [Slang]
Stun"ning (?), a.
1. Overpowering consciousness; overpowering the senses; especially, overpowering the sense of hearing; confounding with noise.
2. Striking or overpowering with astonishment, especially on account of excellence; as, stunning poetry. [Slang] C. Kingsley. -- Stun"ning*ly, adv. [Slang]
Stun"sail (?), n. (Naut.) A contraction of Studding sail.
With every rag set, stunsails, sky scrapers and all.
Stunt (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stunted (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Stunting.] [See Stint.] To hinder from growing to the natural size; to prevent the growth of; to stint, to dwarf; as, to stunt a child; to stunt a plant.
When, by a cold penury, I blast the abilities of a nation, and stunt the growth of its active energies, the ill or may do is beyond all calculation.
Stunt (?), n.
1. A check in growth; also, that which has been checked in growth; a stunted animal or thing.
2. Specifically: A whale two years old, which, having been weaned, is lean, and yields but little blubber.
Stunt"ed, a. Dwarfed. -- Stunt"ed*ness, n.
Stunt"ness, n. Stuntedness; brevity. [R.]
Stu"pa (st&oomac;"p&adot;), n. [Skr. st&umac;pa.] A mound or monument commemorative of Buddha.
Stu"pa (st&umac;"p&adot;), n. [L.] (Med.) See 1st Stupe.
Stupe (?), n. [L. stupa, or better stuppa, tow. Cf. Stop, v. t.] (Med.) Cloth or flax dipped in warm water or medicaments and applied to a hurt or sore.
Stupe, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stuped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Stuping.] To foment with a stupe.
Stupe, n. [See Stupid.] A stupid person. [Obs.]
Stu`pe*fa"cient (?), a. [L. stupefaciens, p.pr. of stupefacere to stupefy; stupere to be stupefied + facere to make. Cf. Stupefy.] [Written also stupifacient.] Producing stupefaction; stupefactive. -- n. (Med.) Anything promoting stupefaction; a narcotic.
Stu`pe*fac"tion (?), n. [Cf. F. stupéfaction. See Stupefacient.] The act of stupefying, or the state of being stupefied. [Written also stupifaction.]
Resistance of the dictates of conscience brings a hardness and stupefaction upon it.
Stu`pe*fac"tive (?), a. & n. [Cf. F. stupéfactif, LL. stupefactivus.] Same as Stupefacient. [Written also stupifactive.]
Stu"pe*fied (?), a. Having been made stupid.
Stu"pe*fied`ness, n. Quality of being stupid.
Stu"pe*fi`er (?), n. One who, or that which, stupefies; a stupefying agent.
Stu"pe*fy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stupefied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Stupefying (?).] [F. stupéfier, fr. L. stupere to be stupefied + ficare (in comp.) to make, akin to facere. See Stupid, Fact, and cf. Stupefacient.] [Written also stupify, especially in England.]
1. To make stupid; to make dull; to blunt the faculty of perception or understanding in; to deprive of sensibility; to make torpid.<-- temporarily! as by excessive dullness or repetition -->
The fumes of drink discompose and stupefy the brain.
2. To deprive of material mobility. [Obs.]
It is not malleable; but yet is not fluent, but stupefied.
Stu*pen"dous (?), a. [L. stupendus astonishing, p. future pass. of stupere to be astonished at. Cf. Stupid.] Astonishing; wonderful; amazing; especially, astonishing in magnitude or elevation; as, a stupendous pile. A stupendous sum."
All are but parts of one stupendous whole.
-- Stu*pen"dous*ly, adv. -- Stu*pen"dous*ness, n.
Stu"pe*ous (?), a. [L. stupa, or better stuppa, tow; cf. L. stuppeus made of tow. Cf. Stupose.] Resembling tow; having long, loose scales, or matted filaments, like tow; stupose.
Stu"pid (?), a. [L. stupidus, fr. stupere to be stupefied: cf. F. stupide.]
1. Very dull; insensible; senseless; wanting in understanding; heavy; sluggish; in a state of stupor; -- said of persons.
O that men . . . should be so stupid grown . . .
As to forsake the living God!
With wild surprise,
A moment stupid, motionless he stood.
2. Resulting from, or evincing, stupidity; formed without skill or genius; dull; heavy; -- said of things.
Observe what loads of stupid rhymes
Oppress us in corrupted times.
Syn. -- Simple; insensible; sluggish; senseless; doltish; sottish; dull; heavy; clodpated.
-- Stu"pid*ly (#), adv. -- Stu"pid*ness, n.
Stu*pid"i*ty (?), n. [L. stupiditas: cf. F. stupidité.]
1. The quality or state of being stupid; extreme dullness of perception or understanding; insensibility; sluggishness.
2. Stupor; astonishment; stupefaction. [R.]
Past admiration strikes me, joined with fear.
Stu"pi*fy (?), v. t. See Stupefy.
Stu"por (?), n. [L., from stupere to be struck senseless.]
1. Great diminution or suspension of sensibility; suppression of sense or feeling; lethargy.
2. Intellectual insensibility; moral stupidity; heedlessness or inattention to one's interests.
Stu*pose (?), a. [L. stupa, or better stuppa, tow. Cf. Stupeous.] (Bot.) Composed of, or having, tufted or matted filaments like tow; stupeous.
Stu"prate (?), v. t. [L. stupratus, p.p. of stuprare to ravish, fr. stuprum defilement.] To ravish; to debauch. [R.]
Stu*pra"tion (?), n. Violation of chastity by force; rape. [R.]
Sir T. Browne.
Stu"prum (?), n. [L.] Stupration.
Sturb (?), v. t. To disturb. [Obs.]
Stur"di*ly (?), adv. In a sturdy manner.
Stur"di*ness, n. Quality of being sturdy.
Stur"dy (?), a. [Compar. Sturdier (?); superl. Sturdiest.] [OE. sturdi inconsiderable, OF. estourdi stunned, giddy, thoughtless, rash, F. étourdi, p.p. of OF. estourdir to stun, to render giddy, to amaze, F. étourdir; of uncertain origin. The sense has probably been influenced by E. stout.]
1. Foolishly obstinate or resolute; stubborn; unrelenting; unfeeling; stern.
This sturdy marquis gan his hearte dress
To rue upon her wifely steadfastness.
This must be done, and I would fain see
Mortal so sturdy as to gainsay.
A sturdy, hardened sinner shall advance to the utmost pitch of impiety with less reluctance than he took the first steps.
2. Resolute, in a good sense; or firm, unyielding quality; as, a man of sturdy piety or patriotism.
3. Characterized by physical strength or force; strong; lusty; violent; as, a sturdy lout.
How bowed the woods beneath their sturdy stroke!
4. Stiff; stout; strong; as, a sturdy oak.
He was not of any delicate contexture; his limbs rather sturdy than dainty.
Sir H. Wotton.
Syn. -- Hardy; stout; strong; firm; robust; stiff.