Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828)
Pneu`mo*nom"e*ter (?), n. [See Pneumo-, and -meter.] (Physiol.) A spirometer; a pneumometer.
Pneu`mo*noph"o*ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. a lung + to bear.] (Zoöl.) The division of Siphonophora which includes the Physalia and allied genera; -- called also Pneumatophoræ.
Pneu"mo*ny (?), n. [Cf. F. pneumonie.] See Pneumonia.
Pneu`mo*öt"o*ka (?), n. pl. [NL. See Pneumo-, and Oöticoid.] (Zoöl.) Same as Sauropsida.
Pneu*moph"o*ra (?), n. pl. [NL. See Pneumonophora.] (Zoöl.) (Zoöl.) A division of holothurians having an internal gill, or respiratory tree.
Pneu`mo*skel"e*ton (?), n. [Pneumo- + skeleton.] (Zoöl.) A chitinous structure which supports the gill in some invertebrates.
Pneu`mo*ther"a*py (?), n. [Gr. air + therapy.] (Med.) The treatment of disease by inhalations of compressed or rarefied air.
Pneu`mo*tho"rax (?), n. [Gr. air + E. thorax.] (Med.) A condition in which air or other gas is present in the cavity of the chest; -- called also pneumatothorax.
Pni*ga"li*on (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. nightmare, fr. to throttle.] (Med.) Nightmare.
Pnyx (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. .] (Gr. Antiq.) The place at Athens where the meetings of the people were held for making decrees, etc.
Po"a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. grass.] (Bot.) A genus of grasses, including a great number of species, as the kinds called meadow grass, Kentucky blue grass, June grass, and spear grass (which see).
Poach (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Poached (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Poaching.] [F. pocher to place in a pocket, to poach eggs (the yolk of the egg being as it were pouched in the white), from poche pocket, pouch. See Pouch, v. &n.]
1. To cook, as eggs, by breaking them into boiling water; also, to cook with butter after breaking in a vessel.
2. To rob of game; to pocket and convey away by stealth, as game; hence, to plunder.
Poach, v. i. To steal or pocket game, or to carry it away privately, as in a bag; to kill or destroy game contrary to law, especially by night; to hunt or fish unlawfully; as, to poach for rabbits or for salmon.
Poach, v. t. [Cf. OF. pocher to thrust or dig out with the fingers, to bruise (the eyes), F. pouce thumb, L. pollex, and also E. poach to cook eggs, to plunder, and poke to thrust against.]
1. To stab; to pierce; to spear, \as fish. [Obs.]
2. To force, drive, or plunge into anything. [Obs.]
His horse poching one of his legs into some hollow ground.
Sir W. Temple.
3. To make soft or muddy by trampling
4. To begin and not complete. [Obs.]
Poach, v. i. To become soft or muddy.
Chalky and clay lands . . . chap in summer, and poach in winter.
Poach"ard (?), n. [From Poach to stab.] [Written also pocard, pochard.] (Zoöl.) (a) A common European duck (Aythya ferina); -- called also goldhead, poker, and fresh-water, ∨ red-headed, widgeon. (b) The American redhead, which is closely allied to the European poachard.
Red-crested poachard (Zoöl.), an Old World duck (Branta rufina). -- Scaup poachard, the scaup duck. -- Tufted poachard, a scaup duck (Aythya, ∨ Fuligula cristata), native of Europe and Asia.
Poach"er (?), n.
1. One who poaches; one who kills or catches game or fish contrary to law.
2. (Zoöl.) The American widgeon. [Local, U.S.]
Sea poacher (Zoöl.), the lyrie.
Poach"i*ness (?), n. The state of being poachy; marshiness.
Poach"y (?), a. [See Poach to stab.] Wet and soft; easily penetrated by the feet of cattle; -- said of land
Poak, Poake (?), n. Waste matter from the preparation of skins, consisting of hair, lime, oil, etc.
Po"can (?), n. (Bot.) The poke (Phytolacca decandra); -- called also pocan bush.
Po"chard (?), n. (Zoöl.) See Poachard.
Pock (?), n. [OE. pokke, AS. pocc, poc; akin to D. pok, G. pocke, and perh. to E. poke a pocket. Cf. Pox.] (Med.) A pustule raised on the surface of the body in variolous and vaccine diseases.
Of pokkes and of scab every sore.
Pock"arred (?), a. See Pockmarked. [Obs.]
Pock"-bro`ken (?), a. Broken out, or marked, with smallpox; pock-fretten.
Pock"et (?), n. [OE. poket, Prov. F. & OF. poquette, F. pochette, dim. fr. poque, pouque, F. poche; probably of Teutonic origin. See Poke a pocket, and cf. Poach to cook eggs, to plunder, and Pouch.]
1. A bag or pouch; especially; a small bag inserted in a garment for carrying small articles, particularly money; hence, figuratively, money; wealth.
2. One of several bags attached to a billiard table, into which the balls are driven.
3. A large bag or sack used in packing various articles, as ginger, hops, cowries, etc.
&hand; In the wool or hop trade, the pocket contains half sack, or about 168 Ibs.; but it is a variable quantity, the articles being sold by actual weight.
4. (Arch.) A hole or space covered by a movable piece of board, as in a floor, boxing, partitions, or the like.
5. (Mining.) (a) A cavity in a rock containing a nugget of gold, or other mineral; a small body of ore contained in such a cavity. (b) A hole containing water.
6. (Nat.) A strip of canvas, sewn upon a sail so that a batten or a light spar can placed in the interspace.
7. (Zoöl.) Same as Pouch.
&hand; Pocket is often used adjectively, or in the formation of compound words usually of obvious signification; as, pocket comb, pocket compass, pocket edition, pocket handkerchief, pocket money, pocket picking, or pocket-picking, etc.
Out of pocket. See under Out, prep. -- Pocket borough, a borough owned" by some person. See under Borough. [Eng.] -- Pocket gopher (Zoöl.), any one of several species of American rodents of the genera Geomys, and Thomomys, family Geomydæ. They have large external cheek pouches, and are fossorial in their habits. they inhabit North America, from the Mississippi Valley west to the Pacific. Called also pouched gopher. -- Pocket mouse (Zoöl.), any species of American mice of the family Saccomyidæ. They have external cheek pouches. Some of them are adapted for leaping (genus Dipadomys), and are called kangaroo mice. They are native of the Southwestern United States, Mexico, etc. -- Pocket piece, a piece of money kept in the pocket and not spent. -- Pocket pistol, a pistol to be carried in the pocket. -- Pocket sheriff (Eng. Law), a sheriff appointed by the sole authority of the crown, without a nomination by the judges in the exchequer. Burrill.
<-- deep pocket, ∨ deep pockets, wealth or substantial financial assets. Used esp. in legal actions, where plaintiffs desire to find a defendant with "deep pockets", so as to be able to actually obtain the sum of damages which may be judged due to him. This contrasts with a "judgment-proof" defendant, one who has neither assets nor insurance, and against whom a judgment for monetary damages would be worthless. -->
Pock"et (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pocketed; p. pr. & vb. n. Pocketing.]
1. To put, or conceal, in the pocket; as, to pocket the change.
He would pocket the expense of the license.
2. To take clandestinely or fraudulently.
He pocketed pay in the names of men who had long been dead.
To pocket a ball (Billiards), to drive a ball into a pocket of the table. -- To pocket an insult, affront, etc., to receive an affront without open resentment, or without seeking redress. I must pocket up these wrongs."
Pock"et*book` (?), n. A small book or case for carrying papers, money, etc., in the pocket; also, a notebook for the pocket.
Pock"et*ful (?), n.; pl. Pocketfuls (). As much as a pocket will hold; enough to fill a pocket; as, pocketfuls of chestnuts.
Pock"et*knife` (?), n.; pl. -knives (). A knife with one or more blades, which fold into the handle so as to admit of being carried in the pocket.
Pock"-fret`ten (?), a. See Pockmarked.
Pock"i*ness (?), n. The state of being pocky.
Pock"mark (?), n. A mark or pit made by smallpox.
Pock"marked` (?), a. Marked by smallpox; pitted.
Pock"-pit`ted (?), a. Pockmarked; pitted.
Pock"-pud`ding (?), n. A bag pudding; a name of reproach or ridicule formerly applied by the Scotch to the English.
Pock"wood` (?), n. [So called because formerly used as a specific for the pock.] (Bot.) Lignum-vitæ.
Pock"y (?), a. [Compar. Pockier (?); superl. Pockiest.] Full of pocks; affected with smallpox or other eruptive disease.
Po"co (?), adv. [It.] (Mus.) A little; -- used chiefly in phrases indicating the time or movement; as, poco pi\'97 allegro, a little faster; poco largo, rather slow.
Poco a poco [It.] (Mus.) Little by little; as, poco a poco crescendo, gradually increasing in loudness.
Po"cock (?), n. Peacock. [Obs.]
Po`co*cu*ran"te (?), n. [It. poco curante caring little.] A careless person; a trifler. [R.]
Po`co*cu*ran"tism (?). n. Carelessness; apathy; indifference. [R.]
Po*co"son (?), n. Low, wooded grounds or swamps in Eastern Maryland and Virginia. [Written also poquoson.]
Poc"u*lent (?), a. [L. poculentus, fr. poculum a cup.] Fit for drink. [Obs.] Some those herbs which are not esculent, are . . . poculent."
Poc"u*li*form (?), a. [L. poculum a cup + -form: cf. F. poculiforme.] Having the shape of a goblet or drinking cup.
-pod (?). [See Foot.] A combining form or suffix from Gr. poy`s, podo`s, foot; as, decapod, an animal having ten feet; phyllopod, an animal having leaflike feet; myriapod, hexapod.
Pod (?), n. [Probably akin to pudding, and perhaps the same word as pad a cushion; cf. also Dan. pude pillow, cushion, and also E. cod a husk, pod.]
1. A bag; a pouch. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
2. (Bot.) A capsule of plant, especially a legume; a dry dehiscent fruit. See Illust. of Angiospermous.
3. (Zoöl.) A considerable number of animals closely clustered together; -- said of seals.
Pod auger, ∨ pod bit, an auger or bit the channel of which is straight instead of twisted.
Pod, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Podded; p. pr. & vb. n. Podding.] To swell; to fill; also, to produce pods.
-po*da (?). A New Latin plural combining form or suffix from Gr. , , foot; as, hexapoda, myriapoda. See -pod.
Pod"a*gra (?), n. [L. See Podagric.] (Med.) Gout in the joints of the foot; -- applied also to gout in other parts of body.
Po*dag"ric (?), Po*dag"ric*al (?), a. [L. podagricus, Gr. , fr. gout in the feet; , , Foot + a catching.]
1. Pertaining to the gout; gouty; caused by gout.
2. Afflicted with gout.
Sir T. Browne.
Pod"a*grous (?), a. Gouty; podagric.
Po*dal"gi*a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. , , foot + pain.] (Med.) pain in the foot, due to gout, rheumatism, etc.
Po*dar"thrum (?), n.; pl. Podarthra (#). [NL., fr. Gr. , , foot + joint.] (Anat.) The foot joint; in birds, the joint between the metatarsus and the toes.
Pod"ded (?), a. Having pods.
Pod"der (?), n. One who collects pods or pulse.
Po*des"ta (?), n. [It. podestà, fr. L. potestas power, magistracy. See Potent.]
1. One of the chief magistrates of the Italian republics in the Middle Ages.
Brande & C.
2. A mayor, alderman, or other magistrate, in some towns of Italy.
Po*de"ti*um (?), n.; pl. Podetia (#), E. Podetiums (#). [NL., fr. Gr. , , foot.] (Bot.) A stalk which bears the fructification in some lichens, as in the so-called reindeer moss.
Podge (?), n. [Cf. G. patsche puddle, mire.]
1. A puddle; a plash.
2. Porridge. [Prov. Eng.]
Podg"y (?), a. Fat and short; pudgy.
Pod"i*cal (?) a. [L. podex, podicis, the anus.] (Zoöl.) Anal; -- applied to certain organs of insects.
Pod"i*ceps (?), n. [NL., fr. L. podex, podicis, anus + pes foot.] (Zoöl.) See Grebe.
Po"di*um (?), n.; pl. Podia (#). [L., fr. Gr. , dim. of , , foot. See Pew.]
1. (Arch.) A low wall, serving as a foundation, a substructure, or a terrace wall. It is especially employed by archæologists in two senses: (a) The dwarf wall surrounding the arena of an amphitheater, from the top of which the seats began. (b) The masonry under the stylobate of a temple, sometimes a mere foundation, sometimes containing chambers. See Illust. of Column.
2. (Zoöl.) The foot.
Pod"ley (?), n. (Zoöl.) A young coalfish.
Pod"o- (?). [See Foot.] A combining form or prefix from Gr. poy`s, podo`s, foot; as, podocarp, podocephalous, podology.
Pod"o*branch (?), n. [See Podo-, and Branchia.] (Zoöl.) One of branchiæ attached to the bases of the legs in Crustacea.
Pod`o*bran"chi*a (?) n., pl. Podobranchle (#). [NL.] (Zoöl.) Same as Podobranch.
Pod"o*carp (?), n. [Podo- + Gr. fruit.] (Bot.) A stem, or footstalk, supporting the fruit.
Pod`o*ceph"a*lous (?), a. [Podo- + Gr. head.] (Bot.) Having a head of flowers on a long peduncle, or footstalk.
Pod`o*gyn"i*um (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. poy`s, podo`s, foot + woman.] (Bot.) Same as Basigynium
Pod`oph*thal"mi*a (?), n. pl. [NL. See Podophthalmic.] (Zoöl.) The stalk-eyed Crustacea, -- an order of Crustacea having the eyes supported on movable stalks. It includes the crabs, lobsters, and prawns. Called also Podophthalmata, and Decapoda.
Pod`oph*thal"mic (?), Pod`oph*thal"mous (?), a. [Podo- + Gr. an eye.] (Zoöl.) (a) Having the eyes on movable footstalks, or pedicels. (b) Of or pertaining to the Podophthalmia.
Pod`oph*thal"mite (?), n. (Zoöl.) The eyestalk of a crustacean.
Pod`o*phyl"lin (?), n. [From Podophyllum.] (Chem.) A brown bitter gum extracted from the rootstalk of the May apple (Podophyllum peltatum). It is a complex mixture of several substances.
Pod`o*phyl"lous (?), a.
1. (Zoöl.) Having thin, flat, leaflike locomotive organs.
2. (Anat.) Pertaining to, or composing, the layer of tissue, made up of laminæ, beneath a horse's hoof.
Pod`o*phyl"lum (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. poy`s, podo`s, foot + leaf.]
1. (Bot.) A genus of herbs of the Barberry family, having large palmately lobed peltate leaves and solitary flower. There are two species, the American Podohyllum peltatum, or May apple, the Himalayan P. Emodi.
2. (Med.) The rhizome and rootlet of the May apple (Podophyllum peltatum), -- used as a cathartic drug.
Pod"o*scaph (?), n. [Podo- + Gr. boat.] A canoe-shaped float attached to the foot, for walking on water.
Pod"o*sperm (?), n. [Podo- + Gr. seed: cf. F. podosperme.] (Bot.) The stalk of a seed or ovule.
Pod`o*stom"a*ta (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. poy`s, podo`s, foot + , , mouth.] (Zoöl.) An order of Bryozoa of which Rhabdopleura is the type. See Rhabdopleura.
Pod`o*the"ca (?), n.; pl. Podothecæ (#). [NL., fr. Gr. poy`s, podo`s, foot + case.] (Zoöl.) The scaly covering of the foot of a bird or reptile.
Po*dri"da (?), n. [Sp., rotten.] A miscellaneous dish of meats. See Olla-podrida.
Po*du"ra (?), n.; pl. L. Poduræ (#), E. Poduras (#). [NL.; Gr. poy`s, podo`s, foot + tail.] Any small leaping thysanurous insect of the genus Podura and related genera; a springtail.