Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Pu*tres"cent (?), a. [L. putrescens, p. pr.of putrescere to grow rotten, v. incho. fr. putrere to be rotten. See Putrid.]
1. Becoming putrid or rotten.
Externally powerful, although putrescent at the core.
2. Of or pertaining to the process of putrefaction; as, a putrescent smell.
Pu*tres"ci*ble (?), a. Capable of putrefaction; liable to become putrid; as, putrescible substances.
Pu*tres"ci*ble, n. A substance, usually nitrogenous, which is liable to undergo decomposition when in contact with air and moisture at ordinary temperatures.
Pu*tres"cin (?), n. (Physiol. Chem.) A nontoxic diamine, C4H12N2, formed in the putrefaction of the flesh of mammals and some other animals.
Pu"trid (?), a. [L. putridus, fr. putrere to be rotten, fr.puter, or putris, rotten, fr. putere to stink, to be rotten: cf. F. putride. See Pus, Foul, a.]
1. Tending to decomposition or decay; decomposed; rotten; -- said of animal or vegetable matter; as, putrid flesh. See Putrefaction.
2. Indicating or proceeding from a decayed state of animal or vegetable matter; as, a putrid smell.
Putrid fever (Med.), typhus fever; -- so called from the decomposing and offensive state of the discharges and diseased textures of the body. -- Putrid sore throat (Med.), a gangrenous inflammation of the fauces and pharynx.
Pu*trid"i*ty (?), n. [Cf. F. putridité.] The quality of being putrid; putrefaction; rottenness.
Pu"trid*ness (?), n. Putridity.
Pu"tri*fac`ted (?), a. [See Putrefy.] Putrefied. [Obs.]
What vermin bred of putrifacted slime.
Pu`tri*fi*ca"tion (?), n. Putrefaction.
Pu"tri*fy (?), v. t. & i. To putrefy.
Pu"tri*lage (?), n. [F. putrilage, L. putrilago putrefaction.] That which is undergoing putrefaction; the products of putrefaction.
Pu"try (?), a. Putrid. [Obs.]
Pu"try, n. Putage. [Obs.]
Put"ter (?), n.
1. One who puts or plates.
2. Specifically, one who pushes the small wagons in a coal mine, and the like. [Prov. Eng.]
Put"ter (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Puttered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Puttering.] [See Potter.] To act inefficiently or idly; to trifle; to potter.
Put"ter-on` (?), n. An instigator.
Put"ti*er (?), n. One who putties; a glazier.
Put"ting (?), n. The throwing of a heavy stone, shot, etc., with the hand raised or extended from the shoulder; -- originally, a Scottish game.
Putting stone, a heavy stone used in the game of putting.
Put"tock (?), n. [Cf. Pout a young bird, Poult.] (Zoöl.) (a) The European kite. (b) The buzzard. (c) The marsh harrier. [Prov. Eng.]
Put"tock, n. (Naut.) See Futtock. [Obs.]
Put"ty (?), n. [F. potée, fr. pot pot; what was formerly called putty being a substance resembling what is now called putty powder, and in part made of the metal of old pots. See Pot.] A kind of thick paste or cement compounded of whiting, or soft carbonate of lime, and linseed oil, when applied beaten or kneaded to the consistence of dough, -- used in fastening glass in sashes, stopping crevices, and for similar purposes.
Putty powder, an oxide of tin, or of tin and lead in various proportions, much used in polishing glass, metal, precious stones, etc.
Put"ty, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Puttied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Puttying.] To cement, or stop, with putty.
Put"ty-faced` (?), a. White-faced; -- used contemptuously.
Put"ty*root` (?), n. (Bot.) An American orchidaceous plant (Aplectrum hyemale) which flowers in early summer. Its slender naked rootstock produces each year a solid corm, filled with exceedingly glutinous matter, which sends up later a single large oval evergreen plaited leaf. Called also Adam-and-Eve.
Put"-up (?), a. Arranged; plotted; -- in a bad sense; as, a put-up job. [Colloq.]
Pu"y (?), n. See Poy.
Puz"zel (?), n. [Cf. F. pucelle a virgin.] A harlot; a drab; a hussy. [Obs.]
Puz"zle (?), n. [For opposal, in the sense of problem. See Oppose, Pose, v.]
1. Something which perplexes or embarrasses; especially, a toy or a problem contrived for testing ingenuity; also, something exhibiting marvelous skill in making.
2. The state of being puzzled; perplexity; as, to be in a puzzle.
Puz"zle, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Puzzled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Puzzling (?).]
1. To perplex; to confuse; to embarrass; to put to a stand; to nonplus.
A very shrewd disputant in those points is dexterous in puzzling others.
Dr. H. More.
He is perpetually puzzled and perplexed amidst his own blunders.
2. To make intricate; to entangle.
They disentangle from the puzzled skein.
The ways of Heaven are dark and intricate,
Puzzled in mazes, and perplexed with error.
3. To solve by ingenuity, as a puzzle; -- followed by out; as, to puzzle out a mystery.
Syn. -- To embarrass; perplex; confuse; bewilder; confound. See Embarrass.
Puz"zle, v. i.
1. To be bewildered, or perplexed.
A puzzling fool, that heeds nothing.
2. To work, as at a puzzle; as, to puzzle over a problem.
Puz"zle*dom (?), n. The domain of puzzles; puzzles, collectively.
Puz"zle-head`ed (?), a. Having the head full of confused notions.
Puz"zle*ment (?), n. The state of being puzzled; perplexity.
Puz"zier (?), n. One who, or that which, puzzles or perplexes.
Hebrew, the general puzzler of old heads.
Puz"zling*ly (?), adv. In a puzzling manner.
Puz"zo*lan (?), Puz`zo*la"na (?), n. See Pozzuolana.
Py*æ"mi*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. pus + blood.] (Med.) A form of blood poisoning produced by the absorption into the blood of morbid matters usually originating in a wound or local inflammation. It is characterized by the development of multiple abscesses throughout the body, and is attended with irregularly recurring chills, fever, profuse sweating, and exhaustion.
Py*æ"mic (?), a. Of or pertaining to pyæmia; of the nature of pyæmia.
Pyc`nas*pid"e*an (?), a. [Gr. thick, crowded + , , a shield.] (Zoöl.) Having the posterior side of the tarsus covered with small irregular scales; -- said of certain birds.
Pyc*nid"i*um (?), n.; pl. Pycnidia (#). [NL., fr. Gr. crowded.] (Bot.) In certain fungi, a flask-shaped cavity from the surface of the inner walls of which spores are produced.
Pyc"nite (?), n. [Gr. thick.] (Min.) A massive subcolumnar variety of topaz.
Pyc"no*dont (?), n. [Gr. thick, crowded + , , a tooth.] (Paleon.) Any fossil fish belonging to the Pycnodontini. They have numerous round, flat teeth, adapted for crushing.
Pyc`no*don"ti*ni (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zoöl.) An extinct order of ganoid fishes. They had a compressed body, covered with dermal ribs (pleurolepida) and with enameled rhomboidal scales.
Pyc*nog"o*nid (?), n. (Zoöl.) One of the Pycnogonida.
Pyc`no*gon"i*da (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. thick crowded + knee.] (Zoöl.) A class of marine arthropods in which the body is small and thin, and the eight legs usually very long; -- called also Pantopoda.
&hand; The abdomen is rudimentary, and the triangular mouth is at the end of a tubular proboscis. Many of them live at great depths in the sea, and the largest of them measure two feet across the extended legs.
Pyc*nom"e*ter (?), n. [Gr. dense, compact + -meter.] (Physics) A specific gravity bottle; a standard flask for measuring and comparing the densities of liquids. [Also written pyknometer.]
Pyc"no*style (?), a. [Gr. with the pillars close together; close + a column, pillar: cf. F. pycnostyle.] (Anc. Arch.) See under Intercolumniation. -n. A pycnostyle colonnade.
Pye (?), n. See 2d Pie (b).
Pye"bald` (?), a. See Piebald.
Py`e*li"tis (?). n. [Gr. basin + -itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney.
Py*e"mi*a (?), n. (Med.) See Pyæmia.
Py"et (?), n. A magpie; a piet. [Prov. Eng.]
Here cometh the worthy prelate as pert as a pyet.
Sir W. Scott.
Py"gal (?), a. [Gr. the rump.] (Anat.) Situated in the region of the rump, or posterior end of the backbone; -- applied especially to the posterior median plates in the carapace of chelonians.
Py"garg (?), Py*gar"gus (?),[L. pygargus, Gr. , literally, white rump; the rump + white: cf. F. pygargue.]
1. (Zoöl.) A quadruped, probably the addax, an antelope having a white rump.
Deut. xiv. 5.
2. (Zoöl.) (a) The female of the hen harrier. (b) The sea eagle.
Py*gid"i*um (?), n.; pl. Pygidia (#). [NL., fr. Gr. , dim. of the rump.] (Zoöl.) The caudal plate of trilobites, crustacean, and certain insects. See Illust. of Limulus and Trilobite.
Pyg"my (?), Pyg*me"an (?), a. [L. pygmaeus. See Pygmy.] Of or pertaining to a pygmy; resembling a pygmy or dwarf; dwarfish; very small. Like that Pygmean race."
Pygmy antelope (Zoöl.), the kleeneboc. -- Pygmy goose (Zoöl.), any species of very small geese of the genus Nettapus, native of Africa, India, and Australia. -- Pygmy owl (Zoöl.), the gnome. Pygmy parrot (Zoöl.), any one of several species of very small green parrots (Nasiternæ), native of New Guinea and adjacent islands. They are not larger than sparrows.
<-- Pygmy chimpanzee, a species of anthropoid ape (Pan paniscus) resembling the chimpanzee, but somewhat smaller; also called bonobo. It is considered (1996) as having the closest genetic relationship to humans of any other animal. It is found in forests in Zaire, and is an endangered species. -->
Pyg"my, n.; pl. Pygmies (#). [L. pygmaeus, Gr. , fr. the fist, a measure of length, the distance from the elbow to the knuckles, about 131 inches. Cf. Pugnacious, Fist.] [Written also pigmy.]
1. (Class. Myth.) One of a fabulous race of dwarfs who waged war with the cranes, and were destroyed.
2. Hence, a short, insignificant person; a dwarf.
<--3. one of a race of short forest-dwelling African peoples. -->
Pygmies are pygmies still, though perched on Alps.
And pyramids are pyramids in vales.
Py`go*bran"chi*a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. pugh` the rump + a gill.] (Zoöl.) A division of opisthobranchiate mollusks having the branchiæ in a wreath or group around the anal opening, as in the genus Doris.
Py"go*pod (?), n. [Gr. rump + -pod.]
1. (Zoöl.) One of the Pygopodes.
2. (Zoöl.) Any species of serpentiform lizards of the family Pygopodidæ, which have rudimentary hind legs near the anal cleft, but lack fore legs.
Py*grop"o*des (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zoöl.) A division of swimming birds which includes the grebes, divers, auks, etc., in which the legs are placed far back.
Py*gop"o*dous (?), a. (Zoöl.) Of or pertaining to the Pygopodes.
Py"go*style (?), n. [Gr. the rump + a pillar.] (Anat.) The plate of bone which forms the posterior end of the vertebral column in most birds; the plowshare bone; the vomer. It is formed by the union of a number of the last caudal vertebræ, and supports the uropigium.
Py"in (?), n. [Gr. pus.] (Physiol. (Chem.) An albuminoid constituent of pus, related to mucin, possibly a mixture of substances rather than a single body.
Py*ja"ma (?), n. [Hind. pāe-jāma, literally, leg clothing.] In India and Persia, thin loose trowsers or drawers; in Europe and America, drawers worn at night, or a kind of nightdress with legs. [Written also paijama.]
Pyk"ar (?), n. An ancient English fishing boat.
Py"la n.; pl. L. Pylæ (#), E. Pylas (#). [NL., fr. Gr. an entrance.] (Anat.) The passage between the iter and optocœle in the brain.
B. G. Wilder.
Pyl"a*gore (?), n. [Gr. ; Pylæ, or Thermopylæ, where the Amphictyonic council met + to assemble: cf. F. pylagore.] (Gr. Antiq.) a deputy of a State at the Amphictyonic council.
Py*lan"gi*um (?), n.; pl. Pylangia (). [NL., from Gr. an entrance + a vessel.] (Anat.) The first and undivided part of the aortic trunk in the amphibian heart. -- Py*lan"gi*al (#), a.
Py"lon (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. a gateway.] (a) A low tower, having a truncated pyramidal form, and flanking an ancient Egyptian gateway.
Massive pylons adorned with obelisks in front.
J. W. Draper.
(b) An Egyptian gateway to a large building (with or without flanking towers).
Py*lor"ic (?), a. [Cf. F. pylorique.] (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the pylorus; as, the pyloric end of the stomach.
Py*lo"rus (?), n.; pl. Pylori (#). [L., fr. Gr. pylorus, gate keeper; a gate + watcher, guardian.] (Anat.) (a) The opening from the stomach into the intestine. (b) A posterior division of the stomach in some invertebrates.
Pyne (?), n. & v. See Pine. [Obs.]
Py*noun" (?), n. A pennant. [Obs.]
Py`o*cy"a*nin (?), n. [Gr. pus + dark blue.] (Physiol. (Chem.) A blue coloring matter found in the pus from old sores, supposed to be formed through the agency of a species of bacterium (Bacillus pyocyaneus).<-- now, Pseudomonas aeruginosa C13H10N2O-->
Py`o*gen"ic (?), a. [Gr. pus + root of to be born.] (Med.) Producing or generating pus.
Py"oid (?), a. [Gr. pus + --oid.] (Med.) Of or pertaining to pus; of the nature of, or like, pus.
Pyoid corpuscles (Med.), cells of a size larger than pus corpuscles, containing two or more of the latter.
Py`op*neu`mo*tho"rax (?), n. [Gr. pus + E. pneumothorax.] (Med.) Accumulation of air, or other gas, and of pus, in the pleural cavity.
Py"ot (?), n. (Zoöl.) The magpie. See Piet.
Py`o*xan"those (?), n. [Gr. pus + yellow.] (Physiol. (Chem.) A greenish yellow crystalline coloring matter found with pyocyanin in pus.
Pyr"a*canth (?), n. [Gr. fire + a thorn, prickly plant.] (Bot.) The evergreen thorn (Cratægus Pyracantha), a shrub native of Europe.
Py"ral (?), a. Of or pertaining to a pyre. [R.]
Pyr"a*lid (?), n. [L. pyralis, -idis, a kind of winged insect.] (Zoöl.) Any moth of the family Pyralidæ. The species are numerous and mostly small, but some of them are very injurious, as the bee moth, meal moth, hop moth, and clover moth.
Pyr"a*mid (?), n. [L. pyramis, -idis, fr. Gr. , , of Egyptian origin: cf. F. pyramide.]
1. A solid body standing on a triangular, square, or polygonal base, and terminating in a point at the top; especially, a structure or edifice of this shape.
2. (Geom.) A solid figure contained by a plane rectilineal figure as base and several triangles which have a common vertex and whose bases are sides of the base.
3. pl. (Billiards) The game of pool in which the balls are placed in the form of a triangle at spot. [Eng.]
<-- financial scheme -->
Altitude of a pyramid (Geom.), the perpendicular distance from the vertex to the plane of the base. -- Axis of a pyramid (Geom.), a straight line drawn from the vertex to the center of the base. -- Earth pyramid. (Geol.) See Earth pillars, under Earth. -- Right pyramid (Geom.) a pyramid whose axis is perpendicular to the base.
Py*ram`i*dal (?), a. [Cf. F. pyramidal.]
1. Of or pertaining to a pyramid; in the form of a a pyramid; pyramidical; as, pyramidal cleavage.
The mystic obelisks stand up