Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Pin"nock (?), n. [Of uncertain origin.] (Zoöl.) (a) The hedge sparrow. [Prov. Eng.] (b) The tomtit.
Pin"no*there (?), n. [Gr. a pinna + an animal.] (Zoöl.) A crab of the genus pinnotheres. See Oyster crab, under Oyster.
Pin"nu*la (?), n.; pl. Pinnulæ (#). [L.] Same as Pinnule.
Pin"nu*late (?), a. [See Pinnule.] (Bot.) Having each pinna subdivided; -- said of a leaf, or of its pinnæ.
Pin"nu*la`ted (?), a. (Zoöl.) Having pinnules.
Pin"nule (?), n. [L. pinnula, dim. of pinna feather: cf. F. pinnule.]
1. (Bot.) One of the small divisions of a decompound frond or leaf. See Illust. of Bipinnate leaf, under Bipinnate.
2. (Zoöl.) Any one of a series of small, slender organs, or parts, when arranged in rows so as to have a plumelike appearance; as, a pinnule of a gorgonia; the pinnules of a crinoid.
Pin"ny*win`kles (?), n. pl. An instrument of torture, consisting of a board with holes into which the fingers were pressed, and fastened with pegs. [Written also pilliewinkles.] [Scot.]
Sir W. Scott.
Pin"o*cle (?), n. See Penuchle.
Pi*nole" (?), n.
1. An aromatic powder used in Italy in the manufacture of chocolate.
2. Parched maize, ground, and mixed with sugar, etc. Mixed with water, it makes a nutritious beverage.
Pi\'a4"on (?), n. [Sp. pi\'a4on.] (Bot.) (a) The edible seed of several species of pine; also, the tree producing such seeds, as Pinus Pinea of Southern Europe, and P. Parryana, cembroides, edulis, and monophylla, the nut pines of Western North America. (b) See Monkey's puzzle. [Written also pignon.]
Pin"patch` (?), n. (Zoöl.) The common English periwinkle. [Prov. Eng.]
Pint (?), n. [OE. pinte, F. pinte, fr. Sp. pinta spot, mark, pint, fr. pintar to paint; a mark for a pint prob. having been made on or in a larger measure. See Paint.] A measure of capacity, equal to half a quart, or four gills, -- used in liquid and dry measures. See Quart.
Pint, n. (Zoöl.) The laughing gull. [Prov. Eng.]
Pin*ta"do (?), n.; pl. Pintados (#). [Sp., painted, fr. pintar to paint.] (Zoöl.) Any bird of the genus Numida. Several species are found in Africa. The common pintado, or Guinea fowl, the helmeted, and the crested pintados, are the best known. See Guinea fowl, under Guinea.
Pin"tail` (?), n.
1. (Zoöl.) A northern duck (Dafila acuta), native of both continents. The adult male has a long, tapering tail. Called also gray duck, piketail, piket-tail, spike-tail, split-tail, springtail, sea pheasant, and gray widgeon.
2. (Zoöl.) The sharp-tailed grouse of the great plains and Rocky Mountains (Pediocætes phasianellus); -- called also pintailed grouse, pintailed chicken, springtail, and sharptail.
Pin"-tailed` (?), a. (Zoöl.) Having a tapered tail, with the middle feathers longest; -- said of birds.
Pin"tle (?), n. [A diminutive of Pin.]
1. A little pin.
2. (Mech.) An upright pivot pin; as: (a) The pivot pin of a hinge. (b) A hook or pin on which a rudder hangs and turns. (c) A pivot about which the chassis swings, in some kinds of gun carriages. (d) A kingbolt of a wagon.
Pin"tos (?), n. pl.; sing. Pinto (). [Sp., painted, mottled.] (Eyhnol.) A mountain tribe of Mexican Indians living near Acapulco. They are remarkable for having the dark skin of the face irregularly spotted with white. Called also speckled Indians.
Pin"ule (?), n. [Cf. Pinnule.] (Astron.) One of the sights of an astrolabe. [Obs.]
Pi"nus (?), n. [L., a pine tree.] (Bot.) A large genus of evergreen coniferous trees, mostly found in the northern hemisphere. The genus formerly included the firs, spruces, larches, and hemlocks, but is now limited to those trees which have the primary leaves of the branchlets reduced to mere scales, and the secondary ones (pine needles) acicular, and usually in fascicles of two to seven. See Pine.
Pin"weed` (?), n. (Bot.) Any plant of the genus Lechea, low North American herbs with branching stems, and very small and abundant leaves and flowers.
Pin"worm` (?), n. (Zoöl.) A small nematoid worm (Oxyurus vermicularis), which is parasitic chiefly in the rectum of man. It is most common in children and aged persons.
Pinx"it (?). [L., perfect indicative 3d sing. of pingere to paint.] A word appended to the artist's name or initials on a painting, or engraved copy of a painting; as, Rubens pinxit, Rubens painted (this).
Pinx"ter (?), n. See Pinkster.
Pin"y (?), a. Abounding with pines. [Written also piney.] The piny wood."
Pi"o*ned (?), a. A Shakespearean word of disputed meaning; perh., abounding in marsh marigolds."
Thy banks with pioned and twilled brims.
Pi`o*neer" (?), n. [F. pionier, orig., a foot soldier, OF. peonier, fr. OF. peon a foot soldier, F. pion. See Pawn in chess.]
1. (Mil.) A soldier detailed or employed to form roads, dig trenches, and make bridges, as an army advances.
2. One who goes before, as into the wilderness, preparing the way for others to follow; as, pioneers of civilization; pioneers of reform.
Pi`o*neer", v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Pioneered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pioneering.] To go before, and prepare or open a way for; to act as pioneer.
Pi`o*ner" (?), n. A pioneer. [Obs.]
Pi"o*ny (?), n. (Bot.) See Peony.
Pi"ot (?), n. [See Piet.] (Zoöl.) The magpie. [Obs. or Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
Pi"ous (?), a. [L. pius: cf. F. pieux.]
1. Of or pertaining to piety; exhibiting piety; reverential; dutiful; religious; devout; godly. Pious hearts." Milton. Pious poetry." Johnson.
Where was the martial brother's pious care?
2. Practiced under the pretext of religion; prompted by mistaken piety; as, pious errors; pious frauds.
Syn. -- Godly; devout; religious; righteous.
Pi"ous*ly, adv. In a pious manner.
Pip (?), n. [OE. pippe, D. pip, or F. pépie; from LL. pipita, fr. L. pituita slime, phlegm, rheum, in fowls, the pip. Cf. Pituite.] A contagious disease of fowls, characterized by hoarseness, discharge from the nostrils and eyes, and an accumulation of mucus in the mouth, forming a scale" on the tongue. By some the term pip is restricted to this last symptom, the disease being called roup by them.
Pip, n. [Formerly pippin, pepin. Cf. Pippin.] (Bot.) A seed, as of an apple or orange.
Pip, n. [Perh. for pick, F. pique a spade at cards, a pike. Cf. Pique.] One of the conventional figures or spots" on playing cards, dominoes, etc.
Pip, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Pipped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pipping.] [See Peep.] To cry or chirp, as a chicken; to peep.
To hear the chick pip and cry in the egg.
Pi*pa (?), n.; pl. Pipas (). (Zoöl.) The Surinam toad (Pipa Americana), noted for its peculiar breeding habits.
&hand; The male places the eggs on the back of the female, where they soon become inclosed in capsules formed by the thickening of the skin. The incubation of the eggs takes place in the capsules, and the young, when hatched, come forth with well developed legs.
Pip"age (?), n. Transportation, as of petroleum oil, by means of a pipe conduit; also, the charge for such transportation.
Pi"pal tree` (?). Same as Peepul tree.
Pipe (?), n. [AS. pīpe, probably fr. L. pipare, pipire, to chirp; of imitative origin. Cf. Peep, Pibroch, Fife.]
1. A wind instrument of music, consisting of a tube or tubes of straw, reed, wood, or metal; any tube which produces musical sounds; as, a shepherd's pipe; the pipe of an organ. Tunable as sylvan pipe."
Now had he rather hear the tabor and the pipe.
2. Any long tube or hollow body of wood, metal, earthenware, or the like: especially, one used as a conductor of water, steam, gas, etc.
3. A small bowl with a hollow steam, -- used in smoking tobacco, and, sometimes, other substances.
4. A passageway for the air in speaking and breathing; the windpipe, or one of its divisions.
5. The key or sound of the voice. [R.]
6. The peeping whistle, call, or note of a bird.
The earliest pipe of half-awakened birds.
7. pl. The bagpipe; as, the pipes of Lucknow.
8. (Mining) An elongated body or vein of ore.
9. A roll formerly used in the English exchequer, otherwise called the Great Roll, on which were taken down the accounts of debts to the king; -- so called because put together like a pipe.
Mozley & W.
10. (Naut.) A boatswain's whistle, used to call the crew to their duties; also, the sound of it.
11. [Cf. F. pipe, fr. pipe a wind instrument, a tube, fr. L. pipare to chirp. See Etymol. above.] A cask usually containing two hogsheads, or 126 wine gallons; also, the quantity which it contains.
Pipe fitter, one who fits pipes together, or applies pipes, as to an engine or a building. -- Pipe fitting, a piece, as a coupling, an elbow, a valve, etc., used for connecting lengths of pipe or as accessory to a pipe. -- Pipe office, an ancient office in the Court of Exchequer, in which the clerk of the pipe made out leases of crown lands, accounts of cheriffs, etc. [Eng.] -- Pipe tree (Bot.), the lilac and the mock orange; -- so called because their were formerly used to make pipe stems; -- called also pipe privet. -- Pipe wrench, ∨ Pipetongs, a jawed tool for gripping a pipe, in turning or holding it. -- To smoke the pipe of peace, to smoke from the same pipe in token of amity or preparatory to making a treaty of peace, -- a custom of the American Indians.
Pipe, v. i.
1. To play on a pipe, fife, flute, or other tubular wind instrument of music.
We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced.
Matt. xi. 17.
2. (Naut.) To call, convey orders, etc., by means of signals on a pipe or whistle carried by a boatswain.
3. To emit or have a shrill sound like that of a pipe; to whistle. Oft in the piping shrouds."
4. (Metal.) To become hollow in the process of solodifying; -- said of an ingot, as of steel.
Pipe (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Piped (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Piping.]
1. To perform, as a tune, by playing on a pipe, flute, fife, etc.; to utter in the shrill tone of a pipe.
A robin . . . was piping a few querulous notes.
2. (Naut.) To call or direct, as a crew, by the boatswain's whistle.
As fine a ship's company as was ever piped aloft.
3. To furnish or equip with pipes; as, to pipe an engine, or a building.
Pipe" clay` () A plastic, unctuous clay of a grayish white color, -- used in making tobacco pipes and various kinds of earthenware, in scouring cloth, and in cleansing soldiers' equipments.
Pipe"clay`, v. t.
1. To whiten or clean with pipe clay, as a soldier's accouterments.
2. To clear off; as, to pipeclay accounts. [Slang, Eng.]
Piped (?), a. Formed with a pipe; having pipe or pipes; tubular.
Pipe"fish` (?), n. (Zoöl.) Any lophobranch fish of the genus Siphostoma, or Syngnathus, and allied genera, having a long and very slender angular body, covered with bony plates. The mouth is small, at the end of a long, tubular snout. The male has a pouch on his belly, in which the incubation of the eggs takes place.
Pipelayer, n., or Pipe layer
Pipe"lay`er (?), n., or Pipe" lay`er.
1. One who lays conducting pipes in the ground, as for water, gas, etc.
2. (Polit. Cant) A politician who works in secret; -- in this sense, usually written as one word. [U.S.]
Pipelaying, n., or Pipe laying
Pipe"lay`ing, n., or Pipe" lay`ing.
1. The laying of conducting pipes underground, as for water, gas, etc.
2. (Polit. Cant) The act or method of making combinations for personal advantage secretly or slyly; -- in this sense, usually written as one word. [U.S.]
Pipe"mouth` (?), n. (Zoöl.) Any fish of the genus Fistularia; -- called also tobacco pipefish. See Fistularia.
Pi"per (?), n. [L.] See Pepper.
Pip"er (?), n.
1. (Mus.) One who plays on a pipe, or the like, esp. on a bagpipe. The hereditary piper and his sons."
2. (Zoöl.) (a) A common European gurnard (Trigla lyra), having a large head, with prominent nasal projection, and with large, sharp, opercular spines. (b) A sea urchin (Goniocidaris hystrix) having very long spines, native of both the American and European coasts.
To pay the piper, to bear the cost, expense, or trouble.
Pip`er*a"ceous (?), a. [L. piper pepper.] (Bot.) Of or pertaining to the order of plants (Piperaceæ) of which the pepper (Piper nigrum) is the type. There are about a dozen genera and a thousand species, mostly tropical plants with pungent and aromatic qualities.
Pi*per"ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, or designating, a complex organic acid found in the products of different members of the Pepper family, and extracted as a yellowish crystalline substance.
Pip"er*idge (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Pepperidge.
Pi*per"i*dine (?), n. (Chem.) An oily liquid alkaloid, C5H11N, having a hot, peppery, ammoniacal odor. It is related to pyridine, and is obtained by the decomposition of piperine.
Pip"er*ine (?), n. [L. piper pepper: cf. F. piperin, piperine.] (Chem.) A white crystalline compound of piperidine and piperic acid. It is obtained from the black pepper (Piper nigrum) and other species.
Pip`er*o"nal (?), n. (Chem.) A white crystalline substance obtained by oxidation of piperic acid, and regarded as a complex aldehyde.
Pi*per"y*lene (?), n. [Piperidine + acetylene.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon obtained by decomposition of certain piperidine derivatives.
Pipe"stem` (?), n. The hollow stem or tube of a pipe used for smoking tobacco, etc.
Took a long reed for a pipestem.
Pipe"stone` (?), n. A kind of clay slate, carved by the Indians into tobacco pipes. Cf. Catlinite.
Pi*pette" (?), n. [F., dim. of pipe.] A small glass tube, often with an enlargement or bulb in the middle, and usually graduated, -- used for transferring or delivering measured quantities.
Pipe"vine` (?), n. (Bot.) The Dutchman's pipe. See under Dutchman.
Pipe"wort` (?), n. (Bot.) Any plant of a genus (Eriocaulon) of aquatic or marsh herbs with soft grass-like leaves.
Pip"ing (?), a. [From Pipe, v.]
1. Playing on a musical pipe. Lowing herds and piping swains."
2. Peaceful; favorable to, or characterized by, the music of the pipe rather than of the drum and fife.
3. Emitting a high, shrill sound.
4. Simmering; boiling; sizzling; hissing; -- from the sound of boiling fluids.
Piping crow, Piping crow shrike, Piping roller (Zoöl.), any Australian bird of the genus Gymnorhina, esp. G. tibicen, which is black and white, and the size of a small crow. Called also caruck. -- Piping frog (Zoöl.), a small American tree frog (Hyla Pickeringii) which utters a high, shrill note in early spring. -- Piping hot, boiling hot; hissing hot; very hot. [Colloq.]
1. A small cord covered with cloth, -- used as trimming for women's dresses.
2. Pipes, collectively; as, the piping of a house.
3. The act of playing on a pipe; the shrill noted of birds, etc.
4. A piece cut off to be set or planted; a cutting; also, propagation by cuttings.