Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Pine"ap`ple (?), n. (Bot.) A tropical plant (Ananassa sativa); also, its fruit; -- so called from the resemblance of the latter, in shape and external appearance, to the cone of the pine tree. Its origin is unknown, though conjectured to be American.
Pine`as"ter (?), n. See Pinaster.
Pine"-clad` (?), Pine"-crowned` (?), a. Clad or crowned with pine trees; as, pine-clad hills.
Pine"drops` (?), n. (Bot.) A reddish herb (Pterospora andromedea) of the United States, found parasitic on the roots of pine trees.
Pine"finch` (?), n. (Zoöl.) (a) A small American bird (Spinus, ∨ Chrysomitris, spinus); -- called also pine siskin, and American siskin. (b) The pine grosbeak.
Pi*nen"chy*ma (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. a tablet + -enchyma, as in parenchyma.] (Bot.) Tabular parenchyma, a form of cellular tissue in which the cells are broad and flat, as in some kinds of epidermis.
Pin"er*y (?), n.; pl. Pineries ().
1. A pine forest; a grove of pines.
2. A hothouse in which pineapples are grown.
Pine"sap` (?), n. (Bot.) A reddish fleshy herb of the genus Monotropa (M. hypopitys), formerly thought to be parasitic on the roots of pine trees, but more probably saprophytic.
Pi*ne"tum (?), n. [L., a pine grove.] A plantation of pine trees; esp., a collection of living pine trees made for ornamental or scientific purposes.
Pine"weed` (?), n. (Bot.) A low, bushy, nearly leafless herb (Hypericum Sarothra), common in sandy soil in the Eastern United States.
Pin"ey (?), a. See Piny.
Pin"ey, a. [Of East Indian origin.] A term used in designating an East Indian tree (the Vateria Indica or piney tree, of the order Dipterocarpeæ, which grows in Malabar, etc.) or its products.
Piney dammar, Piney resin, Piney varnish, a pellucid, fragrant, acrid, bitter resin, which exudes from the piney tree (Vateria Indica) when wounded. It is used as a varnish, in making candles, and as a substitute for incense and for amber. Called also liquid copal, and white dammar. -- Piney tallow, a solid fatty substance, resembling tallow, obtained from the roasted seeds of the Vateria Indica; called also dupada oil. -- Piney thistle (Bot.), a plant (Atractylis gummifera), from the bark of which, when wounded, a gummy substance exudes.
Pin"-eyed` (?), a. (Bot.) Having the stigma visible at the throad of a gamopetalous corolla, while the stamens are concealed in the tube; -- said of dimorphous flowers. The opposite of thrum-eyed.
Pin"feath`er (?), n. A feather not fully developed; esp., a rudimentary feather just emerging through the skin.
Pin"feath`ered (?), a. Having part, or all, of the feathers imperfectly developed.
Pin"fish` (?), n. [So called from their sharp dorsal spines.] (Zoöl.) (a) The sailor's choice (Diplodus, ∨ Lagodon, rhomboides). (b) The salt-water bream (Diplodus Holbrooki).
&hand; Both are excellent food fishes, common on the coast of the United States south of Cape Hatteras. The name is also applied to other allied species.
Pin"fold` (?), n. [For pindfold. See Pinder, Pound an inclosure, and Fold an inclosure.] A place in which stray cattle or domestic animals are confined; a pound; a penfold.
A parish pinfold begirt by its high hedge.
Sir W. Scott.
Ping (?), n. [Probably of imitative origin.] The sound made by a bullet in striking a solid object or in passing through the air.
Ping, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Pinged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pinging.] To make the sound called ping.
Pin"gle (?), n. [Perhaps fr. pin to impound.] A small piece of inclosed ground. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
Ping"ster (?), n. See Pinkster.
Pin*guic"u*la (?), n. [NL., fr. L. pinguiculus somewhat fat, fattish.] (Bot.) See Butterwort.
Pin"guid (?), a. [L. pinguis fat.] Fat; unctuous; greasy. [Obs.] Some clays are more pinguid."
Pin*guid"i*nous (?), a. [L. pinguedo fatness, fr. pinguis fat.] Containing fat; fatty. [Obs.]
Pin"gui*tude (?), n. [L. pinguitudo, from pinguis fat.] Fatness; a growing fat; obesity. [R.]
Pin"hold` (?), n. A place where a pin is fixed.
Pi"nic () a. [L. pinus pine.] (Chem.) Of or pertaining to the pine; obtained from the pine; formerly, designating an acid which is the chief constituent of common resin, -- now called abietic, or sylvic, acid.
Pin"ing (?), a.
1. Languishing; drooping; wasting away, as with longing.
2. Wasting; consuming. The pining malady of France."
Pin"ing*ly, adv. In a pining manner; droopingly.
Pin"ion (?), n. (Zoöl.) A moth of the genus Lithophane, as L. antennata, whose larva bores large holes in young peaches and apples.
Pin"ion, n. [OF. pignon a pen, F., gable, pinion (in sense 5); cf. Sp. pi\'a4on pinion; fr. L. pinna pinnacle, feather, wing. See Pin a peg, and cf. Pen a feather, Pennat, Pennon.]
1. A feather; a quill.
2. A wing, literal or figurative.
Swift on his sooty pinions flits the gnome.
3. The joint of bird's wing most remote from the body.
4. A fetter for the arm.
5. (Mech.) A cogwheel with a small number of teeth, or leaves, adapted to engage with a larger wheel, or rack (see Rack); esp., such a wheel having its leaves formed of the substance of the arbor or spindle which is its axis.
Lantern pinion. See under Lantern. -- Pinion wire, wire fluted longitudinally, for making the pinions of clocks and watches. It is formed by being drawn through holes of the shape required for the leaves or teeth of the pinions.
Pin"ion (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pinioned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pinioning.]
1. To bind or confine the wings of; to confine by binding the wings.
2. To disable by cutting off the pinion joint.
3. To disable or restrain, as a person, by binding the arms, esp. by binding the arms to the body.
Her elbows pinioned close upon her hips.
4. Hence, generally, to confine; to bind; to tie up. Pinioned up by formal rules of state."
Pin"ioned (?), a. Having wings or pinions.
Pin"ion*ist, n. (Zoöl.) Any winged creature.
Pin"ite (?), n. [So called from Pini, a mine in Saxony.] (Min.) A compact granular cryptocrystalline mineral of a dull grayish or greenish white color. It is a hydrous alkaline silicate, and is derived from the alteration of other minerals, as iolite.
Pi"nite (?), n. [L. pinus the pine tree.]
1. (Paleon.) Any fossil wood which exhibits traces of having belonged to the Pine family.
2. (Chem.) A sweet white crystalline substance extracted from the gum of a species of pine (Pinus Lambertina). It is isomeric with, and resembles, quercite.
Pink (?), n. [D. pink.] (Naut.) A vessel with a very narrow stern; -- called also pinky.
Sir W. Scott.
Pink stern (Naut.), a narrow stern.
Pink, v. i. [D. pinken, pinkoogen, to blink, twinkle with the eyes.] To wink; to blink. [Obs.]
Pink, a. Half-shut; winking. [Obs.]
Pink, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pinked (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pinking.] [OE. pinken to prick, probably a nasalized form of pick.]
1. To pierce with small holes; to cut the edge of, as cloth or paper, in small scallops or angles.
2. To stab; to pierce as with a sword.
3. To choose; to cull; to pick out. [Obs.]
Pink, n. A stab.
Pink, n. [Perh. akin to pick; as if the edges of the petals were picked out. Cf. Pink, v. t.]
1. (Bot.) A name given to several plants of the caryophyllaceous genus Dianthus, and to their flowers, which are sometimes very fragrant and often double in cultivated varieties. The species are mostly perennial herbs, with opposite linear leaves, and handsome five-petaled flowers with a tubular calyx.
2. A color resulting from the combination of a pure vivid red with more or less white; -- so called from the common color of the flower.
3. Anything supremely excellent; the embodiment or perfection of something. The very pink of courtesy."
4. (Zoöl.) The European minnow; -- so called from the color of its abdomen in summer. [Prov. Eng.]
Bunch pink is Dianthus barbatus. -- China, ∨ Indian, pink. See under China. -- Clove pink is Dianthus Caryophyllus, the stock from which carnations are derived. -- Garden pink. See Pheasant's eye. -- Meadow pink is applied to Dianthus deltoides; also, to the ragged robin. -- Maiden pink, Dianthus deltoides. -- Moss pink. See under Moss. -- Pink needle, the pin grass; -- so called from the long, tapering points of the carpels. See Alfilaria. -- Sea pink. See Thrift.
Pink, a. Resembling the garden pink in color; of the color called pink (see 6th Pink, 2); as, a pink dress; pink ribbons.
Pink eye (Med.), a popular name for an epidemic variety of ophthalmia, associated with early and marked redness of the eyeball. -- Pink salt (Chem. & Dyeing), the double chlorides of (stannic) tin and ammonium, formerly much used as a mordant for madder and cochineal. -- Pink saucer, a small saucer, the inner surface of which is covered with a pink pigment.
Pinked (?), a. Pierced with small holes; worked in eyelets; scalloped on the edge.
Pink"-eyed` (?), a. [Pink half-shut + eye.] Having small eyes.
1. The act of piercing or stabbing.
2. The act or method of decorating fabrics or garments with a pinking iron; also, the style of decoration; scallops made with a pinking iron.
Pinking iron. (a) An instrument for scalloping the edges of ribbons, flounces, etc. (b) A sword. [Colloq.]
Pink"ish, a. Somewhat pink.
Pink"ness (?), n. Quality or state of being pink.
Pink"root` (?), n.
1. (Med.) The root of Spigelia Marilandica, used as a powerful vermifuge; also, that of S. Anthelmia. See definition 2 (below).
2. (Bot.) (a) A perennial North American herb (Spigelia Marilandica), sometimes cultivated for its showy red blossoms. Called also Carolina pink, Maryland pinkroot, and worm grass. (b) An annual South American and West Indian plant (Spigelia Anthelmia).
Pink"ster (?), n. [D. pinkster, pinksteren, fr. Gr. . See Pentecost.] Whitsuntide. [Written also pingster and pinxter.]
Pinkster flower (Bot.), the rosy flower of the Azalea nudiflora; also, the shrub itself; -- called also Pinxter blomachee by the New York descendants of the Dutch settlers.
Pink" stern` (?). [See 1st Pink.] (Naut.) See Chebacco, and 1st Pink.
Pink"-sterned` (?), a. [See 1st Pink.] (Naut.) Having a very narrow stern; -- said of a vessel.
Pink"y (?), n. (Naut.) See 1st Pink.
Pin"na (?), n.; pl. Pinnæ (#), E. Pinnas (#). [L., a feather.]
1. (Bot.) (a) A leaflet of a pinnate leaf. See Illust. of Bipinnate leaf, under Bipinnate. (b) One of the primary divisions of a decompound leaf.
2. (Zoöl.) One of the divisions of a pinnate part or organ.
3. [L. pinna, akin to Gr. .] (Zoöl.) Any species of Pinna, a genus of large bivalve mollusks found in all warm seas. The byssus consists of a large number of long, silky fibers, which have been used in manufacturing woven fabrics, as a curiosity.
4. (Anat.) The auricle of the ear. See Ear.
Pin"nace (?), n. [F. pinasse; cf. It. pinassa, pinazza, Sp. pinaza; all from L. pinus a pine tree, anything made of pine, e.g., a ship. Cf. Pine a tree.]
1. (Naut.) (a) A small vessel propelled by sails or oars, formerly employed as a tender, or for coast defence; -- called originally, spynace or spyne. (b) A man-of-war's boat.
Whilst our pinnace anchors in the Downs.
2. A procuress; a pimp. [Obs.]
Pin"na*cle (?), n. [OE. pinacle, F. pinacle, L. pinnaculum, fr. pinna pinnacle, feather. See Pin a peg.]
1. (Arch.) An architectural member, upright, and generally ending in a small spire, -- used to finish a buttress, to constitute a part in a proportion, as where pinnacles flank a gable or spire, and the like. Pinnacles may be considered primarily as added weight, where it is necessary to resist the thrust of an arch, etc.
Some renowned metropolis
With glistering spires and pinnacles around.
2. Anything resembling a pinnacle; a lofty peak; a pointed summit.
Three silent pinnacles of aged snow.
The slippery tops of human state,
The gilded pinnacles of fate.
Pin"na*cle, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pinnacled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pinnacling (?).] To build or furnish with a pinnacle or pinnacles.
Pin"nage (?), n. [Cf. Pinfold.] Poundage of cattle. See Pound. [Obs.]
Pin"nate (?), Pin"na*ted (?), a. [L. pinnatus feathered, fr. pinna a feather. See Pin a peg, Pen feather.]
1. (Bot.) Consisting of several leaflets, or separate portions, arranged on each side of a common petiole, as the leaves of a rosebush, a hickory, or an ash. See Abruptly pinnate, and Illust., under Abruptly.
2. (Zoöl.) Having a winglike tuft of long feathers on each side of the neck.
Pinnated grouse (Zoöl.), the prairie chicken.
Pin"nate*ly (?), adv. In a pinnate manner.
Pin*nat"i*fid (?), a. [L. pinnatus feathered + root of findere to split: cf. F. pinnatifide.] (Bot.) Divided in a pinnate manner, with the divisions not reaching to the midrib.
Pin*nat`i*lo"bate (?), a. [See Pinnate, and Lobate.] (Bot.) Having lobes arranged in a pinnate manner.
Pin*nat"i*ped (?), a. [L. pinnatus feathered + pes, pedis foot: cf. F. pinnatip\'8ade.] (Zoöl.) Having the toes bordered by membranes; fin-footed, as certain birds.
Pin*nat"i*ped, n. (Zoöl.) Any bird which has the toes bordered by membranes.
Pin"ner (?), n.
1. One who, or that which, pins or fastens, as with pins.
2. (Costume) (a) A headdress like a cap, with long lappets. (b) An apron with a bib; a pinafore. (c) A cloth band for a gown. [Obs.]
With kerchief starched, and pinners clean.
3. A pin maker.
Pin"ner, n. [See Pin to pound.] One who pins or impounds cattle. See Pin, v. t. [Obs.]
Pin"net (?), n. A pinnacle. [R.]
Sir W. Scott.
Pin"ni*form (?), a. [L. pinna feather, fin + -form.] Shaped like a fin or feather.
Sir J. Hill.
Pin`ni*gra"da (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. pinna a feather + gradi to walk, move.] (Zoöl.) Same as Pinnipedia.
Pin"ni*grade (?), n. (Zoöl.) An animal of the seal tribe, moving by short feet that serve as paddles.
Pin"ni*ped (?), n. [L. pinna feather, fin + pes, pedis, a foot: cf. F. pinnip\'8ade.] (Zoöl.) (a) One of the Pinnipedia; a seal. (b) One of the Pinnipedes.
Pin*nip"e*des (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zoöl.) Same as Steganopodes.
Pin`ni*pe"di*a (?), n. pl. [NL. So called because their webbed feet are used as paddles or fins.] (Zoöl.) A suborder of aquatic carnivorous mammals including the seals and walruses; -- opposed to Fissipedia.