Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Stryph"nic (?), a. [Gr. astringent.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or designating, a complex nitrogenous acid, obtained by the action of acetic acid and potassium nitrite on uric acid, as a yellow crystalline substance, with a bitter, astringent taste.
Stub (?), n. [OE. stubbe, AS. stub, styb; akin to D. stobbe, LG. stubbe, Dan. stub, Sw. stubbe, Icel. stubbr, stubbi; cf. Gr. .]
1. The stump of a tree; that part of a tree or plant which remains fixed in the earth when the stem is cut down; -- applied especially to the stump of a small tree, or shrub.
Stubs sharp and hideous to behold.
And prickly stubs instead of trees are found.
2. A log; a block; a blockhead. [Obs.]
3. The short blunt part of anything after larger part has been broken off or used up; hence, anything short and thick; as, the stub of a pencil, candle, or cigar.
4. A part of a leaf in a check book, after a check is torn out, on which the number, amount, and destination of the check are usually recorded.
5. A pen with a short, blunt nib.
6. A stub nail; an old horseshoe nail; also, stub iron.
Stub end (Mach.), the enlarged end of a connecting rod, to which the strap is fastened. -- Stub iron, iron made from stub nails, or old horseshoe nails, -- used in making gun barrels. -- Stub mortise (Carp.), a mortise passing only partly through the timber in which it is formed. -- Stub nail, an old horseshoe nail; a nail broken off; also, a short, thick nail. -- Stub short, ∨ Stub shot (Lumber Manuf.), the part of the end of a sawn log or plank which is beyond the place where the saw kerf ends, and which retains the plank in connection with the log, until it is split off. -- Stub twist, material for a gun barrel, made of a spirally welded ribbon of steel and stub iron combined.
Stub, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stubbed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Stubbing.]
1. To grub up by the roots; to extirpate; as, to stub up edible roots.
What stubbing, plowing, digging, and harrowing is to a piece of land.
2. To remove stubs from; as, to stub land.
3. To strike as the toes, against a stub, stone, or other fixed object. [U. S.]
Stub"bed (?), a.
1. Reduced to a stub; short and thick, like something truncated; blunt; obtuse.
2. Abounding in stubs; stubby.
A bit of stubbed ground, once a wood.
3. Not nice or delicate; hardy; rugged. Stubbed, vulgar constitutions."
Stub"bed*ness, n. The quality or state of being stubbed.
Stub"bi*ness (?), n. The state of being stubby.
Stub"ble (?), n. [OE. stobil, stoble, OF. estouble, estuble, F. étuele, LL. stupla, stupula, L. stipula stubble, stalk; cf. D. & G. stopped, OHG. stupfila. Cf. Stipule.] The stumps of wheat, rye, barley, oats, or buckwheat, left in the ground; the part of the stalk left by the scythe or sickle. After the first crop is off, they plow in the wheast stubble."
Stubble goose (Zoöl.), the graylag goose. [Prov. Eng.] Chaucer. -- Stubble rake, a rake with long teeth for gleaning in stubble.
Stub"bled (?), a.
1. Covered with stubble.
A crow was strutting o'er the stubbled plain.
2. Stubbed; as, stubbled legs. [Obs.]
Stub"bly, a. Covered with stubble; stubbled.
Stub"born (?), a. [OE. stoburn, stiborn; probably fr. AS. styb a stub. See Stub.] Firm as a stub or stump; stiff; unbending; unyielding; persistent; hence, unreasonably obstinate in will or opinion; not yielding to reason or persuasion; refractory; harsh; -- said of persons and things; as, stubborn wills; stubborn ore; a stubborn oak; as stubborn as a mule. Bow, stubborn knees." Shak. Stubborn attention and more than common application." Locke. Stubborn Stoics." Swift.
And I was young and full of ragerie [wantonness]
Stubborn and strong, and jolly as a pie.
These heretics be so stiff and stubborn.
Sir T. More.
Your stubborn usage of the pope.
Syn. -- Obstinate; inflexible; obdurate; headstrong; stiff; hardy; firm; refractory; intractable; rugged; contumacious; heady. -- Stubborn, Obstinate. Obstinate is used of either active or passive persistence in one's views or conduct, in spite of the wishes of others. Stubborn describes an extreme degree of passive obstinacy.
-- Stub"born*ly, adv. -- Stub"born*ness, n.
Stub"by (?), a.
1. Abounding with stubs.
2. Short and thick; short and strong, as bristles.
Stuc"co (?), n.; pl. Stuccoes (#), Stuccos. [It., fr. OHG. stucchi a crust, piece, G. st\'81ck piece; akin to AS. stycce. See Stock.]
1. Plaster of any kind used as a coating for walls, especially, a fine plaster, composed of lime or gypsum with sand and pounded marble, used for internal decorations and fine work.
2. Work made of stucco; stuccowork.
Stuc"co, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stuccoed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Stuccoing (?).] To overlay or decorate with stucco, or fine plaster.
Stuc"co*er (?), n. One who stuccoes.
Stuc"co*work` (?), n. Work done in stucco.
Stuck (?), imp. & p. p. of Stick.
Stuck, n. [Cf. 1st Stoccado.] A thrust. [Obs.]
Stuc"kle (?), n. [From Stook.] A number of sheaves set together in the field; a stook.
Stuck"-up` (?), a. Self-important and supercilious, onceited; vain; arrogant. [Colloq.]
The airs of small, stuck-up, men.
A. K. H. Boyd.
Stud (?), n. [OE. stod, stood, AS. std; akin to OHG. stuota, G. stute a mare, Icel. st stud, Lith. stodas a herd, Russ. stado, and to E. stand. The sense is properly, a stand, an establishment. √163. See Stand, and cf. Steed.] A collection of breeding horses and mares, or the place where they are kept; also, a number of horses kept for a racing, riding, etc.
In the studs of Ireland, where care is taken, we see horses bred of excellent shape, vigor, and size.
Sir W. Temple.
He had the finest stud in England, and his delight was to win plates from Tories.
Stud (?), n. [AS. studu a post; akin to Sw. stöd a prop, Icel. sto a post, styja to prop, and probably ultimately to E. stand; cf. D. stut a prop, G. st\'81tze. See Stand.]
1. A stem; a trunk. [Obs.]
Seest not this same hawthorn stud?
2. (Arch.) An upright scanting, esp. one of the small uprights in the framing for lath and plaster partitions, and furring, and upon which the laths are nailed.
3. A kind of nail with a large head, used chiefly for ornament; an ornamental knob; a boss.
A belt of straw and ivy buds,
With coral clasps and amber studs.
Crystal and myrrhine cups, embossed with gems
And studs of pearl.
4. An ornamental button of various forms, worn in a shirt front, collar, wristband, or the like, not sewed in place, but inserted through a buttonhole or eyelet, and transferable.
5. (Mach.) (a) A short rod or pin, fixed in and projecting from something, and sometimes forming a journal. (b) A stud bolt.
6. An iron brace across the shorter diameter of the link of a chain cable.
Stud bolt, a bolt with threads on both ends, to be screwed permanently into a fixed part at one end and receive a nut upon the other; -- called also standing bolt.
Stud, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Studded (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Studding.]
1. To adorn with shining studs, or knobs.
Thy horses shall be trapped,
Their harness studded all with gold and pearl.
2. To set with detached ornaments or prominent objects; to set thickly, as with studs.
The sloping sides and summits of our hills, and the extensive plains that stretch before our view, are studded with substantial, neat, and commodious dwellings of freemen.
Stud"book` (?), n. A genealogical register of a particular breed or stud of horses, esp. thoroughbreds.
Stud"der*y (?), n. A stud, or collection of breeding horses and mares; also, a place for keeping a stud. [Obs.]
King Henry the Eighth erected a noble studdery.
Stud"ding (?), n. Material for studs, or joists; studs, or joists, collectively; studs.
Stud"ding sail` (?). (Naut.) A light sail set at the side of a principal or square sail of a vessel in free winds, to increase her speed. Its head is bent to a small spar which is called the studding-sail boom. See Illust. of Sail.
Stu"dent (?), n. [L. studens, -entis, p.pr. of studere to study. See Study, n.]
1. A person engaged in study; one who is devoted to learning; a learner; a pupil; a scholar; especially, one who attends a school, or who seeks knowledge from professional teachers or from books; as, the students of an academy, a college, or a university; a medical student; a hard student.
Keep a gamester from the dice, and a good student from his book.
2. One who studies or examines in any manner; an attentive and systematic observer; as, a student of human nature, or of physical nature.
Stu"dent*ry (?), n. A body of students. [R.]
Stu"dent*ship, n. The state of being a student.
Stud"fish` (?), n. (Zoöl.) Any one of several species of small American minnows of the genus Fundulus, as F. catenatus.
Stud"-horse` (?), n. [AS. std-hors.] A stallion, esp. one kept for breeding.
1. Closely examined; read with diligence and attention; made the subject of study; well considered; as, a studied lesson.
2. Well versed in any branch of learning; qualified by study; learned; as, a man well studied in geometry.
I shrewdly suspect that he is little studied of a theory of moral proportions.
3. Premeditated; planned; designed; as, a studied insult. Studied magnificence."
4. Intent; inclined. [Obs.]
Stud"ied*ly (?), adv. In a studied manner.
Stud"i*er (?), n. A student. [R.]
Lipsius was a great studier of the stoical philosophy.
Stu"di*o (?), n.; pl. Studios (#). [It. studio, properly, study. See Study.] The working room of an artist.
Stu"di*ous (?), a. [L. studious: cf. F. studieux. See Study.]
1. Given to study; devoted to the acquisition of knowledge from books; as, a studious scholar.
2. Given to thought, or to the examination of subjects by contemplation; contemplative.
3. Earnest in endeavors; aiming sedulously; attentive; observant; diligent; -- usually followed by an infinitive or by of; as, be studious to please; studious to find new friends and allies.
You that are so studious
Of my affairs, wholly neglect your own.
4. Planned with study; deliberate; studied.
For the frigid villainy of studious lewdness, . . . with apology can be invented?
5. Favorable to study; suitable for thought and contemplation; as, the studious shade. [Poetic]
But let my due feet never fail
To walk the studious cloister's pale.
-- Stu"di*ous*ly, adv. -- Stu"di*ous*ness, n.
Stud"y (?), n.; pl. Studies (#). [OE. studie, L. studium, akin to studere to study; possibly akin to Gr. haste, zeal, to hasten; cf. OF. estudie, estude, F. étude. Cf. Etude, Student, Studio, Study, v. i.]
1. A setting of the mind or thoughts upon a subject; hence, application of mind to books, arts, or science, or to any subject, for the purpose of acquiring knowledge.
Hammond . . . spent thirteen hours of the day in study.
Study gives strength to the mind; conversation, grace.
Sir W. Temple.
2. Mental occupation; absorbed or thoughtful attention; meditation; contemplation.
Just men they seemed, and all their study bent
To worship God aright, and know his works.
3. Any particular branch of learning that is studied; any object of attentive consideration.
The Holy Scriptures, especially the New Testament, are her daily study.
The proper study of mankind is man.
4. A building or apartment devoted to study or to literary work. His cheery little study."
5. (Fine Arts) A representation or rendering of any object or scene intended, not for exhibition as an original work of art, but for the information, instruction, or assistance of the maker; as, a study of heads or of hands for a figure picture.
6. (Mus.) A piece for special practice. See Etude.
Stud"y (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Studied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Studying (?).] [OE. studien, OF. estudier, F. étudier. See Study, n.]
1. To fix the mind closely upon a subject; to dwell upon anything in thought; to muse; to ponder.
I found a moral first, and then studied for a fable.
2. To apply the mind to books or learning.
3. To endeavor diligently; to be zealous.
1 Thes. iv. 11.
Stud"y, v. t.
1. To apply the mind to; to read and examine for the purpose of learning and understanding; as, to study law or theology; to study languages.
2. To consider attentively; to examine closely; as, to study the work of nature.
Study thyself; what rank or what degree
The wise Creator has ordained for thee.
3. To form or arrange by previous thought; to con over, as in committing to memory; as, to study a speech.
4. To make an object of study; to aim at sedulously; to devote one's thoughts to; as, to study the welfare of others; to study variety in composition.
For their heart studieth destruction.
Prov. xxiv. 2.
Stu"fa (?), n. [It. stufa a stove. See Stove.] A jet of steam issuing from a fissure in the earth.
Stuff (?), n. [OF. estoffe, F. étoffe; of uncertain origin, perhaps of Teutonic origin and akin to E. stop, v.t. Cf. Stuff, v. t.]
1. Material which is to be worked up in any process of manufacture.
For the stuff they had was sufficient for all the work to make it, and too much.
Ex. xxxvi. 7.
Ambitions should be made of sterner stuff.
The workman on his stuff his skill doth show,
And yet the stuff gives not the man his skill.
Sir J. Davies.
2. The fundamental material of which anything is made up; elemental part; essence.
Yet do I hold it very stuff o' the conscience
To do no contrived murder.
3. Woven material not made into garments; fabric of any kind; specifically, any one of various fabrics of wool or worsted; sometimes, worsted fiber.
What stuff wilt have a kirtle of?
It [the arras] was of stuff and silk mixed, though, superior kinds were of silk exclusively.
F. G. Lee.
4. Furniture; goods; domestic vessels or utensils.
He took away locks, and gave away the king's stuff.
5. A medicine or mixture; a potion.
6. Refuse or worthless matter; hence, also, foolish or irrational language; nonsense; trash.
Anger would indite
Such woeful stuff as I or Shadwell write.
7. (Naut.) A melted mass of turpentine, tallow, etc., with which the masts, sides, and bottom of a ship are smeared for lubrication.
Ham. Nav. Encyc.
8. Paper stock ground ready for use.
&hand; When partly ground, called half stuff.
Clear stuff. See under Clear. -- Small stuff (Naut.), all kinds of small cordage. Ham. Nav. Encyc. -- Stuff gown, the distinctive garb of a junior barrister; hence, a junior barrister himself. See Silk gown, under Silk.<-- stuff and nonsense. (See def. 6 for stuff) balderdash, twaddle, nonsense, foolishness. -->
Stuff, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stuffed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Stuffing.] [OE. stoffen; cf. OF. estoffer, F. étoffer, to put stuff in, to stuff, to line, also, OF. estouffer to stifle, F. étouffer; both perhaps of Teutonic origin, and akin to E. stop. Cf. Stop, v. t., Stuff, n.]
1. To fill by crowding something into; to cram with something; to load to excess; as, to stuff a bedtick.
Sometimes this crook drew hazel bought adown,
And stuffed her apron wide with nuts so brown.
Lest the gods, for sin,
Should with a swelling dropsy stuff thy skin.
2. To thrust or crowd; to press; to pack.
Put roses into a glass with a narrow mouth, stuffing them close together . . . and they retain smell and color.
3. To fill by being pressed or packed into.
With inward arms the dire machine they load,
And iron bowels stuff the dark abode.
4. (Cookery) To fill with a seasoning composition of bread, meat, condiments, etc.; as, to stuff a turkey.
5. To obstruct, as any of the organs; to affect with some obstruction in the organs of sense or respiration.
I'm stuffed, cousin; I can not smell.
6. To fill the skin of, for the purpose of preserving as a specimen; -- said of birds or other animals.
7. To form or fashion by packing with the necessary material.
An Eastern king put a judge to death for an iniquitous sentence, and ordered his hide to be stuffed into a cushion, and placed upon the tribunal.
8. To crowd with facts; to cram the mind of; sometimes, to crowd or fill with false or idle tales or fancies.
9. To put fraudulent votes into (a ballot box). [U. S.]